ASAO TAMEJ█Rď I

Stage names:

Asao Tamejűr˘ I In Japanese
Asao Tamez˘ In Japanese
Asao T˘kichi In Japanese
Asao Mankichi 0.1 In Japanese

Others names:

Asao Okuyama I In Japanese
Sugimoto Tamejűr˘ In Japanese

Guild: Zeniya

Poetry name: Okuyama (1)

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1735 ~ 7th day of the 4th lunar month of 1804 [1]

Connection:

Master: Asao Motogor˘ I

Son: Asao Tamejűr˘ II

Disciples : Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Asao Tamejűr˘ III, Asao Kuzaemon I, Asao Yoroku I, Asao Tamesabur˘, Asao Monz˘, Asao Manz˘, Asao Otogor˘, Asao Sh˘z˘, Asao Torakichi, Asao Kunigor˘ I, Asao Tamenosuke, Asao Tameemon, Asao Nakaz˘ I, Asao Okujir˘ II (?)

Career:

1735 ~ 1756: born in Ky˘to. His father Sugimoto Tamesabur˘, who was a renowned shamisen musician, gave him the name of Tamejűr˘. Sugimoto Tamejűr˘ became disciple of the wakaonnagata actor Asao Motogor˘ I, who gave him the name of Asao Mankichi and taught him the art of acting. The Sugimoto family settled in ďsaka and Asao Mankichi took the names of Asao T˘kichi and Asao Tamez˘ at unknown dates, performing with travelling troupes (tabi shibai).

11th lunar month of 1756: Asao Tamez˘ took the name of Asao Tamejűr˘ I in ďsaka, playing the role of S˘ma Tar˘ in the drama "Sakiwake Sh˘hon Kagami", which was produced by the zamoto Todoki Kikumatsu.

1st lunar month of 1757: Tamejűr˘ played in ďsaka the role of Yokogumo Daizen in the drama "Yamato no Kuni Ide no Shitahimo", which was produced by the same zamoto.

2nd lunar month of 1758: Tamejűr˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Hotei Ichiemon and Kajikawa Heiz˘ the drama "Okina Gusa Goshiki no Hanabusa", which was produced by the zamoto Arashi Kumematsu.

11th lunar month of 1760: Tamejűr˘ became katakiyaku and played at the Naka no Shibai the role of ďba Sabur˘ in the drama "Miura no ďsuke Toshitoku M˘de", which was produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1761: Tamejűr˘ achieved a great success at the Kado no Shibai by playing the role of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka in the drama "S˘tsui Hoshi Kamakura Kagami", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which was a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Tamejűr˘ played the role of the inkyo Okuen [more details].

7th lunar month of 1763: Tamejűr˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Haji no Hy˘e and Shund˘ Genba in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" , which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I; his stage partners were Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsu˘maru, Terukuni), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Kakuju, Shihei), Arashi Hinasuke I (Haru), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Nakayama Raisuke I (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Shiratayű), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Genz˘, Sukune Tar˘), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Sakuramaru), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kan Sh˘j˘).

11th lunar month of 1763: Tamejűr˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Nagasaki Shir˘zaemon, in reality Suruga no Kami Norisada, in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Aun no Ishizue".

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrated the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of the star Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. A similar play was staged one day later under a different title, "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Hikosaka Jinroku and Sud˘ Genpachi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1765: Tamejűr˘ performed in ďsaka in the kaomise drama "Hanayagura Kikigaki Taiheiki", which was produced by Anegawa Kikuhachi.

11th lunar month of 1766: Tamejűr˘ performed in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the drama "Yuki no Asa Daimonjitsu Miyako no Fuku", which was produced by Yamashita Ky˘nosuke and Ichiyama Sukegor˘ and celebrated the return of Onoe Kikugor˘ I in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1768: Tamejűr˘ played in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Banzei no Kotobuki", which was produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

6th lunar month of 1770: Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" was staged for the first time in ďsaka ˘shibai, at the Kado no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ played the role of Iwai-buro Jisuke [casting].

11th lunar month of 1770: Tamejűr˘ moved to Ky˘to and played the role of ďe Sabur˘ in the drama "Sakae Genji Gojin no Kachidoki", which was produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai, the theater of the nadai Hoteiya Umenoj˘ and Hayagumo Ch˘dayű.

