IWAI HANSHIRď IV

Stage names:

Iwai Hanshir˘ IV In Japanese
Matsumoto Shichiz˘ II In Japanese
Matsumoto Ch˘matsu In Japanese

Nicknames:

Shirogane no Tayű [1]
Meguro no Tayű [2]
Otafuku Hanshir˘ [3]

Guild: Yamatoya, Z˘shigaya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry name: Tojaku

Existence: 1747 ~ 28th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1800 [4]

Connections:

Master: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II (Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III)

Son: Iwai Hanshir˘ V

Grandsons: Iwai Hanshir˘ VI, Iwai Hanshir˘ VII

Great-grandson: Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII

Disciple: Iwai Kiyotar˘ II

Career:

1747 ~ 1753: born in Edo. His father was the puppeteer Tatsumatsu Jűzabur˘. He became a disciple of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, who gave him the name of Matsumoto Ch˘matsu and he made his first appearance on stage in the 7th lunar month of 1753.

26th day of the 11th lunar month of 1759 [5]: Iwai Hanshir˘ III, the father-in-law of Ch˘matsu's master, died.

1st lunar month of 1762: Matsumoto Ch˘matsu took the name of Matsumoto Shichiz˘ II and started to perform onnagata roles.

5th lunar month of 1764: Shichiz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Princess Kariya in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1765: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, whose wife Omatsu was the adopted daughter of Iwai Hanshir˘ III, supported him to get the approval of the Kabuki world to appoint his talented disciple as the heir of the Iwai clan.

11th lunar month of 1765: Matsumoto Shichiz˘ II took the name of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV [6] at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Lady Komachi in the drama in the kaomise drama "Kagura Uta Amagoi Komachi"; his main stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1766: Hanshir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hana Kaijin Arasmusha", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Kirishima Gizaemon I.

1st lunar month of 1767: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ and Princess Sakura in the new year sogamono drama "Hatsu Akinai ďmise Soga".

7th lunar month of 1767: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Osato in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; his stage partner in the role of Taira no Koremori, disguised as Osato's fiance Yasuke, was Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1767: Hanshir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Yura Shinzaemon's daughter Tanomo in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Shizu no Furisode".

1st lunar month of 1768: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ume no Oyoshi and the spirit of the Taira clan in the new year sogamono drama "Fude Hajime Soga no Tamazusa".

11th lunar month of 1768: Hanshir˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Mutsuchidori Meika no Yumitori".

2nd lunar month of 1769: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1767 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Edo at the Moritaza; Hanshir˘ played the role of Iwagawa's wife Otowa [casting].

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1769: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Konami and Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

5th lunar month of 1769: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the difficult role of Sodehagi in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara"; his stage partners were Sakata Sajűr˘ I (Abe no Sadat˘) and ďtani Hiroemon III (Abe no Munet˘).

11th lunar month of 1769: Hanshir˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Na ni Takashi Kumoi no Yumihari", which welcomed in Edo the actor Yamashita Kinsaku II and Kasaya Matakur˘ II (who also celebrates his shűmei) and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Shirogor˘ IV.

9th lunar month of 1770: Chikamatsu Hanji's 1759 puppet theater drama "Hidakagawa Iriai Zakura" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza; Hanshir˘ played the role of Princess Kiyo [casting].

11th lunar month of 1770: Hanshir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato", which celebrated the shűmei of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Sh˘ch˘, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ III and Band˘ Sanpachi II.

1st lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Murasakiya Ohan in the new year sogamono drama "Sakaich˘ Soga no Nendaiki"; the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari was played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the play "Sukeroku", staged under the title "Kongen Edo Murasaki". His partners in the roles of Sukeroku and the villain Ikyű were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Nakamura Nakaz˘ I. He also played the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in the Miyakoji-based dance-drama "Oborozuki Tsui no Someginu", which put in the same michiyuki the couples of lovers Tokubŕ/Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Ochiyo/Hanbei ("Shinjű Yoi K˘shin") and Osome/Hisamatsu (osome-hisamatsumono); the role of Ohatsu's lover Hiranoya Tokubŕ was played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

4th lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Okaru was played by Nakamura Matsue I.

