MATSUMOTO KďSHIRď IV

Stage names:

Omegawa Ky˘jűr˘ In Japanese
Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV In Japanese
Ichikawa Komaz˘ II In Japanese
Ichikawa Somegor˘ I In Japanese
Ichikawa Takejűr˘ In Japanese
Segawa Kinji In Japanese
Segawa Kingo In Japanese

Guild: K˘raiya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry name: Kink˘

Existence: 1737 ~ 27th day of the 6th lunar month of 1802 [1]

Connections:

Masters: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I

Son: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V

Grandsons: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VI, Ichikawa Sumiz˘ II

Disciples: Ichikawa Ikuz˘, Matsumoto Sanjűr˘ (?), Ichikawa Somegor˘ II, Ichikawa Somegor˘ III, Matsumoto Shichiz˘, Ichikawa Tatsujűr˘

Career:

1737: born in Ky˘to.

1744: he settled with his family in Edo. He became disciple of the star Segawa Kikunojo I, who gave him the name of Segawa Kingo.

1st lunar month of 1745: Kingo made his first appearance on stage, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he performed in the new year drama "Hagoromo Kotobuki Soga".

2nd day of the 9th lunar month of 1749 [2]: his first master Segawa Kikunoj˘ I died.

1751: Kingo went back to Ky˘to.

Fall 1754: Kingo went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1754: Segawa Kingo took the name of Segawa Kinji at the Ichimuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Keisei Asakusa no Kane".

1755 ~ 1756: he stopped acting and worked for the tea house Ineya, managed by his elder sister in the district of Takanawa.

1756: he was back in the theater world, becoming a disciple of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Takejűr˘.

11th lunar month of 1762: he became disciple of the actor Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Somegor˘ I; he performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Nagi no Ha Izu no Sugatami".

2nd lunar month of 1763: Somegor˘ played in the same theater the roles of H˘j˘ Gor˘, Tamaya Shinbŕ and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in Kanai Sansh˘'s new year drama "Momo Chidori ďiso Gayoi".

11th lunar month of 1763: Ichikawa Somegor˘ I took the name of Ichikawa Komaz˘ II at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Izumi no Sabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Daij˘bu Takadachi Jikki".

5th lunar month of 1764: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the role of Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Ume˘maru were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV and Ichikawa Raiz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1766: Komaz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of ďmi no Kotota and Kawazu in the new year drama "Kaid˘ Ichi Izu no Harugoma".

5th lunar month of 1766: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the role of Danzabur˘ in the drama "Yaoya Oshichi Koi no Edozome".

8th lunar month of 1766: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Date no Yosaku and Keimasa in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

11th lunar month of 1766: Komaz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Ut˘ Bunji, disguised as a tea seller, in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hana Kaijin Aramusha"; his stage partners in the roles of the two rebels Abe no Sadat˘ and Abe no Munet˘, Bunji's wife and Hachiman Tar˘ Yoshiie (Abe clan ennemy) were Kirishima Gizaemon I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1767: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the roles of the tedai Matsuwakaya Shirobŕ, Mioya, Soga Jűr˘ and Yodoya Tatsugor˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Hatsu Akinai ďmise Soga". He also replaced Ichikawa Raiz˘ I, who suddenly fell ill, in the role of Honmachi no Tsunagor˘.

7th lunar month of 1767: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Sat˘ Shirobŕ Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; his stage partner in the role of Shizuka Gozen was Nakamura Matsue I.

11th lunar month of 1767: Komaz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Nitta Yoshisada and Nagahama Shinzaemon in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Shizu no Furisode".

1st lunar month of 1768: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Shigetada, Soga Jűr˘ and Minoya Kichibŕ in the new year sogamono drama "Fude Hajime Soga no Tamazusa"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV.

4th lunar month of 1768: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the role of Karigane Bunshichi in the otokodate drama "Otokodate Itsutsu Karigane"; his stage partners were Nakamura Sukegor˘ II (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘), Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III (Gokuin Sen'emon), Arashi Otohachi I (Hotei Ichiemon) and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (An no Heibei). He also played the roles of Ono no T˘fű, Sakuramaru and Monogusa Tar˘ in the dramas "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri", "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" and "Monogusa Tar˘".

