NAKAMURA JŪSUKE II

Pen names:

Nakamura Jūsuke II In Japanese
Nakamura Sanpei In Japanese

Others names:

Nakamura Koichi II In Japanese
Nakamura Jūsuke II In Japanese
Kabukidō Enkyō In Japanese | In Japanese
Kabuki Takumi In Japanese
Nakamura Kakushi In Japanese
Sasabayashi Dōsuke In Japanese
Nakamura Katsutarō In Japanese
Nakamura Tokunosuke In Japanese

Poetry names: Koichi (2), Kakushi

Existence: 1745 ~ 20th day of the 9th lunar month of 1803 [1]

Connection:

Father: Nakamura Kanzaburō IX

Master: Horikoshi Nisōji I

Adoptive father: Nakamura Jūsuke I

Disciple: Takarada Jurai

Career:

1745: born in Edo. He was the son of the zamoto Nakamura Kanzaburō IX.

1745 ~ 1755: his first names were Nakamura Tokunosuke and Nakamura Katsutarō. He also took the name of Sasabayashi Dōsuke. He received the name of Nakamura Sanpei and was trained as a sakusha by Horikoshi Nisōji I. He was also adopted by Nakamura Jūsuke I

30th day of the 8th lunar month of 1755 [2]: his adoptive father Nakamura Jūsuke I died.

11th lunar month of 1764: he took the name of Nakamura Jūsuke II and worked at the Nakamuraza on the kaomise drama "Azuma no Hana Sōma no Dairi".

11th lunar month of 1765: Jūsuke worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Ida Sorobź, Dontsū Yosabź I, Masuyama Kinpachi I and Nakamura Sadasuke, on the kaomise drama "Kagura Uta Amagoi Komachi", which celebrated the shūmei of Iwai Hanshirō IV.

11th lunar month of 1766: Jūsuke worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Kadota Sorobź, Dontsū Yosabź I, Masuyama Kinpachi I, Kawatake Shinshichi I and Sei Hidesuke, on the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hana Kaijin Arasmusha", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Kirishima Gizaemon I.

11th lunar month of 1768: Jūsuke worked at the Moritaza, along with Kawai Kinji, Sei Hidesuke, Nakamura Sanzō I and Ōsato Eizō, on the kaomise drama "Mutsuchidori Meika no Yumitori".

11th lunar month of 1769: Jūsuke worked at the Moritaza, along with Sei Hidesuke, Nakamura Seikurō II, Minonaka Saiji and Kimura Yaichi, on the kaomise drama "Na ni Takashi Kumoi no Yumihari", which welcomed in Edo the actors Yamashita Kinsaku II and Kasaya Matakurō II (who also celebrated his shūmei) and celebrated the shūmei of Nakamura Shirogorō IV.

11th lunar month of 1770: Jūsuke worked at the Moritaza, along with Sei Hidesuke, Nakamura Seikurō II, Minonaka Saiji and Sawai Chūzō, on the kaomise drama "Miyako Zome Giō Katsugi", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Nakamura Tomijūrō I and Nakamura Noshio I.

11th lunar month of 1771: Jūsuke worked, along with Naka Kiichi, Kawatake Shinshichi I, Okuno Sasuke and Kimura Yaichi, at the Nakamuraza on the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji".

11th lunar month of 1772: Jūsuke worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Sakurada Jisuke I, Okuno Sasuke, Kimura Yaichi and Yaoki Kōsuke, on the kaomise drama "Ōyoroi Ebidō Shinozuka", which celebrated the shūmei of Ichikawa Ebizō III, Matsumoto Kōshirō IV and Ichikawa Komazō III.

11th lunar month of 1773: Jūsuke worked at the Ichimuraza, along with Sei Basetsu, Nakamura Seikurō II and Sei Hidezō, on the kaomise drama "Kaeri Kiso Kigoto no Hatsumono", which celebrated the shūmei of Ichikawa Danzō IV.

11th lunar month of 1774: Jūsuke worked at the Ichimuraza, along with Horikoshi Saiyō, Okuno Sasuke, Nakamura Seikurō II, Ōkoshi Shūzō and Okuno Eiji, on the kaomise drama "Chigo Sakura Jūsangane".

11th lunar month of 1775: Jūsuke worked at the Moritaza, along with Hirota Basetsu and Masuyama Kinpachi I, on the kaomise drama "Kikujidō Shuen no Iwaya".

11th lunar month of 1776: Jūsuke worked at the Moritaza, along with Kasanui Sensuke I and Kawatake Shinshichi I, on the kaomise drama "Hikitsurete Yagoe Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1777: Jūsuke worked at the Ichimuraza, along with Kawatake Shinshichi I, on the kaomise drama "Chigo Torii Tobiiri Kitsune". Premiere at the Ichimuraza of Jūsuke's Tomimoto-based (musical accompaniment written by Namizaki Tokuji) dance-drama "Meotozake Kawaranu Nakanaka" (commonly called "Kurama Jishi") [casting].