3rd ~ 5th lunar months of 1771: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ played the roles of Soga no Emiji and Fukashichi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1771: Tamejűr˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Kasukai (literally "lees buyer") Kisuke, in reality J˘z˘ Kish˘, in the kaomise drama "Bandai Isaoshi Genji", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1772: Tamejűr˘ played in the same theater the roles of ďtomo S˘rin and Iwami Tarozaemon in the ni-no-kawari "Keisei Sakura Goten".

11th lunar month of 1773: Tamejűr˘ performed in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Medetai Uchimash˘", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1775: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, katakiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

7th lunar month of 1776: premiere of Iso Isosuke's drama "Yamato Kotoba Suikoden", which was produced at the Kado no Shibai by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I; Tamejűr˘ played the role of the smuggler Kezori Kuemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1776: Tamejűr˘ performed in ďsaka in the kaomise drama "Genji Saik˘ Uchide no Kozuchi", which was produced by Arashi Shichisabur˘ II.

12th lunar month of 1776: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa"; Tamejűr˘ played the roles of Sawai Matagor˘, Matagor˘'s mother Narumi and the doctor Sanai [casting]. The play was a successful long run. Tamejűr˘ used on stage a new hayagawari technique.

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi"; Tamejűr˘ played the roles of Gantsub˘, Hitachinosuke Kaizon and Suganuma Kosuke [casting].

1st lunar month of 1778: premiere of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Keisei Hakata Ori", which was produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai by Mimasu Jir˘kichi; Tamejűr˘ played the role of the smuggler Kezori Kuemon [casting | picture and details].

11th lunar month of 1778: Tamejűr˘ settled in Ky˘to and played at the Minamigawa no Shibai 2 roles in the drama "Etari Kashikoshi Hangan Biiki", which was produced by Mimasu Jir˘kichi.

1st lunar month of 1779: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

Summer 1780: Tamejűr˘ played in the same theater the role of Gambei in the drama "Gokusaishiki Musume ďgi". The role of the blind man Hy˘suke was played by Arashi Sangor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1780: Tamejűr˘ played in the kaomise drama "Hoshi Matsuri Fukki no Kurairi", which was produced in Ky˘to by Nakayama Ihachi I.

1781: Tamejűr˘ played the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the epic drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki", which was produced in Ky˘to by Nakayama Ihachi I.

Spring ~ Summer 1781: tour in Nagoya, Matsuzaka and Ise.

11th lunar month of 1781: Tamejűr˘ went back to ďsaka and achieved a great success at the Kado no Shibai by playing the role of Hayasaki Horanosuke, in reality Suzuki no Sabur˘, in Namiki Gohei I's drama "Tensha Yorozu Yoshitsune Biiki", which was produced by Fujikawa Sango.

12th lunar month of 1781: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Tengajaya-mura"; Tamejűr˘ played the roles of T˘ma Sabur˘emon and Adachi Yasuke [casting]. A similar play was staged a few days later under a different title, "Renga Chaya Homare no Bundai", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters.

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1782: Tamejűr˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Ni˘mon Hauta no Rakugaki", which was produced by Fujikawa Sango. This play was similar to Namiki Gohei I's "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri".

1st lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Keisei Yamato Z˘shi"; Tamejűr˘ played the roles of Kond˘ Gunjibŕ and Wada Raihachi [casting].

6th lunar month of 1784: tour in Nagoya.

3rd lunar month of 1785: Tamejűr˘ went to Ky˘to and performed at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater.

Summer 1785: tour in Miyajima.

Fall 1785: tour in the province of Wakayama.

11th lunar month of 1785: Tamejűr˘ went back to ďsaka and played the role of Yoshitsune in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced for the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1787: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", a play similar to "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; Tamejűr˘ played the role of Ky˘goku no Takumi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1787: Tamejűr˘ achieved a great success at the Naka no Shibai by performing in the kaomise drama "Masaru Medetaki Toshi no Kaomise", which was produced by Nakayama Fukuz˘.

10th lunar month of 1788: Tamejűr˘ ccelebrates his coming departure to Edo, achieving a great success at the Kado no Shibai by playing the spectacular role of the yakko Ranpei in the drama "Saiwai Ariwara Keizu", which was produced by the zamoto Nakayama Hisayoshi.

11th lunar month of 1788: Tamejűr˘ settled in Edo and performed at the Ichimuraza as a jitsuaku in the kaomise drama "Genji Saik˘ Kogane no Tachibana".