8th lunar month of 1768: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Koky˘ no Torikaji"; Komaz˘ played the role of Hosokawa Katsumoto [more details].

11th lunar month of 1768: Komaz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of the shamisen player Kichiroku and Suruga Hachir˘ in the kaomise drama "Ima o Sakari Suehiro Genji", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata star Nakamura Utaemon I and the shűmei of Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

1st lunar month of 1769: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the role of Shigetada in the new year sogamono drama "Soga Moy˘ Aigo no Wakamatsu".

2nd lunar month of 1769: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the dance drama "Sugatami Asama-ga-Dake".

7th lunar month of 1769: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Chihara Sakon, Shinoda Saemon and Sasaya Jűbŕ in the drama "Nenriki Yuzuriha no Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1769: Komaz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Sano Genzaemon Tsuneyo in the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hana Sakae Hachinoki".

1st lunar month of 1770: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year sogamono drama "Kagamigaike Omokage Soga"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) were Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Nakamura Matsue I. His son made his first appearance on stage, receiving the name of Ichikawa Sumiz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1770: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV took back the name of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III became Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II took the name of Nakamura Sh˘ch˘ and Ichikawa Benz˘ I received the name of Ichikawa Monnosuke II. Komaz˘ played the roles of Minamoto Yorimasa and Hanamori Kisuke in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato".

1st lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Sukebŕ and Mionoya in the new year sogamono drama "Sakaich˘ Soga no Nendaiki"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

3rd lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the role of Hanbŕ in the Miyakoji-based dance-drama "Oborozuki Tsui no Someginu", which put in the same michiyuki the couples of lovers Tokubŕ/Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Ochiyo/Hanbŕ ("Shinjű Yoi K˘shin") and Osome/Hisamatsu (osome-hisamatsumono); the role of Hanbŕ's lover Ochiyo was played by Yamashita Kinsaku II.

4th lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; his stage partners in the role of En'ya Hangan, K˘ no Moron˘, Kakogawa Honz˘ and Okaru were Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Nakamura Matsue I.

7th lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ played in the same theater the role of Hamanari in the drama "Tamura Maro Nanae Gasane".

11th lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Ariwara no Yukihira in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji"; his stage partners in the roles of Matsukaze and Murasame, two pearl-diving sisters in love with Yukihira, were Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1772: Komaz˘ plays for the first time, in the same theater, the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Haru Soga Akebono no Z˘shi"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1772: the Nakamuraza was completely burned in a big fire. There was no performance up to the 8th lunar month.

8th lunar month of 1772: the new Nakamuraza reopened. Komaz˘ played the roles of Nan Yohŕ (later Nanp˘ Jűjibŕ) and the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (Ch˘kichi's rival, the sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘), Yoshizawa Ayame III (Ch˘kichi's sister Oseki) and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Yohei's spouse Ohaya)

11th lunar month of 1772: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza; Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Komaz˘ II and Matsumoto Sumiz˘ I respectively took the names of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III; K˘shir˘ played the roles of Yoshigorohachi and Sagami Jir˘ in the kaomise drama "ďyoroi Ebid˘ Shinozuka".

1st lunar month of 1773: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, the priest Seigen and Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Wada Sakamori Eiga Kagami"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) were Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Nakamura Denkur˘ II and Sanogawa Ichimatsu II.

5th lunar month of 1773: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Katsukawa Harumoto in the drama "Dainippon Ise no Kamikaze".

7th lunar month of 1773: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Asama Saemon in the drama "Keisei Kataokayama".

9th lunar month of 1773: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners were Nakamura Sh˘ch˘ (Kan Sh˘j˘), Ichikawa Monnosuke II (Sakuramaru), Band˘ Matatar˘ IV (Ume˘maru), ďtani Tomoemon I (Matsu˘maru's father Shiratayű), Nakajima Mihoemon II (Matsu˘maru's master Fujiwara no Shihei) and Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III (Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo).