7th lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Osugi and Princess Sakurako in the drama "Tamura Maro Nanae Gasane".

11th lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Funawaka Gor˘'s wife and the pearl-diving girl Murasame in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji"; his stage partners in the roles of Murasame's lover Ariwara no Yukihira and Murasame's sister Matsukaze (also in love with Yukihira) were Ichikawa Komaz˘ II and Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Tsukisayo in Nakamura Jűsuke II's new year drama "Haru ha Soga Akebono Z˘shi".

8th lunar month of 1772: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Ohaya in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

11th lunar month of 1772: Hanshir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of the spirit of a giant carp, disguised as the courtesan Shirotae, and Shioume Yoshigorohachi's wife in the kaomise drama "ďyoroi Ebid˘ Shinozuka", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III; the role of Shioume Yoshigorohachi was played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1773: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of the courtesan Sugawara, Princess Sakura and Misajiro's wife Ohatsu in the new year drama "Wada Sakamori Eiga Kagami"; the role of the priest Seigen, Princess Sakura's lover, was played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1773: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the Hirato woman diver Koyumi in the drama "Dainippon Ise no Kamikaze".

8th lunar month of 1773: Hanshir˘ was the leading star of "Mitsu ďgi Kumoi no Tsuki", a Nagauta program made up of seven dances with quick costum-changes (hayagawari): "Hanaguruma" (the azalea), "Hanagasa Odori" (the umbrella dance), "Kairaishi" (the puppeteer), "Miko" (a maiden in the service of a shrine), "Musume Odori" (the daughter dance), "Kiri Kamuro" (the attendant of a high-ranking courtesan) and "Neko" (the cat).

9th lunar month of 1773: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Tonami and Yae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Takebe Genz˘ (Tonami's husband) and Sakuramaru (Yae's husband) were played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Monnosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1773: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Gohiiki Kanjinch˘", performed as a kaomise drama. Hanshir˘ played the roles of Princess Shinobu and Motoyoshi Shir˘'s wife [casting]. This 46-days long performance, which was also the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ I, was a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1774: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Tametomo's daughter Chidori-no-Mae and Kisegawa no Kametsuru in the new year sogamono drama "Oatsuraezome Soga Hinagata"; the role of Minamoto no Tametomo was played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1774: Hanshir˘ and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV performed together the roles of Onatsu and Seijűr˘ in the same theater in the michiyuki "Nushiyatare Koi no Yamabuki".

5th lunar month of 1774: big crisis at the Nakamuraza; several high-ranking actors, including Hanshir˘, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV left the theater.

11th lunar month of 1774: Hanshir˘ joined the Moritaza and played the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Ogata's wife in the kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi Tsuki no Kaomise", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Shingor˘ II [6]; the roles of Minamoto Yoshitsune and Sat˘ Tadanobu were played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Senju-no-Mae and the courtesan Usugumo in the new year sogamono drama "Shida Yuzuriha H˘rai Soga".

5th lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Sakuramaru, Tonami and Haru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

8th lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Izumo no Okuni and Yamana Sanza's sister Fumizuki in the drama "Keisei Tsuki no Miyako".

9th lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the pearl-diving Murasame in the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Oki Miyage Inaba no Yamamatsu"; his stage partners in the roles of Murasame's lover Ariwara no Yukihira and Murasame's sister Matsukaze (also in love with Yukihira) were Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Nakamura Noshio I.

11th lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Oyafune Taiheiki".

3rd lunar month of 1776: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Hatsuzakura"; his stage partner in the role of Sukeroku was Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (replaced because of illness by Ichimura Uzaemon IX). The performance was a huge success and was extended up to the 6th lunar month.

7th lunar month of 1776: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Yae and Midai Umezono no Gozen in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1776: Hanshir˘ moved to the Moritaza and performed in the kaomise drama "Hikitsurete Yagoe Taiheiki"; his yearly salary was 500 ry˘.

1st lunar month of 1777: Hanshir˘ performed in the same theater in the new year sogamono drama "Edo Jitate Kosode Soga".

