ICHIKAWA EBIZď III

Stage names:

Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III In Japanese
Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II In Japanese
Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV In Japanese
Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II In Japanese
Matsumoto Shichiz˘ I In Japanese

Other name:

Ichikawa Sansh˘ II In Japanese

Nickname: Kiba no Oyadama (the boss of Kiba, a famous district in Edo)

Guild: Naritaya, K˘raiya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry names: Sansh˘ (2), Hakuen, Kaigan (?), Goryű (?)

Existence: 1711 ~ 25th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1778 [1]

Connections:

Grandfather: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I

Father: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II (Danjűr˘ II)

Adoptive father: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I

Father-in-law: Iwai Hanshir˘ III

Son: Ichikawa Hakuen I (Danjűr˘ V)

Grandson: Ichikawa Momotar˘

Great-grandson: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Danjűr˘ VII)

Great-great-grandson: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ VII, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ VIII, Ichikawa Komaz˘ VI, Ichikawa Saruz˘ I, Ichikawa K˘z˘

Disciples: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Ichikawa Kodanji II, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ III, Ichikawa Datez˘ I

Career:

1711: born in Edo in the district of Sakai-ch˘. His mother is the daughter of Fukuroya Genshichi, the owner of a chaya, and his illegitimate father is Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II. He is adopted by Izumiya Kanjűr˘, the owner of a chaya, whose previous boss's wife was the elder sister of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I.

1713: he is adopted by the actor Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1719: he appears on stage for the first time, at the Moritaza, where he receives the name of Matsumoto Shichiz˘ I, playing the role of Araoka Bunshin in the drama "Keisei Murasaki Tazuna". The role of Araoka Genta is played by his adoptive father Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1730: his adoptive father Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I dies.

11th lunar month of 1735: great shűmei at the Ichimuraza. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II gives his name to his adopted son and takes the name of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II. The actors Ichikawa Masugor˘ and Matsumoto Shichiz˘ I respectively take the names of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II. The new K˘shir˘ performs in the kaomise drama "Kongen Nana Komachi".

11th lunar month of 1736: K˘shir˘ moves to the Kawarazakiza and plays the role of Nagasaki Jir˘ in the kaomise drama "Jumpű Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1737: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year sogamono "Gozen Sum˘ Osana Soga".

11th lunar month of 1737: K˘shir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Munekiyo in the kaomise drama "Genji Kumo ďgi no Shiba". The line-up includes Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Tsuruya Nanboku II and Tomizawa Montar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1738: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year sogamono "Ukematsuri Manbai Soga".

5th lunar month of 1738: K˘shir˘ becomes jitsuaku.

Fall 1738: K˘shir˘ and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I achieve together a great success by playing in the same theater the roles of Sasaki Ganryű and Tosa Jir˘ in the revenge play "Katakiuchi Ganryűjima". It is said that K˘shir˘ broke 2 teeth while performing in a tachimawari scene. He negociated with the Ichimuraza management 100 ry˘ of compensation for each tooth, rising his yearly salary from 300 ry˘ to 500 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1738: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ashikaga Naoyoshi in the kaomise program "Mitsugibune Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1739: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year program "Hatsu Motoyui Kayoi Soga". The roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III and Ichimura Uzaemon VIII.

11th lunar month of 1739: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of ďt˘ no Miya in the kaomise drama "Tokiwagi Taiheiki".

2nd lunar month of 1740: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the play "Sugatami Sumidagawa", commonly called "Nanatsu Men" (Kabuki Jűhachiban), in which K˘shir˘ plays the role of Kume no Heinai. This performance is a triumphant success.

11th lunar month of 1740: K˘shir˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Nikki Danj˘ Saemon in the kaomise program "Kichirei Imagawaj˘", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Matsushima Moheiji.

1st lunar month of 1741: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year drama "Wakamidori Kaneiri Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1741: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

6th lunar month of 1741: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kawai Matagor˘ in the drama "Katakiuchi Mitsugumi Sakazuki".

7th lunar month of 1741: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Akuzenji in the drama "Yotsume Yui Katoku Sadame".

11th lunar month of 1741: K˘shir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza, where a great kaomise program is produced to celebrate the arrival in Edo of the actors Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku and Nakamura Shingor˘ I; K˘shir˘ plays the villain role of K˘ no Moron˘ in Hayakawa Denshir˘'s drama "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki".

