|SANOGAWA ICHIMATSU I|
Guilds: Yoshiya, Shinmanya
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Existence: 1722 ~ 12th day of the 11th lunar month of 1762
Master: Sanogawa Mangiku
Disciples: Sanogawa Ichimatsu II, Sanogawa Shinkur˘
1722~1733: born in a family of samurai in Fushimi (Yamashiro Province). He is adopted by Jinz˘, a dekata working at the Minamigawa no Shibai in Ky˘to. Later on, he becomes a disciple of the actor Sanogawa Mangiku.
5th lunar month of 1735: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Ichimatsu plays the role of Kuzu-no-Ha's child [casting].
Summer of Fall 1736: first (partial) Kabuki adaptation of the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru", which is produced at Miyako Mandayű's theater by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and is entitled "Hangaku Mon Yaburi" ("The Destruction of the Gate by Hangaku" in English); it stars Sanogawa Mangiku (Hangaku) and Ichimatsu (Ichiwakamaru).
11th lunar month of 1737: Ichimatsu achieves a great success at Miyako Mandayű's theater by playing the role of Sanada Yoichi in the drama "Koatsumori Chishio no Kesa", which is produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III.
1st lunar month of 1739: Ichimatsu plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Oshima in the drama "Keisei Arashiyama".
11th lunar month of 1739: Ichimatsu becomes zamoto in Ky˘to, working for the nadai Miyako Mandayű; he produced the drama "Muromachi Dono Ch˘h˘ Denki" with the following line-up: ďtani Hiroji I (Ise no Sabur˘), Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I (Nikki Danj˘), Onoe Kikugor˘ I (Enju) and Sawamura Otoemon I (ďuchi Kamon).
2nd lunar month of 1741: first stay in Edo; Ichimatsu plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Kumenosuke in the drama "K˘ya Shinjű". He starts a successful fashion with his obi pattern, which is still used nowadays and is called "Ichimatsu Moy˘".
5th lunar month of 1741: Ichimatsu suddenly falls ill and has to rest for a few months.
11th lunar month of 1741: Ichimatsu performs at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki", which welcomes in Edo the actors Sanogawa Mangiku, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.
Sanogawa Ichimatsu I was a talented and popular wakashugata and wakaonnagata actor, equally at home in sewamono or jidaimono dramas. Trained by Sanogawa Mangiku in Kamigata theaters, he definitively settled in Edo in the 11th lunar month of 1744, where he stayed and won fame for himself up to his death in the 11th lunar month of 1862.
Sanogawa Ichimatsu I's mon is the paulownia.
"What have come to be called Ichimatsu dolls were first produced in the Kanp˘ and H˘reki eras (1741 - 1764), the faces designed to resemble Sanogawa Ichimatsu, a Kabuki actor who was famous for his portrayal of young men. There may have been similar kinds of dolls before then, but those with the face of Ichimatsu became extremely popular, and eventually all dolls of this kind came to be called Ichimatsu dolls." (Yamada Tokubŕ in "The History of Japanese Dolls")
The Sanogawa Ichimatsu line of actors
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