|ICHIKAWA SďZABURď I|
Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry name: Waj˘ (?), Wai (?), Wachű (?)
Existence: 1687 ~ 11th day of the 5th lunar month of 1752
Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I
Disciple: Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ II
1687~1713: born in ďsaka. He settles in Edo at an unknown time and becomes disciple of the Edo star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Katsugor˘. He performs in the precincts of the Ichigaya Hachiman shrine.
Fall 1713: Katsugor˘ goes back to ďsaka.
2nd lunar month of 1716: Ichikawa Katsugor˘ takes the name of Ichikawa S˘zabur˘.
11th lunar month of 1717: S˘zabur˘ becomes jitsuaku and plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of ďhara Bannai in the kaomise drama "Inari Yashiki Daikoku Bashira"; he also changes the writing of his first name:
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11th lunar month of 1723: great kaomise in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai to celebrate the arrival of the Edo star ďtani Hiroji I. The zamoto Arashi San'emon III produces the drama "Kogane no Hanagata" in which S˘zabur˘ plays the role of the kar˘ Katsuragawa Minbu.
1st lunar month of 1724: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of "Edoe Ukiyo Soga", an Edo-flavored new year drama welcoming in ďsaka the Edo actor ďtani Hiroji I; S˘zabur˘ plays the roles of Ky˘ no Kojir˘ and Kuheiji [more details].
Fall 1724: S˘zabur˘ goes to Ky˘to.
11th lunar month of 1725: S˘zabur˘ becomes jitsuaku.
11th lunar month of 1728: S˘zabur˘ plays in the kaomise program "Daimy˘ Kogane no Uroko", which is produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater in Ky˘to. His stage partners are Arashi San'emon III, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I, Arashi Sangor˘ I and Nakamura Shingor˘ I.
Summer 1731: S˘zabur˘ goes to Edo and performs at the Ichimuraza.
11th lunar month of 1731: S˘zabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise program "Higashiyama Dono Eiga Butai"; his stage partners are ďtani Hiroji I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Yamamoto Hikogor˘, Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV, Sakata Hangor˘ I, Sanj˘ Kantar˘ II, Sodesaki Iseno I, Hayakawa Shinkatsu and Segawa Kikujir˘ I.
11th lunar month of 1732: S˘zabur˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Yamato Kotoba Imagawaj˘", which welcomes in Edo the 2 Kamigata stars Anegawa Shinshir˘ I and Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I.
1st lunar month of 1734: S˘zabur˘ plays at the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year drama "Jűhakk˘ Imay˘ Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ogino Izabur˘ I and Sanj˘ Kantar˘ II.
3rd lunar month of 1739: S˘zabur˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku J˘mon no Hanabusa"; the roles of Sukeroku and Agemaki are played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Tomizawa Montar˘ I.
1st lunar month of 1741: S˘zabur˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono "Na no Hana Akebono no Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II.
5th lunar month of 1747: the play "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" is produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time; S˘zabur˘ plays the role of Shiratayű in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" [casting].
3rd lunar month of 1749: S˘zabur˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ikyű in the drama Sukeroku Kuruwa no Ie Zakura; the roles of Sukeroku and Agemaki are played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Segawa Kikujir˘ I. The Yoshiwara pleasure quarter of Edo started in early Spring 1749 to display cherry trees in pots in the heart of the precinct (Naka no Ch˘) in order to draw the crowds for cherry-blossom-viewing and more. It is reproduced on stage with fake cherry trees all along the stage.
4th lunar month of 1752: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki", which is staged in Edo at the Moritaza; S˘zabur˘ plays the roles of Midaroku, Taira no Tsunemori and Hayashi [casting]; this is his last stage appearance for he dies the 11th day of the 5th lunar month of 1752.
Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I was a talented and popular jitsuaku actor, who was trained in Kamigata and achieved success for himself in Edo from the beginning of the 1730s to the beginning of the 1750s. He was called "Edo zuiichi no jitsuaku", which means the greatest jitsuaku of Edo, and excelled in the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in new year sogamono.
 This drama was a shinjűmono based on the story of Ch˘emon and his lover Ichinoj˘. The 17th day of the 5th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenna era (the 11th of June 1683 in the western calendar), the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decided to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the same month the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history.
Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I playing the roles of Noge no Sh˘hei in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato", which was performed in January 1733 in Edo at the Nakamuraza (print made by Nishimura Shigenobu)
The Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ line of actors
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