ICHIKAWA DANZď IV

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danz˘ IV In Japanese
Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III In Japanese
Ichikawa Tomoz˘ I In Japanese
Nakamura Toraz˘ In Japanese
Kameya Toraz˘ In Japanese

Guild: Mikawaya

Nicknames:

Meguro Danz˘ ("Danz˘ from Meguro")
Tomoz˘ Danz˘

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry name: Shik˘

Existence: 1745 ~ 9th day of the 10th lunar month of 1808 [1]

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danz˘ III

Adopted mother: Ichikawa Danz˘ III's widow

Sons: Ichikawa Dannosuke III, Ichikawa Dannosuke IV

Adopted son: Ichikawa Danz˘ V

Disciples: Ichikawa Ichiz˘ I, Ichikawa Aragor˘ I, Ichikawa Tomoz˘ II, Ichikawa Monzabur˘ I, Ichikawa Monzabur˘ II

Career:

1745~1763: born in Ky˘to. He started his career at an early age, performing under the name of Kameya Toraz˘ in a troupe of children actors located at the Izumi Shikibeza. He spent some years in the minor theaters of ďsaka (hama shibai).

1763: he became disciple of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and received the name of Nakamura Toraz˘.

1768: Toraz˘ settled in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1768: he became disciple of the actor Ichikawa Danz˘ III and received the name of Ichikawa Tomoz˘ I, performing at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe".

1769: Tomoz˘ went back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1771: Tomoz˘ played in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Shinozuka Gor˘ in the kaomise drama "Miyako Yoshino Mikado no Takadono", which was produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I, welcomed in Ky˘to the Edo actor Sakata Hangor˘ II and celebrated the shűmei of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Anegawa Minato II and Yamatoyama Rinzaemon II.

24th day of the 6th lunar month of 1772 [2]: his master Ichikawa Danz˘ III died. Tomoz˘ went back to Edo in the family of Ichikawa Danz˘ III's widow, who adopted him.

11th lunar month of 1772: Ichikawa Tomoz˘ I took the name of Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III at the Ichimuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Edo Katagi Hikeya Tsunazaka".

11th lunar month of 1773: Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III took the name of Ichikawa Danz˘ IV at the Ichimuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Kaeri Kiso Kigoto no Hatsumono".

3rd lunar month of 1776: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsu Kanshi I's puppet theater drama "Koi Musume Mukashi Hachij˘", which was staged at the Nakamuraza; Danz˘ played the role of Shirokiya Sh˘bei [casting].

5th lunar month of 1776: the play "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; Danz˘ played the role of Jihiz˘ [casting].

1st lunar month of 1778: the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza [casting]; Danz˘ played the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi and Soga no Iruka.

4th lunar month of 1780: first Kabuki adaptation of Utei Enba, Kij˘ Tar˘ and Y˘ Y˘dai puppet theater drama "Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi", which was written in the 1st lunar month of 1780. The play was produced in Edo at the Moritaza; Danz˘ played the roles of the sh˘ya Shichirobŕ and Daifukuya S˘roku (in reality Shimada Sabur˘bŕ) [casting].

9th lunar month of 1780: Danz˘ played for the first time the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which was staged at the Moritaza.

3rd lunar month of 1781: Danz˘ played for the first time 7 roles (nanayaku) in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was staged at the Moritaza. Roles: En'ya Hangan, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Honz˘'s wife Tonase, Amakawaya Gihei, Yoichibŕ, Ono no Sadakur˘ and ďwashi Bungo. This was the first time in Kabuki history that an actor plays seven roles in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

5th lunar month of 1783: Danz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘, Kakogawa Honz˘ and Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1783: Danz˘ celebrated his coming departure from Edo, playing the role of Konishi Suketar˘ in the drama "Buke no Hana Musume no Adauchi", which was staged at the Nakamuraza.

Fall 1783: Danz˘ went to Kamigata after 16 years spent in Edo.

1st lunar month of 1784: Danz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke and Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was produced by Fujikawa Kikumatsu.

5th lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage"; Danz˘ played the role of H˘kaib˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1784: Danz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Terukuni in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by Onoe Ushinosuke I.

7th lunar month of 1785: Danz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of the yakko Dennai, Kumedera Danj˘ and the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Otsuginasai Iwafute Shikisan".

Summer 1785: tour in Akashi in the company of the great onnagata Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1786: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

10th lunar month of 1786: tour in the Island of Shikoku.

4th lunar month of 1787: Danz˘ played the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Amakawaya Gihei in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was produced in ďsaka by Nakamura Kumetar˘ II

1788: tour in Ise; Danz˘ played in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" at the Furuichi Shibai.

5th lunar month of 1788: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi", which was staged in Ise at the Furuichi no Shibai; Danz˘ played the roles of Kinugawa Yasozaemon and Todoroki Dengoemon [casting]. He replaced Mimasu Daigor˘ II for the role of Rokusuke in the 6th lunar month.

Spring 1789: tour in Ise; Danz˘ played in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

12th lunar month of 1789: Danz˘ played 6 roles in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was staged at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai. Roles: En'ya Hangan, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Kakogawa Honz˘, Amakawaya Gihei, Yoichibŕ and Ono no Sadakur˘.

1st lunar month of 1790: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

Spring 1791: Danz˘ played the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which was staged in Ky˘to at the Shij˘ Nishi no Shibai.

