HONGďZA
   
Names Hong˘za
Harukiza
Okudaza
City T˘ky˘
History

July 1873: the zamoto Okuda Toichir˘ opened his own theater, the Okudaza, in the district of Hong˘ Haruki-ch˘. The zagashira was Yamazaki Kawaz˘ and the leading actor was Okuda Tomisabur˘.

October 1875: the Okudaza went bankrupt and the management was taken over by Fukae T˘bŕ, who renamed the theater Harukiza.

October 1881: premiere at the Harukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kiwametsuki Banzui Ch˘bŕ", commonly called "Yudono no Ch˘bŕ", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Banzui Ch˘bŕ Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
Sakuragawa Goroz˘, Mizuno Jűr˘zaemon Ichikawa Gonjűr˘
Ch˘bŕ's wife Otoki Iwai Shijaku IV

March 1884: premiere at the Harukiza of Takeshiba Kinsaku I's drama "Chűj˘ Hime Taima Engi", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Princess Chűj˘ Suketakaya Takasuke IV
The evil lady Teruhi-no-Mae Ichikawa Kuz˘ III
Kunioka Sh˘gen Ichikawa Teruz˘ I
Kunioka Sh˘gen's wife Oshina Fujikawa Tomokichi V
Fujinoya Onoe Taganoj˘ II
Bekunai Sawamura Ujűr˘ III
Matsui Kat˘ta, Toyohagi Tokinari Band˘ Hikojűr˘ I
Yamane Nakamura Ginnosuke I

May 1885: first performance at the Harukiza of the Torikuma Shibai troupe.

23 June 1890: a fire destroyed the Harukiza.

December 1891: the Harukiza reopened with the shűmei of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ III, Azuma T˘z˘ VI and Nakamura Baiju. The others actors were Ichikawa Ennosuke I, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII, Nakamura Shikaku I, Nakamura Komanosuke VI, Nakamura Kangor˘ XII and Ichikawa Utasaku.

January 1896: revival at the Harukiza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari", staged under the title "Noriaibune Eh˘ Manzai", with Ichikawa Ennosuke I and Nakamura Kangor˘ XII performing the two comic dancers.

1896: a stock-company was created to manage the Harukiza. Its name was Harukiza KK.

23 March 1898: a fire destroyed the Harukiza.

March 1902: The Harukiza was renamed Hong˘za.

1910: the Hong˘za was purchased by the Sh˘chiku.

January 1914: revival at the Hong˘za of the drama "Gedatsu", a long-forgotten play belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban, which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Akushichiby˘e Kagekiyo Ichikawa Sadanji II
Akoya Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II
The yakko Yamahei, in reality Tomo no Rokur˘ Nakamura Matagor˘ I
The Kabuki actor Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ Ichikawa Arajir˘ II
The yakko Yamahei, in reality Iba no Jűz˘ Ichikawa Sash˘ II
Kawachiya Denbŕ Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI
Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki Ichikawa Kodanji V

September 1914: premiere at the Hong˘za of the drama "Waki Noboru Mizu-ni Koi Taki", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Takimado Shiganosuke, in reality the spirit of a giant carp Ichikawa Udanji II
Princess Kozakura Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II

September 1915: premiere at the Hong˘za of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Toribeyama Shinjű", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Kikuchi Hankur˘ Ichikawa Sadanji II
The Wakamatsuya courtesan Osome Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II
Sakata Ichinosuke Nakamura Matagor˘ I
Sakata Genzabur˘ Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI

February 1916: premiere at the Hong˘za of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Banch˘ Sarayashiki", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Lord Aoyama Harima Ichikawa Sadanji II
Okiku Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II
Shibata Jűdayű Ichikawa Sash˘ II
Hanaregoma Shirobŕ Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI
Gonji Ichikawa Arajir˘ II

March 1923: premiere at the Hong˘za of Matsui Sh˘y˘'s drama "Satsuma no Yodogimi". The leading role of Lady Yodo (Yodogimi) was played by Nakamura Utaemon V.

1 September 1923 (11:58 AM): T˘ky˘ was destroyed by a powerful earthquake called Kant˘ Daijishin, which killed more than 200,000 people; the Hong˘za was burnt to ashes.

1924: the Hong˘za reopened.

February 1925: Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", was revived at the Hong˘za, under the supervision of the writer Nagai Kafű. It was staged at the Hong˘za with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The sum˘ wrestler Shirafuji Genta Jitsukawa Enjaku II
The courtesan Oshun Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II
Gonsuke Ichikawa Sadanji II
Gonsuke's wife Otsuta, Sakama Denbŕ Sawamura Gennosuke IV
Tsugawa Mondo, Tsugawa Katsujir˘ Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI
Ushioda Bannoshin Ichikawa Arajir˘ II
Tomihachi, Matasuke Ichikawa Yonezaemon

October 1927: revival at the Hong˘za of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", which had not been staged since 3rd lunar month of 1817. The new script was written by Kawajiri Seitan and the play was produced under the title "Kiyomizudera Azuma Bunsh˘" with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The priest Seigen Nakamura Kichiemon I
Princess Sakura Nakamura Tokiz˘ III
Tsurigane no Gonsuke, Shinobu no S˘ta ďtani Tomoemon VI
The priest Chik˘ Sawamura Gennosuke IV
The priest Zangetsu Nakamura Kichinoj˘ I
Yoshida Matsuwaka Nakamura Yonekichi III
Iruma Akugor˘ Ichikawa Kuz˘ IV
Gunsuke Onoe Koisabur˘ III

April 1930: the Hong˘za became a movie theater.

10 March 1945 (00:08 AM): 344 US Army B29 bombers dropped 2,000 tons of bombs on T˘ky˘, killing more than 120,000 people and destroying almost everything; the Hong˘za was burnt to ashes. This theater was no more rebuilt in the post-war years.

The Hong˘za

 
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