ICHIYAMA SUKEGORď I

Stage names:

Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I In Japanese
Sakakiyama Sukegor˘ In Japanese
Ichikawa Matatar˘ In Japanese
Ichikawa Kiyota In Japanese
Ichikawa Kiyotar˘ In Japanese
Dekishima Kiyosabur˘ In Japanese
Kazakiri Tatsunosuke In Japanese
Kazakiri Chűnosuke In Japanese

Guild: Matsuya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Shizan

Existence: 1692 ~ 10th day of the 5th lunar month of 1747 [1]

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I

Son: Ichiyama Sukegor˘ II

Disciples: Ichiyama Dengor˘, Ichiyama Shichijűr˘ I, Ichiyama Shimanosuke (?) [4], Ichiyama Gennosuke

Career:

1692~1699: born in Edo. Son of a yakko named Iemon. He started his career at an early age, performing in kodomo shibai under the names of Kazakiri Chűnosuke and Kazakiri Tatsunosuke.

1st lunar month of 1700: he took the name of Dekishima Kiyosabur˘ and performed as a wakashugata at the Moritaza.

Beginning of the 1700s: he became disciple of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I and received the name of Ichikawa Kiyotar˘.

19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1704 [2]: his master Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I died.

1708: his stage name was changed to Ichikawa Kiyota.

Fall 1709: he went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1709: he took the name of Ichikawa Matatar˘ in ďsaka at Shioya Kuroemon's theater, performing in the kaomise "Inari Ch˘ja Kokonotsu Kogura", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ II.

Fall 1711: he went back to Edo with Osagawa Tatsuya and Sawamura Jűr˘zaemon.

11th lunar month of 1711: he took the name of Sakakiyama Sukegor˘ and performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "K˘bai no Momoyoguruma".

Fall 1713: he went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1713: he took the name of Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I and performed in the kaomise drama "Onna Fude Y˘bunsh˘", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III and Ogino Yaegiri I.

11th lunar month of 1717: Sukegor˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ishimaru Kanjűr˘ in the kaomise drama "Inari Yashiki Daikoku Bashira", which was produced by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1717: Sukegor˘ played in the same theater the role of Ch˘emon in the kiri ky˘gen "ďsaka Shinjű Hajimari" [3]; the role of Ch˘emon's lover Ichinoj˘ was played by Sanogawa Mangiku.

1st lunar month of 1720: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which was produced by Takeshima K˘zaemon II in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Sukegor˘ played the roles of Tanzaemon Motoyasu and Ari˘maru [casting].

11th lunar month of 1720: Sukegor˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Tamatsushima Yaichir˘ in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Nishiki no Kusazuri", which was produced by the zamoto Takeshima K˘zaemon II.

11th lunar month of 1727: Sukegor˘ produced in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater the kaomise drama "Masu Kagami Eitai Gura".

1st lunar month of 1731: S˘zabur˘ played in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the roles of the wakadono Utanoj˘ and Gengo's younger brother Tamaru Hanroku in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Mikasayama".

11th lunar month of 1732: Sukegor˘ performed in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater in the kaomise drama "Hayazaki Kogane no Hanabusa"; his stage partners were Arashi Kanshir˘ I, Fujioka Daikichi, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I, Somenoi Hanshir˘, Matsushima Moheiji, Kirinami Takie, Tomizawa Montar˘ I, Shinozuka Kazaemon and Arashi Koroku I.

1st lunar month of 1733: Sukegor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He shared the same rank with Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I and Arashi Kanshir˘ I.

Fall 1733: Sukegor˘ went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1733: Sukegor˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Tamate Hikoroku in the kaomise drama "Shigeri Matsu Kogane no Takaragura", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1734: Sukegor˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He shared the same rank with Sawamura Otoemon I and Arashi Sangor˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1735: Sukegor˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Abe no Yasuna in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"; his stage partners were Yoshizawa Ayame II (Kuzu-no-Ha) and Nakamura Jűz˘ I (D˘man).

11th lunar month of 1736: Sukegor˘ played in Ky˘to in the kaomise drama "Tomi no Ichi Kogane no Aratama", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I; his stage partners were Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II, Yamashita Kinsaku I, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Arashi Shichigor˘ I, Tatsuoka Hisagiku and Tatsuoka Someemon.

11th lunar month of 1738: Sukegor˘ performed at the ďnishi no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kusunoki Yakata Sennen Gitsune", which was produced by Yoshizawa Ayame II and celebrated the arrival in ďsaka of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I; the line-up included also the actors Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ I, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, Ichiyama Dengor˘ and Matsushima Moheiji.

11th lunar month of 1742: Sukegor˘ performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Sangoku Denrai no Ishi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III; his stage partners were Mimasu Daigor˘ I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Mihogi Gizaemon I, Somenoi Hanshir˘ and Yamashita Kinsaku I.

11th lunar month of 1745: Sukegor˘ produced at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Onna Musha Ukisu Gassen", in which he played the role of Sasaki Moritsuna; his troupe included Arashi Shichigor˘ I, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I, Segawa Somematsu, Sanj˘ Namie I, Nakamura Jiroza I, Ichikawa Sadanji I, Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I, Anegawa Daikichi I, Arashi Sangor˘ II, Hanagiri Toyomatsu II and Onogawa Kamegiku.

12th lunar month of 1745: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was performed for the first time in ďsaka, simultaneously in the three major theaters of the city, which started a competition for the best performance; Sukegor˘ produced this drama at the Naka no Shibai and played the role of Issun Tokubŕ [casting].

8th ~ 9th lunar months month of 1746: Sukegor˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Keisei Asama-ga-Dake", in which he played the role of Miura Wadaemon. This was most likely his last stage appearance.

10th day of the 5th lunar month of 1747 [1]: Sukegor˘ died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I was an important tachiyaku actor, who made a long and successful career during the first half of the 18th century. An interesting feature of this actor was that he was born and trained in Edo but achieved fame for himself in Kamigata (a rare feature around his time, the opposite being more usual), where he became a top-ranking actor, holding the prestigious j˘-j˘-kichi rank for 13 years.

[1] The 10th day of the 5th lunar month of the 4th year of the Enky˘ era was the 17th of June 1747 in the western calendar.

[2] The 19th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 17th year of the Genroku era was the 24th of March 1704 in the western calendar.

[3] This drama was a shinjűmono based on the story of Ch˘emon and his lover Ichinoj˘. The 17th day of the 5th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenna era (the 11th of June 1683 in the western calendar), the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decided to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the same month the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history.

[4] This is our assumption. These two actors were recorded as performing together. For example in the 11th lunar month of 1717 in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai.

The actors Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I (right) and Segawa Somematsu (left) performing in the 11th lunar month of 1745 at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Onna Musha Ukisu Gassen"

 
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