1st lunar month of 1742: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon and Yume no Ichirobei in the drama "Musume Soga Gaijin Yashima".

7th lunar month of 1742: the play "Keisei Hangonk˘" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza. K˘shir˘ plays the role of Fuwa Banzaemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1742: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of It˘ Nyűd˘ in the kaomise drama "Keisei Akazawayama".

1st lunar month of 1743: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the ghost of It˘ Nyűd˘ in the new year drama "Kadomidori Tokiwa Soga".

5th lunar month of 1743: special performance at the Nakamuraza related to the exhibition of a sacred image of Sh˘toku Taishi in the Shitenn˘ji Temple in the district of Yűshima. K˘shir˘ plays the roles of the ghost and the daughter of the minister Moriya in the drama "Yamato Morokoshi Aish˘ Kagami".

7th lunar month of 1743: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kantetsu in the drama "Kichirei Sasaki Abumi".

11th lunar month of 1743: K˘shir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Nagasaki Kageyu Saemon in the kaomise drama "Ishizue Taiheiki", which celebrates the return in Edo of Segawa Kikujir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1744: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Tatsuyasha in the new year drama "Nanakusa Wakayagi Soga".

7th lunar month of 1744: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the warlord Yamana S˘zen in the drama "Kaibyaku Imagawaj˘".

11th lunar month of 1744: K˘shir˘ moves to the Moritaza, which was closed since Spring 1734, and plays the roles of Fuwa Banzaemon and ďyu no Koji in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Bandai no Watamashi". His stage partners are Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘, Utagawa Shirogor˘, Sakata T˘jűr˘ III, Tsuruya Nanboku II, Nakajima Kanzaemon II, Sanogawa Senz˘ and Yamamoto Ky˘z˘.

2nd lunar month of 1745: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Band˘ Tar˘ in the new year drama "Haru Gasumi Omokage Soga".

11th lunar month of 1745: K˘shir˘ plays at the Moritaza the roles of Taira no Kagekiyo and It˘ Nyűd˘ in the kaomise drama "Chiky˘dai Izu Nikki".

1st lunar month of 1746: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kumasaka Ch˘han and the bonze S˘j˘b˘ in the new year drama "Gosho Ganoko Jűnidan".

5th lunar month of 1746: K˘shir˘ achieves a great success by playing the role of the priest Seigen, Sansh˘ Dayű and Dozaemon Denkichi in the drama "Higashiyama Eitai Kabuki", which is staged in the same theater.

11th lunar month of 1746: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the rebel Abe no Sadat˘ in the kaomise drama "ďtorii Gojűshigun", which celebrates the arrival of Onoe Kikugor˘ I in the new line-up; the roles of Abe no Munet˘ (Sadat˘'s brother) and Hachiman Tar˘ Yoshiie (the enemy of the Abe brothers) are played by Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ and Utagawa Shirogor˘.

1st lunar month of 1747: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kaba no Kanja Noriyori and Dozaemon Denkichi in the new year drama "Edo Murasaki Kongen Soga"; the roles of Yaoya Oshichi and Kichisabur˘ are played by Yamamoto Ky˘z˘ and Sanogawa Senz˘.

11th lunar month of 1747: K˘shir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the roles of Minamoto no Tametomo, disguised as a sweet sake seller, and an ogress in the kaomise drama "Shusse Momijigari". His stage partners are Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I, Arashi Koroku I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Sanogawa Ichimatsu I, Ichimura Kamez˘ I and ďtani Oniji I

1st lunar month of 1748: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Fuwa Banzaemon and Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year drama "Mon-zukushi Nagoya Soga". His stage partners in the roles of the courtesan Katsuragi and Nagoya Sanza are Segawa Kikujir˘ I and Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1748: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role Sasaki Ganryű in the drama "Katakiuchi Ganryűjima".

8th lunar month of 1748: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Sajima Hirofumi, disguised as the lawn-mower Gonz˘, in the drama "Sandaizome Kanae Mond˘".

11th lunar month of 1748: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Akaboshi Tar˘ and Beniya Sh˘bei in the kaomise drama "H˘kas˘ Yunzei Hachinoki", which celebrates the shűmei of ďtani Hiroji II.

