BANDď HIKOSABURď III

Stage names:

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III In Japanese
Ichimura Kichigor˘ I In Japanese

Others names:

Band˘ Shinsui III In Japanese
Hans˘an Rakuzen In Japanese

Guild: Otowaya, Yorozuya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry names: Shinsui (3), Rakuzen, Kisshi

Existence: 1754 ~ 18th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1828 [1]

Connection:

Father: Ichimura Uzaemon VIII

Brothers: Ichimura Uzaemon IX, Ichimura Zenz˘

Master: Onoe Kikugor˘ I

Adopted son: Band˘ Kamez˘ I (Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV)

Career:

1754: born in Edo. He was the third son of the actor and zamoto Ichimura Uzaemon VIII.

3rd lunar month of 1759: he made his first stage appearance, at the Ichimuraza where he received the name of Ichimura Kichigor˘ I and performed as a koyaku in the drama in the drama "Hiru-ga-Kojima Buyű Mond˘".

7th day of the 5th lunar month of 1762 [2]: his father Ichimura Uzaemon VIII died in Edo.

4th day of the 5th lunar month of 1768 [3]: the actor Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II died in Edo.

8th lunar month of 1768: Kichigor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Prince Tokiyo in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1770: he became disciple of the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I, who allowed him to take the name of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III and to use his yag˘ Otowaya; the new Hikosabur˘ achieved a great success at the Ichimuraza by performing in the kaomise drama "Meoto Giku Izu no Kisewata", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata star Arashi Sangor˘ II and celebrated also the shűmei of Band˘ Sanpachi II and Segawa Kichiji III.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakashugata section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior) [visual].

9th lunar month of 1773: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of ďboshi Rikiya in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Rikiya's father Yuranosuke was played by Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1774: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Ise no Sabur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1777: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Mondo and Momonoi Wakasanosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

3rd lunar month of 1781: Hikosabur˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1782: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Terukuni in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

Fall 1782: Hikosabur˘ and ďtani Tokuji I went together to Kamigata.

29th day of the 12th lunar month of 1783 [4]: his master Onoe Kikugor˘ I died.

1st lunar month of 1788: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

8th lunar month of 1790: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1790: the play "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; it celebrated the onagori ky˘gen of the Kamigata star Asao Tamejűr˘ I; Hikosabur˘ played the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune [more details].

6th lunar month of 1791: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

5th lunar month of 1793: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Hayano Kanpei and Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Okaru was played by Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1794: Hikosabur˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune in the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

9th lunar month of 1794: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of En'ya Hangan and Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ and Yuranosuke were played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘.

10th lunar month of 1794: due to some financial difficulties, the salaries of all the actors were drastically reduced. Hikosabur˘'s yearly salary for the coming season was set to 520 ry˘ after a reduction of 40 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1794: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Miyakoza and played the role of Godai Sabur˘ in Namiki Gohei I's kaomise drama "Uru˘ Tosshi Meika no Homare", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Nakaz˘ II and welcomed in Edo the actors Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakamura Noshio II and the ďsaka playwright Namiki Gohei I.

4th lunar month of 1795: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of En'ya Hangan and Yuranosuke's wife Oishi were played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III and Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1795: Hikosabur˘ played at the Miyakoza the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the kaomise drama "Kaeribana Yuki no Yoshitsune".

7th lunar month of 1796: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1796: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Kiriza and played 3 roles in the kaomise drama "Ginsekai Matsu ni Yukihira".

9th lunar month of 1797: Hikosabur˘ played at the Kiriza the roles of Kakuju and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Matsu˘maru were played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1797: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Kaikei Koky˘ no Nishikigi".

1st lunar month of 1798: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

4th lunar month of 1798: Hikosabur˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Daihanji no Kiyosumi in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1798: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Moritaza and performed in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Mitsugi no Funauta", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Aragor˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1799: Hikosabur˘ played at the Moritaza the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Kakuju were played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

9th lunar month of 1799: Hikosabur˘ played at the Moritaza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Okaru was played by Nakamura Noshio II.

11th lunar month of 1799: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Utsukushiki Yuki no Sekai", which celebrated the shűmei of Ogino Izabur˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1800: Namiki Gohei's drama "Gosan no Kiri" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza in a somewhat different version titled "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri" instead of "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Hikosabur˘ played the roles of Konomura ďinosuke (in reality S˘ Sokei) and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

7th lunar month of 1800: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of En'ya Hangan and Okaru were played by Ogino Izabur˘ II and Segawa Kikusabur˘ II.

