ďTANI HIROJI III

Stage names:

ďtani Hiroji III In Japanese
ďtani Oniji II In Japanese
ďtani Haruji I In Japanese
Yoneyama Tokusabur˘ In Japanese

Nickname: Maruya Jicch˘

Guilds: Maruya, Surugaya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry names: T˘shű, Jicch˘, Jicch˘

Existence: 1746 ~ 11th day of the 5th lunar month of 1802 [1]

Connections:

Master: ďtani Hiroji II

Adopted sons: ďtani Tokugor˘, ďtani Oniji IV

Disciples: ďtani Oniji III, ďtani Tokuji I, ďtani Hirohachi II, ďtani Hiroemon IV (?), ďtani Haruji III

Career:

1746 ~ 1755: born in Edo. He started his career very early, performing under the name of Yoneyama Tokugor˘ in Edo koshibai theaters.

Fall 1755: he became disciple of the actor ďtani Hiroji II, who gave him the name of ďtani Haruji I.

2nd day of the 6th lunar month of 1757 [2]: his master ďtani Hiroji II died.

11th lunar month of 1758: ďtani Haruji I took the name of ďtani Oniji II at the Ichimuraza, where he performed in the kaomise drama "Kaomise Sajikigadake".

9th lunar month of 1759: Oniji played in the same theater the aragoto role of the yakko Yokanpei in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which celebrated the departure of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I to Kamigata (onagori ky˘gen).

1st lunar month of 1762: Oniji's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1762: ďtani Oniji II took the name of ďtani Hiroji III at the Ichimuraza, where he performed in the kaomise drama "Kisoe Uta Sakae Komachi".

9th lunar month of 1766: Hiroji played at the Ichimuraza the roles of En'ya Hangan and Amagawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke was played by Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1766: Hiroji played at the Ichimuraza the role of Watanabe Minbu in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi".

1st lunar month of 1767: Hiroji played in the same theater the roles of Kurofune Chűemon and Danzabur˘ in the new year drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1767: first Kabuki adaptation, at the Ichimuraza, of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku"; Hiroji played the role of Yazama Jűtar˘ [casting].

7th lunar month of 1767: Hiroji played at the Ichimuraza the role of Kokingo in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1768: Hiroji played at the Ichimuraza the role of Terukuni in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

5th lunar month of 1769: Hiroji played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Hayano Kanpei and Amagawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Okaru and Yuranosuke were played by Nakamura Matsue I and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hiroji played at the Ichimuraza the role of Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Ume˘maru, Sakuramaru and Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo were played by Band˘ Matatar˘ IV, Arashi Sangor˘ II and Azuma T˘z˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1773: Hiroji played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of En'ya Hangan, Okaru and Yuranosuke were played by Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III, Nakamura Rik˘ I and Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1773: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the kaomise drama "Gohiiki Kanjinch˘"; Hiroji played the roles of Naoe Saemon and Motoyoshi Shir˘ Takahira [casting]. This 46-days long performance, which also celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ I, was a tremendous success.

7th lunar month of 1774: Hiroji played at the Nakamuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke [print] and Takebe Genz˘ in the dramas "Kanadehon Chűshingura" and "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ('About actors prying') was published in Edo. It gave some private information on actors. Edo readers could learn that Hiroji lived with his spouse Orise and his adopted sons in the district of Yoshi-ch˘ and his annual salary was 700 ry˘.

8th lunar month of 1777: Hiroji played at the Nakamuraza the role of Igami no Gonta in the "Sushiya" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the roles of Yazaemon, Yasuke and Osato were played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Arashi Sangor˘ II and Yoshizawa Iroha I.

1780: tour in the Echigo province with the actors Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III.

6th lunar month of 1783: Hiroji played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Teraoka Heiemon and Amagawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Okaru, Yuranosuke and Gihei's wife Osono were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Nakamura Rik˘ I and Azuma T˘z˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1784: Hiroji played at the Nakamuraza the role of Yazaemon in the "Sushiya" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the roles of Yasuke and Osato were played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1787: Hiroji played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1788: Hiroji played at the Nakamuraza the role of Sannigorobŕ in Sakurada Jisuke I's kaomise drama "T˘zum˘ Hana no Edokata", which celebrated the return in Edo of the actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1789: Hiroji's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

8th lunar month of 1790: Hiroji played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘ and Amagawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Yuranosuke, Honz˘'s wife Tonase and Gihei's wife Osono were played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I and Iwai Kiyotar˘ II.

7th lunar month of 1794: premiere at the Miyakoza of the drama "Keisei Sanbon Karakasa"; Hiroji played the role of Sanza's yakko Tosa Matahei [more details].

9th lunar month of 1794: Hiroji played at the Miyakoza the role of Kawagoe Shigeyori in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

1st lunar month of 1795: Namiki Gohei I's drama "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Miyakoza; Hiroji played the role of Izushi Takuzaemon [casting].

4th lunar month of 1795: Hiroji played at the Miyakoza the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Horibe Yajibŕ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1796: the play "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi" was staged for the first time in Edo, simultaneously at the Kiriza and the Miyakoza; Hiroji played the role of Yoshioka Ichimisai in the former theater [casting].

5th lunar month of 1797: Hiroji played at the Kiriza the role of Yamakawaya Gon'emon in Namiki Gohei I's drama "Aigiky˘ Karigane Komon", a revival of "Aigiky˘ Karigane Gomon", written by the same playwright and staged for the first time in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai in the 7th lunar month of 1774. Tomoemon's stage partners were Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III (Karigane Bunshichi), Segawa Kikunoj˘ III (Bunshichi's wife Otsuta, Heibei's wife Otsugi), Arashi Ryűz˘ II (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘), Ichikawa Omez˘ I (Hotei Ichiemon), ďtani Tomoemon II (Gokuin Sen'emon) and Nakamura Denkur˘ IV (Yamakawaya Gonroku).

7th lunar month of 1798: Hiroji appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Moritaza, where he performed in the drama "Katsura Otoko Yaiba no ďdachi".

28th day of the 8th lunar month of 1799 [3]: his adopted son Nakamura Denkur˘ IV, who used to be ďtani Oniji III from the 11th lunar month of 1787 to the 10th lunar month of 1794, died in Edo [3].

11th day of the 5th lunar month of 1802 [1]: Hiroji died in Edo.

Comments:

ďtani Hiroji III was a talented tachiyaku, who made his career mainly in Edo theaters during the second half of the eighteenth century. "His best roles were faithful old servants and strong otokodate" (Samuel Leiter in "New Kabuki Encyclopedia").

[1] The 11th day of the 5th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Ky˘wa era was the 10th of June 1802 in the western calendar.

[2] The 2nd day of the 6th lunar month of the 7th year of the H˘reki era was the 17th of July 1757 in the western calendar.

[3] The 28th day of the 8th lunar month of the 11th year of the Kansei era was the 27th of September 1799 in the western calendar.

The actor ďtani Hiroji III as Hata Daizen Taketora in the play ôUru˘ Tosshi Meika no Homare,ö performed at the Miyako Theater in the eleventh month, 1794
Artist: T˘shűsai Sharaku
Date: 1794
The Art Institute of Chicago (print in the public domain)

Prints & Illustrations

The ďtani Haruji line of actors

The ďtani Oniji line of actors

The ďtani Hiroji line of actors

 
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