ICHIKAWA SADANJI I

Stage names:

Ichikawa Sadanji I In Japanese
Ichikawa Sh˘jaku I In Japanese
Ichikawa Koyone In Japanese
Ichikawa Tatsuz˘ In Japanese

Other name:

Ichikawa Ensh˘ I In Japanese

Real name: Takahashi Eiz˘

Guild: Takashimaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Sh˘ch˘ (1), Ensh˘ (1)

Existence: 28th day of the 10th lunar month of 1842 [1] ~ 7 August 1904

Connections:

Adoptive father: Ichikawa Kodanji IV

Brothers: Nakamura Jusabur˘ III, Ichikawa Arajir˘ I

Son: Ichikawa Sadanji II

Daughter: Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ I

Son-in-law: Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II

Disciples: Ichikawa Sash˘ I, Ichikawa Sash˘ II, Ichikawa Enjo, Ichikawa Kudanji II, Ichikawa Wakamatsu, Ichikawa Enjűr˘, Ichikawa Sh˘jaku II, Ichikawa Ensh˘ III

Career:

1842: born in ďsaka. His father Nakamura Seikichi was a theater wig-dresser (tokoyama).

1848: he made his first appearance on stage at the Kado no Shibai, where he received the name of Ichikawa Tatsuz˘.

1851: he became disciple of the actor Ichikawa Kodanji IV, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Koyone.

1862: Ichikawa Koyone took the name of Ichikawa Sh˘jaku I.

1864: he was adopted by Ichikawa Kodanji IV, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Sadanji I. The two actors went together to Edo.

8th day of the 5th lunar month of 1866 [2]: his adoptive father Ichikawa Kodanji IV died.

2nd lunar month of 1867: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's new year sogamono "Keisei Soga Kuruwa Kagami", in which was premiered the drama "Oshizu Reiza"; Sadanji played the roles of Ky˘ no Jir˘, Ushijima Chikara and the uekiya Yanagishima no Matsu [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Keian Taiheiki"; the leading role of Marubashi Chűya was played by Sadanji.

10th lunar month of 1872: Sadanji took part in the opening ceremony of the Shintomiza.

January 1875: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "ďgi By˘shi ďoka Seidan" (commonly called "Ten'ichib˘"); Sadanji played the roles of Yoshida Sangor˘ and Yamanouchi Iganosuke [casting].

June 1876: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hototogisu Date no Kikigaki"; Sadanji played the roles of Asahino Yagor˘, Karagi Wasuke and Aranami Kajinosuke [casting].

October 1878: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Sadanji played the role of the tobi Tsukimi no Bunji [casting].

February 1879: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Ningen Banji Kane no Yo no Naka"; Sadanji played the roles of Sunada Utsuz˘ and the rice merchant Takayasu Tokushir˘ [casting].

16 July 1879: Sadanji took part in the gala night at the Shintomiza in the honor of the General Ulysses S. Grant [more details].

March 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's masterpiece "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana"; Sadanji played the role of Kaneko Ichinoj˘ [casting].

May 1881: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "ďsakazuki Shusen no Tsuwamono"; Sadanji played the role of Hara Saisuke, in reality Baba Saburobŕ [casting].

June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's jidaimono "Youchi Soga Kariba no Akebono" [casting]; Sadanji played the role of Danzabur˘ (Gor˘'s retainer). Premiere in the same theater of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo", which was staged to commemorate the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of late Onoe Kikugor˘ III; Sadanji played the role of Hirai Yasumasa [casting].

November 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's zangirimono drama "Shima Chidori Tsuki no Shiranami"; Sadanji played the role of Matsushima Senta [casting].

June 1882: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Imay˘ Mochizuki" (commonly called "Mochizuki"); Sadanji played the role of Mochizuki Saemon Akinaga [casting].

January 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Medeshi Yanagi Midori no Matsumae"; Sadanji played the role of Yagyű Tajima-no-Kami [casting].

April 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Ibaraki"; Sadanji played the role of Watanabe Genji Tsuna [casting].

