ICHIKAWA JUKAI III

Stage names:

Ichikawa Jukai III In Japanese
Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI In Japanese
Ichikawa T˘sh˘ In Japanese
Ichikawa Komanosuke In Japanese
Ichikawa Takamaru In Japanese

Real name: ďta Sh˘z˘

Guild: Naritaya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Existence: 12 July 1886 ~ 3 April 1971

Connections:

Master: Ichikawa Kodanji V

Adoptive father: Ichikawa Sumiz˘ V

Brother: Ichikawa Yonezaemon

Adopted son: Ichikawa Raiz˘ VIII

Disciple: Ichikawa Sh˘haku

Career:

12 July 1886: born in T˘ky˘ in the district of Nihonbashi Kakigara-ch˘.

May 1894: he became a disciple of Ichikawa Kodanji V and made his first stage appearance, at the Meijiza, where he received the name of Ichikawa Takamaru.

January 1903: Ichikawa Takamaru took the name of Ichikawa Komanosuke at the Asakusaza.

1905: he was adopted by Ichikawa Sumiz˘ V.

May 1905: Ichikawa Komanosuke took the name of Ichikawa T˘sh˘.

7 May 1906: his adoptive father Ichikawa Sumiz˘ V died.

March 1907: Ichikawa T˘sh˘ took the name of Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI.

September 1909: revival at the Meijiza of the drama "Kenuki", a long-forgotten play belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sumiz˘ played the role of Hata no Minbu [casting].

May 1910: revival at the Meijiza of the drama "Narukami", a long-forgotten play belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sumiz˘ played the role of the priest Kokuunb˘ (the "black cloud bonze") [casting].

May 1911: premiere at the Meijiza of the Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Shuzenji Monogatari"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Katsura [casting].

January 1914: revival at the Hong˘za of the drama "Gedatsu", a long-forgotten play belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sumiz˘ played the role of Kawachiya Denbŕ [more details].

October 1914: premiere at the Meijiza of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Soga Monogatari"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Echigo no Zenjib˘ [casting].

August 1915: the drama "Kaidan Chibusa no Enoki" revised by Enjir˘ was staged for the first time in T˘ky˘, at the Kabukiza; Sumiz˘ played the role of Matsui Sabur˘ [casting].

September 1915: premiere at the Hong˘za of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Toribeyama Shinjű"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Sakata Genzabur˘ [casting].

February 1916: premiere at the Hong˘za of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Banch˘ Sarayashiki"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Hanaregoma Shirobŕ [casting].

August 1917: the play "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was produced at the Kabukiza for the first time; Sumiz˘ played the role of Okaji [casting].

November 1920: premiere at the Meijiza of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Ogurusu no Ch˘bŕ"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Horio Mosuke [casting].

6 May 1922: his master Ichikawa Kodanji V died.

February 1925: Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", was revived at the Hong˘za, under the supervision of the writer Nagai Kafű; Sumiz˘ played the roles of Tsugawa Mondo and Tsugawa Katsujir˘ [casting].

November 1929: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kan U", a play belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sumiz˘ played the role of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka [casting].

April 1932: premiere at the Kabukiza of Mayama Seika's "Yoritomo no Shi"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Hatakeyama Shigeyasu [casting].

February 1934: premiere at the Kabukiza of "ďishi Saigo no Ichinichi", the tenth and last play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Isogai Jűr˘zaemon [casting].

January 1935: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of "Edo-j˘ no Ninj˘" and "Daini no Shisha", the first and second plays of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Lord Kat˘ in the former drama and the role of Ushioda Matanoj˘ in the latter drama [more details].

April 1935: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of "Saigo no Daihy˘j˘", the third play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Horibe Yasubŕ [casting].

November 1938: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Nanbuzaka no Yuki Wakare", the sixth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Hagura Itsuki [casting].

February 1939: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of the second act of "Sengoku Yashiki", the ninth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sumiz˘ played the role of the j˘shi Suzuki Gengoemon [casting].

April 1939: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Fushimi Shumokumachi", the fourth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Matsunoj˘, later ďishi Chikara [casting].

January 1940: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of "Ohama Goten Tsunatoyo-ky˘", the fifth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sumiz˘ played the role of Arai Kageyu [casting].

February 1949: Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI and his nephew Ichikawa Danjir˘ respectively took the names of Ichikawa Jukai III and Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VII at the ďsaka Kabukiza; Jukai played the roles of Hosokawa Katsumoto, Hanakawado Sukeroku (in reality Soga Gor˘ Tokimune), Akita J˘nosuke and ďmori Hikoshichi Morinaga in "Meiboku Sendai Hagi", "Sukeroku", "Takatoki" and "ďmori Hikoshichi". The roles of Ikyű, Agemaki and Shinbŕ in "Sukeroku" were played by Ichikawa Sansh˘ V, Nakamura Ganjir˘ II and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV.

