NAKAMURA KUMETARď I

Stage names:

Nakamura Kumetar˘ I In Japanese
Nakamura Kumetar˘ In Japanese

Guild: Tanbaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Rich˘

Existence: 1724 ~ 15th day of the 7th lunar month of 1777 [1]

Connection:

Father: Nakamura Kichisabur˘ II

Disciples: Nakamura Kumejir˘, Nakamura Kichijűr˘ I, Nakamura Kichinosuke

Career:

1724: born in Ky˘to. His father was the actor Nakamura Kichisabur˘ II. He received the name of Nakamura Kumetar˘ and performed in miyaji shibai at the beginning of the 1730s.

11th lunar month of 1739: Kumetar˘ became zamoto and produced in Ky˘to the kaomise drama "Oiwai N˘ Nishiki no Manmaku". He also changed the writing of his first name:

Previous writing New writing
久米太郎 粂太郎

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1st lunar month of 1740: Kumetar˘ produced in Ky˘to at Nakamura Wakadayű's theater the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Ujimiyama".

11th lunar month of 1740: Kumetar˘ produced in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater the kaomise drama "Asuka Miyako Jindai no Maki" and the kiri ky˘gen "Hayazaki Taiheiki". The latter drama welcomed in Ky˘to the actor Ogino Izabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1742: Kumetar˘ produced in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai the kaomise drama "Kaeribana Konrei Nagoya".

11th lunar month of 1743: Kumetar˘ produced in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Yomeiri ďshimadai", which celebrated the shűmei of Sanj˘ Mankatsu.

11th lunar month of 1744: Kumetar˘ produced in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Tanba Yosaku Kameyama Kayoi".

11th lunar month of 1745: Kumetar˘ produced in Ky˘to Namiki Eisuke's kaomise drama "Toragoyomi Hoteibukuro".

11th lunar month of 1746: Kumetar˘ produced in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Tomi Yakata ďmu Kotoba"; his stage partners were Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Sanogawa Jűkichi (final performance before his death), Nakamura Utaemon I, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I (final performance before his death), Tamiya Jűzabur˘ I (final performance before his death) and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1747: Kumetar˘ produced in Ky˘to the kaomise drama "Meiken Kogane Zukuri".

Fall 1748: Kumetar˘ went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1748: Kumetar˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Onna Moji Heike Monogatari". He achieved a great success by performing the 5 roles of a hengemono entitled "Ky˘ Ningy˘ Gohenge", made up of a dance in the tanzen style, a flower-adorned hat dance, a courtesan dance, a spear dance and a sh˘j˘ dance.

6th lunar month of 1749: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura" was produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time; Kumetar˘ played the role of Okaru [casting]; the role of Hayano Kanpei was played by Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1749: Kumetar˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of K˘t˘-no-Naishi in the kaomise drama "Onn˘ Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1750: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of ďiso no Tora in the new year drama "ďkazari Saiwai Soga".

11th lunar month of 1750: Kumetar˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in Tsuuchi Jihŕ II's kaomise drama "Wakaki no Ume Taira no Kiyomori".

11th lunar month of 1751: Kumetar˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Kamimukae Nigiwai Genji", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II and welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Arashi Shichigor˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1752: Kumetar˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual]. He shared the same rank with Sanogawa Hanazuma II.

11th lunar month of 1752: Kumetar˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Semimaru in the kaomise drama "Ume Sakura Ninin Semimaru".

7th lunar month of 1753: the play "Hirakana Seisuiki" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Kumetar˘ played the roles of Chidori and Umegae [casting].

11th lunar month of 1753: Kumetar˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Komachi in the kaomise drama "Kamuri Kurabe Yatsushi Kuronushi", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the actor Kasaya Matakur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1754: Kumetar˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Princess Tamayo in the kaomise drama "Keisei Asakusa no Kane".

1st lunar month of 1755: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of ďiso no Tora in the new year drama "Kodakara Aigo Soga"; the role of Tora's lover Soga Jűr˘ was played by Ichimura Kamez˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1755: Kumetar˘ performed his onagori ky˘gen at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of the courtesan Yűgiri in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Awa no Naruto". He also performed one more time the hengemono "Ky˘ Ningy˘ Gohenge", which was staged for the first time in the 11th lunar month of 1748 at the Nakamuraza; the program was made up of a dance in the tanzen style, a flower-adorned hat dance, a courtesan dance, a spear dance and a sh˘j˘ dance.

Fall 1755: Kumetar˘ went back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1755: Kumetar˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Azuma no Omuku in the kaomise drama "Onna Monji Heike Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1756: Kumetar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1756: Kumetar˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of the courtesan Kurenai in the kaomise drama "Ukematsuri H˘rai Yakata", which was produced by Somematsu Matsujir˘.

3rd lunar month of 1757: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of the wicked priest Narukami was played by Ichikawa Danz˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1757: Kumetar˘ became zamoto and produced at the Kitagawa no Shibai Sakurato Bunsaku's kaomise drama "Tsunomoji Keman no Yurai".

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which was simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]. It used its real title at the former theater but it was entitled "Keisei Niwatoriyama" at the latter theater; Kumetar˘ produced this drama in the latter theater and played the roles of Princess Yuki and Kich˘-no-Mae.

