ICHINOKAWA HIKOSHIRď II

Stage names:

Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II In Japanese
Ichinokawa Shirotar˘ In Japanese
Ichinokawa Mikijir˘ In Japanese

Guild: Kameya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Kakei

Existence: 1725 ~ 8th day of the 7th lunar month of 1783 [1]

Connection:

Father: Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ I

Son-in-law: Fujikawa Hachiz˘ II

Grandson: Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III

Disciple: Ichinokawa Monzabur˘, Ichinokawa Ky˘z˘, Ichinokawa Manroku

Career:

1725: born in Kamigata.

23rd day of the 7th lunar month of 1727 [2]: his father Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ I died.

End of the 1720s ~ beginning of the 1730s: he started his career as a koyaku in ďsaka, performing under the name of Ichinokawa Mikijir˘. He became wakashugata and received the name of Ichinokawa Shirotar˘ at unknown times.

11th lunar month of 1733: Shirotar˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Toranosuke in the kaomise drama "Shigeri Matsu Kogane no Takaragura", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1734: Shirotar˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Minasuke in the kaomise drama "Asahi no Matsu Kogane no Shinbashira", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1735: Shirotar˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of the temple page Tamamatsu Tomonoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Momijigari Nishiki no Yomeiri", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1740 : he became tachiyaku and took the name of Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II at the ďnishi no Shibai, playing the role of Izumi Kotar˘ in the drama "Miura Danj˘ Sugata no Yoroi", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1748: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1748 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Hikoshir˘ played the role of En'ya Hangan [casting].

12th lunar month of 1750: Hikoshir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Utanosuke in the drama "Keisei T˘yama Zakura" (similar to Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"), which was produced by the zamoto Nakamura Jűz˘ I for the nadai Shioya Kuroemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1752: the play "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" was staged for the first time in ďsaka, as a kaomise drama, at the Naka no Shibai; Hikoshir˘ played the role of Satsuma-no-Kami Tadanori [casting].

5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which was a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Hikoshir˘ played the role of Mohŕ [more details].

7th lunar month of 1763: Hikoshir˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I; his stage partners were Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsu˘maru, Terukuni), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Kakuju, Shihei), Arashi Hinasuke I (Haru), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Asao Tamejűr˘ I (Hy˘ei, Shund˘ Genba), Nakayama Raisuke I (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Shiratayű), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Takebe Genz˘, Sukune Tar˘), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kan Sh˘j˘).

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrated the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of the star Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. A similar play was staged one day later under a different title, "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Hikoshir˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Shund˘ Jihŕ and Takaichi Buemon [casting].

12th lunar month of 1766: Hikoshir˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was produced by Arashi Hinasuke I; his stage partners were Arashi Hinasuke I (Umegae), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Gonshir˘), Arashi Koroku I (Enju), Yoshizawa Ayame III (Oyoshi, Tomoe Gozen), Nakayama Raisuke I (Shigetada) and Arashi Shichigor˘ II (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka).

7th lunar month of 1767: Hikoshir˘ played the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was staged at the Kado no Shibai to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of Fujikawa Heikur˘ [casting]; the roles of Issun Tokubŕ and Danshichi Kurobŕ were played by Nakayama Raisuke I and Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1768: Hikoshir˘ played the role of Nan Yohŕ (later Nanp˘ Jűjibŕ) in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki", which was produced by Mimasu Tanin I at the Naka no Shibai [casting].

5th lunar month of 1770: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's gidayű ky˘gen "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", which was staged in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Hikoshir˘ played the role of Mimy˘ [casting].

1st lunar month of 1771: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ Irifune Monogatari"; Hikoshir˘ played the role of Ishid˘ Tatewaki [casting].

8th lunar month of 1771: Hikoshir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Sadaka in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" [casting].

11th lunar month of 1771: Hikoshir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Shikinami in the kaomise drama "Temomutsumajiya Ryűgű no Shimadai", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Otojűr˘, Arashi Bungor˘ I and Arashi Shichisabur˘ II.

Fall 1772: Hikoshir˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1772: Hikoshir˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Kataoka Miki-no-Kami in the kaomise "Shiraume Genji Kuruwa no Hachinoki", which was produced by Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1773: Hikoshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was two black strokes above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi [visual].

12th lunar month of 1775: Hikoshir˘ played at the Higashi no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘, Amakawaya Gihei and Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ in the drama "Suki Utsushi Iroha Butai", whose plot and characters were similar to "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1776: Hikoshir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual]. He was kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

End of the 1770s ~ beginning of the 1780s: Hikoshir˘ did not perform anymore in ˘shibai; he performed occasionally in tabi shibai in Ise or Owari.

8th day of the 7th lunar month of 1783 [1]: Hikoshir˘ died.

Comments:

Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II was a talented ďsaka tachiyaku, who achieved fame for himself during the second half of the 18th century. He was outstanding in yatsushigoto, jitsugoto and bud˘goto.

[1] The 8th day of the 7th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenmei era was the 5th of August 1783 in the western calendar.

[2] The 23rd day of the 7th lunar month of the 12th year of the Ky˘h˘ era was the 8th of September 1727 in the western calendar.

The actors Arashi Shichigor˘ II (left), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (center) and Arashi Koroku I (right) playing the roles of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Kajiwara Genta Kagesue and Enju in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was staged in the 12th lunar month of 1766 at the Kado no Shibai

Prints & Illustrations

The Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ line of actors

 
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