ONOE KIKUGORď I

Stage names:

Onoe Kikugor˘ I In Japanese
Onoe Taketar˘ In Japanese

Others names:

Onoe Baik˘ I In Japanese
Onoe Kichiemon In Japanese

Guild: Otowaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Baik˘ (1)

Existence: 1717 ~ 29th day of the 12th lunar month of 1783 [1]

Connections:

Master: Onoe Samon (a disciple of Onoe Taganoj˘ I's disciple Onoe Ukon I)

Fathers-in-law: ďtani Hiroji I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I

Son: Onoe Kikugor˘ II

Disciples: Onoe Sh˘roku I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Onoe Tamiz˘ I, Onoe Koisabur˘ I, Onoe Montar˘, Onoe Kumesuke, Onoe Kikusabur˘ II

Career:

1717 ~ 1730: born in Ky˘to. His father Otowaya Hanbŕ worked as a dekata in Miyako Mandayű's theater. He started his career as a disciple of the onnagata actor Onoe Samon, who gave him the name of Onoe Taketar˘ at an unknown date.

11th lunar month of 1730: he took the name of Onoe Kikugor˘ I and made his first stage appearance, in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater, playing a wakashugata iroko role in the kaomise drama "Eiraku Shiki no Kogane", which was produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1735: Kikugor˘ became wakaonnagata and performed in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Banzei no Ishizue", which was produced in Ky˘to by Arashi Koroku I.

11th lunar month of 1737: Kikugor˘ performed at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater in the kaomise drama "Hachiman Tar˘ Denju no Tsuzumi", which celebrated the shűmei of Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II.

1st lunar month of 1738: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1739: Kikugor˘ played at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Enju in the drama "Muromachi Dono Ch˘h˘ Denki", which was produced by Sanogawa Ichimatsu I; his stage partners were Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I (Nikki Danj˘), ďtani Hiroji I (Ise no Sabur˘) and Sawamura Otoemon I (ďuchi Kamon).

Fall 1740: Kikugor˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1741: Kikugor˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the roles of Oky˘ and Sammi no Tsubone in the kaomise drama "Bankoku Taiheiki", which was produced by Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I and celebrated the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo actors Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III.

12th lunar month of 1741: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover) in the drama "Yamato Ikioi Soga"; the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune was played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II. The performance, which started the 11th day, was not a success and stopped the 22nd day.

1st lunar month of 1742: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura" [casting]. The performance was a triumphant success and was extended up to the beginning of the 7th lunar month of 1742.

7th lunar month of 1742: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Princess Kinugasa in the drama "Nanatsu Men", which was staged under the title "Hoshiai Sakae Kagekiyo".

Fall 1742: Kikugor˘ received the patronage of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II to perform in Edo. they travelled together to the Eastern city. Kikugor˘ joined the Ichimuraza and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II went to the Kawarasakiza.

11th lunar month of 1742: Kikugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of the shiraby˘shi Naniwazu and Kuzu-no-Ha in the kaomise program "Furisode Shinoda no Zuma"; his stage partners were Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Band˘ Matatar˘ III, Nakajima Mihoemon I, Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I, Sanogawa Senz˘, Tamazawa Saijir˘ I, Sawamura Utagiku and Ichimura Manz˘.

1st lunar month of 1744: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

1st lunar month of 1748: Kikugor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Soga Gor˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Kazari Ebi Yoroi Soga".

5th lunar month of 1748: the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; Kikugor˘ played the role of Suke-no-Tsubone [casting].

11th lunar month of 1752: following Ichimura Uzaemon VIII's pieces of advice, Kikugor˘ became tachiyaku and performed at the Ichimuraza in Tsuuchi Jihŕ II's kaomise drama "Ume Sakura Ninin Semimaru".

7th lunar month of 1753: the play "Hirakana Seisuiki" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Kikugor˘ played the role of Shigetada [casting].

Fall 1762: Onoe Kikugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; his stage partner in the role of Okaru was Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

29th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1766 [2]: a fire broke out in the district of Sakai-ch˘, in the cosmetics shop owned and managed by Kikugor˘. It destroyed both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza. This fire was nicknamed "Kikugor˘ Aburamise Kaji" ("Kikugor˘'s cosmetics shop fire").

9th lunar month of 1766: Kikugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1766: Kikugor˘ went back to Kamigata after 25 seasons spent in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1766: Kikugor˘ played in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Tawara Mushanosuke in the kaomise drama "Yuki no Asa Daimonjitsu Miyako no Fuku", which was produced by Yamashita Ky˘nosuke and Ichiyama Sukegor˘.

1st lunar month of 1767: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

8th lunar month of 1768: Kikugor˘ played in Ky˘to the roles of the fox Genkur˘, Tadabobu and Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced by Onoe Montar˘ and Onoe Kumesuke.

9th lunar month of 1769: Kikugor˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Motome in the drama "Migawari Hana no Bugaku", his farewell performance (onagori ky˘gen) before going to Edo.

Fall 1769: Kikugor˘ went to Edo, travelling with the actors ďtani Tomoemon I, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I and Onoe Tamiz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1769: Kikugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Izumi no Sabur˘ and Sat˘ Shir˘ Tadanobu in the kaomise drama "Mutsu no Hana Ume no Kaomise".