11th lunar month of 1773: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Gohiiki Kanjinch˘", performed as a kaomise drama; K˘shir˘ played the roles of Minamoto Yoshitsune and Izumi Sabur˘ [casting]. This 46-days long performance, which also celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ I, was a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1774: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Shigetada in the new year sogamono drama "Oatsuraezome Soga Hinagata"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) were Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Nakamura Rik˘ I. A "meeting in the darkness" scene, which was performed by Nakamura Nakaz˘ I, ďtani Hiroji III, Nakamura Rik˘ I and K˘shir˘, was particularly well received by the audience.

3rd lunar month of 1774: K˘shir˘ and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV performed together the roles of Onatsu and Seijűr˘ in the same theater in the michiyuki "Nushiyatare Koi no Yamabuki".

5th lunar month of 1774: several actors, including Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and K˘shir˘ left the Nakamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1774: K˘shir˘ moved to the Moritaza and played the roles of Matsuura Saemon and Sat˘ Tadanobu in the kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi Tsuki no Kaomise", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Shingor˘ II; K˘shir˘'s stage partners in the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Minamoto Yoshitsune were Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I. It was reported that K˘shir˘, portraying Matsuura Saemon, made his stage appearance from a trapdoor riding a horse.

1st lunar month of 1775: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Chihara Sakon, Kashima Sabur˘, Umegaya Yoshibŕ and Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Shida Yuzuriha H˘rai Soga".

5th lunar month of 1775: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Matsu˘maru and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V (Matsu˘maru's master Fujiwara no Shihei, Kan Sh˘j˘), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Sakuramaru), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I (Ume˘maru, Genz˘), Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV (Matsu˘maru's father Shiratayű), Azuma T˘z˘ II (Tatsuta no Mae), Nakamura Noshio I (Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo) and Sakata K˘nosuke (Princess Kariya).

8th lunar month of 1775: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Yamana Saemon and Nagoya Sanzabur˘ in the drama "Keisei Tsuki no Miyako".

11th lunar month of 1775: K˘shir˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Oyafune Taiheiki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Nakamura Noshio I. This kaomise was a huge success, starting the 1st day of the 11th lunar month and ending the 15th day of the 12th lunar month.

1st lunar month of 1776: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He played in the same theater the roles of Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year sogamono drama "Kamuri Kotoba Soga no Yukari"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1776: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He played in the same theater the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Hatsuzakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and the villain Ikyű were played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Sakata Hangor˘ II. The performance was a huge success and a long run.

11th lunar month of 1776: K˘shir˘ moved to the Moritaza and played the roles of Hakata Rozaemon, Masashige and Tamaya Shinbŕ in the kaomise drama "Hikitsurete Yagoe Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1777: K˘shir˘ was in the Edo hy˘banki the kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ('About actors prying') was published in Edo. It gave some private information on actors. Edo readers could learn that K˘shir˘ lived in the district of Sakai-ch˘ and his annual salary was 800 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1777: K˘shir˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Masakado Kanmuri no Hatsuyuki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1778: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada, Takemura Sadanoshin and Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year sogamono drama "Kaid˘ Iro Yawaragi Soga".

25th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1778 [3]: his second master Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III (Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV) died.

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki"; K˘shir˘ played the roles of Hanyűmura Yoemon, Kizu no Kansuke, Nagoya Sanza, the sum˘ wrestler Kinugawa Taniz˘ and Watanabe Minbunosuke [casting].

8th lunar month of 1778: the 'K˘shir˘ Impeachment affair' shook the Kabuki world. The growing influence of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V in the patrons organizations or the shibai jaya circles created some enmities and a group of people plotted in the shadows to get him accused of misappropriation of funds. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V was ordered to leave the stage for a while, give his name to K˘shir˘ and take the name of Ichikawa Ebiz˘. The widow of late Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, who was also the lover of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, led him to think that both Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and K˘shir˘ were responsible for this dirty and complicated plot. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V let his anger explode twice on stage in front of the audience: the 27th of the 8th lunar month, he accuses K˘shir˘ and the 28th it was the turn of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV. As a consequence, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V decided to leave the Nakamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1778: K˘shir˘ became zagashira at the Nakamuraza and played the roles of Sano Genzaemon Tsuneyo and Aoto Magosabur˘ Fujitsuna in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame IV and the first stage appearance of Band˘ Mitahachi I.

