JITSUKAWA ENJAKU III

Stage names:

Jitsukawa Enjaku III In Japanese
Jitsukawa Enjir˘ II In Japanese

Real name: Amaboshi Sh˘z˘

Guild: Kawachiya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry name: Sh˘gan

Existence: 3 January 1921 ~ 14 May 1991

Connections:

Grandfather: Jitsukawa Enjaku I

Father: Jitsukawa Enjaku II

Brother: Jitsukawa Ennosuke III

Disciples: Jitsukawa Enr˘ II, Jitsukawa Jakunosuke, Jitsukawa Enju

Family map: the Jitsukawa Clan

Career:

January 1927: he made his first stage appearance in ďsaka at the Naniwaza.

March 1934: he took the name of Jitsukawa Enjir˘ II at the ďsaka Kabukiza, playing the role of Soga Jűr˘ in the drama "Ikitate Soga".

19 December 1937: his younger brother Jitsukawa Ennosuke III died at the age of 16.

January 1946: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of the Gidayű-based version of the dance-drama "Sh˘j˘"; Enjir˘ played the role of the sake peddler K˘fű [more details].

October 1947: Enjir˘ played for the first time the role of the sanbas˘ in the dance "Ayatsuri Sanbas˘", which was staged at the Misonoza (Nagoya); his stage partners were Nakamura Ganjir˘ II (Okina) and Nakamura Senjaku II (Senzai).

22 February 1951: his father Jitsukawa Enjaku II died.

September 1953: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of the dance "Ryűko", starring Band˘ Minosuke VI and Enjir˘ in the roles of the Dragon and the Tiger.

April 1954: revival (the 1st since the end of WW2) at the Nakaza of Katsu Genz˘ III's drama "Ogasawara S˘d˘"; Enjir˘ played the roles of Ogasawara Haito, the yakko Kikuhei (in reality the fox of Mt. My˘jin) and Koheiji [casting].

January 1955: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Naniwa no Ashi"; Enjir˘ played the role of Yumihiko [casting].

July 1956: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of the dance-drama "Uma Nusubito"; Enjir˘ played the role of Sunez˘ [casting].

March 1958: Enjir˘ took part in the final Kabuki performance at the ďsaka Kabukiza [more details].

September 1958: Enjir˘ made a great performance at the Nakaza (ďsaka), playing the roles of Kumagai Naozane, Issun Tokubŕ and Kawachiya Yohŕ in the dramas "Kumagai Jin'ya", "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" and "Abura no Jigoku".

December 1958: Enjir˘ played at the Minamiza (Ky˘to) the role of Yoemon in the dance-drama "Iro Moy˘ Chotto Karimame"; the role of Kasane was played by ďtani Tomoemon VII.

May 1959: Enjir˘ played at the Meijiza the roles of Issun Tokubŕ and Mikawaya Giheiji in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami".

June 1959: Enjir˘ played at the Minamiza the role of Gofukuya Jűbŕ in the "Numazu" scene of the drama "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku"; his stage partners were Kataoka Nizaemon XIII (Heisaku) and ďtani Tomoemon VII (Oyone). The play was performed with the same casting in July in Nagoya at the Misonoza.

February 1960: premiere at the Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Shiranui Kengy˘"; Enjir˘ played the role of Tobaya Tamatar˘ [casting].

January 1961: Enjir˘ played at the Nakaza (ďsaka) 5 roles in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura": K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei, Sadakur˘ and Yoichibŕ.

June 1961: Enjir˘ played for the first time the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ [1] in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was staged at the T˘yoko Hall (T˘ky˘).

November 1962: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Fud˘" [2]; Enjir˘ played the role of Hayakumo Daijin [more details].

March 1963: Jitsukawa Enjir˘ II took the name of Jitsukawa Enjaku III at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Narihira and Kameya Chűbŕ in the dramas "Suma no Utsushie" and "Fűin Giri".

September 1963: Enjaku celebrated his shűmei at the ďsaka Shinkabukiza, playing the roles of Ishikawa Goemon and Kameya Chűbŕ in the dramas "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri" and "Fűin Giri". Ishikawa Goemon was the most famous role of his late father Jitsukawa Enjaku II.

October 1963: Enjaku celebrated his shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza, playing the roles of Kingor˘ and Kameya Chűbŕ in the dramas "Kosan Kingor˘" and "Fűin Giri".

December 1963: Enjaku played for the first time the role of Heisaku in the "Numazu" scene of the drama "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku", which was staged at the Kabukiza; his stage partners were Morita Kan'ya XIV (Gofukuya Jűbŕ) and ďtani Tomoemon VII (Oyone).

January 1965: premiere at the Nakaza of the spectacular hengemono "ďtsue D˘j˘ji"; Enjaku played the roles of the wisteria maiden, a falcon-handler, a zat˘, a boatman and the ˘tsue demon [more details].

July 1968: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kama-ga-Fuchi Futatsu Domoe"; Enjaku played the role of Ishikawa Goemon [casting].

June 1969: Enjaku played the role of the villain Soga no Iruka in the great revival (4 acts) of the classic "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which was staged at the National Theatre.

January 1971: Enjaku played at the Kabukiza the role of the villain Matsunaga Daizen in the jidaimono "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki"; his stage partners were Nakamura Shikan VII (Princess Yuki) and Morita Kan'ya XIV (T˘kichi).

June 1972: tour in Europe.

April 1976: the National Theatre produced the revival in 5 acts and 9 scenes of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Enjaku played the leading role of Ishikawa Goemon [casting].

April 1981: revival at the National Theatre of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Keisei Hama no Masago"; Enjaku played the roles of Sait˘ Kuranosuke and Toyotomi Hisayori [casting].

January 1984: Enjaku played for the last time the role of Goemon in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri", which was staged at the Kabukiza.

June 1985: Enjaku played for the last time the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the drama "Fűin Giri", which was staged at the Nakaza (ďsaka); the role of the courtesan Umegawa was played by Nakamura Matsue V.

April 1987: Enjaku took part in the revival at the Meijiza of the play "Jűni Hitoe Komachi Zakura", which included the famous Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Tsumoru Koi Yuki no seki no To" [more details].

December 1988: Enjaku played for the last time the role of Heisaku in the "Numazu" scene of the drama "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku", which was staged at the Minamiza (Ky˘to); his stage partners were Nakamura Senjaku II (Gofukuya Jűbŕ) and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ IX (Oyone).

January 1990: Enjaku played for the last time the role of the sanbas˘ in the dance "Ayatsuri Sanbas˘", which was staged at the Kabukiza; his stage partners were Sawamura S˘jűr˘ IX (Okina) and Ichikawa Monnosuke VII (Senzai).

December 1990: Enjaku appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Gion Kaburenj˘, playing the role of Hayano Kanpei in the michiyuki "Michiyuki Tabiji no Hanamuko"; the role of Okaru was played by Onoe Baik˘ VII.

14 May 1991: Enjaku died.

Comments:

Jitsukawa Enjaku III was a great tachiyaku of the second half of the twentieth century, trained in the traditions of the Kamigata Kabuki. He unfortunately died without a son to transmit his art and name, putting an end to the Jitsukawa clan.

[1] This role is one of the most prestigious ones in the Kamigata Kabuki.

[2] A drama belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban.

Jitsukawa Enjaku III playing the role of Kyűsaku in the drama "Shinpan Utazaimon" in a print made by Tsuruya K˘kei in July 1989
Print courtesy of Castle Fine Arts, Inc. (all rights reserved)

Prints & Illustrations

The Jitsukawa Enjir˘ line of actors

The Jitsukawa Enjaku line of actors

 
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