4th lunar month of 1791: Danz˘ played in Ky˘to the roles of Kumedera Danj˘ and the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of Princess Taema was played by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1791: premiere of Nagawa Shimesuke I's chűshinguramono "Iroha Gana Shijűshichi Moji" in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Danz˘ played the roles of En'ya Hangan and ďboshi Yuranosuke [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1793: Danz˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

12th lunar month of 1793: Danz˘ played the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which was staged in ďsaka at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai. He also played the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima".

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which was famous for its "Umagiri" scene and was produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Danz˘ played the roles of Oda Sanshichir˘ Nobutaka and Mashiba Hisayoshi [more details].

Summer 1794: tour in Ise.

8th lunar month of 1794: Danz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; the role of Chidori was played by Nakamura Noshio II.

9th lunar month of 1794: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; Danz˘ played the role of Sasaki Takatsuna [casting].

10th lunar month of 1795: Danz˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of the wicked priest Narukami and the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of Princess Taema was played by Yoshizawa Iroha I.

1st lunar month of 1796: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1796: tour in Miyajima with Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

10th lunar month of 1796: Danz˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Kumedera Danj˘ and the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of Princess Taema was played by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

Summer 1798: Danz˘ went back to Edo.

7th lunar month of 1798: Danz˘ played at the Moritaza the roles of Daid˘ji Denbatanosuke and Araki Saemon in the drama "Katsura Otoko Yaiba no ďdachi".

8th lunar month of 1798: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

9th lunar month of 1798: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Daihanji no Kiyosumi in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1798: Danz˘ played at the Moritaza several roles, including Shinozuka Iganokami (in a "Shibaraku" scene) and Nagasaki Kageyu Saemon, in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Mitsugi no Funauta".

1st lunar month of 1799: Danz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1800: Danz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Shunkan Futatsu Omokage".

9th lunar month of 1801: Danz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Sanemori and Yoshikata in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

10th lunar month of 1801: Danz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Otoku was played by Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

11th lunar month of 1801: Danz˘ planned to go to ďsaka, yet he took part in the kaomise drama "Meika no Toku Mimasu no Tamagaki", which was staged at the Kawarasakiza.

1st lunar month of 1802: Danz˘ went back to Kamigata; he played the roles of Karasuka Koroku and Tokichi in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Midori no Hayashi", which was produced by Anegawa Kamesabur˘ at the Kado no Shibai.

2nd lunar month of 1802: Danz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

3rd lunar month of 1802: Danz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; the role of Chidori was played by Fujikawa Tomokichi I.

3rd ~ 5th lunar months of 1802: Danz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai 7 roles in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". Roles: K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Kakogawa Honz˘, Amakawaya Gihei, Okaru's mother, Yoichibŕ and Ono no Sadakur˘; the roles of En'ya Hangan, Honz˘'s wife Tonase and Okaru were played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I and Nakayama Ittoku I.

5th lunar month of 1802: Danz˘ played at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; the role of Chidori was played by Fujikawa Tomokichi I.

Summer 1802: the play "Ehon Taik˘ki" was staged for the first time in Ky˘to, produced by Arashi Sankichi at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Danz˘ played the role of Takechi Mitsuhide [casting].

1st lunar month of 1803: Danz˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

5th lunar month of 1803: Danz˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; the role of Chidori was played by Yoshizawa Iroha I.

7th lunar month of 1803: Danz˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of Princess Taema was played by Kan˘ Minshi I.

3rd lunar month of 1804: Danz˘ played the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi in the drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri", which was produced by Hayagumo Ch˘dayű and Kameya Kumenoj˘ at the Kitagawa no Shibai (Ky˘to); the role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon was played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

9th lunar month of 1805: Danz˘ played the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which was staged in a little theater of the district of Kitano in Ky˘to.

1st lunar month of 1806: Danz˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

5th lunar month of 1806: tour in Nagoya; Danz˘ played the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which was staged in the precinct of the Seijuin Temple.

6th lunar month of 1806: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of Princess Taema was played by Fujikawa Tomokichi I.

12th lunar month of 1806: Danz˘ took part in the kaomise of the Kado no Shibai, with Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakamura Utaemon III. The three stars performed together in the drama "ďsakazuki Asahi no H˘rai", which was produced by Yoshizawa Minosuke.

3rd lunar month of 1808: "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Danz˘ played the role of Kat˘ Asakiyo [casting].

10th lunar month of 1808: Danz˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, where he performed in the drama "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ III. He suddenly fell ill and had to be replaced by Ichikawa Ichiz˘ I.

9th day of the 10th lunar month of 1808 [1]: Danz˘ died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Ichikawa Danz˘ IV was an outstanding tachiyaku, who covered himself in glory in both Edo and Kamigata. He succeeded in making up for his short height by developping new techniques. He was a pioneer of chűnori and excelled in tachimawari or hayagawari. He was the first Kabuki actor to perform 7 roles in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

His nickname, Meguro Danz˘ (Meguro's Danz˘) was related to his mansion in Edo, which was located on the outskirts of the city, close to the famous Meguro Fud˘son Temple.

[1] The 9th day of the 10th lunar month of the 5th year of the Bunka era was the 26th of November 1808 in the western calendar.

[2] The 24th day of the 6th lunar month of the 9th year of the Meiwa era was the 24th of July 1772 in the western calendar.

Ichikawa Danz˘ IV in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni I (1798~1800)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni

Illustrated playbill 1796

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1798

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1801

Caricature 1780

The Ichikawa Tomoz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danzabur˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danz˘ line of actors

 
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