ONOE KIKUGORď V

Stage names:

Onoe Kikugor˘ V
Ichimura Kakitsu IV
Ichimura Uzaemon XIII
Ichimura Kur˘emon

Others names:

Onoe Baik˘ V
Onoe Kur˘emon I

Guild: Otowaya

Line number: GODAIME (V)

Poetry names: Baik˘ (5), Kakitsu (4)

Existence: 4th day of the 6th lunar month of 1844 ~ 18 February 1903

Connections:

Grandfathers: Onoe Kikugor˘ III, Ichimura Uzaemon XI

Father: Ichimura Takenoj˘ V

Brother: Band˘ Kakitsu I

Sons: Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VI

Adopted sons: Onoe Kikunosuke II, Onoe Baik˘ VI

Grandsons: Ichimura Uzaemon XVII, Onoe Kur˘emon II

Great-grandsons: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVIII, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VIII, Ichimura Manjir˘ II, Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ IV

Great-great-grandsons: Nakamura Kankur˘ VI, Nakamura Shichinosuke II, Band˘ Kamesabur˘ V, Band˘ Kametoshi, Onoe Ukon II, Ichimura Takematsu VI, Ichimura Hikaru

Disciples: Onoe Matsusuke IV, Onoe Matsusuke V, Onoe Kikujir˘ III, Onoe Fujaku VII, Onoe Shinchi IV, Onoe Kikujűr˘ III, Onoe K˘z˘ II, Onoe Monzabur˘ IV, Band˘ Muraemon I

Career:

11th lunar month of 1848: he makes his first appearance on stage, receiving the name of Ichimura Kur˘emon.

1st lunar month of 1851: the actors Ichimura Uzaemon XII and Ichimura Kur˘emon respectively take the names of Ichimura Takenoj˘ V and Ichimura Uzaemon XIII; the new Uzaemon becomes the manager of the Ichimuraza.

3rd lunar month of 1858: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; the nibanme of this drama is now entitled "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki" in the Kabuki repertoire (commonly called "Kurotegumi Sukeroku"); Uzaemon plays the role of Sakichi [more details].

2nd lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kosode Soga Azami no Ironui" (commonly called "Izayoi Seishin"); Uzaemon plays the role of Motome [casting].

1st lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sannin Kichisa Kuruwa no Hatsugai"; Uzaemon plays the role of Jűzabur˘ [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1861: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Chigiru Koi Haru no Awa Mochi"; Uzaemon plays the role of an awa mochi maker [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Aoto Z˘shi Hana no Nishikie" (commonly called "Shiranami Gonin Otoko"); Uzaemon plays the role of Benten Koz˘ [casting].

Spring 1863: Ichimura Uzaemon XIII takes the name of Ichimura Kakitsu IV.

2nd lunar month of 1864: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Soga Moy˘ Tateshi no Goshozome"; Kakitsu plays the role of Hototogisu [casting].

11th lunar month of 1864: premiŔre at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Koharunagi Okitsu Shiranami"; Kakitsu plays the role of Kogitsune Reizabur˘ [casting].

8th lunar month of 1868: the actors Ichimura Kakitsu IV and Ichimura Takematsu III respectively take the names of Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichimura Uzaemon XIV at the Ichimuraza.

1869: Kikugor˘ becomes zagashira at the Nakamuraza.

7th lunar month of 1869: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kichisama Mairu Yukari no Otozure"; the two leading roles are played by Kikugor˘ and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI.

3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Nakamuraza of "Ume Goyomi Tatsumi no Sono", an adaptation to Kabuki by Kawatake Shinshichi II and Segawa Jok˘ III of Tamenaga Shunsui's 1833 novel "Shunshoku Ume Goyomi"; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Karakotoya Tanjir˘ [casting].

7th lunar month of 1872: Kikugor˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Yomoshichi in the drama "Oiwa Inari Rish˘ no Tamagushi" (similar to Tsuruya namboku IV's masterpiece "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan"); the role of Iemon is played by Nakamura Shikan IV.

March 1873: premiere at the Murayamaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Taiko no Oto Chiyű Sanryaku"; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Naruse T˘z˘ [casting].

June 1873: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Tsuyu Kosode Mukashi Hachij˘", commonly called "Kamiyui Shinza"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Shinza and ďka Echizen [casting].

June 1876: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hototogisu Date no Kikigaki"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Katagiri Kojűr˘, Sad˘ Chinga and Kannami Sanzaemon (in reality Narukami Mineemon) [casting].

16 July 1879: Kikugor˘ takes part in the gala night at the Shintomiza in the honor of the General Ulysses S. Grant [more details].

March 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana"; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Kataoka Naojir˘ [casting].

June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo", which is staged to commemorate the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of late Onoe Kikugor˘ III; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of the priest Chichű and the spirit of the ground spider [casting].

November 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's zangirimono drama "Shima Chidori Tsuki no Shiranami"; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Akashi no Shimaz˘ [casting].

January 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Medeshi Yanagi Midori no Matsumae"; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Matsumae Gorobei [casting].