1st lunar month of 1749: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kumasaka Ch˘han in the new year drama "Hatsutora Kurama Genji".

5th lunar month of 1749: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura" is performed for the first time at the Ichimuraza. K˘shir˘ plays the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘ and Ono Sadakur˘.

11th lunar month of 1749: K˘shir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays the roles of Ashikaga Takauji and the ghost of Sagami Nyűd˘ in the kaomise drama "Onn˘ Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1750: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year program "ďkazari Saiwai Soga".

5th lunar month of 1750: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Yamagaya Sashir˘ and ďtomo no Kuronushi in the drama "Shio Mitsutama Kazaori Komachi".

11th lunar month of 1750: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Minamoto no Tametomo and Reishű no Gonku in Tsuuchi Jihŕ II's kaomise drama "Wakaki no Ume Taira no Kiyomori".

1st lunar month of 1751: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the ghost of Akugenta Yoshihira and Dozaemon Denkichi new year drama "Izu Kosode Sh˘bai Kagami".

7th lunar month of 1751: the play "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza. K˘shir˘ plays the role of Ippei [casting].

9th lunar month of 1751: K˘shir˘ achieves a great success by playing the role of Yuigahama Sadayuki in the same theater in the play "Keisei Fukubiki Nagoya".

11th lunar month of 1751: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Akita J˘nosuke in the kaomise program "Honry˘ Hachinoki-zome". His stage partner in the role of J˘nosuke's wife Asaoka is Segawa Kikujir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1752: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon (Jűr˘'s retainer) in the new year sogamono "Kuruwa Kuruwa Akinai Soga". The role of Soga Jűr˘ is played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II. K˘shir˘ also plays the role of the Azuma otokodate Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ in the drama "Hana Sugata Sampukutsui" (the second part (nibanme) of "Kuruwa Kuruwa Akinai Soga"), sharing the stage with Fujikawa Heikur˘ (the Naniwa otokodate Akaushi Yasubŕ) and Nakamura Sukegor˘ I (the ďshű otokodate Teppeki Sh˘hei) [print].

4th lunar month of 1752: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki". His stage partner in the role of Kumagai's wife Sagami is Segawa Kikujir˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1752: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the rebel Abe no Sadat˘ in the drama "Moro Tazuna ďshű Kuro"; the role of Abe no Munet˘ (Sadat˘'s brother) is played by Nakamura Sukegor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1752: K˘shir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Senju Tar˘ in the kaomise drama "Ume Sakura Ninin Semimaru".

1st lunar month of 1753: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Amakawaya Gihei in the new year drama "Haru Fukami Iroha Soga", which combines both the Soga Brothers and "Chűshingura" worlds.

7th lunar month of 1753: the play "Hirakana Seisuiki" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; K˘shir˘ plays the roles of Matsuemon and Higuchi Jir˘ Kanemitsu [casting].

11th lunar month of 1753: K˘shir˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Shioume Yoshiya Seibŕ in the kaomise program "Kamuri Kurabe Yatsushi Kuronushi", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the actor Kasaya Matakur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1754: K˘shir˘ is listed as a jitsuaku actor in the Edo hy˘banki. He plays in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Suruga Jir˘ in the new year drama "Satsuki Matsu Soga no Tachibana"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I and Ichimura Kamez˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1754: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the fox Tadanobu in the play "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" is staged at the Ichimuraza but it is a commercial failure.

5th lunar month of 1754: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hirofumi in the drama "San no Tomi Genji Rokuj˘ Gayoi".

11th lunar month of 1754: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza. Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II and Matsumoto K˘z˘ take the respective names of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III; the new Danjűr˘ plays the role of Okazaki Akushir˘ in the kaomise drama "Miura no ďsuke Bumon no Kotobuki", which celebrates also the shűmei of Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1755: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year sogamono "Waka Midori Nishiki Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1755: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami J˘nin Kitayama Zakura" [print]; the role of Princess Taema is played by Segawa Kikujir˘ I.

6th lunar month of 1755: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Dozaemon Denkichi in the drama "Edo Kanoko Sh˘chikubai".

8th lunar month of 1755: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the farmer Kinez˘, Koyama Hangan and Kasane in the drama "Shida Ch˘ja Bashira".

