ASAO TAMEJ█Rď I

Stage names:

Asao Tamejűr˘ I
Asao Tamez˘
Asao T˘kichi
Asao Mankichi

Others names:

Sugimoto Tamejűr˘
Asao Okuyama I

Guild: Zeniya

Poetry name: Okuyama (1)

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1735 ~ 7th day of the 4th lunar month of 1804

Connection:

Masters: Asao Jűjir˘, Asao Motogor˘ I

Son: Asao Tamejűr˘ II

Disciples : Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Asao Tamejűr˘ III, Asao Kuzaemon I, Asao Yoroku I, Asao Monz˘, Asao Manz˘, Asao Otogor˘, Asao Sh˘z˘, Asao Torakichi, Asao Kunigor˘ I, Asao Tamenosuke, Asao Tameemon, Asao Nakaz˘ I, Asao Okujir˘ II (?)

Career:

1735 ~ 1756: born in Ky˘to. His father Sugimoto Tamesabur˘, who is a renowned shamisen, gives him the name of Tamejűr˘. Sugimoto Tamejűr˘ becomes disciple of the wakaonnagata actor Asao Jűjir˘, who gives him the name of Asao Mankichi and teaches him his art. The Sugimoto family settles in ďsaka and Asao Mankichi takes the names of Asao T˘kichi and Asao Tamez˘ at unknown dates, performing with travelling troupes. Later on, he becomes disciple of the actor Asao Motogor˘ I at an unknown date.

11th lunar month of 1756: Asao Tamez˘ takes the name of Asao Tamejűr˘ I in ďsaka, playing the role of S˘ma Tar˘ in the drama "Sakiwake Sh˘hon Kagami", which is produced by the zamoto Tsutsuki Kikumatsu.

1st lunar month of 1757: Tamejűr˘ plays in ďsaka the role of Yokogumo Daizen in the drama "Yamato no Kuni Ide no Shitahimo", which is produced by the same zamoto.

2nd lunar month of 1758: Tamejűr˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Hotei Ichiemon and Kajikawa Heiz˘ the drama "Okina Gusa Goshiki no Hanabusa", which is produced by the zamoto Arashi Kumematsu.

11th lunar month of 1760: Tamejűr˘ becomes katakiyaku and plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of ďba Sabur˘ in the drama "Miura no ďsuke Toshitoku M˘de", which is produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1761: Tamejűr˘ achieves a great success at the Kado no Shibai by playing the role of Kajiwara Heiji in the drama "S˘tsui Hoshi Kamakura Kagami", which is produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which is a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Tamejűr˘ plays the role of the inkyo Okuen [more details].

7th lunar month of 1763: Tamejűr˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Haji no Hy˘e and Shund˘ Genba in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" , which is produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I; his stage partners are Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsu˘maru, Terukuni), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Kakuju, Shihei), Arashi Hinasuke I (Haru), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Nakayama Raisuke I (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Shiratayű), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Genz˘, Sukune Tar˘), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Sakuramaru), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kan Sh˘j˘).

11th lunar month of 1763: Tamejűr˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Nagasaki Shir˘zaemon, in reality Suruga no Kami Norisada, in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Aun no Ishizue".

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which is produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrates the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of the star Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. A similar play is staged one day later under a different title, "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai is more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Hikosaka Jinroku and Sud˘ Genpachi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1765: Tamejűr˘ plays in ďsaka in the kaomise drama "Hanayagura Kikigaki Taiheiki", which is produced by Anegawa Kikuhachi.

11th lunar month of 1766: Tamejűr˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the drama "Yuki no Asa Daimonjitsu Miyako no Fuku", which is produced by Yamashita Ky˘nosuke and Ichiyama Sukegor˘ and celebrates the return of Onoe Kikugor˘ I in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1768: Tamejűr˘ plays in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Banzei no Kotobuki", which is produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

6th lunar month of 1770: Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" is staged for the first time in ďsaka ˘shibai, at the Kado no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ plays the role of Iwai-buro Jisuke [casting].

11th lunar month of 1770: Tamejűr˘ moves to Ky˘to and plays the role of ďe Sabur˘ in the drama "Sakae Genji Gojin no Kachidoki", which is produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai, the theater of the nadai Hoteiya Umenoj˘ and Hayagumo Ch˘dayű.

