ONOE KIKUGORď V

Stage names:

Onoe Kikugor˘ V In Japanese
Ichimura Kakitsu IV In Japanese
Ichimura Uzaemon XIII In Japanese
Ichimura Kur˘emon In Japanese

Others names:

Onoe Baik˘ V In Japanese
Onoe Kur˘emon I In Japanese

Real name: Terashima Kiyoshi

Guilds: Otowaya, Tachibanaya

Line number: GODAIME (V)

Poetry names: Baik˘ (5), Kakitsu (4)

Existence: 4th day of the 6th lunar month of 1844 [1] ~ 18 February 1903

Connections:

Grandfathers: Onoe Kikugor˘ III, Ichimura Uzaemon XI

Father: Ichimura Takenoj˘ V

Brother: Band˘ Kakitsu I

Sons: Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VI

Adopted sons: Onoe Kikunosuke II, Onoe Baik˘ VI

Grandsons: Ichimura Uzaemon XVII, Onoe Kur˘emon II

Great-grandsons: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVIII, Band˘ Rakuzen, Ichimura Manjir˘ II, Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ IV

Great-great-grandsons: Nakamura Kankur˘ VI, Nakamura Shichinosuke II, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IX, Band˘ Kamez˘ III, Onoe Ukon II, Ichimura Takematsu VI, Ichimura Hikaru

Great-great-great-grandsons: Nakamura Kantar˘ III, Nakamura Ch˘zabur˘ II, Band˘ Kamesabur˘ VI

Disciples: Onoe Matsusuke IV, Onoe Matsusuke V, Onoe Kikujir˘ III, Onoe Fujaku VII, Onoe Shinshichi IV, Onoe Kikujűr˘ II, Onoe Kikujűr˘ III, Onoe K˘z˘ II, Onoe Monzabur˘ IV, Band˘ Muraemon I

Career:

4th day of the 6th lunar month of 1844 [1]: born in Edo in the district of Saruwaka-ch˘.

11th lunar month of 1848: he made his first appearance on stage, in Edo at the Ichimuraza, where he received the name of Ichimura Kur˘emon.

24th day of the 4th lunar month of 1849 [2]: his grandfather ďkawa Hashiz˘ I (Onoe Kikugor˘ III) died.

1st lunar month of 1851: the actors Ichimura Uzaemon XII and Ichimura Kur˘emon respectively took the names of Ichimura Takenoj˘ V and Ichimura Uzaemon XIII; the new Uzaemon became the manager of the Ichimuraza.

20th day of 8th lunar month of 1851 [3]: his father Ichimura Takenoj˘ V died in Edo.

1st lunar month of 1857: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Nezumi Komon Haru no Shingata" (commonly called "Nezumi Koz˘"); Uzaemon played the role of the shijimi-uri Sankichi [casting].

7th lunar month of 1857: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Ami Moy˘ T˘ro no Kikukiri" (commonly called "Kozaru Shichinosuke"); Uzaemon played the role of Shichinosuke's younger sister Onami [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1858: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; the nibanme of this drama was now entitled "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki" in the Kabuki repertoire (commonly called "Kurotegumi Sukeroku"); Uzaemon played the role of Sakichi [more details].

2nd lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kosode Soga Azami no Ironui" (commonly called "Izayoi Seishin"); Uzaemon played the roles of Koizuka Motome and the karuwazashi Kamekichi [casting].

1st lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sannin Kichisa Kuruwa no Hatsugai"; Uzaemon played the role of Jűzabur˘ [casting].

28th day of the 6th lunar month of 1860 [4]: Onoe Kikugor˘ IV died in Edo.

2nd lunar month of 1861: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Chigiru Koi Haru no Awa Mochi"; Uzaemon played the role of an awa mochi maker [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Aoto Z˘shi Hana no Nishikie" (commonly called "Shiranami Gonin Otoko"); Uzaemon played the role of Benten Koz˘ [casting].

Spring 1863: Ichimura Uzaemon XIII took the name of Ichimura Kakitsu IV.

2nd lunar month of 1864: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Soga Moy˘ Tateshi no Goshozome"; Kakitsu played the role of Hototogisu [casting].

11th lunar month of 1864: premiŔre at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Koharunagi Okitsu Shiranami"; Kakitsu played the role of Kogitsune Reizabur˘ [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1867: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's new year sogamono "Keisei Soga Kuruwa Kagami", in which was premiered the drama "Oshizu Reiza"; Kakitsu played the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, the spirit of the husband and wife pine tree of the Hakone mountain, Kosui no Nabematsu, the Okushűya tedai Reizabur˘ and the shinz˘ Hatsugiku [more details].

8th lunar month of 1868: the actors Ichimura Kakitsu IV and Ichimura Takematsu III respectively took the names of Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichimura Uzaemon XIV at the Ichimuraza.

