NAKAMURA KICHIEMON I

Stage names:

Nakamura Kichiemon I In Japanese
Nakamura Kitsuemon In Japanese
Nakamura Kichiemon I In Japanese
Nakamura Jz I In Japanese
Sanogawa Jz In Japanese

Guild: Hiranoya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1694 ~ 17th day of the 6th lunar month of 1770 [1]

Connections:

Brother/master: Sanogawa Mangiku

Adopted son: Nakamura Jz II

Disciples: Edosaka Kyemon, Nakamura Danz, Nakamura Matsusuke, Nakamura Jb, Nakamura Bunz, Nakamura Kichiji, Nakamura Ushiemon, Nakamura Yaehachi, Nakamura Taiz

Career:

1694: born in the province of Bansh. His father was a rnin named Sud. He started his career when he was over 20 and became a disciple of his brother Sanogawa Mangiku, who gave him the name of Sanogawa Jz.

Fall 1723: Jz went to Edo after a tour in Ise.

11th lunar month of 1723: Jz became tachiyaku and performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Yorimasa Kaikeizan".

Fall 1724: Jz went to Kyto.

11th lunar month of 1724: Sanogawa Jz took the name of Nakamura Jz I, playing the role of Hanazato Kakub in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri Miyako no Shimadai", which was produced by the zamoto Ogino Umenosuke for the nadai Ebisuya Kichirb.

11th lunar month of 1725: Jz became jitsuaku and played in the kaomise drama "kamado Hatsumen Bako", which was produced by his brother Sanogawa Mangiku for the nadai Hayagumo Chday. He also changed the writing of his first name:

Previous writing New writing
重蔵 十蔵

Fall 1726: Jz went to saka.

11th lunar month of 1726: Jz switched back to tachiyaku roles and played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Kanematsu Miyakonosuke in the kaomise drama "Hakoiri Daikoku Gane", which was produced by Kaneko Kichizaemon.

11th lunar month of 1730: Jz played in saka the role of Sakuragawa Ksuke in the kaomise drama "Kunkoku e no Kbai", which was produced by Asao Motogor I.

1st lunar month of 1731: Jz's rank in the saka hybanki, tachiyaku section, was j-j-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1731: Jz played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Takahama Kuranoj in the kaomise drama "Aioi Kikenj", which was produced by Arashi Kokuseki.

1st lunar month of 1732: Jz's rank in the saka hybanki, tachiyaku section, was j-j-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1733: Jz became zamoto and produced in saka the kaomise drama "Shigeri Matsu Kogane no Takaragura".

11th lunar month of 1734: Jz produced at the nishi no Shibai the kaomise drama "Asahi no Matsu Kogane no Shinbashira".

9th lunar month of 1735: Jz produced at the nishi no Shibai the drama "Ashiya Dman uchi Kagami", in which he played the role of Dman.

11th lunar month of 1735: Jz produced at the nishi no Shibai the kaomise drama "yamato Kane no Kinzan".

11th lunar month of 1736: Jz performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Furmon Kon no Shikigawara"; his stage partners were Arashi San'emon III, Arashi Sanjr II, Sanogawa Hanazuma I, Yamashita Matatar I, Nakayama Shinkur I and Fujikawa Heikur.

11th lunar month of 1740: Jz produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Hanaikusa Nishiki no Manmaku".

1st lunar month of 1741: Jz's rank in the saka hybanki, tachiyaku section, was j-j-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1742: Jz produced at the nishi no Shibai the kaomise drama "Kud Suketsune iso Gayoi".

Summer 1743: tour in Nara.

11th lunar month of 1743: Jz produced at the nishi no Shibai Namiki Ssuke's kaomise drama "Futatsu Biki Nishiki no Manmaku", which celebrated the arrival in saka of the star Sawamura Sjr I.

9th lunar month of 1745: Jz produced at the nishi no Shibai the drama "Ashiya Dman uchi Kagami", in which he played the role of Dman; his stage partners were Yoshizawa Ayame II (Kuzu-no-Ha), Band Toyosabur I (Abe no Yasuna), Nakayama Shinkur I (Yokanpei), Arashi Shichigor I (Yakanpei, Shgen) and Ichikawa Danz III (Sakon Tar).

Fall 1745: Jz went to Kyto after 19 seasons spent in saka.

11th lunar month of 1745: Jz played the role of Kuroda Honz in the kaomise drama "Toragoyomi Hoteibukuro", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar I.

1st lunar month of 1746: Jz's rank in the Kyto hybanki, tachiyaku section, was j-j-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1747: Jz played at Miyako Handay's theater the role of Kanki in Chikamatsu Monaemon's drama "Kokusen'ya Gassen"; the roles of Watnai and Kinshjo were played by Fujikawa Heikur and Tatsuoka Hisagiku.

1st lunar month of 1748: Jz went to saka and produced at the Kado no Shibai the new year drama "Keisei Yoshiokazome".

11th lunar month of 1748: Jz went back to Kyto and played the role of Ashikaga Yoshinori in the kaomise drama "Jidai Makie Chshingura", which was produced by Nakamura Matsub I.

Fall 1749: Jz went to saka.

11th lunar month of 1749: Jz produced at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Fry Gosho Zakura".

