ICHIKAWA DANJ█Rď I

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I
Ichikawa Ebiz˘ I

Pen name: Mimasu Hy˘go

Guild: Naritaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Saigyű

Existence: 1660 ~ 19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1704

Connection:

Sons: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II (Danjűr˘ II), Ichikawa Sen'ya

Grandson: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III (Danjűr˘ IV)

Great-grandson: Ichikawa Hakuen I (Danjűr˘ V)

Great-great-grandson: Ichikawa Momotar˘

Great-great-great-grandson: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Danjűr˘ VII)

Great-great-great-great-grandson: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ VII, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ VIII, Ichikawa Komaz˘ VI, Ichikawa Saruz˘ I, Ichikawa K˘z˘

Disciples: Ichikawa Danz˘ I, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I, Mimasuya Sukejűr˘ I, Ichikawa Danshir˘ I, Ichikawa Kaoru I, Ichikawa Hikogor˘, Ichikawa Shikibu, Ichikawa Taijir˘, Ichikawa Jűgor˘, Ichikawa Kodanji I, Ichikawa Wakamatsu, Ichikawa Takenosuke, Ichikawa Ch˘jűr˘, Ichikawa Danjir˘ I, Ichikawa Dannoj˘ I

Career:

1660: born in Edo. His father, called Horikoshi Juz˘, is an otokodate.

1673: he appears of stage for the first time, playing under the name of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ the role of Sakata Kintoki in the drama "Shitenn˘ Ochigodachi", which is staged at the Nakamuraza. This is the first time in Kabuki that an actor uses a kumadori make-up, made up of black and red lines. The aragoto style originates from this performance, which is a triumphant success.

5th lunar month of 1675: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ takes the name of Ichikawa Danjűr˘, playing for the first time the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the drama "Kachidoki Homare no Soga", which is performed at the Yamamuraza. His stage partners in the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are Nagashima Isoemon and Miyazaki Denkichi. This play is the first sogamono in Kabuki history. The ideogram for "Dan" is not yet the one that will be the official ideogram used by the Ichikawa Danjűr˘ line of actors:

First writing for Danjűr˘ Classic writing
段十郎 團十郎

You need a Japanese Language Kit installed within your system in order to be able to read the characters

1st lunar month of 1676: Danjűr˘ plays the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the drama "Soga Ry˘sha no Tamamono", which is staged at the Nakamuraza. His stage partners in the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are Wakayama Jűjir˘ and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1680: the very first sayaate scene in Kabuki history is staged at the Ichimuraza; Danjűr˘ plays the role of Fuwa Banzaemon [more details].

8th lunar month of 1682: Danjűr˘ achieves a great success at the Ichimuraza by playing the role of Got˘ Saemon in the drama "Oguri Chűk˘ Guruma", whose plot and characters belong to the "Oguri Hangan" world. His stage partner in the role of Ike no Sh˘ji is Noda Kuranosuke.

3rd lunar month of 1683: Danjűr˘ writes the script and plays the role of Fuwa Banzaemon in the drama "Nyojaku Nigabyakud˘", which is performed at the Moritaza. His stage partners are Ichikawa Shinkur˘ (Nagoya Sanza), Takenaka Sh˘dayű (the courtesan Katsuragi) and Miyazaki Denkichi (Umezu Kamon).

3rd lunar month of 1684: Danjűr˘ plays for the first time the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Kadomatsu Shitenn˘" ("Narukami"), which is staged at the Nakamuraza. He is the author of the play and his stage partner in the role of Princess Taema is the onnagata actor It˘ Kodayű II.

5th lunar month of 1684: Danjűr˘ writes the script and plays in the same theater the role of Fuwa Banzaemon in the drama "Fuwa Sokushin no Ikazuchi". His stage partners are Katsuyama Hikoshir˘ (Nagoya Sanza) and Nakayama Kiyonosuke (the courtesan Katsuragi).

3rd lunar month of 1685: Danjűr˘ plays the role of Kompei in the drama "Gyoran Kaich˘ Kompei D˘shin", which is performed at the Ichimuraza. He achieves a great success in duo with It˘ Kodayű II in the role of the daughter of the dragon king. His others stage partners are Murayama Heijűr˘, Saruwaka Sanzaemon, ďkuma Udaemon and Ichimura Wakadayű.