4th lunar month of 1777: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Gonta's wife Kosen and Shizuka Gozen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

7th lunar month of 1777: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Itoya Oito and Sagami Jir˘'s sister Oyuki in the drama "H˘n˘ Nitta Daimy˘jin".

11th lunar month of 1777: Hanshir˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and played the roles of Sanuki-no-Mae and the courtesan Onomichi in the kaomise drama "Masakado Kanmuri no Hatsuyuki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

25th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1778 [7]: his master Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III died in Edo.

5th lunar month of 1778: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Yaoya Oshichi Koi no Edozome".

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Takao's sister Kasane, Narutaki and Kasaya Sankatsu [casting].

11th lunar month of 1778: Hanshir˘ played at the Nakamuraza 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame IV and the first stage appearance of Band˘ Mitahachi I.

3rd lunar month of 1779: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the play "Sukeroku Sato no Yozakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, Shinbŕ and the villain Ikyű were played by Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and ďtani Hiroemon III.

11th lunar month of 1779: Hanshir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of K˘t˘-no-Naishi and a countryside maiden in the kaomise drama "Kaeribana Eiyű Taiheiki", which celebrated the shűmei of Yamashita Mangiku I.

1st lunar month of 1780: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Fuji Minbu's sister in the new year sogamono drama "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga"; the role of Fuji Minbu was played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1780: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Shinobu in "Gonin Otoko", the second part (nibanme) of the new year sogamono drama "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga"; the role of Shinobu's elder sister, the courtesan Miyagino, was played by Yamashita Kinsaku II.

9th lunar month of 1780: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Hayano Kanpei was played by Ichikawa Monnosuke II. The Nakamuraza welcomed Onoe Kikugor˘ I, who left the Ichimuraza because of some management troubles in the 5th lunar month. This was his last performance in Edo before going back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1780: Hanshir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kite Kaeru Nishiki no Wakayaka".

5th lunar month of 1781: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Narihira and Shigenoi in the dramas "Yamatogana Ariwara Keizu" and "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

9th lunar month of 1781: Hanshir˘ performed in the same theater in the company of Nakamura Nakaz˘ I in "Iromi Kusa Yotsu no Somewake", a memorial performance for the 22nd anniversary (23rd memorial service) of the passing away of Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1781: Hanshir˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Mukashi Otoko Yuki no Hinagata".

5th lunar month of 1782: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; the role of Sukeroku was played by Ichimura Uzaemon IX.

11th lunar month of 1782: Hanshir˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Godai Genji Mitsugi no Furisode"; his main stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Segawa Kikunoj˘ III, Ichikawa Danz˘ IV and Onoe Matsusuke I.

1st lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He played in the same theater the role of Princess Sakura in the new year sogamono drama "Edo no Hana Mimasu Soga"; the role of the priest Seigen was played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Oshun, Hitomaru and Sonoo-no-Mae in the drama "Hanakawado Migawari no Dan".

5th lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Osono and Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

8th lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Oteru and Oseki in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

9th lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ohide and Osei in the drama "Buke no Hana Musume no Adauchi".

11th lunar month of 1783: the Nakamuraza was damaged in a fire and Hanshir˘ moved temporarily to the Moritaza in order to perform in the kaomise drama "Ono no Terusaki Yuki no Akebono".

1st lunar month of 1784: Hanshir˘ was back at the Nakamuraza and performed in the new year drama "Fude Hajime Kanjinch˘".

6th lunar month of 1784: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Gonta's wife Kosen and Osato in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1784: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Koharu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon masterpiece's "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Kamiya Jihŕ was played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III [print]. From the 17th day of this month, he played the roles of Tonase and Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1784: last performance in Edo for Hanshir˘ (onagori ky˘gen), who was about to go to ďsaka. He played in the same theater the great role of Kuzu-no-Ha in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

Fall 1784: Hanshir˘ and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV went together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1784: Hanshir˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Naka ni M˘keta Otogo Kaomise", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1785: his rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

5th lunar month of 1785: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Shinpan Utazaimon", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai; Hanshir˘ played the role of Omitsu [casting].

