SEGAWA KIKUNOJď I

Stage names:

Segawa Kikunoj˘ I In Japanese
Segawa Kichiji I In Japanese | In Japanese
Hamamuraya Kichiji In Japanese

Others names:

Segawa Rok˘ I In Japanese
Hamamuraya Rok˘ In Japanese

Guild: Hamamuraya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Rok˘ (1)

Blazon: the spray of tied cotton (yui wata)

Existence: 1693 ~ 2nd day of the 9th lunar month of 1749 [1]

Connections:

Master: Segawa Takenoj˘ I

Brother: Segawa Kikujir˘ I

(Adopted/illegitimate ?) son: Segawa Kikunoj˘ II

Disciple: Segawa Somematsu

Career:

1693 ~ 1708: born in Ky˘to (born in 1691 according to some documents). He started his career in ďsaka in a little theater on the D˘tonbori managed by Kaizukaya Nizabur˘, performing under the name of Hamamuraya Kichiji. He became disciple of Segawa Takenoj˘ I at an unknown date and received the name of Segawa Kichiji I.

1st lunar month of 1709: he became wakaonnagata and took the name of Segawa Kikunoj˘ I in Ky˘to, performing in the drama "Nishi no Miya Hiruko no Inochi", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1713: Kikunoj˘ played in ďsaka at Shioya Kuroemon's theater the role of Iwachiyo in the kaomise drama "Yoyo Meoto Tsuru no Mago".

1722: Kikunoj˘ became zamoto in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1728: Kikunoj˘ played the role of Okane in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Kogane no Uroko", which was produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

10th lunar month of 1730: Kikunoj˘ settled in Edo. He achieved a great success at the Nakamuraza by performing the leading role of the Shakky˘ dance "Aioi Jishi".

11th lunar month of 1730: Kikunoj˘ performed in the same theater in the kaomise drama "Irifune Hiru-ga-Kojima"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, ďtani Hiroji I, Ogino Izabur˘ I, Nakajima Mihoemon I and Sodesaki Miwano I.

1st lunar month of 1731: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He played at the Nakamuraza the role of the courtesan Katsuragi in the drama "Keisei Fukubiki Nagoya" [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1731: Kikunoj˘ played in the same theater the leading role of the first d˘j˘jimono of Kabuki history, entitled "Mugen no Kane Shind˘j˘ji".

11th lunar month of 1731: Kikunoj˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Shinobu in the kaomise drama "Wag˘ Ichiji Taiheiki", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata star Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1732: Kikunoj˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Yamato Kotoba Imagawaj˘", which was written by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I; this kaomise program welcomed in Edo the 2 Kamigata stars Anegawa Shinshir˘ I and Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1733: Kikunoj˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Nagi no Hana Asahi Genji".

1st lunar month of 1734: Kikunoj˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the new year drama "Jűhakk˘ Imay˘ Soga". He also played the leading role of the spirit of the shishi for the premiere of the dance "Fűryű Aioi Jishi". The hat he used on stage became the latest fashion in the city of Edo and was called "Segawa B˘shi" ('the Segawa Hat').

11th lunar month of 1734: Kikunoj˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and played the role of Kunitae's wife Matsushima in the kaomise drama "Michinoku Yunzei Genji"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II (who plays Kunitae), ďtani Hiroji I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Ichikawa Danz˘ I, Tsuruya Nanboku I, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I, Sakata Hangor˘ I and Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1735: Kikunoj˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Ono no Komachi in the kaomise drama "Kongen Nana Komachi", which celebrated the great shűmei of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1736: the trio made up of Kikunoj˘, Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV and Ichimura Manz˘ performed together at the Ichimuraza in "Sayo no Nakayama Asama-ga-Dake", the first Tokiwazu-based dance-drama in Kabuki history.

11th lunar month of 1736: ďtani Hiroji I and the Segawa brothers, Kikunoj˘ and Kikujir˘, moved together to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Tomi Sessh˘seki".

9th lunar month of 1737: Kikunoj˘ celebrated his coming departure from Edo, achieving a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the role of Kuzu-no-Ha (a female fox disguised as a woman who had to depart from his human child) in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

Fall 1737: ďtani Hiroji I and the Segawa brothers, Kikunoj˘ and Kikujir˘, went together to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1737: Kikunoj˘ and his brother Kikujir˘ settled in Ky˘to and performed in the kaomise drama "Yamato Uta Kamiyo no Kagami", which was produced by Mizuki Tatsunosuke II (who celebrated his shűmei) at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; their stage partners were Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Shinozuka Kazaemon, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Arashi Sanshir˘ III and Somenoi Utamatsu.

2nd lunar month of 1738: the Segawa brothers performed in the same theater in the play "Shimada Kagekiyo", which was a big audience failure.