1st lunar month of 1789: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1790: the play "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; it celebrated Tamejűr˘'s onagori ky˘gen, who played the role of Gotobŕ [more details].

Fall 1790: Tamejűr˘ went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1790: Tamejűr˘ achieved a great success at the Kado no Shibai by performing in Namiki Gohei I's kaomise drama "Ittai Bunshin Nishiki no Okuyama", which was produced by Asao Yatar˘.

1st lunar month of 1791: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1791: premiere of Nagawa Shimesuke I's chűshinguramono "Iroha Gana Shijűshichi Moji" in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ played the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Yajibŕ and Sagisaka Bannai [more details].

11th lunar month of 1792: Tamejűr˘ shared the stage with the Edo star Ichikawa Danz˘ IV in the kaomise drama "Hito no Kokoro ni Kanau Kaomise", which was produced by Asao Yatar˘ at the Kado no Shibai.

Winter 1792: Tamejűr˘ went to Ky˘to and played the role of the yakko Ranpei in the drama "Ranpei Monogurui".

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which was famous for its "Umagiri" scene and was produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Tamejűr˘ played the roles of Kanai Sankur˘, Awaza Tarosuke and Miwa Gorozaemon Takahide [more details].

9th lunar month of 1794: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; Tamejűr˘ played the roles of Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori and Surihari Tarozaemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1794: Tamejűr˘ played 4 roles in the drama "Kana Utsushi Azuchi Mond˘", which was produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II at the Naka no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1796: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was (shiro)goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1797: Tamejűr˘ went to Ky˘to and played at the Minamigawa no Shibai 5 roles in the drama "Nanboku Yuki no Miyako", which was produced by Arashi Kumanosuke.

3rd lunar month of 1798: Tamejűr˘ played in the same theater the role of Gotobŕ in the drama "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘".

Summer 1798: tour in Ise.

11th lunar month of 1798: Tamejűr˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Midaroku in the epic drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; then he went to ďsaka and played the role of Suzuki no Sabur˘ in Namiki Gohei I's drama "Kogane Bana Genji no Sakigake", which was produced by Yamashita Kamematsu at the Naka no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1800: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1800: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Yanagi's puppet theater drama "Ehon Taik˘ki", which was written in the 7th lunar month of 1799. The play was produced by Nakayama Tokujir˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai and Tamejűr˘ played the role of Takechi Mitsuhide [casting].

1st lunar month of 1801: Tamejűr˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki was shigoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (exceedingly - extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

8th lunar month of 1801: Tamejűr˘ plays for the last time the role of the smuggler Kezori in the drama "Yamato Kotoba Suikoden", which was produced by Yamashita Tokujir˘ at the Naka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1801: Tamejűr˘ plays for the last time the role of Sawai Matagor˘ in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa", which was produced by Arashi Kumanosuke at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1802: Tamejűr˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai 2 roles in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

Summer 1803: Tamejűr˘ was supposed to do his isse ichidai performance at the Naka no Shibai but he suddenly fell ill.

9th lunar month of 1803: Tamejűr˘ delivered his final speech during a k˘j˘ at the Naka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1803: his son Asao Okujir˘ I took the name of Asao Tamejűr˘ II at the Naka no Shibai.

7th day of the 4th lunar month of 1804 [1]: he died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Asao Tamejűr˘ I was an outstanding katakiyaku actor, excelling also in hand˘gataki and jitsugotoshi roles, who won fame for himself in the Kamigata theaters. He made a short but very successful stay in Edo (2 seasons from the 11th lunar month of 1788 to the 9th lunar month of 1790). He was also a talented dancer. "He was a small man, possessed a light, bright style, and appeared best in plays depicting everyday life rather than those dealing with the unreal." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Asao Tamejűr˘ I's best roles: the smuggler Kezori ("Yamato Kotoba Suikoden"), Gotobŕ ("Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘"), Sawai Matagor˘ ("Igagoe Norikake Gappa") and Ranpei ("Ranpei Monogurui").

[1] The 7th day of the 4th lunar month of the 1st year of the Bunka era was the 17th of May 1804 in the western calendar.

Asao Tamejűr˘ I as depicted in the book "Santo Yakusha Omokage Zukushi" published in ďsaka in 1784 by Yamatoya Kaemon

Prints & Illustrations

Caricature 1780

Print made by Sh˘k˘sai in 1799

The Asao Okuyama line of actors

The Asao Tamejűr˘ line of actors

 
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