Summer 1785: tour in Akashi; Hanshir˘ played the role of Shizuka Gozen in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1785: Hanshir˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Osato in the kaomise drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced by Onoe Ushinosuke I.

8th lunar month of 1786: Hanshir˘ played in ďsaka at the Nishi no Shibai the roles of Okiji and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which was produced by Nakamura Noshio II.

Fall 1786: Hanshir˘ went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1786: Hanshir˘ performed at the Kiriza in the kaomise drama "Mutsu no Hana Izu no Hataage" [print].

1st lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Tsukisayo in the new year sogamono drama "Yuki Nazuna Saiwai Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Yume no Koch˘ ('the dream butterfly') and Kitsunegasaki no Otama ('Otama from the Fox Peninsula') in the drama "Miyakodori Yayoi no Watashi". Hanshir˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Ichikawa Monnosuke II performed together in the Tokiwazu-based dance "Hana ni Kitsu Negura no Irodori".

4th lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Hatsuito in the second part (nibanme) of the new program "Miyakodori Yayoi no Watashi".

4th ~ 5th lunar months of 1787: Hanshir˘ performed in the same theater in an amazing seven roles Nagauta-based dance called "Nanae Ginu Azuma Hinagata". The seven roles were a kanjo, harukoma, a keisei, a zat˘, a r˘jo, a kusakari (a grass mower) and Shakky˘ (the lion spirit at the stone bridge) [Print].

5th lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

8th lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Tonase, Osono and Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Hanbŕ's wife Osai, Osai's daughter Osono and Ch˘saku's wife Oiwa in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Koky˘ no Torikaji". He also performed, with Ichikawa Komaz˘ III, Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Yamashita Mangiku I, at the end of the program in the Tokiwazu-based dance "Iromi Gusa Honni Yoi Naka".

11th lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ played at the Kiriza the roles of Son˘, Sonome and Yaehata [print] in the kaomise drama "Sanga no Sh˘ Mutsu no Hanayome".

1st lunar month of 1788: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘, Hisamatsu and Oume in the new year sogamono drama "Keisei Natori Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ (Sh˘sh˘'s lover) and Osome (Hisamatsu's lover) were played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ III and Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1788: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Yae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

8th ~ 9th lunar months of 1788: last program for the Kiriza, which had to give back its license to the Ichimuraza and closed its business; Hanshir˘ performed in the drama "Rangiku Makura Jid˘".

11th lunar month of 1788: Hanshir˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Genji Saik˘ Kogane no Tachibana", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Asao Tamejűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1789: his rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He played in the same theater the roles of Okuni and Soga Gor˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Koi no Yosuga Kanagaki Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan ďyodo in the second part (nibanme) of the new year sogamono drama "Koi no Yosuga Kanagaki Soga".

4th lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role Kameya Chűbŕ's wife Osuwa in the drama "Koi no Hikyaku".

5th lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Shind˘ Genpachi's wife Mifune and Okumi in the drama "Sanjukkoku Yobune no Hajimari"; the role of Shind˘ Genpachi was played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

6th lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Jűtar˘'s wife, Heiemon's wife and Kudayű's widow in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

11th lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ performed in the Ichimuraza kaomise drama "Hana no Oedo Masakado Matsuri".

1st lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of a young geisha, Princess Yamasaki and Hangaku in the new year sogamono drama "Ureshiku Zonji Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the great play "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of the wicked priest Narukami was played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III and ďtani Hiroji III performed together in the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Tao Yanagi Oboro no Kurokami".

4th lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Ochiyo in the love drama "Ochiyo Hanbŕ"; the role of Hanbŕ was played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Sayo no Nakayama Hiiki no Tsurigane", which welcomed back in Edo the actor Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III and welcomed the Kamigata actors Tanimura Toraz˘ and Nakamura Kumetar˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1791: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Nagauta-based dance "Taimen Hana no Harukoma", which was performed at the end of the new year sogamono drama "Haru no Sekai Nigiwai Soga"; Hanshir˘ played the role of a courtesan [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1791: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Botan"; the role of Sukeroku was played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III. This play was the second part of the new year sogamono drama "Haru no Sekai Nigiwai Soga", a memorial performance for the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of the passing away of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1791: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Enju's sister Ofuku in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

8th lunar month of 1791: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Ise-no-Naishi in the drama "Kiku no En Mukashi no Ky˘".