1st lunar month of 1779: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Gunsuke in the new year sogamono drama "Gohiiki Nennen Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1779: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Sato no Yozakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and the villain Ikyű were played by Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and ďtani Hiroemon III.

5th lunar month of 1779: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Ume˘maru and Sakuramaru were played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I and Ichikawa Monnosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1779: as a consequence of his troubles with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, K˘shir˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and played the role of Kanesuki in the kaomise drama "Azuma no Mori Sakae Kusunoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Azuma T˘z˘ III and Segawa Otome.

1st lunar month of 1780: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ky˘ no Jir˘, Yawata no Sabur˘ and Kaminari Tsurunosuke in the new year sogamono drama "Ume Goyomi Akebono Soga".

5th ~ 6th lunar months of 1780: big troubles at the Ichimuraza! Onoe Kikugor˘ I left the theater after a terrible quarrel with K˘shir˘ and there were some serious management troubles (the theater could not pay the actors).

11th lunar month of 1780: K˘shir˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Mure Takamatsu Yuki no Shirahata".

3rd lunar month of 1781: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Obiya Ch˘emon in the Tomimoto-based dance "Michiyuki Segawa no Adanami"; the role of Ch˘emon's lover Ohan was played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1781: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Magoemon in the drama "Keisei Koi Bikyaku".

11th lunar month of 1781: K˘shir˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Mukashi Otoko Yuki no Hinagata", which celebrated the shűmei of Matsumoto Sanjűr˘ and Ichiyama Sukejűr˘. The management of the theater had to struggle hard to find the money to pay the actors. K˘shir˘'s stage partners were Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Yoshizawa Ayame IV, Nakamura Sukegor˘ II, Ichimura Uzaemon IX, Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I, Sakata Hangor˘ II, Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV and Onoe Monzabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Ume˘maru and Sakuramaru were played by Onoe Monzabur˘ I and Ichiyama Sukejűr˘.

2nd lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of the sum˘ wrestler Kinugawa Taniz˘ and the yakko Gunsuke in the drama "Sumidagawa Yanagi no Dateginu".

5th lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; his stage partners were Ichimura Uzaemon IX (Sukeroku), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Agemaki) and Sakata Hangor˘ II (Ikyű).

6th lunar month of 1782: casting change in "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; K˘shir˘ replaced Ichimura Uzaemon IX in the prestigious role of Sukeroku [illustration] and his son Ichikawa Komaz˘ III played the role of Shinbŕ.

9th lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of the t˘fu maker Goroemon and the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Hama no Masago Otogi Z˘shi".

11th lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Eika Goyomi".

6th lunar month of 1783: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1783: K˘shir˘ moved to the Moritaza and performed in the kaomise drama "Ono no Terusaki Yuki no Akebono".

1st lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Haru no Yo Sh˘ji no Ume"; the role of Izaemon's lover Yűgiri was played by the Kamigata actor Mimasu Tokujir˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, the warrior Taira no Kagekiyo and Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year sogamono drama "Haru Goyomi Nigiwai Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the drama "Keisei Koi Bikyaku"; the role of Chűbŕ's lover Umegawa was played by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I. He also played the role of Mohei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; the role of Mohei's lover Osan was played by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of the yakko Gunsuke in the drama "Sumidagawa no Meishoki".

7th lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Sagisaka Sanai and the yakko Ippei in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

9th lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ celebrated his coming departure from Edo by playing in the same theater the role of Obiya Ch˘emon in the drama "Tagasode Futatsu Nishikie"; the role of Ch˘emon's lover Ohan was played by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I.

Fall 1784: K˘shir˘ and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV went together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Naka ni M˘keta Otogo Kaomise", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ II. K˘shir˘ was not very well welcomed by the ďsaka audience and Onoe Kikugor˘ I's son Onoe Ushinosuke I, who worked at the Kado no Shibai as a zamoto, made a scornful speech on stage against K˘shir˘, the 'frightening uncle from Edo in the little hut next door'.

