ARASHI SHINPEI I

Stage names:

Arashi Shinpei I
Arashi San'emon III
Arashi Matsunoj˘ I

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Banko, Sugidori (?)

Existence: 1697 ~ 10th day of the 7th lunar month of 1754

Connection:

Grandfather: Arashi San'emon I

Father: Arashi San'emon II

Adopted son: Arashi San'emon IV

Disciples: Arashi San'emon V, Arashi Sangor˘ I, Arashi Tominosuke I, Arashi Koiz˘ I, Arashi Sanshir˘ II, Arashi Sanshir˘ III, Arashi Monzabur˘ II, Arashi Matsunoj˘ III, Arashi Kikumatsu

Career:

7th day of the 11th lunar month of 1701: his father Arashi San'emon II dies.

11th lunar month of 1704: he takes the name of Arashi San'emon III at the age of 8 and becomes zamoto in ďsaka. He uses on stage the ropp˘ technique, a trademark of his family.

11th lunar month of 1717: San'emon produces in ďsaka at the Higashi no Shibai the kaomise drama "Meryű Oryű Kogane no Uroko", in which he plays the role of Manmatsu Hikokur˘.

1st lunar month of 1719: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which is produced by San'emon in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; San'emon plays the role of Matahei [casting].

1st lunar month of 1721: San'emon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1721: San'emon produces at the Higashi no Shibai (ďsaka) the kaomise drama "Tenryű Chiryű Kogane no Suzunari".

11th lunar month of 1722: San'emon produces and plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shigemori in the kaomise drama "Shingoten Aioi no Komatsu".

12th lunar month of 1722: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Nebiki no Kadomatsu", which was originally written in the 1st lunar month of 1718. The play is staged in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai under the new title "Yamazaki Yojibei Hanchű Bushi"; San'emon plays the role of Yamazaki Yojibei [casting].

11th lunar month of 1723: San'emon produces and plays at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hanagata", which celebrates the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo star ďtani Hiroji I.

1st lunar month of 1724: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of "Edoe Ukiyo Soga", an Edo-flavored new year drama produced by San'emon and welcoming in ďsaka the Edo actor ďtani Hiroji I; San'emon plays the roles of Soga Jűr˘, Hiranoya Tokubŕ and Kamakuraya Gorohachi [more details].

21st day of the 3rd lunar month of 1724: a fire breaks out in ďsaka and destroys several theaters, including the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1724: San'emon produces and plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Taema Hikokur˘ in the kaomise drama "Banzei no Minato".

11th lunar month of 1725: San'emon produces and plays at the Kado no Shibai in Kaneko Kichizaemon's kaomise drama "Wag˘ no Futabashira".

11th lunar month of 1726: San'emon plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Fukubiki no Sankichi and Mantar˘ in the kaomise drama "Bunbu Aioi no Matsu", which is produced by Fujii Hanamatsu and celebrates the shűmei of Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II.

Fall 1727: San'emon moves to Ky˘to with the actor Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1727: San'emon plays the roles of Fukubiki no Sankichi and T˘nai Jir˘ in Azuma Sanpachi's kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘", which is produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater.

1st lunar month of 1728: San'emon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1728: San'emon plays the role of Asakura Hikokur˘ in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Kogane no Uroko", which is produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

1st lunar month of 1729: San'emon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is t˘fű j˘-j˘-kichi (fashionable - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1729: San'emon plays the role of Nozoki no Shichiby˘e in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri Shichigosan", which is produced by Arashi Koroku I at Daikokuya Takenoj˘'s theater.

11th lunar month of 1730: San'emon plays the roles of the zat˘ Shunkei and his brother Mantar˘ in Sawamura Bunji's kaomise drama "Inari Yakata Manp˘ no Kura", which is produced by Arashi Koroku I at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

11th lunar month of 1731: San'emon plays the role of Toriya Manbŕ in the kaomise drama "Hirakana Imagawaj˘", which is produced in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; his stage partners are Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Somenoi Hanshir˘, Yashio Ikuemon, Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I and Tomizawa Montar˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1732: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsuda Bunk˘d˘ and Hasegawa Senshi puppet theater drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki", which is produced in Ky˘to by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater; San'emon plays the role of Seki-ga-Hara Zennai [casting].

Fall 1732: San'emon goes back to ďsaka after five seasons spent in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1732: San'emon produces and plays at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Mitsu no Hama Kogane no Irie".

3rd lunar month of 1733: the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki" is performed for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; San'emon produces it and plays the roles of Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada and Mionoya Shir˘ Kunitoshi [casting].

9th lunar month of 1733: San'emon goes to Edo; he falls ill and can't perform in the kaomise.