1869: Kikugor˘ became zagashira at the Nakamuraza.

7th lunar month of 1869: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kichisama Mairu Yukari no Otozure"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Yukanba Kichisa, Tabatake Jűzabur˘, the koshimoto Osugi and Dozaemon Denkichi [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Nakamuraza of "Ume Goyomi Tatsumi no Sono", an adaptation to Kabuki by Kawatake Shinshichi II and Segawa Jok˘ III of Tamenaga Shunsui's 1833 novel "Shunshoku Ume Goyomi"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Karakotoya Tanjir˘ [casting]. Premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kusunoki-ryű Hanami no Makuhari" (commonly called "Keian Taiheiki" or "Marubashi Chűya"); Kikugor˘ played the roles of Bud˘ Gor˘ Mitsukuni, Sekiguchi Hayato and Daikokuya S˘roku [more details].

1st lunar month of 1872: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Ume Ky˘dai Naniwa Senki" (one act has survived and became the independent drama "Kimura Nagato-no-Kami"); Kikugor˘ played the roles of Kimura Shigenari, Anayama Kosuke and Katagiri Katsumoto [casting].

7th lunar month of 1872: Kikugor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Yomoshichi in the drama "Oiwa Inari Rish˘ no Tamagushi" (similar to Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan"); the role of Iemon was played by Nakamura Shikan IV.

March 1873: premiere at the Murayamaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Taiko no Oto Chiyű Sanryaku"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Naruse T˘z˘ [casting].

June 1873: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Tsuyu Kosode Mukashi Hachij˘", commonly called "Kamiyui Shinza"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Shinza and ďka Echizen [casting].

January 1875: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "ďgi By˘shi ďoka Seidan" (commonly called "Ten'ichib˘"); Kikugor˘ played the roles of H˘taku (later Ten'ichib˘) and Hiraishi Jiemon [casting].

June 1876: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hototogisu Date no Kikigaki"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Katagiri Kojűr˘, Sad˘ Chinga and Kannami Sanzaemon (in reality Narukami Mineemon) [casting].

October 1878: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of travelling actor Miyagawa Ushinosuke (later the priest Enmeiin Nitt˘) and the hinin Oguri no Umakichi [casting].

February 1879: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Ningen Banji Kane no Yo no Naka"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Efu Rinnosuke [casting].

16 July 1879: Kikugor˘ took part in the gala night at the Shintomiza in the honor of the General Ulysses S. Grant [more details].

March 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Kataoka Naojir˘ [casting].

June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's jidaimono "Youchi Soga Kariba no Akebono" [casting]; Kikugor˘ played the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon (Jűr˘'s retainer). Premiere in the same theater of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi-gumo", which was staged to commemorate the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of late Onoe Kikugor˘ III; Kikugor˘ played the roles of the priest Chichű and the spirit of the ground spider [casting].

November 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's zangirimono drama "Shima Chidori Tsuki no Shiranami"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Akashi no Shimaz˘, later Akashiya Shimaz˘ [casting].

January 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Medeshi Yanagi Midori no Matsumae"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Matsumae Gorobei [casting].

April 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Ibaraki"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Mashiba and the demon of Mount Atago [casting].

May 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Shin Sarayashiki Tsuki no Amagasa"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of S˘gor˘ and Otsuta [casting].

November 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Z˘ho Tenjiku Tokubŕ", a revision of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Dainichimaru, the tepp˘ smith Kakuz˘, the zat˘ Tokuichi and Shiba Saemon Yoshiteru [casting].

October 1884: Kikugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Yomoshichi in the drama "Katamigusa Yotsuya Kaidan" (similar to Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan"); the role of Iemon was played by Kataoka Gad˘ III.

January 1885: two dances were staged at the Chitoseza, about to reopen in February 1885 with a new name. From the 4th to the 7th of January, two auspicious dances and a k˘j˘ with the troupe led by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX were staged. The sanbas˘ was staged with Ichikawa Sadanji I (Okina), Band˘ Kakitsu I (Senzai) and Kikugor˘ (Sanbas˘). This was also the premiere of the Nagauta-based dance-drama "Tsuru Kame" [more details].

February 1885: Kikugor˘ took part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Funazu K˘bŕ and the thief Kotengű Y˘jir˘ [casting].

November 1885: premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Shisen Ry˘ Koban no Ume-no-Ha"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of the mushuku Yashű no Tomiz˘ and Daimoku no Shichibŕ (a member of the Chitose k˘jű) [more details].

March 1886: premiŔre at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Mekura Nagaya Ume-ga-Kagatobi"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Umekichi, D˘gen and Shinigami [casting].

26 April 1887: the emperor viewed Kabuki for the first time at the residence of Inoue Kaoru, the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The casting included the three leading stars Kikugor˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Ichikawa Sadanji I.

