SANOGAWA J█KICHI I

Stage names:

Sanogawa Jűkichi I In Japanese
Sanogawa Mangiku In Japanese

Existence: 1690 ~ 19th day of the 7th lunar month of 1747

Connections:

Master: Fujikawa Shigeemon

Younger brother: Sanogawa Jűz˘ (Nakamura Kichiemon I)

Disciples: Sanogawa Ichimatsu I, Sanogawa Jűkichi II, Sanogawa Wakamatsu, Sanogawa Mansaku, Sanogawa Senz˘, Sanogawa Hatsugiku

Career:

1690 ~ 1705: born in a samurai family in the city of Himeji (province of Harima). His father becomes a r˘nin at an unknown date and settles in ďsaka. He becomes disciple of the actor Fujikawa Shigeemon.

1705: he takes the name of Sanogawa Mangiku and makes his first stage appearence in ďsaka as a wakashugata.

11th lunar month of 1708: Mangiku plays the role of Tawara Tomejir˘ in the drama "ďkamado Uke Matsuri", which is produced in ďsaka by Iwai Hanshir˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1713: Mangiku plays the role of Komamaru in the drama "Keizu no Musume", which is produced in ďsaka by Shinozuka Sh˘matsu I.

11th lunar month of 1714: Mangiku plays in ďsaka the role of Mikazuki Yaheiji in the kaomise drama "Daikoku Shinmai Dawara", which is produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1715: Mangiku becomes wakaonnagata and plays the role of Okura in the drama "Saiwai Mochimaru Ch˘ja", which is produced in ďsaka by Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1716: Mangiku plays in ďsaka the role of Kinsh˘jo in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Kokusen'ya Gassen", which is produced by the zamoto Arashi Gosabur˘ for the nadai ďsaka Kuzaemon at the Higashi no Shibai. This is the first time this play is staged in ďsaka. Mangiku's stage partners are Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I (Wat˘nai), Takenaka T˘zabur˘ (Kanki), Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I (R˘ikkan) and Kirinami Takie (Wat˘nai's mother).

11th lunar month of 1717: Mangiku plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Genjűr˘'s ny˘b˘ Oshige in the kaomise drama "Inari Yashiki Daikoku Bashira", which is produced by the zamoto Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I (who plays the role of Inamatsu Genjűr˘).

12th lunar month of 1717: Mangiku plays in the same theater the role of the keisei Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ in the kiri ky˘gen "ďsaka Shinjű Hajimari" [1]; the role of Ichinoj˘'s lover Ch˘emon is played by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I.

Fall 1718: Mangiku goes to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1718: Mangiku plays 2 r˘les at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Hirakana Yomeiri Izu Nikki".

Spring 1719: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's play "Sonezaki Shinjű" is performed for the first time at the Nakamuraza, starring Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II and Mangiku in the roles of Hiranoya Tokubŕ and the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu (Tokubŕ's lover).

8th lunar month of 1720: last performance of Mangiku in Edo; he plays at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Higashiyama Gin no Tsukimi".

Fall 1720: Mangiku goes back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1720: Mangiku plays the role of Azuma no Oraku in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Nishiki no Kusazuri", which is produced in ďsaka by the zamoto Takeshima K˘zaemon II.

11th lunar month of 1721: Mangiku plays at the Higashi no Shibai the role of Kurayama Daigaku's daughter Masaki in the kaomise drama "Tenryű Chiryű Kogane no Suzunari", which is produced by Arashi San'emon III; the role of Kurayama Daigaku is played by Osagawa Jűemon.

11th lunar month of 1723: Mangiku plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of la courtesan Sonohara and Edo no Oshige in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hanagata", which is produced by Arashi San'emon III and celebrates the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo star ďtani Hiroji I.

1st lunar month of 1724: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of "Edoe Ukiyo Soga", an Edo-flavored new year drama welcoming in ďsaka the Edo actor ďtani Hiroji I; Mangiku plays the roles of ďiso no Tora and Tenmaya Ohatsu [more details].

11th lunar month of 1724: Mangiku plays in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri Miyako no Shimadai", which is produced in Ky˘to by the zamoto Ogino Umenosuke for the nadai Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ.

1st lunar month of 1725: Mangiku's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1725: Mangiku plays the role of Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which is produced by Ogino Umenosuke at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ is played by Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1725: Mangiku becomes zamoto, working in Ky˘to for the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű; he produces the drama "ďkamado Hatsumen Bako" in which he plays the role of the courtesan Katsuyama.

1st lunar month of 1726: Mangiku produces the drama "Keisei Futago Yama" in which he plays 3 roles.