11th lunar month of 1755: Danjűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Minamoto no Tametomo in the kaomise drama "Arigatashi Yunzei Genji".

1st lunar month of 1756: the Nakamuraza and the Ichimuraza are destroyed in a fire.

2nd lunar month of 1756: the Nakamuraza is rebuilt and Danjűr˘ plays the roles of Mioya, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Fuwa Banzaemon in the drama "Kotobuki Mimasu Soga" - "Mimasu" is the crest (3 squares fitting into each other and representing 3 measures of rice) of the Naritaya guild. His stage partners in the roles of Nagoya Sanza, Oni˘ Shinzaemon, Katsuragi (Sanza's lover) and Banzaemon's wife are Yamashita Matatar˘ I, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1756: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Daid˘ji Tenbatanosuke in the drama "Ch˘seiden Fudan Zakura". He also plays the eponymous role of the play Sukeroku, sharing the stage with Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I (Agemaki) and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II (Ikyű) but his performance is not well received by the audience.

7th lunar month of 1756: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Wat˘nai in the drama "Z˘ho Kokusen'ya Gassen" (enlarged and revised version of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's "Kokusen'ya Gassen"). The performance is a commercial failure.

8th lunar month of 1756: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". His stage partners are Osagawa Tsuneyo I (Sakuramaru), Nakamura Denkur˘ II (Ume˘maru), Kasaya Matakur˘ I (Matsu˘maru's father Shiratayű), Nakajima Mihoemon I (Matsu˘maru's master Fujiwara no Shihei) and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I (Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo).

11th lunar month of 1756: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Fujiwara no Tadabumi, Taira no Masakado and Kat˘ Shigemitsu ("Shibaraku" scene) in the kaomise drama "Masakado Sh˘zoku no Enoki", which celebrates the arrival of Arashi Tominosuke I in Edo.

1st lunar month of 1757: Danjűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, taibi section (the "final" section, created for Danjűr˘ and ďtani Hiroji II), is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He also plays in the same theater the role of Kagekiyo, disguised as Monogusa Tar˘, in the new year program "Nippon Zutsumi Tori no Ne Soga".

7th lunar month of 1757: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Yasunari and Got˘ By˘ei, disguised as Sansh˘ Dayű, in the dramas "Abe no Yasunari Inaba no Mitegura" and "Kiku Zukuri Kiredo no Iezuto". He falls ill during this performance.

11th lunar month of 1757: Danjűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada, Sasaki Gor˘ and the yakko Akampei in the kaomise drama "Onna Musha Kaijin Yashima". His stage partners in the roles of Sasaki Moritsuna and Sasaki Takatsuna are Onoe Kikugor˘ I and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1758: Danjűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme written in white (the "white extreme" is a rank below the "black extreme", which is the real "extreme" level) - superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Kagekiyo and Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the new year program "Toki Tsukaze Irifune Soga". This program integrates Chikamatsu Monzaemon's "Sonezaki Shinjű", in which Danjűr˘ plays the role of Aburaya Kuheiji. His stage partners in the roles of Tenmaya Ohatsu and Hiranoya Tokubŕ are Arashi Tominosuke I and Onoe Kikugor˘ I. He also plays the role of Kyűsaku in the drama "Osome Hisamatsu", sharing the stage with Segawa Kikunoj˘ II and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ in the roles of Osome and Hisamatsu.

9th lunar month of 1758: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ono no T˘fű in the drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri". His stage partner in the role of Onui is Segawa Kikunoj˘ II. Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II dies the 24th of this month.

11th lunar month of 1758: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of K˘ga Sabur˘ and Sano Genzaemon in the kaomise drama "Kigoto no Hana Aioi Hachinoki", which welcomes the Kamigata actor Nakamura Utaemon I who left the Ichimuraza and celebrates the shűmei of Mizuki Tatsunosuke III.

