JITSUKAWA ENJAKU II

Stage names:

Jitsukawa Enjaku II In Japanese
Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I In Japanese

Real name: Amaboshi Sh˘emon

Guild: Kawachiya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Sh˘gan

Existence: 11 December 1877 ~ 22 February 1951

Connections:

Father: Jitsukawa Enjaku I

Sons: Jitsukawa Enjaku III, Jitsukawa Ennosuke III

Disciples: Jitsukawa Enju, Jitsukawa Yaoz˘ III

Family map: the Jitsukawa Clan

Career:

11 December 1877: born in ďsaka in the district of Nanba Shinchi.

18 September 1885: his father Jitsukawa Enjaku I died.

October 1887 [1]: he made his first appearance on stage in ďsaka at the Naniwaza, where he received the name of Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I.

1894: Enjir˘ became zagashira of a troupe of children-actors.

December 1896: Enjir˘ played at the Sakaiza (ďsaka) the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri was played by Arashi Umenosuke.

1899: Enjir˘ went to T˘ky˘ and performed at the T˘ky˘za.

August 1904: Enjir˘ played at the Kadoza the role of the smuggler Kezori in the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi"; his stage partners were Arashi Tokusabur˘ V (S˘shichi) and Nakamura Shibajaku IV (Kojor˘).

1909: Enjir˘ played the role of Igami no Gonta in the "Sushiya" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", in March at the Meijiza (Ky˘to), in June at the Misonoza (Nagoya) and in September at the Asahiza (ďsaka).

November 1909: revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku", in ďsaka at the Asahiza, which was based on a new script written by Watanabe Katei; Enjir˘ played the role of Kawachiya Yohŕ [casting].

January 1910: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku" was staged for the first time in Ky˘to, at the Minamiza; Enjir˘ played the role of Kawachiya Yohŕ [casting].

May 1910: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku" was staged for the first time in T˘ky˘, at the Shintomiza; Enjir˘ played the role of Kawachiya Yohŕ [casting].

July 1911: Enjir˘ played at the Asahiza (ďsaka) the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners were Nakamura Naritar˘ I (Issun Tokubŕ, Otatsu) and Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV (Tsuribune Sabu).

November 1911: Enjir˘ played at the Nakaza the roles of Yokoz˘ and Katsuyori in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘"; his stage partners were Nakamura Naritar˘ I (Nureginu, Jihiz˘) and Arashi Tokusabur˘ V (Princess Yaegaki).

October 1914: Enjir˘ played at the Matsushima Yachiyoza (ďsaka) the role of Tamate Gozen in the drama "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; his stage partners were Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV (Gapp˘) and Arashi Hirosabur˘ (Takayasu Shuntokumaru).

August 1915: the drama "Kaidan Chibusa no Enoki" revised by Enjir˘ was staged for the first time in T˘ky˘, at the Kabukiza; Enjir˘ played the roles of Hishikawa Shigenobu, the ghost of Shigenobu, the servant Sh˘suke and Uwabami no Sanji [casting].

October 1915: Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I took the name of Jitsukawa Enjaku II in ďsaka at the Naniwaza, playing the role of Yasui D˘boku and Hachirobŕ in the dramas "Yasui D˘ton" and "Kane Morotomo Urami no Samezaya" [2]; the role of Otsuma in the latter drama was played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV. The new Enjaku shared the staged with Nakamura Ganjir˘ I, Nakamura Baigyoku II, Nakamura Kaisha, Nakamura Fukusuke IV, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII, Ichikawa Udanji II, Arashi Kichisabur˘ VI, Arashi Rikaku IV, Nakamura Senjaku I and Hayashi Ch˘zabur˘.

August 1917: the play "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was produced at the Kabukiza for the first time; Enjaku played the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ [casting].

December 1917: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the roles of Osono and Ky˘goku no Takumi were played by Kataoka Gad˘ IV and Arashi Kichisabur˘ VI.

April 1919: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"; the role of Ishikawa Goemon was played by Ichikawa Gangyoku II.

December 1919: Enjaku played at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei, Sadakur˘, Yoichibŕ, Teraoka Heiemon and Tonase in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

April 1920: Enjaku played at the Minatoza (Nagoya) the role of Gapp˘ in the drama "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; the role of Tamate Gozen was played by Nakamura Jakuemon III.

September 1920: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the roles of Osono and Ky˘goku no Takumi were played by Sawamura S˘nosuke I and Arashi Kichisabur˘ VI.

March 1923: Enjaku played at the Minamiza the role of Kezori in the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi"; his stage partners were Nakamura Fukusuke IV (S˘shichi) and Arashi Hirosabur˘ (the courtesan Kojor˘).