11th lunar month of 1791: Hanshir˘ moved to the Kawarasakiza and performed in the kaomise drama "Mieik˘ Nori no Hachinoki". He played the main role of the "Onna Shibaraku" part ("Lady wait for a moment", a parody of the bombastic play "Shibaraku"): "Hanshir˘ IV made the normal entry down the walkway through the audience (hanamichi), wearing the "Shibaraku" costume decorated with the large square crests of the Ichikawa family. Just as he was about to accost evil Prince Munetaka on the main stage, his fellow actor Osagawa Tsuneyo II climbed up from the front row of the audience and interrupted, calling out, "Aren't you my younger sister Onaka?" Piece by piece, the "Shibaraku" costume was removed and the makeup was washed off, to reveal a precocious young girl wearing a long hanging-sleeved kimono (furisode) beneath! This unexpected development in the hackneyed "Shibaraku" was well received" (from "The Actor's Image").

3rd lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Yaegushi no Oroku in the drama "Keisei Kogane no Hakarime".

4th lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ performed in the same theater in an amazing seven roles dance called "Kakitsubata Nanae no Someginu". The seven sections are "Komachi" (the name of the famous poetess Ono no Komachi), "Tenaraiko" (the learning girl), "Zat˘" (the blind masseur), "Urashima" (based on the legendary character Urashima Tar˘), "Kiri Kamuro" (a young girl attendant for a high-ranking courtesan), "Shiokumi" (the salt-making girl) and "Shakky˘" (the Lion Spirit at the Stone Bridge).

5th lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Hayano Kanpei, Kaoyo Gozen and Oribe in the drama "Chűshin Denshikata K˘shaku", a play whose plot and characters belonged to the "Kanadehon Chűshingura" world.

8th lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Kuzu-no-Ha in the play "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which was staged to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "ďfuna Moriebi no Kaomise".

1st lunar month of 1793: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ohatsu, Tsukisayo and Shirai Gonpachi in the new year sogamono drama "Gozen Gakari Sum˘ Soga"; the roles of Onoe (Ohatsu's mistress) and Iwafuji (Ohatsu's enemy) were played by Osagawa Tsuneyo II and Ichikawa Ebiz˘; the role of Banzui Ch˘bŕ, friend of Shirai Gonpachi, was played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘. This performance, which featured the first large scale tachimawari in Kabuki history, was a tremendous success. This was also the first time that the role of Shirai Gonpachi was played by Hanshir˘.

5th lunar month of 1793: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Junshokun Yaoya Oshichi". The actors Ichikawa Ebiz˘, Osagawa Tsuneyo II, Ichikawa Omez˘ I, Iwai Kiyotar˘ II and Hanshir˘ performed together in the Tokiwazu-based dance "Hototogisu Yumeji no Koi". Hanshir˘ also played the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the "Suzu-ga-Mori" scene; the role of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ was played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘. The performance was a huge success and Hanshir˘ decided to finance the rebuilding of the grave of the real Yaoya Oshichi.

8th lunar month of 1793: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Oyasu and Tsuru no Mae in the drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi".

11th lunar month of 1793: Hanshir˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "Nigiwai Genji Hana Saku Mon".

1st lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kagekiyo's wife Akoya, Kagekiyo's enemy Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada and Tsukisayo in the new year sogamono drama "Gohiiki no Hana Aiky˘ Soga"; the role of Taira no Kagekiyo was played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘.

5th lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna". He also played the roles of Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the role of Shizuka Gozen was played by Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

7th lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ohan and Katsumoto's sister Ich˘-no-Mae in the drama "Nihon Matsu Michinoku Sodachi", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

9th lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Hayano Kanpei, Kaoyo Gozen and Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

10th lunar month of 1794: due to some financial difficulties, the salaries of all the actors were drastically reduced. Hanshir˘'s yearly salary for the coming season was set to 900 ry˘ after a reduction of 400 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "Matsu no Misao Onna Kusunoki".