January 1885: two dances were staged at the Chitoseza, about to reopen in February 1885 with a new name. From the 4th to the 7th of January, two auspicious dances and a k˘j˘ with the troupe led by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX were staged. The sanbas˘ was staged with Sadanji (Okina), Band˘ Kakitsu I (Senzai) and Onoe Kikugor˘ V (Sanbas˘). This was also the premiere of the Nagauta-based dance-drama "Tsuru Kame" [more details].

February 1885: Sadanji took part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Sadanji played the roles of Ogiwara Ry˘saku and the rickshaw Sangor˘ [casting].

November 1885: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Funa Benkei"; Sadanji played the role of Benkei [casting].

26 April 1887: the emperor views Kabuki for the first time at the residence of Inoue Kaoru, the Minister of Foreign Affairs; the casting included the three leading Meiji era stars Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX, Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Sadanji.

October 1887: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's matsubamemono "Momijigari"; Sadanji played the role of Taira no Koremochi [casting].

May 1888: premiŔre at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Kagotsurube Sato no Eizame"; Sadanji played the role of Sano Jir˘zaemon [casting].

March 1890: premiere at the Kiriza of Takeshiba Kisui's drama "Kami no Megumi Wag˘ no Torikumi"; Sadanji played the roles of Kitadashi Kisabur˘ and the sum˘tori Kuryűzan Namiemon (previously named Mizuhiki Seigor˘) [more details].

July 1890: premiere at the Shintomiza of "Kiyomasa Seichűroku", a revised version of Kawatake Shinshichi III's 1875 drama "Minori no Aki Seish˘ Denki". It was part of a special 2-day gala program starring Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX; Sadanji played the role of Sakakibara Yasumasa [more details].

October 1890: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Modoribashi"; Sadanji played the role of Watanabe Genji Tsuna [casting].

November 1892: Sadanji became the zagashira of the Ichimuraza, which was rebuilt in the district of Shitaya.

November 1893: opening ceremony of the Meijiza, rebuilt and managed by Sadanji [more details].

October 1898: premiere at the Meijiza of Takeshiba Kisui's dance-drama "Sannin Katawa"; Sadanji played the role of the crawling cripple [casting].

March 1899: premiere at the Meijiza of the drama "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki", which gathered the main scenes from the sukerokumono part of Kawatake Shinshichi II's 1858 drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; Sadanji played the roles of the bant˘ Gonkur˘ and Sukeroku [casting].

May 1904: Sadanji appeared on stage for the last time, at the Meijiza, where he played the role of the fisherman Yat˘ta in Matsui Sh˘˘'s drama "Tekikoku K˘fuku".

7 August 1904: Sadanji died.

Comments:

Ichikawa Sadanji I belonged to the triumvirat of stars who dominated the Kabuki world during the Meiji era (the two others were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Onoe Kikugor˘ V). He was the leading actor of many shinkabuki dramas and worked on scripts written by authors who did not belong to the Kabuki world, like Matsui Sh˘˘, or adapted contemporary popular novels, like K˘da Rohan's "Hige Otoko". His two most successful roles were Marubashi Chűya and Baba Saburobŕ in "Keian Taiheiki" and "ďsakazuki".

"At first he was a poor actor, and gave no sign of a promising career. Mokuami, the playwright, assisted him greatly by providing him with new plays and furnishing him with advice, and so great was his advancement that he was able to hold his own with Danjűr˘ and Kikugor˘" (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 28th day of the 10th lunar month of the 13th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 30th of November 1842 in the western calendar.

[2] The 8th day of the 5th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Kei˘ era was the 20th of June 1866 in the western calendar.

The actor Ichikawa Sadanji I playing the role of Sakuz˘ in the drama "Sato no Haregi Momiji no Uchikake", which was staged in April 1901 at the Meijiza (print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai)

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1874

Print made by Y˘shű Chikanobu in 1881

Print made by Morikawa Chikashige in 1882

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1883

Print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai in 1900

Print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai in 1901

The Ichikawa Sadanji line of actors

 
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