NAKAMURA RIKď I

Stage names:

Nakamura Rik˘ I In Japanese
Nakamura Matsue I In Japanese
Nakamura Matsuemon In Japanese
Nakamura Senzabur˘ In Japanese

Guild: Sakaiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Rik˘ [1], Rik˘ [1], Rik˘ [2], Rik˘ [2]

Existence: 1742 ~ 11th day of the 10th lunar month of 1786 [3]

Connection:

Master: Nakamura Utaemon I

Disciple: Nakamura Otoza

Career:

1742: born in Kamigata. He started his career at an early age as a disciple of the actor Nakamura Utaemon I, who gave him the name of Nakamura Senzabur˘. He later on took the name of Nakamura Matsuemon, at the beginning of the H˘reki era, because of his successful performance in the role of the boatman Matsuemon in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki" in kodomo shibai.

1757: he became iroko in ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1759: he became wakaonnagata in ďsaka.

Fall 1760: Matsuemon went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1760: Matsuemon performed at the Kitagawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kiku Nagashi Kokka Taiheiki", which was produced by Nakamura Senz˘ and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Manbŕ.

Fall 1761: Matsuemon went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1761: Nakamura Matsuemon took the name of Nakamura Matsue I at the Moritaza, where he performed in the kaomise drama "Mison˘ Banzei no Hachinoki".

1st lunar month of 1762: Matsue played in the same theater the roles of Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ and Yaoya Oshichi in the new year drama "Koi Zakura Umewaka Soga".

11th lunar month of 1762: Matsue moved to the Ichimuraza and played the role of the pearl-diving girl Murasame in the kaomise drama "Kisoe Uta Sakae Komachi"; his stage partners in the roles of Murasame's lover Ariwara no Yukihira and Murasame's sister Matsukaze (also in love with Yukihira) were Ichimura Uzaemon IX and Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1763: Matsue's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1763: Matsue moved to the Nakamuraza and played the role of Kumano Gozen in the kaomise drama "Daij˘bu Takadachi Jikki", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1764: Matsue played in the same theater the role of ďiso no Tora in the new year sogamono drama "Hitokidori Harutsuge Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1764: Matsue achieved a great success in the same theater by playing the role of the courtesan Agemaki in "Sukeroku", the nibanme part of the new year drama; the roles of Agemaki's lover Sukeroku and Sukeroku's enemy Ikyű were played by Ichikawa Raiz˘ I and ďtani Hiroemon III.

5th lunar month of 1764: Matsue played in the same theater the role of Yae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the role of Yae's husband Sakuramaru was played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1764: Matsue performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Azuma no Hana S˘ma no Dairi".

5th lunar month of 1765: Matsue played in the same theater the role of Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1765: Matsue played at the Nakamuraza the role of Komachi, in reality Kujaku Sabur˘'s wife, in the kaomise drama "Kagura Uta Amagoi Komachi", which celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV; the role of Kujaku Sabur˘ was played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1766: Matsue's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

5th lunar month of 1766: premiere of the play "Yaoya Oshichi Koi no Edozome", which was staged at the Nakamuraza; Matsue played the role of Yaoya Oshichi; his stage partners in the roles of Noriyori and Kichisabur˘ were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV and Ichikawa Benz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1766: Matsue played at the Nakamuraza two roles in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hana Kaijin Arasmusha", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Kirishima Gizaemon I.

7th lunar month of 1767: Matsue played in the same theater the role of Shizuka Gozen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1767: Matsue played in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Sono Namo Tsuki no Irobito" (similar to "Narukami"); the roles of the wicked priest Narukami, Hakuunb˘ (white cloud bonze) and Kokuunb˘ (dark cloud bonze) were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV, Arashi Otohachi I and Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1767: Matsue moved to the Moritaza and performed in the kaomise drama "Sanada no Yoichi Banjaku no Iezuto", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Yamashita Ky˘nosuke.

11th lunar month of 1768: Matsue moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe".

5th lunar month of 1769: Matsue played in the same theater the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Hayano Kanpei was played by ďtani Hiroji III.

11th lunar month of 1769: Matsue moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hanasakae Hachinoki".

1st lunar month of 1770: Matsue played in the same theater the role of ďiso no Tora in the new year sogamono drama "Kagamigaike Omokage Soga".

6th lunar month of 1770: Matsue played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Umegawa in Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Katakiuchi Chűk˘ Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1770: Matsue performed at the Nakamuraza the role of Munekiyo's wife Shirotae in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato", which celebrated the shűmei of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Sh˘ch˘, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ III and Band˘ Sanpachi II.

4th lunar month of 1771: Matsue played in the same theater the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Hayano Kanpei was played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

7th lunar month of 1771: Matsue played in the same theater the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Tamura Maro Nanae Gasane".

11th lunar month of 1771: Matsue played at the Nakamuraza the role of Munet˘'s wife Sakuragi in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji"; the role of Munet˘ was played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

Fall 1772: Matsue went back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1772: Matsue performed at the Naka no Shibai in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Onoe Kikugor˘ no Baranu Banashi", which was produced by Nakamura Utaemon I.

Spring 1773: Matsue went back to Edo before the end of his season in ďsaka.

4th lunar month of 1773: Matsue played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Owasa and Shizuka Gozen in the drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi".