1st lunar month of 1785: K˘shir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

4th lunar month of 1785: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Sasaki Rokkaku, Ukiyo Watahei and Watari Kanpei in the drama "Zen'aku Onna no Tsutsushimigusa". He also played the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the drama "Kurikaeshi Koi Bikyaku"; the role of Chűbŕ's lover Umegawa was played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1785: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "Na ni ďsaka K˘raiya Bashi". He also played the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the michiyuki "Meido no Wakarezato"; the role of Chűbŕ's lover Umegawa was played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

Summer ~ Fall 1785: K˘shir˘ played at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Obiya Ch˘emon in the drama "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami". He also played the roles of Genta and Shigetada in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

Winter 1785: K˘shir˘ performed in Ky˘to; he was not welcomed by the audience.

1st lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

1st lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ played at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Nagai Uma-no-Kami Nobuaki in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

2nd lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Tsukimoto Enshű in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi". He also played the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Yukari no Tsuki"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri (Izaemon's lover) was played by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

Spring 1786: K˘shir˘ went back to Edo.

5th lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ joined the Kiriza and became reconciled with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, ending a nine years long quarrel.

8th lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Nagoya Sanza in the drama "Muromachi Onna Bunsh˘"; his stage partners in the roles of Fuwa Banzaemon and the courtesan Katsuragi were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of the tedai Yodoya Shinshichi in "K˘rai Giku Ukina no Irozashi", the second part (nibanme) of "Muromachi Onna Bunsh˘".

11th lunar month of 1787: K˘shir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Yukimizuki Eiga Hana no Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of ďtani Oniji III.

2nd lunar month of 1788: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Banzui Ch˘bŕ in the drama "Keisei Azuma Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1788: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Danshichi in the drama "Tsuki no Tomo Yoi no Miya Gohyakuzaki", whose plot and character belonged to the "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" world; his stage partners were Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III (Tokubŕ) and ďtani Hiroji III (Sabu).

11th lunar month of 1788: K˘shir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Sen no Rikyű and Mashiba Hisayoshi in Sakurada Jisuke I's kaomise drama "T˘zum˘ Hana no Edokata", which celebrated the return in Edo of the actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ I. Premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Modori Kago Iro ni Aikata" (commonly called "Modori Kago"); K˘shir˘ played the role of Azuma no Yoshir˘ (in reality Mashiba Hisayoshi) [casting].

1st lunar month of 1789: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year sogamono drama "Edo Fuji Wakayagi Soga"; his stage partners were Nakamura Nakaz˘ I (Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune), Ichikawa Monnosuke II (Soga Gor˘ Tokimune) and ďtani Hiroji III (Asaina). He also played in duo with Osagawa Tsuneyo II in the dance "Ukina no Irochimaki". From the 11th day, K˘shir˘ played the role of An no Heibei [illustration] in the drama "Otokodate Itsutsu Karigane", sharing the stage with Nakamura Nakaz˘ I (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘), Ichikawa Monnosuke II (Gokuin Sen'emon), ďtani Hiroji III (Hotei Ichiemon) and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III (Karigane Bunshichi). The performance was successful but the audience dropped when Nakamura Nakaz˘ I fell ill and had to be replaced.

6th lunar month of 1789: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Ono no T˘fű in the drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri".

7th lunar month of 1789: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Awa Minbu, Akaneya Jiroz˘ and Tanzaemon in the drama "Heike Hy˘banki", which celebrated the 77th, 13th, 37th, 37th, 60th and 7th memorial services of late Nakamura Denkur˘ I, Nakamura Denkur˘ II, Kineya Kisabur˘ VI, Nakayama Kojur˘ V, Nakamura Denjir˘ I and Nakamura Denjir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1789: K˘shir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Komachi-mura Shibai no Sh˘gatsu".