Fall 1758: Kumetar˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1758: Kumetar˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Oky˘ in the kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Chikara Kurabe", which was produced by Arashi Kichisabur˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1759: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of Onaka in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1759: Kumetar˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Mibae Soga Azuma Tanzen", which was produced by Arashi Kichisabur˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1760: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the roles of Chidori and Umegae in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

Fall 1760: Kumetar˘ went back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1760: Kumetar˘ played the role of the courtesan Tamagawa in the kaomise drama "Kiku Nagashi Kokka Taiheiki", which was produced in Ky˘to by Nakamura Senz˘.

Fall 1761: Kumetar˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1761: Kumetar˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Miyo no Hana Yunzei Kagami", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai; Kumetar˘ played the role of Shizuka Gozen [casting].

9th lunar month of 1762: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Osato in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1762: Kumetar˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Uraha in the kaomise drama "Uchide no Kozuchi Tezuma Urakata", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1763: Kumetar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

7th lunar month of 1763: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the roles of Chiyo and Tatsuta-no-Mae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1763: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of Kurofune's wife in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato"; the role of Kurofune was played by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1763: Kumetar˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in a special kaomise program in 3 parts, which were produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I and entitled "Fuyu Gomori K˘bai Tazuna", "Sakigake Genpei Tsutsuji" [2] and "Futaba Musha Senbon Zakura".

7th lunar month of 1764: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of Princess Tamaori in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Kumetar˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Sahŕ's ny˘b˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1764: Kumetar˘ moved to the Kado no Shibai and performed in the kaomise drama "Momotar˘ Obako Banashi", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrated the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame III.

2nd lunar month of 1765: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

Fall 1765: Kumetar˘ went back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1765: Kumetar˘ played the role of Yoichi's wife (in reality a fox) in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Asahi no ďgi", which was produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ II and Yamashita Ky˘nosuke at the Minamigawa no Shibai and welcomed in Ky˘to the Edo actor Ichikawa Danz˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1766: Kumetar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

7th lunar month of 1766: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Hanjo in the drama "Keisei Sumidagawa".

11th lunar month of 1766: Kumetar˘ performed at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Yuki no Asa Daimonjitsu Miyako no Fuku", which was produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ II and Yamashita Ky˘nosuke.

11th lunar month of 1767: Kumetar˘ moved to the Kitagawa no Shibai and played the role of Omiya in the kaomise drama "Daikokuten", which was produced by Onoe Montar˘ and Onoe Kumesuke and celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Yasuke and Band˘ Sukesabur˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1768: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the roles of Osono and Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

6th lunar month of 1768: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the roles of Chidori and Umegae in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

11th lunar month of 1768: Kumetar˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Princess Sakura (in reality a fox) in the kaomise drama "Enmusubi Asahi no Shimadai", which was produced by Onoe Kumesuke.

11th lunar month of 1769: Kumetar˘ moved to the Minamigawa no Shibai.

3rd lunar month of 1770: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the roles of Owasa and Shizuka Gozen in the drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi".

Fall 1770: Kumetar˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1770: Kumetar˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Tamasasa and the fox Otaki in the kaomise drama "Ma'ichimonjiya Sakigake Hy˘ban", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1771: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ Irifune Monogatari"; Kumetar˘ played the role of the keisei Higaki [casting]. Kumetar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

8th lunar month of 1771: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the roles of Hinadori and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1771: Kumetar˘ went to the Kado no Shibai and played the role of the courtesan Konohana (in reality Nikaid˘'s daughter) in the kaomise drama "Ganjitsu Eiga no Toshikoshi", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1772: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

7th lunar month of 1772: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Osato in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1772: Kumetar˘ went to the Naka no Shibai and played the role of the koshimoto Shikinami and Shizuka Gozen in the kaomise drama "Onoe Kikugor˘ no Baranu Banashi", which was produced by Nakamura Utaemon I.

4th lunar month of 1773: Kumetar˘ played in the same theater the role of Okaji in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami".

Fall 1773: Kumetar˘ went back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1773: Kumetar˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Tamasasa in the kaomise drama "Etari ya Etari Tsuwamono Majiwari", which was produced by Yoshizawa Iroha I.

1st lunar month of 1774: Kumetar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

10th lunar month of 1774: Kumetar˘ performed in the same theater in the dance "Shakky˘".

1st lunar month of 1775: Kumetar˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the role of Ofusa in the drama "Kumetono Aiaigasa". The first ideogram of this title was the same as the first one in Kumetar˘; the second ideogram was the first one in the first name of Kumetar˘'s stage partner Nakamura Jűz˘ II, who played the role of Ofusa's lover Tokubŕ. Kumetar˘ decided to retire and became a priest. He calls himself Kaiin and settled in ďsaka, near the famous Shitenn˘ji temple.

15th day of the 7th lunar month of 1777 [1]: Kumetar˘ died.

Comments:

Nakamura Kumetar˘ I was talented and popular Ky˘to onnagata actor. He was able to play almost any kind of female roles, excelling in musume, hime and keisei roles. He was nicknamed wakaonnagata no meika, "the celebrated flower of wakaonnagata".

[1] The 15th day of the 7th lunar month of the 6th year of the An'ei era was the 17th of August 1777 in the western calendar.

[2] This was the premiere of "ďgiya Kumagai".

Nakamura Kumetar˘ I playing the role of the courtesan Umegae in the "Kanzaki Ageya" scene of the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was staged in the 6th lunar month of 1768 at the Kitagawa no Shibai

Print made by Torii Kiyoshige (1752~1755)

The Nakamura Kumetar˘ line of actors

 
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