1st lunar month of 1734: San'emon plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Soga Jűr˘ in the new year sogamono "Nanakusa Nigiwai Soga"; his partner in the role of Soga Gor˘ is Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II. San'emon has some voice problem and his performance is not good enough for the Edo audience.

11th lunar month of 1734: San'emon is back in Ky˘to after a short and unsuccessful stay in Edo; he is part of the kaomise program at Miyako Mandayű's theater but does not perform any specific role.

1st lunar month of 1735: San'emon is the kanjiku of tachiyaku actors in the Ky˘to hy˘banki.

5th lunar month of 1735: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; San'emon plays the role of Abe no Yasuna [casting].

11th lunar month of 1735: San'emon plays in the kaomise drama "Bankoku ďshimadai", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

1st lunar month of 1736: there are two kanjiku for tachiyaku actors in the Ky˘to hy˘banki; Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I is the "jitsu kanjiku" (the real kanjiku) and San'emon is the "iro kanjiku" (the sexy kanjiku).

Fall 1736: San'emon goes back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1736: San'emon plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Fur˘mon Kon no Shikigawara", which is produced by Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1737: San'emon plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Fukakusa-no-In Sann˘ no Maki", which is produced by Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1738: San'emon plays in the same theater the role of Abe no Yasuna in the drama "Shinoda Zuma" (similar to "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"); the role of Kuzu-no-Ha is played by Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.

Fall 1738: San'emon goes to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1738: San'emon takes part in Tomimura Takichi's kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi H˘rai Yakata", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater; San'emon appears only in the k˘j˘.

1st lunar month of 1739: San'emon plays in the same theater the roles of Imagawa Nakaaki and Takamatsu Sentar˘ in the drama "Keisei Arashiyama".

11th lunar month of 1739: San'emon takes part in the kaomise drama "Oiwai N˘ Nishiki no Manmaku", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I at Nakamura Wakadayű's theater; he suddenly falls ill and has to be replaced by Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1740: San'emon takes part in the kaomise drama "Asuka Miyako Jindai no Maki", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater; San'emon appears only in the k˘j˘.

11th lunar month of 1741: San'emon plays the role of Okamura Izuminosuke, in reality Abe no Yasuna, in the kaomise drama "Imay˘ Shinoda Zuma", which is staged at Miyako Mandayű's theater; the role of Kuzu-no-Ha is played by Fujii Hanamatsu.

11th lunar month of 1743: San'emon takes part in the kaomise drama "Wakamidori Hatsumenbako", which is produced by his adopted son Arashi Matsunoj˘ at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater.

Fall 1744: San'emon goes back to ďsaka after 6 seasons spent in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1744: San'emon plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of S˘ry˘ ďenosuke and Yamazaki Yojibei in the kaomise drama "Yamazaki Yojibei Imay˘ Sugata".

12th lunar month of 1744: San'emon plays in the same theater the roles of Sonobe Saemon and Goheiji in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1745: Arashi San'emon III and his adopted son Arashi Matsunoj˘ II respectively take the names of Arashi Shinpei I and Arashi San'emon IV at the ďnishi no Shibai, playing together in the kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘".

12th lunar month of 1745: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" is performed for the first time in ďsaka, simultaneously in the three major theaters of the city, which starts a competition for the best performance and line-up; Shinpei plays the role of Tsuribune Sabu at the ďnishi no Shibai [casting].

11th lunar month of 1746: Shinpei takes part at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Katakiuchi Naniwa no Ume", which is produced by his adopted son Arashi San'emon IV.

12th lunar month of 1746: Shinpei plays in the same theater the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Issun Tokubŕ are played by Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II.

4th lunar month of 1747: Shinpei appears on stage for the last time, at the Kado no Shibai, playing the role of Mikasayama Kamonnosuke in the drama "Washű Somedono Ike"; he decides to definitively retire from the stage.

10th day of the 7th lunar month of 1754: Shinpei dies in ďsaka.

Comments:

Arashi Shinpei I was a great tachiyaku actor of the first half of the eighteenth century and a successful zamoto between 1704 and 1733. He was very popular in ďsaka or Ky˘to but failed to achieve success in Edo. He was the worthy heir of both his grandfather Arashi San'emon I and his father Arashi San'emon II, excelling as a wagotoshi or with the ropp˘ technique. One of his most notable roles was Abe no Yasuna in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

"He was also noted for his dancing, and played in pieces that had been handed down by his two predecessors." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Arashi Shinpei I performing in the 11th lunar month of 1745 at the ďnishi no Shibai in the kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘"

The Arashi San'emon line of actors

The Arashi Shinpei line of actors

 
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