1st lunar month of 1790: K˘shir˘ performed in the same theater in the new year sogamono drama "Haru no Nishiki Datezome Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1790: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Obiya Ch˘emon in the drama "Ohan Ch˘emon"; the role of Ohan was played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1790: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Yoemon and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Chűk˘ Ry˘goku Ori".

2nd lunar month of 1791: K˘shir˘, Ichikawa Komaz˘ III, Matsumoto Yonesabur˘ I and Matsumoto Kojir˘ II joined the Kawarasakiza; K˘shir˘ played the roles of Ume no Yoshibŕ and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Hatsu Midori Saiwai Soga".

5th lunar month of 1791: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Tsuribune Sabu, Nan Yohŕ and Hosokawa Katsumoto in Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Onna Date K˘raiya Shima", which mixed the "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" and "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" worlds.

11th lunar month of 1791: K˘shir˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and played the roles of Hirai no Yasumasa and Banzui Ch˘bŕ in the kaomise drama "Nidai Genji Oshi no G˘kyű".

1st lunar month of 1792: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Dozaemon Denkichi, a D˘j˘ji temple priest, the sum˘ wrestler Matsukaze Sehei and Awazu Rokur˘ Saemon in the new year drama "Sumidagawa Shibai no Ennichi".

1st lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

2nd lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Hazuna no Gengor˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Mitsugi Soga Fuji no Kisewata".

3rd lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Asagao Sempei in the drama "Sukeroku".

5th lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1793: the Ichimuraza went out of business and gave its license to the Kiriza.

11th lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘ played at the Kiriza the roles of the t˘fu maker Saburobŕ, Watanabe Minbu and Hosokawa Katsumoto in the kaomise drama "Matsu no Tayű Yuki no Datezome", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

5th lunar month of 1794: premiere at the Kiriza of Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Katakiuchi Noriai Banashi"; K˘shir˘ played the roles of Sasaki Moritsuna, San'ya no Sakanaya Gorobŕ (the sakanaya Gorobŕ) and Tsukimoto Mushanosuke [more details].

11th lunar month of 1794: K˘shir˘ moved to the Kawarasakiza and played the roles of Bingo no Sabur˘, Hata Rokur˘zaemon, Nagasaki Kageyu Saemon and Kusunoki Hangan in the kaomise drama "Matsu no Misao Onna Kusunoki".

1st lunar month of 1795: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Banzui Ch˘bŕ in the new year sogamono drama "Shimekazari Kichirei Soga".

5th lunar month of 1795: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘ [illustration] and Horibe Yajibŕ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which commemorated the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of the passing away of late Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1795: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi and Kamatari in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1795: K˘shir˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the role of Tawara no T˘ta in the kaomise drama "Fuku Botan Azuma Dairi". The actor Ichikawa Ebiz˘ shared the top of the bill with K˘shir˘.

1st lunar month of 1796: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1796: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Yuranosuke in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

8th lunar month of 1796: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Tsukimoto, the boatman Yojir˘, Rikyű and Konoshita T˘kichi in the drama "Keisei Suikoden".

11th lunar month of 1796: K˘shir˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the roles of Ishikiri no Gorota and Komatsu no Shigemori in the kaomise drama "Itsukushima Yuki no Kaomise".

1st lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He played in the same theater the roles of Oni˘ Shinzaemon, Kamaya Takehei and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Fuji Miru Sato Yawaragi Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ III and Band˘ Minosuke I.

3rd lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Sakurabito"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Komaz˘ III (Sukeroku), Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I (Agemaki) and Onoe Matsusuke I (Ikyű).

5th lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Nan Yohŕ (later Nanp˘ Jűjibŕ) in the drama "Sekitori Sh˘bu no Katabira", which was similar to "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

9th lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Hosokawa Katsumoto in the drama "Mitsugimono Shiga no Irifune".

11th lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and played the roles of Yahŕ and Miura Heitayű Kunitae in the kaomise drama "Kaikei Koky˘ no Nishikigi", sharing the stage with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VI, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Ichikawa Komaz˘ III, Onoe Matsusuke I, Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Nakamura Noshio II, Band˘ Minosuke I, Iwai Kumesabur˘ I and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V. This kaomise drama, which celebrated the reopening of the Nakamuraza, was a huge success.

