SANOGAWA ICHIMATSU I

Guilds: Yoshiya, Shinmanya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1722 ~ 12th day of the 11th lunar month of 1762

Connections:

Master: Sanogawa Mangiku

Disciples: Sanogawa Ichimatsu II, Sanogawa Shinkur˘

Career:

1722~1733: born in a family of samurai in Fushimi (Yamashiro Province). He is adopted by Jinz˘, a dekata working at the Minamigawa no Shibai in Ky˘to. Later on, he becomes a disciple of the actor Sanogawa Mangiku.

11th lunar month of 1733: Ichimatsu plays a child role in the drama "Meotogura Kogane no Masugata", which is produced in Ky˘to by Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1734: Ichimatsu plays at Miyako Mandayű's theater (Ky˘to) in the kaomise drama "Tomi Yakata Kogane no Yaguruma", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1735: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Ichimatsu plays the role of Kuzu-no-Ha's child [casting].

11th lunar month of 1735: Ichimatsu plays the role of Takashima Inamaru in the kaomise drama "Bankoku ďshimadai", which is staged at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

Summer of Fall 1736: first (partial) Kabuki adaptation of the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru", which is produced at Miyako Mandayű's theater by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and is entitled "Hangaku Mon Yaburi" ("The Destruction of the Gate by Hangaku" in English); it stars Sanogawa Mangiku (Hangaku) and Ichimatsu (Ichiwakamaru).

11th lunar month of 1737: Ichimatsu achieves a great success at Miyako Mandayű's theater by playing the role of Sanada Yoichi in the drama "Koatsumori Chishio no Kesa", which is produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1738: Ichimatsu plays in Ky˘to a wakashugata role in the drama "Ichi no Tomi H˘rai Yakata", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I for the nadai Kameya Kumenoj˘.

1st lunar month of 1739: Ichimatsu plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Oshima in the drama "Keisei Arashiyama".

11th lunar month of 1739: Ichimatsu becomes zamoto in Ky˘to, working for the nadai Miyako Mandayű; he produced the drama "Muromachi Dono Ch˘h˘ Denki" with the following line-up: ďtani Hiroji I (Ise no Sabur˘), Yamanaka Heijűr˘ II (Nikki Danj˘), Onoe Kikugor˘ I (Enju) and Sawamura Otoemon I (ďuchi Kamon).

2nd lunar month of 1741: first stay in Edo; Ichimatsu plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Kumenosuke in the drama "K˘ya Shinjű". He starts a successful fashion with his obi pattern, which is still used nowadays and is called "Ichimatsu Moy˘".

5th lunar month of 1741: Ichimatsu suddenly falls ill and has to rest for a few months.

11th lunar month of 1741: Ichimatsu performs at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki", which welcomes in Edo the actors Sanogawa Mangiku, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1742: Ichimatsu plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Sankichi and Tokihira in the drama "Musume Soga Gaijin Yashima".

5th lunar month of 1743: Ichimatsu plays at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Yamato Morokoshi Aish˘ Kagami".

7th lunar month of 1744: Ichimatsu goes back to Kamigata; he plays in Ky˘to in the drama "Keisei Hyoku no Kabuto", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1744: second stay in Edo; Ichimatsu plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Wada Gor˘ in the kaomise drama "Kach˘ Taiheiki".

3rd lunar month of 1747: the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Ichimatsu plays the role of Ume˘maru [casting].

11th lunar month of 1747: Ichimatsu plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Yorimasa in the kaomise drama "Shusse Momijigari".

11th lunar month of 1749: Ichimatsu plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Wakiya Gisuke in the kaomise drama "Onn˘ Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1753: Ichimatsu becomes wakaonnagata and plays at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Otoko Date Hatsugai Soga".

11th lunar month of 1754: Ichimatsu plays at the Moritaza the role of Ushiwakamaru in the kaomise drama "Kiichi H˘gen Shinan-guruma".

11th lunar month of 1762: Ichimatsu is about to perform at the Moritaza in the drama "T˘zai T˘zai Wagakuni no Umeyashiki" but he seriously falls ill and dies in a few days.

Comments:

Sanogawa Ichimatsu I was a talented and popular wakashugata and wakaonnagata actor, equally at home in sewamono or jidaimono dramas. Trained by Sanogawa Mangiku in Kamigata theaters, he definitively settled in Edo in the 11th lunar month of 1744, where he stayed and won fame for himself up to his death in the 11th lunar month of 1862.

Sanogawa Ichimatsu I's mon is the paulownia.

"What have come to be called Ichimatsu dolls were first produced in the Kamp˘ and H˘reki eras (1741 - 1764), the faces designed to resemble Sanogawa Ichimatsu, a Kabuki actor who was famous for his portrayal of young men. There may have been similar kinds of dolls before then, but those with the face of Ichimatsu became extremely popular, and eventually all dolls of this kind came to be called Ichimatsu dolls." (Yamada Tokubei in "The History of Japanese Dolls")

Sanogawa Ichimatsu I playing the role of Sankichi in the drama "Musume Soga Gaijin Yashima", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1742 at the Nakamuraza

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Okumura Masanobu

Print made by Okumura Toshinobu

Print made by Torii Kiyoshige (1752~1755)

The Sanogawa Ichimatsu line of actors

 
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