9th lunar month of 1773: Matsue played in the same theater the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Hayano Kanpei was played by Onoe Kikugor˘ I, who celebrated his onagori ky˘gen.

11th lunar month of 1773: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Gohiiki Kanjinch˘", performed as a kaomise drama; Nakamura Matsue I took the name of Nakamura Rik˘ I and played the roles of the spirit of a rooster and the courtesan Wakamatsu [casting]. This 46-days long performance was a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1774: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of ďiso no Tora in the new year sogamono drama "Oatsuraezome Soga Hinagata"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari (Tora's lover) were Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV. A "meeting in the darkness" scene, which was played by Nakamura Nakaz˘ I, ďtani Hiroji III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Rik˘, was particularly well received by the audience.

5th lunar month of 1774: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

7th lunar month of 1774: Rik˘ played in the same theater the roles of Chiyo and Tonami in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He also played the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Osono and Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1774: Rik˘ played in the same theater the roles of Oseki and Miyako in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

11th lunar month of 1774: Rik˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kaomise Ama no Iwato".

8th lunar month of 1775: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of Satsuki in the drama "Shusse Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1775: Rik˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Hana Zum˘ Genji Biiki".

5th lunar month of 1775: Rik˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kaoyo Gozen and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1776: Rik˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Sakuya Kono Hana no Kaomise".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ('About actors prying') was published in Edo. It gave some private information on actors. Edo readers could learn that Rik˘ lived in the district of Sakai-ch˘ and that his yearly salary was 500 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1777: Rik˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Chigo Torii Tobiiri Kitsune".

11th lunar month of 1778: Rik˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame IV and the first stage appearance of Band˘ Mitahachi I.

1st lunar month of 1779: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of ďiso no Tora in the new year sogamono drama "Gohiiki Nennen Soga"; the role of Tora's lover Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari was played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1779: Rik˘ moved to the Moritaza and performed in the kaomise drama "Uta Kurabe T˘sei Moy˘".

4th lunar month of 1780: first Kabuki adaptation of Utei Enba, Kij˘ Tar˘ and Y˘ Y˘dai puppet theater drama "Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi". The play was staged in Edo at the Moritaza; Rik˘ played the role of Yamabuki Gozen [casting].

5th lunar month of 1780: Rik˘ suddenly fell ill and had to rest for a while; later, he went on tour in Sendai.

11th lunar month of 1780: Rik˘ was back on stage at the Nakamuraza, where he performed in the kaomise drama "Kite Kaeru Nishiki no Wakayaka".

11th lunar month of 1781: Rik˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise program "Shitenn˘ Tonoi no Kisewata".

1st lunar month of 1782: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of ďiso no Tora in the new year sogamono drama "Nanakusa Yosooi Soga"; the role of Tora's lover Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari was played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1782: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Natori Gusa"; the roles of Sukeroku, Ikyű and Shinbŕ were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1782: Rik˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Eika Goyomi".

3rd lunar month of 1783: Rik˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

6th lunar month of 1783: Rik˘ played in the same theater the roles of Oishi and Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Hayano Kanpei was played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1783: Rik˘ performed in the precincts of the Sank˘in temple in the district of Yotsuya.

1st lunar month of 1784: Rik˘ was the kanjiku of the wakaonnagata actors in the Edo hy˘banki.

2nd lunar month of 1784: Rik˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Akoya in the drama "Kagekiyo R˘ Yaburi", staged to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of late Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1784: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Natori Gusa"; the roles of Sukeroku and Ikyű were played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

7th lunar month of 1784: Rik˘ played in the same theater the roles of Suke-no-Tsubone and Kosen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1784: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1784: Rik˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise program "ďakinai Hiru-ga-Kojima".

8th lunar month of 1785: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1785: Rik˘ played in the same theater the role of Tamasono in the drama "Osana Najimi Kasane Kotoba".

11th lunar month of 1785: Rik˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise program "Yuki Motsu Take Furisode Genji".

8th lunar month of 1786: Rik˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he played the roles of Omatsu, Koyoshi and Yoshitoki's wife in the drama "Mitsugimono Shida no Dekiaki". He fell ill and had to retire.

11th day of the 10th lunar month of 1786 [3]: Rik˘ died in Edo [4].

Comments:

Nakamura Rik˘ I was a talented onnagata actor of the second half of the 18th century. His physical appearance and his diction were both outstanding. He was born and trained in Kamigata but made most of his career in Edo, where he reached the prestigious j˘-j˘-kichi rank in 1783. He excelled in spouses or keisei roles in sewamono. His most notable roles were the courtesan Agemaki ("Sukeroku"), Okaru ("Kanadehon Chűshingura") and ďiso no Tora (sogamono).

[1] Used when he was Nakamura Matsue I or Nakamura Rik˘ I.

[2] Used when he was Nakamura Matsue I.

[3] The 11th day of the 10th lunar month of the 6th year of the Tenmei era was the 1st of November 1786 in the western calendar.

[4] Nakamura Rik˘ I's tombstone was located in the cemerery of the Z˘j˘ji Temple.

The Actor Nakamura Rik˘ I as Kiyotaki in the Play ďakinai Hiru-ga-Kojima, Performed at the Nakamura Theater in the Eleventh Month, 1784
Artist: Katsukawa Shunk˘
Date: 1779ľ1789
The Art Institute of Chicago (print in the public domain)

Prints & Illustrations

The Nakamura Matsue line of actors

 
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