1st lunar month of 1750: Jz's rank in the saka hybanki, tachiyaku section, was k-j-j-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1750: Jz produced at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Yasa Heike Sakiwake Musha".

1st lunar month of 1751: Jz was skanjiku in the saka hybanki.

11th lunar month of 1752: the play "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" was staged for the first time in saka, as a kaomise drama, at the Naka no Shibai; it was produced by Jz, who also played the role of Okabe Rokuyata [casting].

Fall 1755: Jz went to Kyto.

11th lunar month of 1755: Jz played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Noto-no-Kami Noritsune in the kaomise drama "Onna Monji Heike Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1756: Jz's rank in the Kyto hybanki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j-j-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1756: Jz went to saka.

11th lunar month of 1756: Jz played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the togiya Tsaku, in reality Miura Shir, in Namiki Eisuke I's kaomise drama "Taihei Yamato Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1757: Jz's rank in the saka hybanki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j-j-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1757: Jz went to Kyto.

11th lunar month of 1757: Jz played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Okabe Rokuyata in the kaomise drama "yashiro Musubu no Sanban Tsuzuki", which was produced by Sawamura Kunitar I and Somematsu Matsujir. He also played the role of Kan Shj in the kiri kygen drama "Kitano no Goengi Senbon Ume".

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shinkki", which was simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]. It used its real title at the former theater but it was entitled "Keisei Niwatoriyama" at the latter theater; Jz played in the former theater the role of Konoshita Tkichi.

11th lunar month of 1758: Jz performed at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Homare Musha Senri no Kachidoki", which was produced by Sawamura Kunitar I and Somematsu Matsujir.

11th lunar month of 1759: Nakamura Jz I and his disciple Ogurayama Sentar respectively took the names of Nakamura Kichiemon I and Nakamura Jz II at the Minamigawa no Shibai, performing together in the kaomise drama "Hnen no Miyako Mutsuki no Kotobuki", which was produced by Sawamura Kunitar I and also celebrated the shmei of Matsuya Shinjr.

2nd lunar month of 1760: Nakamura Kichiemon I took the name of Nakamura Kitsuemon at the Minamigawa no Shibai, playing the role of Watanabe Honz in the new year drama "Keisei Chikai no Kane".

Fall 1761: Kitsuemon went to saka.

11th lunar month of 1761: Nakamura Kitsuemon took back the name of Nakamura Kichiemon I at the Kado no Shibai, playing in the kaomise drama "Stsui Hoshi Kamakura Kagami", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in saka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Shz I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which was a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daikyji Mukashi Goyomi"; Kichiemon played the role of Kishino Ysuke [more details].

7th lunar month of 1763: Kichiemon played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Kan Shj in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners were Nakayama Shinkur I (Kakuju, Fujiwara no Shihei), Arashi Hinasuke I (Haru), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Asao Tamejr I (Hye, Shund Genba), Nakayama Raisuke I (Umemaru), Band Toyosabur I (Shiratay), Fujikawa Hachiz I (Genz, Sukune Tar), Ichinokawa Hikoshir II (Sakuramaru), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsumaru, Terukuni).

11th lunar month of 1763: the play "Suma no Miyako Genpei Tsutsuji", which was originally written by Hasegawa Senshi and Matsuda Bunkd for the puppet theater in 1730, was adapted for Kabuki 33 years later by the playwright Namiki Eisuke I. It was entitled "Sakigake Genpei Tsutsuji" (the second drama of an unusual 3-part kaomise program) and staged at the Naka no Shibai, starring Kichiemon and Arashi Hinasuke I in the roles of Kumagai Jir Naozane and Taira no Atsumori.

9th lunar month of 1764: premire in saka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Kichiemon played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Takaichi Buemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1767: Kichiemon performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Shitenn Maizuru gi".

Fall 1768: Kichiemon went to Kyto.

11th lunar month of 1768: Kichiemon performed in Kyto in the kaomise drama "Enmusubi Asahi no Shimadai", which was produced by Onoe Kumesuke.

1st lunar month of 1769: Kichiemon appeared on stage for the last time, in Kyto, playing the role of Asai Shrinosuke in the new year drama "Keisei Sato no Kinzan".

17th day of the 6th lunar month of 1770 [1]: Kichiemon died.

Comments:

"Nakamura Kichiemon began to rise as Anegawa Shinshir I declined. Kichiemon had the advantage of being ten years younger than Shinshir, and was well-born, since he was the son of a samurai who had turned rnin. He lived in saka, and as his younger brother became an onnagata, he was also influenced to enter the profession, performing during his earlier career in provincial theatres, especially in Ise, and later in Edo. His specialty was to represent samurai, and he was excellent as a stage fighter. No doubt his samurai antecedents had given him his taste in this direction. As samurai of noble mien and aristocratic bearing he was at his best." (Zo Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 17th day of the 6th lunar month of the 7th year of the Meiwa era was the 9th of July 1770 in the western calendar.

Nakamura Kichiemon I playing the role of the curio dealer Magoemon in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was staged in the 5th lunar month of 1765 at the Naka no Shibai

Prints & Illustrations

The Nakamura Kichiemon line of actors

 
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