1st lunar month of 1759: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kagekiyo, disguised as Aragor˘ Mohei, Kinugasa Minbunosuke and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year drama "Hatsugai Wada no Sakamori". His stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ and Soga Jűr˘ are Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1759: Danjűr˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the roles of Arajishi Otokonosuke, Watanabe Minbu and Atake Jinbei in the kaomise drama "Okunizome Shusse Butai". His stage partners are Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Nakamura Utaemon I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II and Ichimura Kamez˘ I. Danjűr˘ and Omatsu, the adopted daughter of Iwai Hanshir˘ III and the widow of late Segawa Kikujir˘ I, celebrate their wedding the 16th of this month. It is said that the actor Band˘ Sanpachi I, who had also a crush on Omatsu and repudiated his first wife in order to marry her, lost this love competion against Danjűr˘ and quarreled seriously with him.

1st lunar month of 1760: Danjűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent). He performs in the same theater in the new year program "Furiwakegami Suehiro Genji".

2nd lunar month of 1760: a fire breaks out in the district of Kanda and spreads to Sűzaki in Fukagawa. It destroys both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza. It is called "Akashiya no Kaji" (The Akashiya fire), based on the name of the shop where it started. Danjűr˘ has to take some unintended vacation during the rebuilding of the theater.

3rd lunar month of 1760: Danjűr˘ plays in the rebuilt Ichimuraza the roles of Kagekiyo, Ky˘ no Jir˘, Sansh˘ Dayű and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the drama "Soga Mannen Bashira", which includes the bombastic play "Kaneiri Gedatsu no Koromo" (commonly called "Gedatsu", a scene belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban collection). His stage partners are Ichimura Uzaemon VIII (Mank˘, Oni˘ Shinzaemon, the ghost of Sh˘ki), Ichimura Kamez˘ I (Soga Gor˘, Soga Jűr˘),Nakamura Utaemon I (Yamaoka Sabur˘), Onoe Kikugor˘ I (Danzabur˘, Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada, Minamoto no Yoritomo), Sanogawa Ichimatsu I (Tora) and Anegawa Daikichi I (Princess Hitomaru, Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘).

11th lunar month of 1760: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kamakura Gonnokami Kagemori and Miura Heitar˘ Kunitae in the kaomise drama "Ume Momiji Date no ďkido". An unusual hy˘banki ranking actors' wifes is published under the title "Yakusha Ny˘b˘ Hy˘banki" and Omatsu's rank is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

1st lunar month of 1761: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the new year drama "Edo Murasaki Kongen Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1761: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura". His stage partners are Ichimura Kamez˘ I (Sukeroku), Segawa Kikunoj˘ II (Agemaki) and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II (Ikyű).

8th lunar month of 1761: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kumedera Danj˘ and Mikasamura Sukesaku in the dramas "Nishikidori Yamato Bunsh˘" and "Asama no Dake".

9th lunar month of 1761: a fire breaks out from the puppets theater Gekiza and destroys the Ichimuraza. Danjűr˘ has to take some unintended vacation during the rebuilding of the theater.

11th lunar month of 1761: Danjűr˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays several roles, including the great warrior Taira no Tomomori, in the kaomise drama "Nihongahana H˘gan Biiki", which celebrates the shűmei of Ichikawa Raiz˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1762: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Yawata no Sabur˘ in the drama "Soga Biiki Nihon Zakura".

7th lunar month of 1762: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ashiya D˘man in the drama "Tamamo-no-Mae Katsura no Mayuzumi", sharing the stage with Arashi Sankatsu I (Tamamo-no-Mae) Ichikawa Raiz˘ I (Miuranosuke) and Nakamura Denkur˘ II (Sat˘ Norikiyo).

11th lunar month of 1762: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of End˘ Musha, Chinzei Hachir˘ and Kasaya Rokurobŕ in the kaomise drama "Nagi no Ha Izu no Sugatami". This performance celebrates the shűmei of 3 of his disciples, Takinaka Hidematsu II, Ichikawa Takejűr˘ and Matsumoto Ch˘matsu, who respectively take the names of Ichikawa Benz˘ I, Ichikawa Somegor˘ I and Matsumoto Shichiz˘ II. Danjűr˘ plays also the role of the Deity Meguro no Fud˘ (the black eyes Fud˘ My˘˘) in the "Fud˘" scene, which is staged at the end of the program. The roles of Seitaka D˘ji and Konkara D˘ji, sitting close to Fud˘ My˘˘, are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III and Ichikawa Somegor˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1763: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater several roles, including Kagekiyo, in Kanai Sansh˘'s new year drama "Momo Chidori ďiso Gayoi".