9th ~ 10th lunar months of 1800: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danz˘ IV (Shihei, Genz˘, Shiratayű, Kakuju), Arashi Hinasuke II (Matsu˘maru), Segawa Kikunoj˘ III (Sakuramaru's wife Yae) and Ogino Izabur˘ II (Ume˘maru)

11th lunar month of 1800: Hikosabur˘ moved to the reopening Kawarasakiza and performed in the kaomise drama "Modoribashi Tsuna-ga-Kaomise".

7th lunar month of 1801: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi, Kamatari and Fujiwara Tankai in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

9th lunar month of 1801: Hikosabur˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the roles of En'ya Hangan, Kakogawa Honz˘ and Horibe Yajibŕ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1801: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and plays several roles in the kaomise drama "Date D˘gutsui no ďtori", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Hikozaemon I and Yamashita Mansaku.

3rd lunar month of 1802: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Shiratayű and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

6th lunar month of 1802: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of the yakko Ippei, Takemura Sadanoshin and Sanai in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

8th lunar month of 1802: Hikosabur˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Sasaki Tan'emon, Ishidome Busuke and Honda Dainaiki in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa".

11th lunar month of 1802: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Kawarasakiza and played the roles of Kawagoe Shigeyori, Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori, Taira no Koremori, Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan, the fox Genkur˘, Sat˘ Shiroby˘e Tadanobu and Minamoto no Yoritomo in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

2nd lunar month of 1803: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of Shunkan and Fukuoka Mitsugi in the dramas "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba". Hikosabur˘ and Nakamura Daikichi I, who planned to go together to Kamigata, suddenly left the Kawarasakiza, which had to close its doors up to the 8th lunar month because of the lack of stars in its troupe.

9th lunar month of 1803: Hikosabur˘ moved temporarily to the Ichimuraza and played the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1803: Hikosabur˘ and Nakamura Daikichi I went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1803: Hikosabur˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "S˘zoku Ishibashiyama", which celebrated the shűmei of Asao Tamejűr˘ II. He also performed in duo with Nakamura Daikichi I in the shosagoto "Saiwai Narukana Iro no Yumitori".

12th lunar month of 1803: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1804: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

6th lunar month of 1804: tour in Nagoya with Nakamura Daikichi I, Onoe Shinshichi II and Mimasu Daigor˘ III; Hikosabur˘ played the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was staged at the Miyawaka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1804: Hikosabur˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

12th lunar month of 1804: Hikosabur˘ played the roles of the fox Genkur˘ and Sat˘ Shiroby˘e Tadanobu in the "Yoshinoyama" and "Shi-no-Kiri" scenes of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was staged in ďsaka at the Horie Shibai; the roles of Yoshitsune and Shizuka Gozen were played by Seki Sanjűr˘ I and Nakamura Daikichi I.

1st lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of the fox Genkur˘ and Sat˘ Shiroby˘e Tadanobu in the "Yoshinoyama" and "Shi-no-Kiri" scenes of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced by Yoshizawa Enjir˘ I; the roles of Yoshitsune and Shizuka Gozen were played by Arashi Sangor˘ III and Nakamura Daikichi I. Hikosabur˘ also played the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and ďboshi Yuranosuke in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

4th lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of the fox Genkur˘ and Sat˘ Shiroby˘e Tadanobu in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He also played the role of Momonoi Wakasanosuke in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei and Taira no Tomomori in the "Tokaiya" and "Daimotsu no Ura" scenes of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

12th lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei and Taira no Tomomori in the "Tokaiya" and "Daimotsu no Ura" scenes of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced by Yamashita Tokujir˘.

3rd lunar month of 1806: Hikosabur˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Kanki and Fukuoka Mitsugi in the dramas "Kokusen'ya Gassen" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba"; the roles of Wat˘nai and Kinsh˘jo were played by Nakamura Utaemon III and Yoshizawa Iroha I. This was the last performance in ďsaka for Hikosabur˘, who planned to go back to Edo. He performed at the end of the program a great 7-roles hengemono entitled "Yuiyanagi Kumo no Ito Asobi".

4th lunar month of 1806: last performance in Ky˘to; Hikosabur˘ played the role of Ishioka Sazen in the drama "Akatsuki Garasu Gion Bayashi". He also performed at the end of the program in the 7-role hengemono "Yuiyanagi Kumo no Ito Asobi".