1686: Danjűr˘ plays one more time the role of Fuwa Banzaemon at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Fuwa Sokushin no Ikazuchi". This is a huge success.

3rd lunar month of 1688: Danjűr˘ plays the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the drama "Jidai Ky˘dai Soga", which is staged at the Yamamuraza. His stage partner in the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari is Miyazaki Denkichi. The two actors move the 21st of the month at the Nakamuraza to play the same roles in the drama "Yakko Asahina ďiso Gayoi". Their stage partners in the roles of the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Asahina are Takenaka Sh˘dayű and Nakamura Denkur˘ I. This is the first Kabuki play with both the character of Asahina and a kamisuki scene between Jűr˘ and Tora.

3rd lunar month of 1689: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Fuwa Banzaemon in the drama "Nagoya Taizen".

2nd lunar month of 1690: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Araoka Genta Saemon in the drama "Daikichi Bushi Kagami". The tachimawari of this play is a great success.

7th lunar month of 1690: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kimpira in the drama "Kimpira K˘ron".

11th lunar month of 1691: Danjűr˘ plays the leading eponymous role of the play "Shuten D˘ji", which is staged at the Moritaza.

1st lunar month of 1692: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the drama "Asahina Hyaku Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1692: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the drama "Nihon Daikyű Shinzei Hachir˘" but it is not a success. The play is replaced by one whose plot and characters belong to the "Nagoya Sanza-Fuwa Banzaemon" world.

1st lunar month of 1693: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the drama "Nidaime Fuwa Banzaemon Shimabara Kitsune".

3rd lunar month of 1693: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the drama "Chűj˘ Hime".

5th lunar month of 1693: Danjűr˘ moves to the Nakamuraza, changes the ideogram for "Dan" in his name (Cf. 1675) and plays the role of Kazusanosuke in the drama "Shinsen Sessh˘seki". His stage partners are Sodeoka Masanosuke II (Tamamo-no-Mae), Nakamura Denkur˘ I (a fox looking like Miuranosuke) and Tanishima Mondo (Miuranosuke).

11th lunar month of 1693: Danjűr˘ moves to Ky˘to and plays the role of ďhara Jirozaemon in the drama "Hako Denju", which is produced by Murayama Heiemon III. His stage partners are Mizuki Tatsunosuke I, Yamatoya Jimbei II, Tomizawa Samanosuke, Otowa Katsunoj˘ and Uemura Takenoj˘.

1st lunar month of 1694: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the play "Genji Musha Homare no Seiriki", exhibiting the aragoto style for the Ky˘to audience. He also achieves a great success in duo with the onnagata It˘ Sh˘dayű in the dance drama "Meguriai Koi no Tanabata", playing the roles of Prince Hikoboshi and Princess Orihime, who can meet only once a year during the night of Tanabata.

3rd lunar month of 1694: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Yűjoron"; the role of Princess Taema is played by Mizuki Tatsunosuke I.

9th lunar month of 1694: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Kumagai Nagori no Sakazuki". His stage partners are Mizuki Tatsunosuke I (Tomoe-no-Mae), Yamatoya Jimbei II (Taira no Tadanori), Murayama Heiemon III (Iga Heinai Saemon), Sakata T˘kur˘ (Taira no Michimori), Iwai Hananoj˘ (Michimori's wife), Onoe Taganoj˘ I (Taira no Atsumori), Tomizawa Samanosuke (Kumagai's wife) and Uemura Takenoj˘ (Kumagai's son).

11th lunar month of 1694: Danjűr˘ is back in Edo and performs in the drama "Kimpira Kaidan Yaburi", which is staged at the Yamamuraza. His yearly salary reaches 500 ry˘.

1st lunar month of 1695: his rank in the Edo hy˘banki, katakiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He performs in the same theater in the play "Katsuragi K˘kiden", which is a big success.

3rd lunar month of 1695: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the play "Usuyuki Emon Zakura".

4th lunar month of 1695: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the play "Tsuwamono Kongen Soga".

7th lunar month of 1695: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the play "Isshin Niga Byakud˘".

10th lunar month of 1695: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the play "Izumo no ďyashiro".

11th lunar month of 1695: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the play "Kaomise Jűnidan"". His stage partner is the great Kamigata onnagata Ogino Sawanoj˘, who left the Yamamuraza to join the Ichimuraza. This is the beginning of a great duo, the first goruden kombi in Kabuki history.

