ICHIYAMA SUKEGORď I

Stage names:

Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I
Sakakiyama Sukegor˘
Ichikawa Matatar˘
Ichikawa Kiyota
Ichikawa Kiyotar˘
Dekishima Kiyosabur˘
Kazakiri Tatsunosuke
Kazakiri Chűnosuke

Guild: Matsuya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Shizan

Existence: 1692 ~ 10th day of the 1st lunar month of 1747

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I

Son: Ichiyama Sukegor˘ II

Disciples: Ichiyama Shichijűr˘ I, Ichiyama Gennosuke

Career:

1692~1699: born in Edo; he starts his career at an early age, performing in kodomo shibai under the name of Kazakiri Chűnosuke and Kazakiri Tatsunosuke.

1st lunar month of 1700: he takes the name of Dekishima Kiyosabur˘ and performs as a wakashugata at the Moritaza.

Beginning of the 1700s: he becomes disciple of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I and receives the name of Ichikawa Kiyotar˘.

1708: his stage name is changed to Ichikawa Kiyota.

Fall 1709: he goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1709: Ichikawa Kiyota takes the name of Ichikawa Matatar˘ in ďsaka at Shioya Kuroemon's theater, performing in the kaomise "Inari Ch˘ja Kokonotsu Kogura", which is produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ II.

Fall 1711: he goes back to Edo with Osagawa Tatsuya and Sawamura Jűr˘zaemon.

11th lunar month of 1711: he takes the name of Sakakiyama Sukegor˘ and plays at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "K˘bai no Momoyoguruma".

Fall 1713: he goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1713: he takes the name of Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I and plays in the kaomise drama "Onna Fude Y˘bunsh˘", which is produced by Arashi San'emon III and Ogino Yaegiri I.

11th lunar month of 1717: Sukegor˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ishimaru Kanjűr˘ in the kaomise drama "Inari Yashiki Daikoku Bashira", which is produced by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1717: Sukegor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ch˘emon in the kiri ky˘gen "ďsaka Shinjű Hajimari" [1]; the role of Ch˘emon's lover Ichinoj˘ is played by Sanogawa Mangiku.

1st lunar month of 1720: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which is produced by Takeshima K˘zaemon II in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Sukegor˘ plays the role of Tanzaemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1727: Sukegor˘ produces in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater the kaomise drama "Masu Kagami Eitai Gura".

1st lunar month of 1731: S˘zabur˘ plays in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the roles of the wakadono Utanoj˘ and Gengo's younger brother Tamaru Hanroku in the new year ni-no-kawari "Keisei Mikasayama".

11th lunar month of 1732: Sukegor˘ plays in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater in the kaomise drama "Hayazaki Kogane no Hanabusa"; his stage partners are Arashi Kanshir˘ I, Fujioka Daikichi, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I, Somenoi Hanshir˘, Matsushima Moheiji, Kirinami Takie, Tomizawa Montar˘ I, Shinozuka Kazaemon and Arashi Koroku I.

1st lunar month of 1733: Sukegor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He shares the same rank with Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I and Arashi Kanshir˘ I.

Fall 1733: Sukegor˘ goes back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1733: Sukegor˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Tamate Hikoroku in the kaomise drama "Shigeri Matsu Kogane no Takaragura", which is produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1734: Sukegor˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He shares the same rank with Sawamura Otoemon I and Arashi Sangor˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1735: Sukegor˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Abe no Yasuna in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"; his stage partners are Yoshizawa Ayame II (Kuzu-no-Ha) and Nakamura Jűz˘ I (D˘man).

11th lunar month of 1736: Sukegor˘ plays in Ky˘to in the kaomise drama "Tomi no Ichi Kogane no Aratama", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I; his stage partners are Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II, Yamashita Kinsaku I, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Arashi Shichigor˘ I, Tatsuoka Hisagiku and Tatsuoka Someemon.

11th lunar month of 1738: Sukegor˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai in the kaomise program "Kusunoki Yakata Sennen Gitsune", which is produced by Yoshizawa Ayame II and celebrates the arrival in ďsaka of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I; the line-up includes also the actors Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ I, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, Ichiyama Dengor˘ and Matsushima Moheiji.

11th lunar month of 1742: Sukegor˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Sangoku Denrai no Ishi", which is produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III; his stage partners are Mimasu Daigor˘ I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Mihogi Gizaemon I, Somenoi Hanshir˘ and Yamashita Kinsaku I.

11th lunar month of 1745: Sukegor˘ produces at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Onna Musha Ukisu Gassen", in which he plays the role of Sasaki Moritsuna; his troupe includes Arashi Shichigor˘ I, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I, Segawa Somematsu, Sanj˘ Namie I, Nakamura Jiroza I, Ichikawa Sadanji I, Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I, Anegawa Daikichi I, Arashi Sangor˘ II, Hanagiri Toyomatsu II and Onogawa Kamegiku.

12th lunar month of 1745: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" is performed for the first time in ďsaka, simultaneously in the three major theaters of the city, which starts a competition for the best performance; Sukegor˘ produces this drama at the Naka no Shibai and plays the role of Issun Tokubŕ [casting].

8th ~ 9th lunar months month of 1746: Sukegor˘ produces in the same theater the drama "Keisei Asama-ga-Dake", in which he plays the role of Miura Wadaemon. This is most likely his last stage appearance.

10th day of the 1st lunar month of 1747: Sukegor˘ dies in ďsaka.

Comments:

Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I was an important tachiyaku actor, who made a long and successful career during the first half of the 18th century. An interesting feature of this actor was that he was born and trained in Edo but achieved fame for himself in Kamigata (a rare feature around his time, the opposite being more usual), where he became a top-ranking actor, holding the prestigious j˘-j˘-kichi rank for 13 years.

[1] This drama was a shinjűmono based on the story of Ch˘emon and his lover Ichinoj˘. The 17th day of the 5th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenna era (the 11th of June 1683 in the western calendar), the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decided to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the same month the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history.

The actors Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I (right) and Segawa Somematsu (left) performing in the 11th lunar month of 1745 at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Onna Musha Ukisu Gassen"

 
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