JITSUKAWA GAKUJ█Rď II

Stage names:

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II In Japanese
Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I In Japanese
Asao Enzabur˘ In Japanese
Asao Mankichi 0.2 [1] In Japanese

Nickname: Mekura no Gakujűr˘ (Gakujűr˘ the Blind)

Guild: Izutsuya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Enjaku

Existence: 1813 ~ 22nd day of the 2nd lunar month of 1867 [2]

Connections:

Master: Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I

Son: Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ II

Disciples: Jitsukawa Enjaku I, Jitsukawa Yaoz˘ I, Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ III, Jitsukawa Kikuo, Jitsukawa Enji

Family map: the Jitsukawa Clan

Career:

1813 ~ 1821: born in Ky˘to. He started his career at an early age, becoming a disciple of the actor Asao Yűjir˘ I, who gave him the name of Asao Mankichi [1]. He was adopted by his master in 1817 and took the name of Asao Enzabur˘ at an early age.

1st lunar month of 1822: his adoptive father took the name of Asao Gakujűr˘.

1st lunar month of 1833: Asao Gakujűr˘ and Asao Enzabur˘ respectively took the names of Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I and Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I. This was the foundation of the Jitsukawa clan.

6th lunar month of 1835: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged in the 2nd lunar month of 1773, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Enzabur˘ played the role of the yakko Irihei [casting].

4th day of the 11th lunar month of 1835 [3]: his master Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I died in ďsaka.

1st lunar month of 1846: Enzabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of T˘manoj˘, Gengor˘ and Mashiba Hisayoshi in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Hama no Masago", which was produced by the zamoto Ichikawa Yonez˘ and celebrated the shűmei of Mimasu Daigor˘ IV.

3rd lunar month of 1847: Enzabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Hachiman Tar˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara"; his stage partners were Mimasu Daigor˘ IV (Abe no Sadat˘), Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (Abe no Munet˘), Arashi Rikan III (Sodehagi) and Arashi Wasabur˘ II (Okimi).

1st lunar month of 1848: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, Hanagata Sanpukutsui section ('A trio of young stars'), was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. The two others actors in this trio were Arashi Rikan III and Kataoka Gad˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1849: Enzabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu was played by Nakayama Nanshi II.

5th lunar month of 1850: Enzabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners were Nakamura Utaemon IV (Danshichi Kurobŕ) and Mimasu Daigor˘ IV (Issun Tokubŕ).

11th lunar month of 1851: Enzabur˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Hachiman Tar˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara"; his stage partners were Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II (Sodehagi), Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (Abe no Sadat˘) and Arashi Rikaku II (Abe no Munet˘).

1st lunar month of 1853: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, Tokokazari Sanpukutsui section ('a trio of perfect decorations for a toko no ma'), was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent). The two others actors in this trio were Kataoka Gad˘ II and Arashi Rikaku II.

3rd lunar month of 1853: Enzabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of En'ya Hangan, Teraoka Heiemon, Hayano Kanpei and Yomoshichi in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

3rd lunar month of 1854: Enzabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Mohŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; the role of Osan was played by Nakayama Nanshi II.

11th lunar month of 1854: Enzabur˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Mohŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; the role of Osan was played by Arashi San'emon IX. He also played the role of Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

1st lunar month of 1859: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1860: Enzabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Amakawaya Gihei, Tashiro Yasubŕ, Yashichi and Takubei in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

4th lunar month of 1860: Enzabur˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Yorikane in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi"; the role of Yorikane's lover Takao was played by Onoe Kikujir˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1860: Enzabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Tsukimoto Enshű and Tamashima K˘bŕ in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi"; the role of Nippon Daemon was played by Arashi Kichisabur˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1861: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1864: Enzabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke, Ichimonjiya Osai and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; his stage partners were Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Nakamura Jakuemon I, Ogino Senjo and Arashi Hinasuke VI.

1st lunar month of 1865: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)goku-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1865: Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I took the name of Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II at the Naka no Shibai, performing in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Koi no Sekifuda".

1st lunar month of 1866: Gakujűr˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1866: Gakujűr˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners in the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Issun Tokubŕ were Jitsukawa Enjaku I and Nakamura Komanosuke V.

11th lunar month of 1866: Gakujűr˘ appeared on stage for the last time, at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai in ďsaka. He lost his eyesight and had to retire.

22nd day of the 2nd lunar month of 1867 [2]: Gakujűr˘ died in ďsaka [4].

Comments:

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II was a talented Kamigata tachiyaku and the worthy heir of Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I, excelling in wagotoshi and jitsugotoshi roles.

"In the early 1840s he became ill and went on a temple-visiting pilgrimage to pray for recovery, which is said to have resulted in sudden convalescence." (Samuel Leiter in "New Kabuki Encyclopedia")

[1] Three actors held the name of Asao Mankichi, Asao Tamejűr˘ I, Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II and Jitsukawa Yűjir˘ I, but it did not constitute an official line of actors.

[2] The 22nd day of the 2nd lunar month of the 3rd year of the Kei˘ era was the 27th of March 1867 in the western calendar.

[3] The 4th day of the 11th lunar month of the 6th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 23rd of December 1835 in the western calendar.

[4] Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II's tombstone was located in the cemetery of the Honsh˘ji Temple in the district of Tanimachi.

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II playing the role of Oda Sanshichir˘ Nobutaka in the drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which was staged in the 5th lunar month of 1865 at the Naka no Shibai (print made by Sadahiro)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Hirosada in the 5th lunar month of 1850

Print made by Utagawa Hirosada in the 8th lunar month of 1851

Print made by Nakai Yoshitaki in 1866

The Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ line of actors

The Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ line of actors

 
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