4th lunar month of 1696: Danjűr˘ and Ogino Sawanoj˘ achieve a great success in the same theater by playing the roles of the wicked priest Narukami and Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami Sh˘nin Sanses˘ Taema no Chűj˘ Hime" ("Narukami").

11th lunar month of 1696: Danjűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Neko no Koneko", commonly called "Onna Narukami". His stage partners are Ogino Sawanoj˘ (who plays the leading role of the nun Narukami), Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I, Nakajima Kanzaemon I, Nakamura Denkur˘ I, Sodeoka Masanosuke II, Murayama Jűheiji and ďtani Hiroemon I.

1st lunar month of 1697: premiere of the bombastic "Shibaraku" scene (kabuki jűhachiban), at the Nakamuraza, performed within the new year drama "Daifukuch˘ Sankai Nagoya". Danjűr˘ plays the superhero role and his stage partners are Ogino Sawanoj˘ and Yamanaka Heikur˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1697: Sawanoj˘ and Danjűr˘ play in the same theater the roles of Tamakura and Yagor˘ in the drama "Kant˘ Koroku".

5th lunar month of 1697: Sawanoj˘ and Danjűr˘ play in the same theater the roles of Ninomiya and Fud˘ in the drama "Tsuwamono Kongen Soga". Danjűr˘'s son makes his first appearance on stage, receiving the name of Ichikawa Kuz˘ I and portraying for the first time in Kabuki history the Deity Fud˘ (kabuki jűhachiban).

6th lunar month of 1698: Sawanoj˘ and Danjűr˘ play in the same theater the roles of Asaka and Kamata Hy˘e in the drama "Ryűjo Sanjűnis˘". The role of the villain Taira no Kiyomori is played by Yamanaka Heikur˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1698: Sawanoj˘ and Danjűr˘ play in the same theater the roles of Princess Taema and the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Gempei Narukami Denki" (also called "Kumo no Taema Nagori no Tsuki"). This is Ogino Sawanoj˘'s last performance, who retires and open an incent and perfume shop in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1698: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Sat˘ Tadanobu in the drama "Yoshino Shizuka Goban Tadanobu". The role of the monk warrior Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan is played by ďtani Hiroemon I.

1st lunar month of 1699: Danjűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘ (superior - superior). He plays in the same theater the role of Hachimune Ikaranosuke in the drama "Onna Hida no Takumi".

3rd lunar month of 1699: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ukishima Danj˘ in the drama "Kongen Shinoda Wag˘ no Tama".

5th lunar month of 1699: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Fuwa Banzemon (wearing a shiraga wig) and Banrei Nyűd˘ in the drama "Katsuragi Sayo Arashi". The roles of Nagoya Sanza and the courtesan Katsuragi are played by Murayama Shir˘ji and Kishida Kogenji. This performance is a huge success.

7th lunar month of 1699: Danjűr˘ writes the script and plays in the same theater the role of K˘ga Sabur˘ in the drama "Isshin Gokai no Tama".

9th lunar month of 1699: last performance at the Nakamuraza for Danjűr˘, who performs in a farewell sogamono.

11th lunar month of 1699: Danjűr˘ moves to the Moritaza and performs in the drama "T˘sei Okuni Kabuki", which celebrates the arrival of the Kamigata actor Uemura Kichisabur˘ and the end of the retirement of Ogino Sawanoj˘. The script was written by Danjűr˘ under his pen name of Mimasu Hy˘go. The performance is a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1700: Danjűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He writes the script and plays in the same theater the role of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa in the drama "Kagemasa Ikazuchi Mond˘".

3rd lunar month of 1700: Danjűr˘ writes the script and plays in the same theater the role of Kumedera Danj˘ Saemon in the drama "Wakoku Gosuiden".

5th lunar month of 1700: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the drama "Dainihon Tekkai Sennin". The roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) are played by Miyazaki Denkichi and Ogino Sawanoj˘.

11th lunar month of 1700: Danjűr˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays the role of Kimpira in the kaomise drama "Kimpira Rokuj˘ Gayoi". His son Ichikawa Kuz˘ I, playing the role of Kaid˘maru, delivers his first lines during this performance.

1st lunar month of 1701: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Yamagami Gennai Saemon [print] in the drama "Keisei ďsh˘kun", which includes for the first time in Kabuki history the "Z˘hiki" scene (kabuki jűhachiban).