3rd lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Yawata no Sabur˘ and Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada in the new year sogamono drama "Wakakoma Norizome Soga".

5th lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Hachiz˘ and Date no Yosaku in the drama "Katakiuchi Somewake Tazuna".

8th lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Yonetsuki Hachirobŕ, Oyamada Tamon and Ukishima Danj˘ Saemon in the drama "Irifune Shinoda no Dekiaki".

9th lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Yuranosuke and Shinoda Sh˘ji in the dramas "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku" and "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ did not take part in the Nakamuraza kaomise program.

3rd lunar month of 1799: K˘shir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Ito Kur˘ Sukekiyo in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Hanami Doki", which commemorated the 22nd anniversary (23rd memorial service) of late Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III; the roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and Ikyű were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VI, Iwai Kumesabur˘ I and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III.

4th lunar month of 1799: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘, Amakawaya Gihei and En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ and Yuranosuke were played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ III. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VI, who played the roles of Teraoka Heiemon, ďwashi Bungo and Momonoi Wakasanosuke, falls ill the 18th April and dies the 13th day of the 5th lunar month. The management of the Nakamuraza decided to stop the performances up to the 11th lunar month kaomise program.

11th lunar month of 1799: K˘shir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Tametomo Yumiya no Oyafune", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1800: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ky˘ no Jir˘ and Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada in the new year sogamono drama "Fuji o Mimasu Saiwai Soga". This production was the last stage appearance of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, a long time stage partner of K˘shir˘.

5th lunar month of 1800: K˘shir˘ played in the same theater the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1800: K˘shir˘ did not take part in any kaomise program.

11th lunar month of 1801: great shűmei at the Ichimuraza for the K˘raiya guild; Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, his son Ichikawa Komaz˘ III and Ichikawa Santar˘ respectively took the names of Omegawa Ky˘jűr˘, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V and Ichikawa Komaz˘ IV. They performed together in the kaomise drama "Otoko Narikeri Onna Masakado".

5th lunar month of 1802: Ky˘jűr˘ appeared on stage for the last time, at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Tadayoshi in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

27th day of the 6th lunar month of 1802 [1]: Ky˘jűr˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV was one of the best tachiyaku actors of the second half of the eighteenth century, excelling as wagotoshi or jitsugotoshi. He was also a great jitsuaku (in the latter years of his life) and outstanding in sum˘ wrestlers or otokodate roles. He made a great career but was in trouble many times, especially after the terrible quarrels with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V or Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

"The fourth Danjűr˘ took him under his patronage. He was not on friendly terms with the fifth Danjűr˘, which caused a good deal of Edo gossip. The Ichimuraza could scarcely maintain itself, and the salaries of the actors were not paid. K˘shir˘ went to ďsaka by ship, taking with him the Edo onnagata, Iwai Hanshir˘, and someone thirsting for revenge because K˘shir˘ had insulted another actor, threw stones at him as he was departing. In Ky˘to, where he acted, feeling was stirred up against him and he was not popular." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV's best roles: Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada, Fujiya Izaemon, Kameya Chűbŕ, Obiya Ch˘emon, Banzui Ch˘bŕ, Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Kinugawa Taniz˘ and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune.

[1] The 27th day of the 6th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Ky˘wa era was the 26th of July 1802 in the western calendar.

[2] The 2nd day of the 9th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Kan'en> era was the 12th of October 1749 in the western calendar.

[3] The 25th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 7th year of the An'ei era was the 23rd of March 1778 in the western calendar.

The Actor Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV as Hatakeyama Shigetada in the Play "Edo Fuji Wakayagi Soga", Performed at the Nakamura Theater in the First Month, 1789
Artist: Katsukawa Shunsen
Date: 1789
The Art Institute of Chicago (print in the public domain)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1769

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1771

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ (1782~1783)

Print made by Torii Kiyonaga in 1788

The Ichikawa Somegor˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Komaz˘ line of actors

The Matsumoto K˘shir˘ line of actors

 
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