February 1924: Enjaku played at the Minamiza the role of Sasaki Takatsuna in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Princess Toki and Miuranosuke were played by Nakamura Jakuemon III and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ VII.

February 1925: Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", was revived at the Hong˘za, under the supervision of the writer Nagai Kafű; Enjaku played the role of the sum˘ wrestler Shirafuji Genta [casting].

April 1927: Enjaku played at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the roles of Osono and Ky˘goku no Takumi were played by Kataoka Gad˘ IV and Arashi Gansh˘.

May 1927: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the role of Katsuyori in the "Jusshuk˘" scene of the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘"; the roles of Princess Yaegaki and Nureginu were played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Nakamura Jakuemon III.

November 1928: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the role of Motoemon in the drama "Tengajaya-mura"; his stage partners were Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Iori), Nakamura Ganjir˘ I (T˘ma Sabur˘emon) and Nakamura Senjaku I (Somenoi).

December 1929: Enjaku played at the Misonoza (Nagoya) the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei, Sadakur˘, Yoichibŕ and Teraoka Heiemon in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

May 1933: Ikeda Daigo's bakumatsumono drama "Saig˘ to Buta-hime" was staged for the first time in ˘shibai, in T˘ky˘ at the Meijiza; Enjaku played the role of the nakai Otama [more details].

November 1935: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the role of Osono was played by Nakamura Kaisha.

January 1936: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke and Tanuki no Kakuhei in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

19 December 1937: his younger son Jitsukawa Ennosuke III died at the age of 16.

April 1938: premiere at the Meijiza of "Kira Yashiki Uramon" and the first act of "Sengoku Yashiki" [casting], the seventh and ninth plays of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Enjaku played the role of Lord Sengoku in "Sengoku Yashiki".

May 1938: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the role of Osono was played by Nakamura Kaisha.

November 1942: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Igami no Gonta in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

January 1944: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the role of Osono was played by Nakamura Baigyoku III.

March 1944: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Sasaki Takatsuna in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Princess Toki and Miuranosuke were played by Nakamura Baigyoku III and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

January 1945: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the role of Yokoz˘ in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘"; the role of Jihiz˘ was played by Kataoka Gat˘ IV.

January 1946: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of S˘gan and Obiya Ch˘emon in "Sakaya" and "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami".

April 1946: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Kamiya Jihŕ [3], Nippon Daemon and Tatara Shind˘zaemon in "Shinjű Ten no Amijima", "Benten Koz˘" and "Imorizake".

June 1946: Enjaku played at the Minamiza the roles of Tatara Shind˘zaemon, Motome [4] and Magoemon in "Imorizake", "Koi no Odamaki" and "Koi Bikyaku".

September 1946: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Kyűsaku and Motome [4] in "Imose no Kadomatsu" and "Koi no Odamaki".

October 1946: Enjaku played at the Minamiza the roles of the kagokaki Jinbŕ and Nan Yohŕ (later Nanp˘ Jűjibŕ) [5] in "Hashimoto" and "Hikimado".

November 1946: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Nishiya Kingor˘ and Magoemon [6] in "Nozomi no Minato" and "Ninokuchi-mura".

January 1947: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Hitotsuya Gohŕ [7] and Nan Yohŕ (later Nanp˘ Jűjibŕ) [8] in "Osaga Kaheiji" and "Hikimado". This program celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Ganjir˘ II and Kamimura Kichiya V and commemorated the the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of the passing away of Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.

February 1947: Enjaku played at the Minamiza the roles of Obiya Ch˘emon and Konaya Magoemon in "Domo Mata" and "Ten no Amijima". This program celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Ganjir˘ II in Ky˘to at the Minamiza.

March 1947: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Ishikawa Goemon [9] and S˘gan in "Sanmon" and "Sakaya".

May 1947: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Ishikawa Goemon [10] and Kyűsaku in "Sanmon" and "Shinpan Utazaimon".

June 1947: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Tonbŕ in "Soga no Taimen" and "Tonbŕ Sumika".

August 1947: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Tsuribune Sabu [11] and Heisaku in "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" and "Numazu".

September 1947: Enjaku played at the Minamiza the roles of Shund˘ Jir˘emon [12] and Heisaku in "Numazu" and "Tsuzure no Nishiki".

October 1947: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Shimada Heizaemon and Matsu˘maru [13] in "Yoi G˘shin" and "Terakoya".

January 1948: Enjaku played at the Nakaza the roles of Midaroku and Shund˘ Jir˘emon [14] in "Kumagai Jin'ya" and "Tsuzure no Nishiki". This program celebrated the rebuilding of the Nakaza and the shűmei of Arashi San'emon XI.

February 1948: Enjaku played at the Minamiza the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke [15] in the classic Kanadehon Chűshingura.