Fall 1806: Hikosabur˘ went back to Edo after three successful seasons spent in Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1806: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue, Okazaki Akushir˘ and Taira no Shigemori in the kaomise drama "Wakazakari Heike Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1807: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent).

10th lunar month of 1807: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Matahei's wife Otoku was played by Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

11th lunar month of 1807: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Kaikei Yuki no Konoshita", which celebrated the shűmei of Segawa Senjo and Segawa Rok˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1808: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi, Soga no Iruka and Fujiwara Tankai in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

5th lunar month of 1808: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

7th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Segawa Jok˘ II's drama "Z˘ho Izari no Adauchi"; Hikosabur˘ played the role of Tsukumo Shinzaemon [casting].

8th lunar month of 1808: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" [print].

10th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; Hikosabur˘ played the role of Fujiya Izaemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1808: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Irosoyuru Nidai Genji", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Sawamura Tanosuke II and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ II.

1st day of the 1st lunar month of 1809: the Ichimuraza was destroyed by a fire.

4th lunar month of 1809: the theater was rebuilt and Hikosabur˘ played the role of Kobayashi no Asahina in the drama "Reigen Soga no Kamigaki".

5th lunar month of 1809: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Futami Jűzaemon in the drama "Kameyama no Adauchi"; the performance was a big success.

8th lunar month of 1809: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Moritaza and played the roles of Minamoto no Yoshitsune and Yazaemon ("Sushiya") in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He also played the role of Matahei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Otoku was played by Ichikawa Dannosuke III.

11th lunar month of 1809: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "ďshű Dachiyuki no Kurogoma".

1st lunar month of 1810: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent). Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Edo no Haru Gohiiki Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Omez˘ I and Sawamura Gennosuke I.

3rd lunar month of 1810: Hikosabur˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"; the role of Ishikawa Goemon was played by Nakamura Utaemon III.

7th lunar month of 1811: Hikosabur˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke, ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei's mother in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of En'ya Hangan, Okaru, Heiemon and Kanpei were played by Sawamura Gennosuke II, Sawamura Tanosuke II,Nakamura Utaemon III and Onoe Eizabur˘ I. Hikosabur˘ also played the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Shiratayű in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1812: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1812: Hikosabur˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1812: Hikosabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Sekihara Yoichi in the drama "Hirugaesu Nishiki no Tamoto". He also played the roles of En'ya Hangan and Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke was played by Nakamura Utaemon III.

1st lunar month of 1813: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

9th ~ 10th lunar months of 1813: Hikosabur˘ played for the last time (isse ichidai) the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Takebe Genz˘ and Shiratayű in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was staged in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1813: Hikosabur˘ appeared on stage for the last time, at the Kitagawa no Shibai in Ky˘to, playing the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1813 ~ 1816: he retired and took the tonsure in Ky˘to in a Temple located in Kurodani. He went back to Edo and lives a hermit life in a small hut called Hans˘an or Rakuzenb˘ and located in Muk˘jima.

11th lunar month of 1816: his adopted son Ichimura Kamesabur˘ took the name of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV at the Nakamuraza.

18th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1828 [1]: he died in Muk˘jima.

Comments:

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III was an outstanding tachiyaku and dancer, who excelled in wajitsu and bud˘goto roles. He was one of the first actors to promote realism in Kabuki.

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III's 2 best roles were ďboshi Yuranosuke ("Kanadehon Chűshingura") and Kan Sh˘j˘ ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami").

"the star of Yedo during the corresponding period of Bunka and Bunsei was the third Band˘ Hikosabur˘, youngest son of the eighth Ichimura Uzaemon. In later years he shaved his head, retired from the world, and lived in Honjo, a Yedo ward, where he posted up a notice on the gate to the effect that waste-paper dealers and actors were not allowed in. He was handsome and gifted, and died at the age of 75." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 18th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 11th year of the Bunsei era was the 2nd of April 1828 in the western calendar.

[2] The 7th day of the 5th lunar month of the 12th year of the H˘reki era was the 28th of June 1762 in the western calendar.

[3] The 4th day of the 5th lunar month of the 5th year of the Meiwa era was the 18th of June 1768 in the western calendar.

[4] The 29th day of the 12th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenmei era was the 21st of January 1784 in the western calendar.

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III in a print made by T˘shűsai Sharaku

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1796

Print made by Utagawa Kunimasa in 1796

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1798

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1808

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni (1862~1863)

The Band˘ Shinsui line of actors

The Band˘ Hikosabur˘ line of actors

 
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