2nd lunar month of 1738: premiere in Ky˘to of Matsuda Bunk˘d˘'s drama "Yukihira Isonare Matsu"; Kikunoj˘ played the roles of Takamatsu's ny˘b˘ and Suma no Kofuji [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1738: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

Fall 1738: Kikunoj˘ moved to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1738: Kikunoj˘ performed at the ďnishi no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kusunoki Yakata Sennen Gitsune", which was produced by Yoshizawa Ayame II and also celebrated the arrival in ďsaka of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I. The line-up included the actors Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ I, Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I, Ichiyama Dengor˘ and Matsushima Moheiji.

1st lunar month of 1739: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He played in the same theater the leading role of the dance-drama "Mugen no Kane".

12th lunar month of 1739: Kikunoj˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan T˘yama in the drama "Kewai Musha ďmi Genji"; his stage partners were Yoshizawa Ayame II (Okichi), Nakamura S˘jűr˘ (Sh˘gen), Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I (Nagoya Sanza), Arashi Shichigor˘ I (Fuwa Banzaemon) and Anegawa Shinshir˘ I (Matahei).

11th lunar month of 1740: Kikunoj˘ performed at the ďnishi no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Yaguruma Yakata no Fuji", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I; his stage partners were Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Nakamura S˘jűr˘ and Arashi Shichigor˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1740: Kikunoj˘ played in the same theater the leading role of the d˘j˘jimono "Keisei Imay˘ D˘j˘ji".

1st lunar month of 1741: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

5th lunar month of 1741: Kikunoj˘ played in the same theater the role of Och˘ in the drama "Onna Hinin Adauchi".

7th lunar month of 1741: Kikunoj˘ achieved a great success in the same theater by performing in the drama "S˘en Musha Makura Gundan"; the performance was a 100 days long run.

Fall 1741: Kikunoj˘ went back to Edo with ďtani Hiroji I.

11th lunar month of 1741: Kikunoj˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Iwato Saemon's wife Uraba in the kaomise drama "Sugatae Onna Narihira"; his stage partners were ďtani Hiroji I (playing Iwato Saemon), Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Band˘ Matatar˘ III, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Matsushima Moheiji, Nakajima Mihoemon I, Miyazaki Jűshir˘ II, Ichiyama Dengor˘, Tamazawa Saijir˘ I and Ichimura Manz˘.

3rd lunar month of 1742: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Hanabusa Shishi no Rangyoku", the third part (sanbanme) of the new year sogamono drama "Fuji Miru Sato Sakae Soga"; Kikunoj˘ played the leading role of this Lion dance [2].

11th lunar month of 1742: Kikunoj˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Miyagino in the kaomise drama "Furisode Shinoda no Zuma", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1743: Kikunoj˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Funayosooi Mitsugi Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1744: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

2nd lunar month of 1744: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Nagauta-based d˘j˘jimono "Momo Chidori Musume D˘j˘ji". The leading female role was played by Kikunoj˘ and his two stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and ďtani Hiroji I.

11th lunar month of 1744: Kikunoj˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kach˘ Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1745: Kikunoj˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Suehiro Izu Nikki", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Fujikawa Heikur˘ and the shűmei of ďtani Hiroemon II and Nakamura Denkur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1746: Kikunoj˘ played in the same theater the leading role of the Miyakoji-based dance "Mugen no Kane Omoi no Akatsuki", which was based on the Mugen no Kane legend.

11th lunar month of 1746: Kikunoj˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and played the role of Ofuji in the kaomise drama "Aioi Izu Nikki", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actors Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I and Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1747: Kikunoj˘ played in the same theater the role of Onna Kan Sh˘j˘, the female Kan Sh˘j˘ (the hero of the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), in the drama "Onna Kan Sh˘j˘ Utsutsu no Narukami".

11th lunar month of 1747: Kikunoj˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and played the roles of Sanemori's daughter Kumano and the courtesan Nishikigi in the kaomise drama "Izu Gunzei Sum˘ no Nishiki", sharing the top of the bill with the 2 stars Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ III and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1748: Kikunoj˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of the courtesan Akoya in the drama "Kazari Ebi Yoroi Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1748: Kikunoj˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he successfully played the role of Onna Kan Sh˘j˘, the female Kan Sh˘j˘, in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He suddenly fell ill in the 3rd lunar month and had to stop acting.

2nd day of the 9th lunar month of 1749 [1]: Kikunoj˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Segawa Kikunoj˘ I was the best onnagata in Edo during the first half of the eighteenth century. He was an excellent dancer and the author of a book, "Onnagata Hiden" ("the secrets of an onnagata") in which he wrote that in order to be successful, an onnagata had to live his daily life as a woman. He was also the owner of a prosperous cosmetics shop located in Edo in the district of Ningy˘-ch˘.

[1] The 2nd day of the 9th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Kan'en era was the 12th of October 1749 in the western calendar.

[2] This dance is still in the Kabuki repertoire and is commonly called "Makura Jishi".

The Actors Anegawa Shinshir˘ I and Segawa Kikunoj˘ I
Artist: Torii Kiyoshige
Date: 1728ľ1738
The Art Institute of Chicago (print in the public domain)

Prints & Illustrations

The Segawa Rok˘ line of actors

The Segawa Kichiji line of actors

The Segawa Kikunoj˘ line of actors

 
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