3rd ~ 5th lunar months of 1771: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ plays the roles of Soga no Emiji and Fukashichi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1771: Tamejűr˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Kasukai (literally "lees buyer") Kisuke, in reality J˘z˘ Kish˘, in the kaomise drama "Bandai Isaoshi Genji", which is produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1772: Tamejűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of ďtomo S˘rin and Iwami Tarozaemon in the ni-no-kawari "Keisei Sakura Goten".

11th lunar month of 1773: Tamejűr˘ plays in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Medetai Uchimash˘", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1775: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, katakiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

7th lunar month of 1776: premiere of Iso Isosuke's drama "Yamato Kotoba Suikoden", which is produced at the Kado no Shibai by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I; Tamejűr˘ plays the role of the smuggler Kezori Kuemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1776: Tamejűr˘ plays in ďsaka in the kaomise drama "Genji Saik˘ Uchide no Kozuchi", which is produced by Arashi Shichisabur˘ II.

12th lunar month of 1776: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa"; Tamejűr˘ plays the roles of Sawai Matagor˘, Matagor˘'s mother Narumi and the doctor Sanai [casting]. The play is a successful long run. Tamejűr˘ uses on stage a new hayagawari technique.

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi"; Tamejűr˘ plays the roles of Gantsub˘, Hitachinosuke Kaizon and Suganuma Kosuke [casting].

1st lunar month of 1778: premiere of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Keisei Hakataori", which is produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai by Mimasu Jir˘kichi; Tamejűr˘ plays the role of the smuggler Kezori Kuemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1778: Tamejűr˘ settles in Ky˘to and plays 2 roles in the drama "Etari Kashikoshi Hangan Biiki", which is produced by Mimasu Jir˘kichi at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1779: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Summer 1780: Tamejűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Gambei in the drama "Gokusaishiki Musume ďgi". The role of the blind man Hy˘suke is played by Arashi Sangor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1780: Tamejűr˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Hoshi Matsuri Fukki no Kurairi", which is produced in Ky˘to by Nakayama Ihachi I.

1781: Tamejűr˘ plays the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the epic drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki", which is produced in Ky˘to by Nakayama Ihachi I.

Spring ~ Summer 1781: tour in Nagoya, Matsuzaka and Ise.

11th lunar month of 1781: Tamejűr˘ goes back to ďsaka and achieves a great success at the Kado no Shibai by playing the role of Hayasaki Horanosuke, in reality Suzuki no Sabur˘, in Namiki Gohei I's drama "Tensha Yorozu Yoshitsune Biiki", which is produced by Fujikawa Sango.

12th lunar month of 1781: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Tengajaya-mura"; Tamejűr˘ plays the roles of T˘ma Sabur˘emon and Yasuke [casting]. A similar play is staged a few days later under a different title, "Renga Chaya Homare no Bundai", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters.

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1782: Tamejűr˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Ni˘mon Hauta no Rakugaki", which is produced by Fujikawa Sango. This play is similar to Namiki Gohei I's "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri".

1st lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Keisei Yamato Z˘shi"; Tamejűr˘ plays the roles of Kond˘ Gunjibei and Wada Raihachi [casting].

6th lunar month of 1784: tour in Nagoya.

3rd lunar month of 1785: Tamejűr˘ goes to Ky˘to and plays at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater.

Summer 1785: tour in Miyajima.

Fall 1785: tour in the province of Wakayama.

11th lunar month of 1785: Tamejűr˘ goes back to ďsaka and plays the role of Yoshitsune in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced for the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1787: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", a play similar to "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; Tamejűr˘ plays the role of Ky˘goku no Takumi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1787: Tamejűr˘ achieves a great success at the Naka no Shibai by playing in the kaomise drama "Masaru Medetaki Toshi no Kaomise", which is produced by Nakayama Fukuz˘.

10th lunar month of 1788: Tamejűr˘ ccelebrates his coming departure to Edo, achieving a great success at the Kado no Shibai by playing the spectacular role of the yakko Ranpei in the drama "Saiwai Ariwara Keizu", which is produced by the zamoto Nakayama Hisayoshi.

11th lunar month of 1788: Tamejűr˘ settles in Edo and plays at the Ichimuraza as a jitsuaku in the drama "Genji Saik˘ Kogane no Tachibana".