11th lunar month of 1781: Jūsuke worked at the Moritaza on the kaomise drama "Sakikaese Yuki no Miyoshino", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata minor actors Arashi Konomatsu, Onoe Kokichi and Onoe Kosaburō.

1st lunar month of 1782: Jūsuke worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Nanakusa Yosooi Soga"; the roles of Kudō Saemon Suketsune, Soga Jūrō Sukenari and Soga Gorō Tokimune were played by Ichikawa Danjūrō V, Sawamura Sōjūrō III and Ichikawa Monnosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1782: Jūsuke worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Sakurada Jisuke I, on the kaomise drama "Godai Genji Mitsugi no Furisode".

11th lunar month of 1784: Jūsuke worked at the Moritaza on the kaomise drama "Sakura-ga-Mine Tennyo no Yomeiri".

29th day of the 7th lunar month of 1785 [3]: his father Nakamura Kanzaburō IX died.

11th lunar month of 1785: Jūsuke worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Masuyama Kinpachi I and Takarada Jurai, on the kaomise drama "Yuki Motsu Take Furisode Genji".

11th lunar month of 1786: Jūsuke worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Kanai Sanshō and Katsu Hyōzō I, on the kaomise drama "Kumoi no Hana Yoshino no Wakamusha", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Arashi Murajirō and starred Sawamura Sōjūrō III, Ichikawa Yaozō III, Ōtani Hiroji III, Onoe Matsusuke I, Osagawa Tsuneyo II, Sanogawa Ichimatsu III, Nakajima Kanzaemon III and Bandō Matatarō IV.

1st lunar month of 1787: Jūsuke worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Ōichō Kongen Soga"; the roles of Kudō Saemon Suketsune, Soga Jūrō Sukenari and Soga Gorō Tokimune were played by Onoe Matsusuke I, Sawamura Sōjūrō III and Ichikawa Yaozō III.

11th lunar month of 1787: Jūsuke worked at the Moritaza, along with Kanai Sanshō and Katsu Hyōzō I, on the kaomise drama "Tsuranaru Edamure Takamatsu", which celebrated the shūmei of Iwai Kiyotarō II, Sawamura Kameemon and Sawamura Harugorō II.

11th lunar month of 1788: Jūsuke worked at the Moritaza on the kaomise drama "Hito Yobu Yuki Aruji no Machiuke". The Kamigata actors Arashi Hinasuke I and Yamashita Kinsaku II were expected to perform at the Moritaza but they could not go to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1789: no record in any Edo kaomise.

11th lunar month of 1790: no record in any Edo kaomise.

11th lunar month of 1791: no record in any Edo kaomise.

11th lunar month of 1792: Jūsuke worked at the Ichimuraza, along with Segawa Jokō I, Katsu Hyōzō I, Kawatake Bunji and Matsui Yūsuke I, on the kaomise drama "Koganegiku Date no Ōkido", which celebrated the shūmei of Segawa Yūjirō II.

11th lunar month of 1794: Jūsuke worked at the Kawarazakiza, along with Muraoka Kōji I and Shimizu Shōshichi I, on the kaomise drama "Matsu no Misao Onna Kusunoki".

1st lunar month of 1795: Jūsuke worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Shimekazari Kichirei Soga"; the roles of Kudō Saemon Suketsune, Soga Jūrō Sukenari and Soga Gorō Tokimune were played by Matsumoto Kōshirō IV, Ichikawa Komazō III and Bandō Minosuke I.

1796: Jūsuke retired and became a print maker named Kabukidō Enkyō. He made 7 famous prints of the actors Nakayama Tomisaburō I, Sawamura Sōjūrō III, Ichikawa Yaozō III (2 prints), Ichikawa Omezō I, Nakamura Nakazō II and Nakamura Noshio II.

1800: he published a collection of his writings about theater under the title "Shibai Noriai Banashi" [4].

20th day of the 9th lunar month of 1803 [1]: Jūsuke died in Edo.

Comments:

Nakamura Jūsuke II was an important Edo sakusha, who was active from 1764 to 1795. He will stay in Kabuki history as the playwright who wrote the lyrics of "Kurama Jishi". In 1926, it was discovered that the enigmatic print-maker Kabukidō Enkyō and Nakamura Jūsuke II were in reality the same man.

[1] The 20th day of the 9th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Kyōwa era was the 4th of November 1803 in the western calendar.

[2] The 30th day of the 8th lunar month of the 5th year of the Hōreki era was the 5th of October 1755 in the western calendar.

[3] The 29th day of the 7th lunar month of the 5th year of the Tenmei era was the 2nd of September 1785 in the western calendar.

[4] "Tales of a Theatre Passenger" (from Samuel Leiter's "Historical Dictionary of Japanese Traditional Theatre").

The name of Nakamura Jūsuke II in a 1786 Edo hyōbanki (the zone within the red box); all the names were the sakusha at the Nakamuraza

The Nakamura Jūsuke line of playwrights

 
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