March 1948: Enjaku played at the Misonoza the roles of Shund˘ Jir˘emon [14] and Shimada Heizaemon in "Tsuzure no Nishiki" and "Yoi G˘shin". This program celebrated in Nagoya the shűmei of Arashi San'emon XI.

April 1948: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Tokugawa Hidetada and Yoshioka Kiichi H˘gen [16] in "Kuriyama Daizen" and "Kikubatake". For health-related reasons, Enjaku stopped acting afterwards for 17 months.

October 1949: Enjaku was back on stage, in ďsaka at the ďsaka Kabukiza, where he played the prestigious role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Sanmon"; the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi was played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III.

February 1950: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Ishikawa Goemon [17] and Heisaku in the dramas "Sanmon" and "Numazu". "Sanmon" was recorded as a movie [Sanmon Gosan no Kiri: February 1950].

May 1950: Enjaku played at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ the roles of Heisaku and Ishikawa Goemon [17] in the dramas "Numazu" and "Sanmon".

November 1950: Enjaku played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role Ishikawa Goemon [17] in the drama "Sanmon".

January 1951: Enjaku appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the ďsaka Kabukiza, where he played the role of Sat˘ Masakiyo in the "Kosui Gozabune" act of the drama "Hachijin".

22 February 1951: Enjaku died.

Comments:

Jitsukawa Enjaku II was one of two best tachiyaku actors in Kamigata during the first half of the twentieth century, often sharing the top of the bill with the other one, Nakamura Ganjir˘ I. From 1935 to 1950, he was the undisputed leader of Kabuki in Kamigata. His fame was not limited to ďsaka or Ky˘to and he did many successful stays in T˘ky˘. His field of excellence was wagoto, as the worthy heir of his father Jitsukawa Enjaku I. He was also outstanding in jitsugotoshi or bud˘goto roles in maruhonmono dramas. His extravagant offstage life as a womanizer was very well-known.

Jitsukawa Enjaku II's best roles: Ishikawa Goemon ("Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"), Sanni no goroshichi ("Kari no Tayori"), Danshichi Kurobŕ ("Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"), Kan˘ Shirojir˘ ("Chichi Morai"), Rokusuke ("Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"), Heisaku ("Numazu"), Shund˘ Jir˘emon ("Daianji Zutsumi"), Nikki Danj˘ ("Meiboku Sendai Hagi") and Yokoz˘ ("Honch˘ Nijűshik˘").

[1] March 1886 at the Ebisuza in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten".

[2] A kamigata ky˘gen similar to "Unagidani"

[3] The roles of Jihŕ's wife Osan and Kinokuniya Koharu were played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV and Jitsukawa Enjir˘ II.

[4] The roles of Princess Tachibana and Omiwa were played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV and Nakamura Baigyoku III.

[5] The roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘, Ohaya and Ok˘ were played by Kataoka Gat˘ IV, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV and Nakamura Kasen II.

[6] The roles of Kameya Chűbŕ and Umegawa were played by Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV.

[7] The roles of Kashiwaya Osaga and Hitotsuya Kaheiji were played by Nakamura Ganjir˘ II and Nakamura Baigyoku III.

[8] The roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘, Ohaya and Ok˘ were played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III, Nakamura Ganjir˘ II and Nakamura Kasen II.

[9] The role of Hisayoshi was played by Nakamura Baigyoku III.

[10] The role of Konoshita T˘kichi was played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III.

[11] The roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Issun Tokubŕ were played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III and Sawamura Tosshi VIII.

[12] The roles of Takaichi Buemon and Kamura Utaemon were played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III and Kataoka Gat˘ IV.

[13] The roles of Takebe Genz˘, Chiyo and Tonami were played by Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV and Nakamura Naritar˘ II.

[14] The roles of Takaichi Buemon and Kamura Utaemon were played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III and Arashi San'emon XI.

[15] The roles of En'ya Hangan, ďboshi Rikiya, Ishid˘ Umanoj˘/Teraoka Heiemon, Okaru/Oishi, Kakogawa Honz˘ and Tonase were played by Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI, Jitsukawa Enjir˘ II, Kataoka Gat˘ IV, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV, Arashi San'emon XI and Nakamura Ganjir˘ II.

[16] The roles of the yakko Chienai (in reality Yoshioka Kisanta), the yakko Toraz˘ (in reality Ushiwakamaru), Princess Minazuru and Kasahara Tankai were played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III, Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV and Nakamura Fukusuke V.

[17] The role of Mashiba Hisayoshi was played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III.

Jitsukawa Enjaku II playing the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" (print made by Natori Shunsen in 1926)

The Jitsukawa Enjir˘ line of actors

The Jitsukawa Enjaku line of actors

 
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