|NAKAMURA GANJIRď II|
Real name: Hayashi Yukio
Line number: NIDAIME (II)
Existence: 17 February 1902 ~ 13 April 1983
Grandfather: Nakamura Kanjaku III
Father: Nakamura Ganjir˘ I
Brother: Hayashi Mataichir˘ II
December 1906: he makes his first stage appearance, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing under his real name.
November 1910: Hayashi Yukio takes the name of Nakamura Senjaku I in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Kingoza and Shigez˘ in the dramas "Narihira Azuma Kudari" and "Ranpei Monogurui".
March 1934: "ďishi Saigo no Ichinichi", the tenth and last play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura" is staged for the first time in ďsaka and in Ky˘to, at the Naniwaza from the 3rd to 16th of March [casting] and at the Minamiza from the 17th to the 27th of March [casting]; Senjaku plays the role of Isogai Jűr˘zaemon.
1 February 1935: his father Nakamura Ganjir˘ I dies.
October 1941: Nakamura Senjaku I takes the name of Nakamura Kanjaku IV in ďsaka at the Kadoza; his son, who makes his first stage appearance, takes the name of Nakamura Senjaku II. The new Kanjaku plays the role of Miuranosuke in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Princess Toki and Sasaki Takatsuna are played by Band˘ Tsurunosuke III and Jitsukawa Enjaku II.
March 1945: Kanjaku's family house in the district of Tamaya-ch˘ is destroyed during the terrible air raid conducted by the US army on the city of ďsaka.
June 1945: his mother Hayashi Sen dies.
January 1947: Nakamura Kanjaku IV takes the name of Nakamura Ganjir˘ II at the ďsaka Kabukiza, playing the roles of Jitsukawa Ganjir˘ (later Nakamura Ganjir˘), Kashiwaya Osaga, Karatsuya Eizabur˘, Ohaya and Kamiya Jihŕ in "Nakamura Ganjir˘", "Osaga Kaheiji", "Meguru Idoshi Kaeru Karigane", "Hikimado" and "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; these dramas are staged within a special program which commemorates the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of the passing away of Nakamura Ganjir˘ I and also celebrating the shűmei of Kamimura Kichiya V; his stage partners are Jitsukawa Enjaku II, Band˘ Jusabur˘ III, Hayashi Mataichir˘ II, Nakamura Baigyoku III, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VII, Jitsukawa Enjir˘ II, Band˘ Minosuke VI, Nakamura Senjaku II, Arashi Hinasuke X, Nakamura Komanosuke VII, Nakamura Naritar˘ II, Asao Okuyama VIII, Ichikawa Kudanji III, Nakamura Kasen II, Nakamura Tar˘ II, Band˘ Junosuke II and two family-related actresses (Nakamura Yoshiko and Nakamura Tamao).
February 1947: Nakamura Ganjir˘ II celebrated his shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Jitsukawa Ganjir˘ (later Nakamura Ganjir˘), Ch˘kichi/Ohan, Otoku and Kamiya Jihŕ in "Nakamura Ganjir˘", "Katsuragawa", "Domo Mata" and "Ten no Amijima".
1955: Ganjir˘ leaves the Kabuki world to work as a movie actor.
1959: Ganjir˘ plays in the movie "Ukigusa", directed by Ozu Yasujir˘ and produced by the Daiei.
1961: Ganjir˘ plays in the movie "Kobayagawake no Aki", directed by Ozu Yasujir˘ and produced by the T˘h˘.
1965: Ganjir˘ is back in the Kabuki world.
November 1966: opening ceremony of the National Theatre in T˘ky˘ with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Ganjir˘ plays the roles of Fujiwara no Shihei and Kakuju [casting].
April 1967: Ganjir˘ receives the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese).
june 1972: tour in Europe; Ganjir˘ plays in London (Sadler's Wells) and Munich (Gńrtnerplatz) the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ and the ferryman in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" and the dance "Sumidagawa".
December 1980: Ganjir˘ plays for the last time the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which is staged in Ky˘to at the Minamiza; the role of the courtesan Ohatsu is played as usual by Nakamura Senjaku II; Ganjir˘ falls ill the 10th day and has to be replaced by his grandson Nakamura Tomotar˘.
December 1982: Ganjir˘ appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to for the great kaomise at the Minamiza, playing the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Ninokuchi-mura" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Senjaku II.
13 April 1983: Ganjir˘ dies.
"Nakamura Ganjir˘ II like his father, Nakamura Ganjir˘ I, matured early in his life. Already in the early 1900's he had become a leader of children's Kabuki and later of youth Kabuki. At that time he had already adopted several of his father's roles as his own and was considered a full-fledged actor. However, he was not satisfied with simply duplicating his father's portrayal of roles, so he would modernize them and achieve an entirely innovative style of his own. [...] The roles of youth were his specialty but his full range was much wider, varying from the roles of old women to villains. [...] If we look at "Kanadehon Chűshingura", Nakamura Ganjir˘ I would perform Yuranosuke, Wakasanosuke, Kanpei and Tadayoshi but Nakamura Ganjir˘ II would also tackle the roles of Tonase, Honz˘ and Moron˘, which were masterpieces of acting. He was also good in performing the roles of new plays and as well as including the rich touch of the old, familiar Kabuki he managed to portray a role in an entirely new light." (Ishibashi Ken'ichir˘ in "Senjaku Kamigatagei to Chikamatsu")
The Nakamura Senjaku line of actors
The Nakamura Kanjaku line of actors
The Nakamura Ganjir˘ line of actors
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