3rd lunar month of 1701: Danjűr˘ writes the script and plays in the same theater the role of Umezu Rokur˘ in the drama "Shusse Sumidagawa".

5th lunar month of 1701: Danjűr˘ writes the script and performs in the same theater in the drama "Nihon Gion Sh˘ja".

7th lunar month of 1701: Danjűr˘ writes the script and performs in the same theater in the drama "Imay˘ Shuten D˘ji".

11th lunar month of 1701: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Fuwa Banzaemon in the kaomise drama "Keisei Ikazuchi Mond˘".

1st lunar month of 1702: Danjűr˘ performs in the same theater in the new year drama "Kamadagaie no Daikoku Bashira".

2nd lunar month of 1702: Danjűr˘ writes the script and plays in the same theater the role of the monk warrior Benkei in the drama "Hoshiawase Jűnidan", which is the first adaptation to Kabuki of the play "Ataka", which is performed at the Moritaza. This work will inspire Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and the playwright Namiki Gohei III for the creation of the masterpiece dance-drama "Kanjinch˘" in 1840. The performance is a huge success and a long run (from the 2nd of the 2nd lunar month to the 25th of the 6th lunar month).

7th lunar month of 1702: Danjűr˘ and his son Ichikawa Kuz˘ I achieve a great success by playing in the same theater the roles of the 2 Benkei ("Ninin Benkei") in the drama "Shimpan Takadachi Benkeij˘".

10th lunar month of 1702: Danjűr˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kumedera Danj˘ in the drama "Yűgao no Kannon H˘ben". There is another Kumedera Danj˘ in this play, which is played by Ichikawa Danshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1702: Danjűr˘ moves to the Moritaza (for a yearly salary of 700 ry˘) and plays the role of Araoka Genta in the kaomise drama "Tenchijin Tsutsumamori". His son plays for the first time the superhero role in a "Shibaraku" scene.

4th lunar month of 1703: Danjűr˘ writes the script and plays in the same theater the roles of ďtomo no Kuronushi and the Deity Fud˘ in the drama "Naritasan Bunshin Fud˘".

7th lunar month of 1703: Danjűr˘ writes the script and plays in the same theater the role of ďhara Got˘ Saemon in the drama "Oguri Jűnidan".

11th lunar month of 1703: Danjűr˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Ishiyama Genta Saemon in the kaomise drama "Genji Rokujűj˘" (he wrote the script). The same play is staged in the 1st lunar month of 1704.

2nd lunar month of 1704: Danjűr˘ writes the script and performs in the same theater in the drama "Watamashi Jűnidan". He is stabbed the 19th of this month by the actor Ikushima Hanroku in his dressing room and dies a violent death.

Comments:

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I was the founder of the most famous line of Edo actors and the official creator of the aragoto acting style. He was also a talented playwright who wrote around 50 scripts under the name of Mimasuya Hy˘go (sometimes cosigned with Nakamura Seizabur˘ or Nakamura Seigor˘). "He felt that playwriting and acting were like the two wheels of the same cart, but that actors who write are actors before they are dramatists. He was consistent in his belief that play were merely the means whereby a performance could be extracted from an actor. The ultimate aim of any play, he argued, is to please the audience" (Samuel Leiter, "New Kabuki Encyclopedia").

He created the first version of 2 of the most famous plays belonging to the kabuki jűhachiban collection: "Narukami" (1st lunar month of 1684) and "Shibaraku" (1st lunar month of 1697). He performed the first sayaate and kusazuribiki scenes in Kabuki history. He was the first actor to portray the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ (5th lunar month of 1697), whom he worshipped with deep devotion during all his career and who granted several of his wishes: birth of his son, a salary of 400 ry˘ (in fact it is said that his salary went up to 800 ry˘, an enormous amount of money at that time) or fame in Kamigata. His yag˘ Naritaya came from the Narita Fud˘son temple dedicated to the cult of the deity Fud˘ My˘˘.

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I was the first Kabuki actor to write haiku and hold a haimy˘.

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I and Nakamura Denkur˘ I were in Edo the leading triumvirat of Genroku stars.

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ playing the role of Soga "Takenuki" Gor˘ in the play "Tsuwamono Gongen Soga", which was performed at the Nakamuraza in the 5th lunar month of 1697 (print made by Torii Kiyomasu I)

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu in 1697

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu in 1701

The Ichikawa Ebiz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danjűr˘ line of actors

 
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