ICHIKAWA ARAGORď I

Stage names:

Ichikawa Aragor˘ I In Japanese
Sanogawa Ichimatsu III In Japanese
Nakamura Kumejir˘ In Japanese | In Japanese | In Japanese
Nakamura Kumesabur˘ In Japanese | In Japanese
Nakamura Kumejir˘ In Japanese | In Japanese | In Japanese

Real name: Got˘ Shinjir˘

Guilds: Miyoshiya [1], Yoshiya [2], Tenn˘jiya [3]

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Shigan [1], Seifu [2], Rich˘ [3]

Existence: 1759 ~ 13th day of the 11th lunar month of 1813 [4]

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Nakamura Kumetar˘ I

Son: Ichikawa Danz˘ VI

Disciple: Ichikawa Terunosuke

Career:

1759: born in Kamigata. His father was a carpenter named Tanbaya Yohŕ (real name: Got˘ Shinza). His y˘my˘ was Naokichi [5].

1764: he became disciple of Nakamura Kumetar˘ I at a very young age and received the name of Nakamura Kumejir˘.

15th day of the 7th lunar month of 1777 [6]: his first master Nakamura Kumetar˘ I died.

Fall 1777: Nakamura Kumejir˘ took the name of Nakamura Kumesabur˘, went to Edo and definitively settled there.

2nd lunar month of 1778: Nakamura Kumesabur˘ took back the name of Nakamura Kumejir˘ and performed at the Nakamuraza in the new year sogamono drama "Kaid˘ Iro Yawaragi Soga".

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki"; Kumejir˘ played the role of the courtesan Takao [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1781: Kumejir˘ played at the Moritaza the roles of En'ya Hangan's wife Kaoyo Gozen, Okaru, Amakawaya Gihei's wife Osono and ďboshi Yuranosuke's wife Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of En'ya Hangan, Amakawaya Gihei and ďboshi Yuranosuke were played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

4th lunar month of 1783: first Kabuki adaptation of Y˘ Y˘dai's puppet theater drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie". The play was staged in Edo at the Moritaza; Kumejir˘ played the role of Ohatsu [casting].

7th lunar month of 1784: Kumejir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Ky˘-no-Kimi and Kokingo in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1784: Kumejir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kaoyo Gozen and Yuranosuke's wife Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1784: Nakamura Kumejir˘ took the name of Sanogawa Ichimatsu III at the Nakamuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "ďakinai Hiru-ga-Kojima".

8th lunar month of 1785: Ichimatsu played at the Nakamuraza the role of Haru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

5th lunar month of 1786: Ichimatsu played at the Nakamuraza the role of Yuranosuke's wife Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Yuranosuke was played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1787: Ichimatsu played at the Nakamuraza the role of Gihei's wife Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Gihei was played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1793: Ichimatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

10th lunar month of 1794: due to some financial difficulties, the salaries of all the actors were drastically reduced. Ichimatsu's yearly salary for the coming season was set to 300 ry˘ after a reduction of 120 ry˘.

4th lunar month of 1795: Ichimatsu played at the Miyakoza the role of Kaoyo Gozen in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1798: he became disciple of Ichikawa Danz˘ IV and tachiyaku actor.

11th lunar month of 1798: Sanogawa Ichimatsu III took the name of Ichikawa Aragor˘ I at the Moritaza, playing the roles of Wakiya Jir˘ and the yakko Saruhei in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Mitsugi no Funauta".

2nd lunar month of 1800: Namiki Gohei's drama "Gosan no Kiri" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza in a somewhat different version titled "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri" instead of "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Aragor˘ played the role of Mashiba Kingo Hisaaki [casting].

7th lunar month of 1800: Aragor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and Ono Sadakur˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1800: Aragor˘ played in the same theater the role of Terukuni in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1802: Aragor˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the roles of Minamoto no Yoshitsune and Igami no Gonta in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

3rd lunar month of 1808: Aragor˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the roles of Ume˘maru and Sukune Tar˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

9th day of the 10th lunar month of 1808 [7]: his second master Ichikawa Danz˘ IV died.

1st day of the 1st lunar month of 1809: a fire broke out in the district of Nihonbashi Sanai-ch˘ and destroyed both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza. As a consequence, Aragor˘ joined the troupe of actors, who performed in the 2nd lunar month of 1809 within the precincts of the Hachiman shrine in Ichigaya. Most likely, it was Aragor˘'s last performance on stage because his name did not appear anymore in Edo theater playbills.

13th day of the 11th lunar month of 1813 [4]: Aragor˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Ichikawa Aragor˘ I was an actor, who was trained as an onnagata in Kamigata but spent most of his career in Edo. He was slowly but surely gaining fame in Edo when he suddenly decided in 1798 to give up female roles to switch to male roles. His rank in the actors ranking dropped in the 1st lunar month of 1799 but he was back to the j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi level in the 1st lunar month of 1800 and stayed at this level up to the end of his career. He was equally at home in sewamono and jidaimono dramas. His forte were roles in the wagoto style.

[1] His yag˘ and his haimy˘ were Miyoshiya and Shigan during his Ichikawa years.

[2] His yag˘ and his haimy˘ were Yoshiya and Seifu during his Sanogawa years.

[3] His yag˘ and his haimy˘ were Tenn˘jiya and Rich˘ during his Nakamura years. Not recorded in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten", only in the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran".

[4] The 13th day of the 11th lunar month of the 10th year of the Bunka era was the 4th of January 1814 in the western calendar.

[5] It was recorded in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten" that his first stage name was Nakamura Naokichi. Not recorded in the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran".

[6] The 15th day of the 7th lunar month of the 6th year of the An'ei era was the 17th of August 1777 in the western calendar.

[7] The 9th day of the 10th lunar month of the 5th year of the Bunka era was the 26th of November 1808 in the western calendar.

Ichikawa Aragor˘ I playing the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Sakura no Futae Obi", which was staged in the 3rd lunar month of 1807 at the Nakamuraza (print made by Utagawa Toyokuni I)

Prints of Ichikawa Aragor˘ I

Print made by T˘shűsai Sharaku in 1794

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1798

The Sanogawa Ichimatsu line of actors

The Ichikawa Aragor˘ line of actors

 
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