June 1949: Ichikawa Jukai III and Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VII celebrated their shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza; Jukai played the roles of Yagyű Matajűr˘, the komus˘ Shiroz˘ (in reality Mionoya Shir˘ Kunitoshi), Sasaki Moritsuna and Yosabur˘ in "Nikaigasa Yagyű Jikki" (the k˘j˘ for this shűmei in Nagoya was staged within this drama!), "Shikorobiki", "Moritsuna Jin'ya" and "Kirare Yosa". The role of Otomi in "Kirare Yosa" was played by Onoe Kikujir˘ IV.

June 1949: Ichikawa Jukai III and Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VII celebrated their shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza; Jukai played the roles of the komus˘ Shiroz˘ (in reality Mionoya Shir˘ Kunitoshi), ďmori Hikoshichi Morinaga, Hosokawa Katsumoto and Heijir˘ (in reality Nezumi Koz˘ Jirokichi) in "Shikorobiki", "ďmori Hikoshichi", "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and "Jirokichi Zange".

September 1950: Jukai played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Oguri Hangan Kaneuji, Fukuoka Mitsugi, Shinkichi and Issun Tokubŕ in "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘shi", "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba", "Shinkei Kasane-ga-Fuchi" and "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which were staged in a program commemorating the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of late Kataoka Nizaemon XI. The roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Tsuribune Sabu in "Natsu Matsuri" were played by Kataoka Gat˘ IV and Band˘ Minosuke VI.

July 1951: Ichikawa Jukai III, Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VII and Ichikawa Raiz˘ VIII celebrated their shűmei in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza; Jukai played the roles of Kimura Shigenari, Takechi Jűjir˘ Mitsuyoshi and Kikuchi Hankur˘ in "Kiri Hitoha", "Ehon Taik˘ki" and "Toribeyama Shinjű". The role of Osome in "Toribeyama Shinjű" was played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV.

July 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Kitsune to Fuefuki"; Jukai played the role of Harukata [casting].

March 1958: Jukai took part in the final Kabuki performance at the ďsaka Kabukiza [more details].

1960: Jukai received the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese). He was the first Kabuki actor to receive this title!

February 1967: Jukai appeared on stage in ďsaka for the last time, playing at the ďsaka Shinkabukiza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "Moritsuna Jin'ya", which was staged in a program commemorating the 32th anniversary (33rd memorial service) of the passing away of late Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.

November 1967: Jukai played at the National Theatre the role of Kimura Shigenari in the drama "Kiri Hitoha".

December 1967: Jukai played at the Minamiza the role of Kikuchi Hankur˘ in the drama "Toribeyama Shinjű"; the role of Osome was played by Onoe Baik˘ VII.

December 1969: Jukai played at the Minamiza the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the drama Kotobuki Soga no Taimen; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Kobayashi no Asahina, the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover), the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Oni˘ Shinzaemon (Jűr˘'s retainer) were played by Onoe Sh˘roku II, Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VIII, Ichikawa Monnosuke VII, Nakamura Shikan VII and Kataoka Nizaemon XIII.

November 1970: Jukai played at the Kabukiza the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the drama Kotobuki Soga no Taimen; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Kobayashi no Asahina, the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover), the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Oni˘ Shinzaemon (Jűr˘'s retainer) were played by Onoe Sh˘roku II, Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VIII, Kataoka Gad˘ V, Nakamura Utaemon VI and Kataoka Nizaemon XIII.

December 1970: Jukai appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, where he played the role of the Sh˘gun Tokugawa Yoshinobu in the drama "Sh˘gun Edo o Saru".

3 April 1971: Jukai died.

Comments:

Ichikawa Jukai III was an outstanding tachiyaku actor, excelling in nimaime roles. From the end of the Meiji era to the first decade of the Sh˘wa era, he was an active member of the troupe led by Ichikawa Sadanji II, which was involved in the creations of many Shinkabuki dramas, written by playwrights like Mayama Seika or Okamoto Kid˘. After the death of Ichikawa Sadanji II, he worked a lot with Ichikawa Ennosuke II for the creation of new plays. Then, he went to ďsaka in 1943 and made a very successful duo with his stage partner Band˘ Jusabur˘ III, which was nicknamed Futatsu Kotobuki, "The Two Kotobuki", because both actors had the ideogram Kotobuki (the meaning of this word is "congratulations" and another of its reading is Ju) in their first name. He was born in T˘ky˘ but spent enough time in the Kamigata Kabuki world to be labeled as a Kamigata actor. He became a great fukeyaku in his latter years.

Ichikawa Jukai III's best roles: Kataoka Naojir˘ ("Naozamurai"/"Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana"), Sasaki Moritsuna ("Moritsuna Jin'ya"), Hankur˘ ("Toribeyama Shinjű"), Kimura Shigenari ("Kiri Hitoha"), Tokugawa Tsunatoyo ("Ohama Goten"), Ki no Aritsune ("Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari") and Minamoto no Yoriie ("Yoritomo no Shi").

Jukai was a haimy˘ used by both Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII (Ichikawa Jukai I) and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX (Ichikawa Jukai II). Ichikawa Jukai III is in fact the first actor to really hold this name.

Ichikawa Jukai III playing the role of Kimura Shigenari in the drama "Kiri Hitoha" in a print made by Natori Shunsen

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Hanayama

The Ichikawa Sumiz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Jukai line of actors

 
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