March 1890: premiere at the Kiriza of Takeshiba Kisui's drama "Kami no Megumi Wag˘ no Torikumi"; Kikugor˘ played the role of the tobigashira Tatsugor˘ [more details].

April 1890: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the drama "Hitotsuya"; Kikugor˘ played the leading role of the old woman Ibara.

October 1890: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Modoribashi"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Sayuri and the demon of Mount Atago [casting].

November 1891: the title "Oto ni Kiku Tenjiku Tokubŕ" was used for the first time, in T˘ky˘ at the Fukanoza; Kikugor˘ played the roles of the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Dainichimaru, Fuwa Banzaemon and the zat˘ Tokuichi [casting].

January 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Shiobara Tasuke Ichidaiki"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Shiobara Tasuke and Michizure Kohei [casting].

July 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kaidan Botan D˘r˘", adapted for Kabuki from a famous Rakugo story created by San'yűtei Ench˘; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Tomoz˘ and Oyone's ghost [casting]. Premiere also in the same theater of the dance "Makura Jid˘", which starred Kikugor˘ in the role of Kikujid˘.

18 March 1893: his younger brother Band˘ Kakitsu I died.

January 1894: Kikugor˘ played at the Kabukiza the prestigious role of Princess Yaegaki in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" [print].

28 August 1894: his disciple Onoe Fujaku VII died.

January 1898: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's dance-drama "Hagoromo"; Kikugor˘ played the role of the celestial creature [casting].

May 1898: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Edo Sodachi Omatsuri Sashichi"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Omatsuri Sashichi [casting].

April 1899: Kikugor˘ played at the Kabukiza the role of Togashi in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Yoshitsune were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Ichikawa Metora II.

January 1900: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's dance-drama "Yami no Ume Hyaku Monogatari"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Shiraume, a kasa ippon ashi, a gaikotsu and a yomiuri [more details].

October 1902: premiere at the Kabukiza of Enokido Kenji's drama "Ninj˘ Banashi Bunshichi Mottoi"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Ch˘bŕ [casting].

November 1902: Kikugor˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, where he played the roles of Kinai, Shizue and Benten K˘z˘ Kikunosuke in the drama "Chűshin Kanagaki K˘shaku".

18 February 1903: Kikugor˘ died in T˘ky˘.

Comments:

Onoe Kikugor˘ V belonged to the triumvirat of stars who dominated the Kabuki world during the Meiji era (the two others were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Ichikawa Sadanji I). He created with Kawatake Mokuami a new genre called zangirimono.

Onoe Kikugor˘ V's best roles: Benten Koz˘ Kikunosuke ("Shiranami Gonin Otoko"), Kataoka Naojir˘ ("Naozamurai"), Kamiyui Shinza ("Tsuyu Kosode Mukashi Hachij˘"), Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori ("Sanemori Monogatari"), Sat˘ Tadanobu/the fox Genkur˘ ("Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"), Gosho no Goroz˘ ("Soga Moy˘ Tateshi no Goshozome"), Hayano Kanpei ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Masaoka ("Meiboku Sendai Hagi"), Oiwa/Kohei/Yomoshichi ("T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan").

Onoe Kikugor˘ V gathered his favourite dance-dramas in a collection named Shinko Engeki Jűsshu: "Rakan", "Kodera no Neko" (these 2 items were performed for the first time by his grandfather Onoe Kikugor˘ III), "Tsuchi-gumo", "Ibaraki", "Hitotsuya", "Modoribashi", "Kikujid˘" and "Hagoromo". His son Onoe Kikugor˘ VI completed later on the collection by adding "Migawari Zazen" and "Osakabe Hime".

"He succeeded to the headship of the Onoe family, ranked with the ninth Danjűr˘, and in some respects surpassed him. It was in drama of everyday life that Kikugor˘ most excelled, the sentimental and realistic having the greatest appeal for him." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 4th day of the 6th lunar month of the 15th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 18th of July 1844 in the western calendar.

[2] The 24th day of the 4th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Kaei era was the 16th of May 1849 in the western calendar.

[3] The 20th day of the 8th lunar month of the 4th year of the Kaei era was the 15th of September 1851 in the western calendar.

[4] The 28th day of the 6th lunar month of the 1st year of the Man'en era was the 14th of August 1860 in the western calendar.

Onoe Kikugor˘ V playing the role of Benten Koz˘ Kikunosuke in the new year sogamono drama "Gosho ďgi Soga no Toshidama", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1870 at the Moritaza (print made by Toyohara Kunichika)

Prints & Illustrations

The Ichimura Uzaemon line of actors

The Ichimura Kakitsu line of actors

The Onoe Kikugor˘ line of actors

 
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