5th lunar month of 1763: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Tanba no Suketar˘ in the drama "K˘yasan Jayanagi", commonly called "Jayanagi".

11th lunar month of 1763: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater several roles, including Sanada Bunz˘ Masayasu, in the kaomise drama "Daij˘bu Takadachi Jikki". This performance celebrates the shűmei of 2 of his disciples, Nakamura Denz˘ I and Ichikawa Somegor˘ I, who respectively take the names of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1764: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kagekiyo, disguised as Sazame Shichir˘, in the new year drama "Hitokidori Harutsuge Soga"; the roles of Akoya and Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada are played by Hanakawa Ichinoj˘ and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1764: Danjűr˘ makes a welcome speech for the arrival of Ichikawa Danz˘ III at the Nakamuraza. Both actors perform together for the first time, Danjűr˘ in the role of Kagekiyo and Danz˘ in the role of Kumagai Tar˘. The performance is a big success.

5th lunar month of 1764: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, transformed into the God of Thunder, and Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". His stage partners in the role of Ume˘maru (Matsu˘maru's brother and Kan Sh˘j˘'s retainer), Sakuramaru (Matsu˘maru's brother), Chiyo (Matsu˘maru's wife), Fujiwara no Shihei (Matsu˘maru's master) and Shiratayű (Matsu˘maru's father) are Ichikawa Raiz˘ I, Ichikawa Komaz˘ II, Yoshizawa Goroichi I, Nakajima Mihoemon II and Nakamura Denkur˘ II. The performance is a big success and is extended up to the middle of the 6th lunar month.

6th lunar month of 1764: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Sait˘ Tarozaemon in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

8th lunar month of 1764: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kumedera Danj˘ in the "Kenuki" scene, which is included in the "Heike Nyogo no Shima" drama, staged to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1764: Danjűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Ibaraki Ch˘bŕ, Taira no Yoshikado and the spirit of Taira no Masakado in the kaomise drama "Azuma no Hana S˘ma no Dairi".

1st lunar month of 1765: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kagekiyo in the new year drama "Amatsukaze Nenriki Soga"; the roles of Akoya and Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada are played by Azuma T˘z˘ II and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II.

5th lunar month of 1765: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘ and Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

8th lunar month of 1765: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the prostitutes-trader (zegen) Hachibei and Yoshiigahama no Tadanori in the drama "Keisei Fukubiki Nagoya", which commemorates the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the death of Segawa Kikunoj˘ I. His stage partners are Segawa Kikunoj˘ II (the courtesan Katsuragi), Matsumoto Shichiz˘ II (Katsuragi's daughter Omina) and Ichikawa Komaz˘ II (Nagoya Sanzabur˘).

11th lunar month of 1765: Danjűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Kujaku Sabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Kagura Uta Amagoi Komachi", which celebrates the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1766: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Sasaki Tar˘, disguised as the wholesaler Date Yosaku, and Konn˘maru in the new year drama "Kaid˘ Ichi Izu no Harugoma".

5th lunar month of 1766: premiere of the play "Yaoya Oshichi Koi no Edozome", which is staged at the Nakamuraza; Danjűr˘ plays the role of Noriyori; his stage partners in the roles of Yaoya Oshichi and Kichisabur˘ are Nakamura Matsue I and Ichikawa Benz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1766: Danjűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza several roles, including the Kurozuka ogress, in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hana Kaijin Arasmusha", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Kirishima Gizaemon I. His stage partners in the roles of Abe no Munet˘, Abe no Sadat˘ and Hachiman Tar˘ Yoshiie are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III, Kirishima Gizaemon I and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1767: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kagekiyo, disguised as a sweet seller, in the new year drama "Hatsu Akinai ďmise Soga"; the roles of Akoya and Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada are played by Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II.

7th lunar month of 1767: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1767: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Sono Namo Tsuki no Irobito" (similar to "Narukami"); the roles of Princess Taema, Hakuunb˘ (white cloud bonze) and Kokuunb˘ (dark cloud bonze) are played by Nakamura Matsue I, Arashi Otohachi I and Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1767: Danjűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Hata Rokur˘ Saemon, disguised as the tea seller Ichibŕ, in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Shizu no Furisode".