April 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Ibaraki"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Mashiba and the demon of Mount Atago [casting].

May 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Shin Sarayashiki Tsuki no Amagasa"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of S˘gor˘ and Otsuta [casting].

November 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Z˘ho Tenjiku Tokubei", a revision of Tsuruya Namboku IV's "Tenjiku Tokubei Ikoku Banashi"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubei, Dainichimaru, the tepp˘ smith Kakuz˘, the zat˘ Tokuichi and Shiba Saemon Yoshiteru [casting].

October 1884: Kikugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Yomoshichi in the drama "Katamigusa Yotsuya Kaidan" (similar to Tsuruya namboku IV's masterpiece "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan"); the role of Iemon is played by Kataoka Gad˘ III.

February 1885: Kikugor˘ takes part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Funazu K˘bei and the thief Kotengű Y˘jir˘ [casting].

March 1886: premiŔre at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Mekura Nagaya Ume-ga-Kagatobi"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Umekichi, D˘gen and Shinigami [casting].

26 April 1887: the emperor views Kabuki for the first time at the residence of Inoue Kaoru, the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The casting includes the three leading stars Kikugor˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Ichikawa Sadanji I.

April 1890: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the drama "Hitotsuya"; Kikugor˘ plays the leading role of the old woman Ibara.

October 1890: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Modoribashi"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Sayuri and the demon of Mount Atago [casting].

November 1891: the title "Oto ni Kiku Tenjiku Tokubei" is used for the first time, in T˘ky˘ at the Fukanoza; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubei, Dainichimaru, Fuwa Banzaemon and the zat˘ Tokuichi [casting].

January 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Shiobara Tasuke Ichidaiki"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Shiobara Tasuke and Michizure Kohei [casting].

July 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kaidan Botan D˘r˘", adapted to Kabuki from a famous Rakugo story created by San'yűtei Ench˘; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Tomoz˘ and Oyone's ghost [casting]. Premiere also in the same theater of the dance "Makura Jid˘", which stars Kikugor˘ in the role of Kikujid˘.

January 1894: Kikugor˘ plays at the Kabukiza the prestigious role of Princess Yaegaki in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" [print].

January 1898: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's dance-drama "Hagoromo"; Kikugor˘ plays the role of the celestial creature [casting].

May 1898: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Edo Sodachi Omatsuri Sashichi"; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Omatsuri Sashichi [casting].

April 1899: Kikugor˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Togashi in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Yoshitsune are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Ichikawa Metora II.

October 1902: premiere at the Kabukiza of Enokido Kenji's drama "Ninj˘ Banashi Bunshichi Mottoi"; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Ch˘bei [casting].

November 1902: Kikugor˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Kinai, Shizue and Benten K˘z˘ Kikunosuke in the drama "Chűshin Kanagaki K˘shaku".

18 February 1903: Kikugor˘ dies.

Comments:

Onoe Kikugor˘ V belonged to the triumvirat of stars who dominated the Kabuki world during the Meiji era (the two others were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Ichikawa Sadanji I). He created with Kawatake Mokuami a new genre called zangirimono.

Onoe Kikugor˘ V's best roles: Benten Koz˘ Kikunosuke ("Shiranami Gonin Otoko"), Kataoka Naojir˘ ("Naozamurai"), Kamiyui Shinza ("Tsuyu Kosode Mukashi Hachij˘"), Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori ("Sanemori Monogatari"), Sat˘ Tadanobu/the fox Genkur˘ ("Yoshitsune Sembon Zakura"), Gosho no Goroz˘ ("Soga Moy˘ Tateshi no Goshozome"), Hayano Kampei ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Masaoka ("Meiboku Sendai Hagi"), Oiwa/Kohei/Yomoshichi ("T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan").

Onoe Kikugor˘ V gathered his favourite dance-dramas in a collection named Shinko Engeki Jűsshu: "Rakan", "Kodera no Neko" (these 2 items were performed for the first time by his grandfather Onoe Kikugor˘ III), "Tsuchi Gumo", "Ibaraki", "Hitotsuya", "Modoribashi", "Kikujid˘" and "Hagoromo". His son Onoe Kikugor˘ VI completed later on the collection by adding "Migawari Zazen" and "Osakabe Hime".

"He succeeded to the headship of the Onoe family, ranked with the ninth Danjűr˘, and in some respects surpassed him. It was in drama of everyday life that Kikugor˘ most excelled, the sentimental and realistic having the greatest appeal for him." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Onoe Kikugor˘ V playing the role of Benten Koz˘ in the drama "Yoko Shimada Kanoko Furisode", whose plot and character belong to "Shiranami Gonin Otoko" world and which was performed in June 1889 at the Moritaza (print made by Toyohara Kunichika)

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1859

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1863

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1865 (courtesy of V.)

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1868

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1874

Print made by Y˘shű Chikanobu in 1881

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1883

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1892

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1894

The Ichimura Uzaemon line of actors

The Ichimura Kakitsu line of actors

The Onoe Kikugor˘ line of actors

 
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