11th lunar month of 1726: Mangiku produces at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the kaomise drama "Shinz˘ Kishi no Himematsu". The line-up includes the actors ďtani Hiroji I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Fujikawa Heikur˘, Tatsuoka Someemon, Band˘ Toyosabur˘, Fujita Taijir˘ and Kirinami Onoe.

2nd lunar month of 1727: Mangiku produces in the same theater the drama "Keisei Kamakura Yama".

11th lunar month of 1727: Mangiku produces at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘".

11th lunar month of 1728: Mangiku produces at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Kogane no Uroko".

7th lunar month of 1729: Mangiku produced in Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater Fukuoka Yagoshir˘'s drama "Keisei Iss˘shu". The dance "Miyako Odori" is performed at the end of the program.

11th lunar month of 1729: second stay in Edo; Mangiku plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Ch˘seiden Shiraga Kintoki".

5th lunar month of 1730: Mangiku plays the role of the courtesan Ohatsu in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which is produced at the Ichimuraza; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ is played by Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV.

7th lunar month of 1731: Mangiku plays at the Ichimuraza in the drama "ďzum˘ Fujito Genji".

Fall 1731: Mangiku goes back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1731: Mangiku plays in the kaomise drama "Hirakana Imagawaj˘", which is produced in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; his stage partners are Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Arashi San'emon III, Yashio Ikuemon, Somenoi Hanshir˘, Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I and Tomizawa Montar˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1732: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsuda Bunk˘d˘ and Hasegawa Senshi puppet theater drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki", which is produced in Ky˘to by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Mangiku plays the role of Ofusa [casting].

4th lunar month of 1733: Mangiku plays the role of the courtesan Ohatsu for the last time, in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which is produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai by the zamoto Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ is played by Asao Jűjir˘.

11th lunar month of 1735: Mangiku plays the role of Okatsu in the kaomise drama "Bankoku ďshimadai", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

Summer of Fall 1736: first (partial) Kabuki adaptation of the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru", which is produced at Miyako Mandayű's theater by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and is entitled "Hangaku Mon Yaburi" ("The Destruction of the Gate by Hangaku" in English); it stars Mangiku (Hangaku) and Sanogawa Ichimatsu I (Ichiwakamaru).

1st lunar month of 1739: Mangiku plays the role of Oyura in the drama "Keisei Arashiyama", which is produced in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1741: Mangiku plays in the drama "Onna Hinin Adauchi".

11th lunar month of 1741: third stay in Edo; Mangiku plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki".

1st lunar month of 1742: Mangiku plays in the same theater the roles of Otaka and Mank˘ in the drama "Musume Soga Gaijin Yashima".

1st lunar month of 1743: Mangiku plays at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Kado Midori Tokiwa Soga".

Fall 1743: Mangiku goes back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1743: Mangiku plays the role of Okatsu in Namiki S˘suke's kaomise drama "Futatsu Biki Nishiki no Manmaku", which is produced in ďsaka at the ďnishi no Shibai by the zamoto Nakamura Jűz˘ I. His stage partners are Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Iwai Hanshir˘ III, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II, Nakamura Shingor˘ I and Arashi Shichigor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1745: Sanogawa Mangiku takes the name of Sanogawa Jűkichi I in Ky˘to, playing in the drama "Toragoyomi Hoteibukuro".

11th lunar month of 1746: Jűkichi appears on stage for the last time, playing in the drama "Tomi Yakata ďmu Kotoba", which is produced in Ky˘to by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I; his stage partners are Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Nakamura Utaemon I, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I (final performance before his death), Tamiya Jűzabur˘ I (final performance before his death), Yamatoyama Rinzaemon I (who celebrates his shűmei) and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I.

Comments:

Sanogawa Jűkichi I was an outstanding wakaonnagata actor, excelling in bud˘goto roles. He was also able to perform sometimes as a yatsushigata.

Sanogawa Jűkichi I's mon is the paulownia.

There was no other actor to hold the name of Sanogawa Mangiku in Kabuki history but the great Japanese writer Mishima Yukio had the idea to use this name for a fictitious contemporary Kabuki actor in one of his best short stories called "Onnagata".

[1] This drama was a shinjűmono based on the story of Ch˘emon and his lover Ichinoj˘. The 17th day of the 5th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenna era (the 11th of June 1683 in the western calendar), the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decided to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the same month the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history.

Kasaya Matakur˘ I (left) and Sanogawa Jűkichi I (right) performing in the kaomise drama "Toragoyomi Hoteibukuro", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1745 in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater

Prints & Illustrations

Sanogawa Mangiku's big illustration

Print made by Torii Kiyotada

The Sanogawa Jűkichi line of actors

 
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