1st lunar month of 1768: Danjűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is dai-goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - extreme - superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Umezawa Kogorobei, Kazusa Gorobei and Taira no Kagekiyo in the new year drama "Fude Hajime Soga no Tamazusa". The roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, the enemies of Kud˘, are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Komaz˘ II (who also plays Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada, Kagekiyo's enemy).

4th lunar month of 1768: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". His stage partners are Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II (ďboshi Yuranosuke) and Segawa Kikunoj˘ II (Okaru).

7th lunar month of 1768: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Matsunaga Daizen in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki". His stage partners in the roles of Princess Yuki and T˘kichi are Segawa Kikunoj˘ II and Nakamura Denkur˘ II.

8th lunar month of 1768: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Nanagusa Shir˘, disguised as Tenjiku Tokubŕ, in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Koky˘ no Torikaji".

11th lunar month of 1768: Danjűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Munekiyo and Kisanta in the kaomise drama "Ima o Sakari Suehiro Genji", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of Nakamura Utaemon I and the shűmei of Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

1st lunar month of 1769: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kagekiyo in the new year drama "Soga Moy˘ Aigo no Wakamatsu", which includes a "Kamahige" scene.

11th lunar month of 1769: Danjűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Sansh˘ Dayű (4th time) and Sano Gent˘ta in the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hanasakae Hachinoki".

1st lunar month of 1770: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kurizu no Rokur˘ and Kazusa Shichiby˘ei Kagekiyo, disguised as the farmer Kakezuri no Jűbŕ, in the new year drama "Kagamigaike Omokage Soga".

6th lunar month of 1770: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the money broker Hachibei, the priest Rensh˘b˘ and Asari no Yoichi in Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Katakiuchi Chűk˘ Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1770: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of the Deity Fud˘ My˘˘ in a memorial performance for the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of the passing away of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1770: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV takes back his previous name of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II and his son Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III receives the name of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V. K˘shir˘ plays several roles, including Nagata no Tar˘ and the God of the Mountain, in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato", which also celebrates the arrival of Ichikawa Danz˘ III and Yamashita Kinsaku II at the Nakamuraza and the shűmei of the actors Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II, Ichikawa Benz˘ I and Nakamura Shichinosuke I, who respectively take the names of Nakamura Sh˘ch˘, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ III and Band˘ Sanpachi II.

1st lunar month of 1771: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki is murui (unequaled). K˘shir˘ portrays in the same theater the Deity Aizen My˘˘ and plays the seven roles of Kagekiyo in the new year drama "Sakaich˘ Soga no Nendaiki"; the roles of Akoya (Kagekiyo's lover) and Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada (Kagekiyo's enemy) are played by Yamashita Kinsaku II and Nakamura Sh˘ch˘.

7th lunar month of 1771: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Dozaemon Denkichi and the God of the Wind in the drama "Tamura Maro Nanae Gasane".

11th lunar month of 1771: K˘shir˘, who decided to stay at the Nakamuraza while his son Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V moved to the Moritaza, plays the role of ďtomo Sann˘ in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji".

1st lunar month of 1772: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kagekiyo, disguised as ďmi no Yawatanosuke, in Nakamura Jűsuke II's new year drama "Haru ha Soga Akebono Z˘shi".

8th lunar month of 1772: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Maboroshi Takeemon in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

11th lunar month of 1772: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza. The actors Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Komaz˘ II and Ichikawa (or Matsumoto) Sumiz˘ I respectively take the names of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III. The new Ebiz˘ plays the roles of Kuryű Saemon, the hag Aomugi (?), Nagasaki Kageyu Saemon and Shinozuka Gor˘ in the kaomise drama "ďyoroi Ebid˘ Shinozuka".

1st lunar month of 1773: Ebiz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Wada Yoshimori, the ghost of Miura ďsuke and the warrior Taira no Kagekiyo in the new year drama "Wada Sakamori Eiga Kagami". The role of Akoya is played by Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III.

5th lunar month of 1773: Ebiz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Wat˘nai, disguised as Nanagusa Shir˘, in the drama "Dainippon Ise no Kamikaze".

7th lunar month of 1773: Ebiz˘ plays in the same theater the role of the express messenger Takumi in the drama "Keisei Kataokayama".