9th lunar month of 1773: Kikugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", his farewell performance (onagori ky˘gen) before going to Kamigata in Fall; the role of Okaru was played by Nakamura Rik˘ I.

Fall 1773: Kikugor˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1773: Kikugor˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Itari Yaitari Mukadeyama", which was produced by Arashi Matsujir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (hanshiro)goku-j˘-j˘-kichi ((half-white) extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

5th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

8th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Suganuma Yoemon and Tsukimoto Mushanosuke in the drama "Katakiuchi Ganryűjima".

9th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

Fall 1774: Kikugor˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ performed in the kaomise program "Akanesasu Kogane no Maruyama", which was produced by Fujikawa Sango at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű and Hoteiya Umenoj˘ theater; his stage partners were Arashi Hinasuke I, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Onoe Matsusuke I (who arrived from Edo), Onoe Shinshichi I, Arashi Shichigor˘ II and Yoshizawa Iroha I.

1st lunar month of 1775: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (hanshiro)goku-j˘-j˘-kichi ((half-white) extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1775: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Nan Yohŕ and Oseki in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

1Fall 1776: Kikugor˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1776: Kikugor˘ performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Eh˘gura Sankai Meisho", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1776: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Rai Kuniyuki, Sonobe Hy˘e and Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", co-written with Nakamura Akei and Tatsuoka Mansaku, which was staged at the Kado no Shibai; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Sugawara no Michizane [casting].

9th lunar month of 1777: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Minamoto no Yoshitsune and Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1777: Kikugor˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Gorosaku, in reality Onchi Sakon, in the kaomise drama "ďiri Kabuki no Tsuitachi", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Shibazaki Rinzaemon II.

4th lunar month of 1778: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's play "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Konomura ďinosuke (in reality S˘ Sokei) and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

9th lunar month of 1778: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of the wicked priest Narukami, the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ and Kumedera Danj˘ in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura".

Fall 1778: Kikugor˘ went to Edo

11th lunar month of 1778: Kikugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Adachi Saemon and Noto-no-Kami Noritsune in Masuyama Kinpachi I's kaomise drama "Sakimasuya Ume no Kachidoki".

1st lunar month of 1779: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (hanshiro)goku-j˘-j˘-kichi ((half-white) extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

8th lunar month of 1779: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Sonobe Hy˘e and Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

5th lunar month of 1780: Kikugor˘ left the Ichimuraza after a terrible quarrel with Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and some serious management troubles at the Ichimuraza (the theater could not pay the actors). He took the decision to leave Edo.

9th lunar month of 1780: last performance in Edo, at the Nakamuraza, where he joined Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, an enemy of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, and played the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1780: Kikugor˘ went back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1780: Kikugor˘ performed at the Kitagawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Sono Uwasa Kiku no Hataage", which was produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1781: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

9th lunar month of 1781: Kikugor˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles Enju and Shigetada in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; his stage partners were Arashi Hinasuke I (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Arashi Sangor˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Chidori), Shibazaki Rinzaemon II (Takatsuna, Gonshir˘), Arashi San'emon VI (Ofude) and Anegawa Minato II (Oyoshi).

1st lunar month of 1782: the play "Tengajaya-mura" was staged for the first time in Ky˘to, at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Kikugor˘ played the role of K˘emon [casting].

Fall 1782: Kikugor˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1782: Kikugor˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Zu ni Notta Bankoku Tokai", which celebrated the shűmei of Kagaya Kashichi.

1st lunar month of 1783: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

9th lunar month of 1783: the play "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Kikugor˘ played the roles of the dry goods merchant Jűbŕ and Yamada K˘bŕ [casting].

12th lunar month of 1783: Kikugor˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; he played the roles of Enju and Shigetada in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki". He suddenly fell ill.

29th day of the 12th lunar month of 1783 [1]: Kikugor˘ died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Onoe Kikugor˘ I was an outstanding actor, a goku-j˘-j˘-kichi star and the founder of one of the most prestigious lines of actors in Kabuki history. He started his career as a wakaonnagata but became an amazing tachiyaku. He was trained in Kamigata but spent two thirds of his 54 years long career in the Edo theaters, becoming one of the most popular actor this city.

Onoe Kikugor˘ I's best roles: ďboshi Yuranosuke/Hayano Kanpei/Tonase ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Kan Sh˘j˘/Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Sonobe Hy˘e ("Shin Usuyuki Monogatari"), Enju/Shigetada ("Hirakana Seisuiki").

Onoe Kikugor˘ I was the owner of a cosmetics shop located in the district of Sakai-ch˘. He managed it under the name of Onoe Kichiemon. After the destruction of the shop in the 1766 fire, he rebuilt it in the district of Setomono-ch˘.

[1] The 29th day of the 12th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenmei era was the 21st of January 1784 in the western calendar.

[2] The 29th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 3rd year of the Meiwa era was the 8th of April 1766 in the western calendar.

The actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I as Watanabe no Tsuna
Artist: Torii Kiyomitsu I
Date: 1750ľ1785
The Art Institute of Chicago (print in the public domain)

Prints & Illustrations

The Onoe Baik˘ line of actors

The Onoe Kikugor˘ line of actors

 
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