1st lunar month of 1789: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1790: the play "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; it celebrates Tamejűr˘'s onagori ky˘gen, who plays the role of Gotobŕ [more details].

Fall 1790: Tamejűr˘ goes back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1790: Tamejűr˘ achieves a great success at the Kado no Shibai by playing in Namiki Gohei I's kaomise drama "Ittai Bunshin Nishiki no Okuyama", which is produced by Asao Yatar˘.

1st lunar month of 1791: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1791: premiere of Nagawa Shimesuke I's chűshinguramono "Iroha Gana Shijűshichi Moji" in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ plays the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Yajibŕ and Sagisaka Bannai [more details].

11th lunar month of 1792: Tamejűr˘ shares the stage with the Edo star Ichikawa Danz˘ IV in the drama "Hito no Kokoro ni Kanau Kaomise", which is produced by Asao Yatar˘ at the Kado no Shibai.

Winter 1792: Tamejűr˘ goes to Ky˘to and plays the role of the yakko Ranpei in the drama "Ranpei Monogurui".

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which is famous for its "Umagiri" scene and is produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ plays the roles of Kanai Sankur˘, Awaza Tarosuke and Miwa Gorozaemon Takahide [more details].

9th lunar month of 1794: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; Tamejűr˘ plays the roles of Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori and Surihari Tarozaemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1794: Tamejűr˘ plays 4 roles in the drama "Kana Utsushi Azuchi Mond˘", which is produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II at the Naka no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1796: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, is hakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1797: Tamejűr˘ goes to Ky˘to and plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai 5 roles in the drama "Nanboku Yuki no Miyako", which is produced by Arashi Kumanosuke.

3rd lunar month of 1798: Tamejűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Gotobŕ in the drama "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘".

Summer 1798: tour in Ise.

11th lunar month of 1798: Tamejűr˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Midaroku in the epic drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; then he goes to ďsaka and plays the role of Suzuki no Sabur˘ in Namiki Gohei I's drama "Kogane Bana Genji no Sakigake", which is produced by Yamashita Kamematsu at the Naka no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1800: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1800: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Yanagi's puppet theater drama "Ehon Taik˘ki", which was written in the 7th lunar month of 1799. The play is produced by Nakayama Tokujir˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai and Tamejűr˘ plays the role of Takechi Mitsuhide [casting].

1st lunar month of 1801: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki is shigoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (exceedingly - extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

8th lunar month of 1801: Tamejűr˘ plays for the last time the role of the smuggler Kezori in the drama "Yamato Kotoba Suikoden", which is produced by Yamashita Tokujir˘ at the Naka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1801: Tamejűr˘ plays for the last time the role of Sawai Matagor˘ in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa", which is produced by Arashi Kumanosuke at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1802: Tamejűr˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai 2 roles in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

Summer 1803: Tamejűr˘ is supposed to do his isse ichidai performance at the Naka no Shibai but he suddenly falls ill.

9th lunar month of 1803: Tamejűr˘ delivers his final speech during a k˘j˘ at the Naka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1803: his son Asao Okujir˘ takes the name of Asao Tamejűr˘ II at the Naka no Shibai.

7th day of the 4th lunar month of 1804: he dies in ďsaka.

Comments:

Asao Tamejűr˘ I was an outstanding katakiyaku actor, excelling also in hand˘gataki and jitsugotoshi roles, who won fame for himself in the Kamigata theaters. He made a short but very successful stay in Edo (2 seasons from the 11th lunar month of 1788 to the 9th lunar month of 1790). He was also a talented dancer.

Asao Tamejűr˘ I's best roles: the smuggler Kezori ("Yamato Kotoba Suikoden"), Gotobŕ ("Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘"), Sawai Matagor˘ ("Igagoe Norikake Gappa") and Ranpei ("Ranpei Monogurui").

Asao Tamejűr˘ I as depicted in the book "Santo Yakusha Omokage Zukushi" published in ďsaka in 1784 by Yamatoya Kaemon

Caricature 1780

Illustrated playbill 1792

Illustrated playbill 1798

Print made by Sh˘k˘sai in 1799

The Asao Okuyama line of actors

The Asao Tamejűr˘ line of actors

 
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