9th lunar month of 1773: Ebiz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kan Sh˘j˘, transformed into the God of Thunder, in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1773: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Gohiiki Kanjinch˘", performed as a kaomise drama. Ebiz˘ plays the roles of Benkei, Anewa no Heiji and Shigetada [casting]. This 46-days long performance, which is also the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ I, is a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1774: Ebiz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Taira no Kagekiyo and Minamoto no Tametomo in the new year drama "Oatsuraezome Soga Hinagata"; the roles of Akoya (Kagekiyo's lover) and Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada (Kagekiyo's enemy) are played by Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1774: big crisis at the Nakamuraza; several high-ranking actors, including Ebiz˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV leave the theater. Ebiz˘ seizes this opportunity to take long vacation.

11th lunar month of 1775: Ebiz˘ is back on stage, at the Ichimuraza, meeting up again Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, who left the Moritaza. He plays the role of Hata Rokur˘ Saemon in the kaomise drama "Oyafune Taiheiki". This kaomise is a huge success, starting the 1st day of the 11th lunar month and ending the 15th day of the 12th lunar month.

1st lunar month of 1776: Ebiz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, s˘kant˘ section ("global leader"), is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the roles of Taira no Kagekiyo and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year drama "Kamuri Kotoba Soga no Yukari".

3rd lunar month of 1776: Ebiz˘ replaces Sakata Hangor˘ II in the role of the villain Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Hatsuzakura"; the roles of Agemaki and Sukeroku are played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (replaced because of illness by Ichimura Uzaemon IX). The performance is a huge success and extended up to June.

7th lunar month of 1776: Ebiz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Matsu˘maru and Kan Sh˘j˘, transformed into the God of Thunder, in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". His stage partners are Ichimura Uzaemon IX (Ume˘maru), Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (Sakuramaru), Nakamura Noshio I (Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo), Sakata Hangor˘ II (Matsu˘maru's father Shiratayű) and Nakajima Mihoemon II (Fujiwara no Shihei).

9th lunar month of 1776: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III appears on stage for the last time, making his isse ichidai speech on the stage of the Ichimuraza. He shaves his head, becomes a bonze called Zuinen and retires in the district of Kiba (Fukagawa).

10th lunar month of 1776: his grandson Momotar˘ dies at the age of 8.

25th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1778 [1]: Ebiz˘ died; his tombstone is located in the Aoyama Cemetery (T˘ky˘).

Comments:

Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III was a versatile actor, who excelled in playing jitsuaku or jitsugotoshi roles. It should be noted that he was not an aragotoshi as talented as Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I or Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and that he was also able to play onnagata roles. He reached the j˘-j˘-kichi rank in the 3rd lunar month of 1741 and the goku-j˘-j˘-kichi rank in the 1st lunar month of 1760.

Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III's best roles : Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami") and Taira no Kagekiyo.

Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III is also the creator of three bombastic plays belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban collection: "Gedatsu" (3rd lunar month of 1760), "Jayanagi" (5th lunar month of 1763) and "Kamahige" (1st lunar month of 1769).

"Considered a progressive, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV mixed with every class, realizing that the key to character portrayal is accurate observation of human beings. The realism he infused into his roles was an important development in his family style" (Samuel Leiter, "New Kabuki Encyclopedia").

Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III was also the organizer of acting classes, which helped to polish the skills of actors like Nakamura Nakaz˘ I or Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

[1] The 25th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 7th year of the An'ei era was the 23rd of March 1778 in the western calendar.

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV playing the role of Kagekiyo in the drama "Soga Moy˘ Aigo no Wakamatsu", staged at the Nakamuraza in the 1st lunar month of 1769 (print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu in 1752

Print made by Torii Kiyohiro in 1755

Print made by Torii Kiyohiro in 1755

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ (1758~1760)

Print made by Torii Kiyotsune in 1763

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1769

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘

The Ichikawa Sansh˘ line of actors

The Matsumoto Shichiz˘ line of actors

The Matsumoto K˘shir˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danjűr˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Ebiz˘ line of actors

 
Search this site powered by FreeFind
  Site map | Disclaimer
Contact | Main | Top | Updates | Actors | Plays | Playwrights | Programs | Links | FAQ | Glossary | Chronology | Illustrations | Prints | Characters | Derivatives | Theaters | Coming soon | News