5th lunar month of 1795: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1795: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Sadaka and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin"; his stage partners were Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV (Daihanji no Kiyosumi, Kamatari), Onoe Matsusuke I (Fukashichi), Iwai Kiyotar˘ II (Koganosuke, Princess Tachibana) and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III (Motome).

11th lunar month of 1795: Hanshir˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "Fuku Botan Azuma Dairi".

1st lunar month of 1796: second stay in Kamigata. Hanshir˘ played in the dramas "Iwai Irimasu Haru no Kaomise" and "Z˘ho Usuyuki Monogatari", which were produced by Nakayama Ittoku I at the Naka no Shibai in ďsaka. He also achieved a great success in a 7 roles dance called "Nanaeginu Azuma Hinagata".

5th lunar month of 1796: tour in Miyajima with Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

Fall 1796: Hanshir˘ went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1796: Hanshir˘ performed at the Miyakoza in the kaomise drama "Seiwa Nidai ďyose Genji", which celebrated the isse ichidai performance of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ and the shűmei of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

1st lunar month of 1797: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater 7 roles in the new year sogamono drama "Edo no Haru Kichirei Soga".

5th lunar month of 1797: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Enju and Ofude in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

8th lunar month of 1797: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Wada no Hy˘e's wife in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

11th lunar month of 1797: the Miyakoza had to give back its license to the Nakamuraza and Hanshir˘ moved there to perform in the kaomise drama "Kaikei Koky˘ no Nishikigi".

3rd lunar month of 1798: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Kamatari's wife, lady Mikasa Gozen, in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

2nd lunar month of 1799: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Masaoka in the drama "ďmiura Date no Nebiki", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

1st lunar month of 1800: Hanshir˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he performed in the new year sogamono drama "Fuji o Mimasu Saiwai Soga".

28th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1800 [4]: Hanshir˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Iwai Hanshir˘ IV was an amazing onnagata actor who found fame during the second half of the seventeenth century. His rival for the title of best Edo onnagata was the star Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

He was a very meticulous actor in the preparation of his roles. It was said that Hanshir˘ went to visit a bordello, the Maruya house in the district of Mita in Edo, in order to study carefully the life of a famous and beautiful prostitute called Osen. Then, Hanshir˘ modeled all his courtesan roles on Osen.

The origin of his guild name was interesting: some may think that Yamatoya was associated with the province of Yamato (northern part of the current Nara Prefecture), which was the case for others lines of actors using the same yag˘ because the founder of the line was born there, but it was not right in the case of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV. His fans used to shout Yama Yama, an original way to appraise their star, meaning that Hanshir˘ was a very talented oyama. Yamatoya had its origins in these Yama Yama shoutings.

[1] The Master of Shirogane, a district in Edo.

[2] The Master of Meguro, a district in Edo.

[3] The name of a legendary fat woman with a round face, a facial feature of Hanshir˘ IV.

[4] The 28th day of the 3rd lunar month of the 12th year of the Kansei era was the 21st of April 1800 in the western calendar.

[5] The 26th day of the 11th lunar month of the 9th year of the H˘reki era was the 13th of January 1760 in the western calendar.

[6] The actor Nakamura Shingor˘ II held the name of Iwai Hanshir˘ in Kamigata from the 11th lunar month of 1764 to the 10th lunar month of 1769. He was not acknowledged as a legitimate holder of the name.

[7] The 25th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 7th year of the An'ei era was the 23rd of March 1778 in the western calendar.

Iwai Hanshir˘ IV

Prints & Illustrations

4 faces

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1771

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1782

Print made by Torii Kiyonaga in 1784

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘ in 1786

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei in 1787

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei in 1787

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei in 1789

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei in 1792

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1799

The Matsumoto Shichiz˘ line of actors

The Iwai Hanshir˘ line of actors

 
Search this site powered by FreeFind
  Site map | Disclaimer
Contact | Main | Top | Updates | Actors | Plays | Playwrights | Programs | Links | FAQ | Glossary | Chronology | Illustrations | Prints | Characters | Derivatives | Theaters | Coming soon | News