KATAOKA NIZAEMON VIII

Stage names:

Kataoka Nizaemon VIII
Kataoka Gad˘ II
Kataoka Gat˘ I
Arashi Kitsujir˘
Ichikawa Shinnosuke

Other name: Kataoka Roen I

Guild: Matsushimaya

Line number: HACHIDAIME (VIII)

Poetry name: Roen (1)

Crest: the ideogram for two (2 horizontal bars) in a circle

Existence: 1810 ~ 16th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1863

Connections:

Adoptive fathers: Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII

Master: Arashi Rikan II

Father-in-law: Nakamura Karoku I

Sons: Kataoka T˘kichi I, Kataoka Shigejir˘, Kataoka Nizaemon X, Kataoka Nizaemon XI

Adopted son: Kataoka Gat˘ II

Grandsons: Kataoka Nizaemon XII, Kataoka Nizaemon XIII

Great-grandsons: Kataoka Gad˘ V, Ichimura Yoshigor˘ II, Kataoka Roen VI, Kataoka Gat˘ V, Kataoka Hidetar˘ II, Kataoka Nizaemon XV

Great-great-grandsons: Ichimura Kakitsu IX, Kataoka Shinnosuke, Kataoka Takatar˘

Disciples: Kataoka Ichiz˘ III, Kataoka T˘jűr˘ I (?)

Career:

1810~1833: born in the province of Echigo. He is adopted by the great Edo star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, receiving the name of Ichikawa Shinnosuke and becoming the zamoto of a children-actors troupe in ďsaka. He has a quarrel with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, leaves the Ichikawa clan and performs under the name of Mimasu Iwagor˘. The Kamigata star Arashi Rikan II takes him as a disciple and gives him the name of Arashi Kitsujir˘.

1833: Arashi Kitsujir˘ is adopted by Kataoka Nizaemon VII received the name of Kataoka Gat˘ I (Gat˘ is a haimy˘ used by Kataoka Nizaemon VII).

3rd lunar month of 1837: his adoptive father Kataoka Nizaemon VII dies.

7th lunar month of 1837: Gat˘ plays the role of Koganosuke in the classic "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is performed in ďsaka at the Ichinogawa Shibai.

9th lunar month of 1837: Gat˘ plays 3 roles in the drama "Ume no Naniwa Hayazaki Genji", which is staged in ďsaka at the ďnishi no Shibai. He also plays the role of Kitanoya Shichibei in the drama "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori". His stage partner in the role of the sum˘ wrestler Iwagawa Jirokichi is Arashi Kichisabur˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1839: Kataoka Gat˘ I takes the name of Kataoka Gad˘ II (Gad˘ was another haimy˘ used by Kataoka Nizaemon VII, who is considered as Kataoka Gad˘ I). Premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Keisei Hama no Masago"; Gad˘ plays the roles of Mashiba Hisatsugu, Kofuna no Gengor˘ and Kumai Gengor˘ [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1839: Gad˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Honda Dainaiki in the drama "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku".

1st lunar month of 1840: Gad˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kiura Shingo and Masaemon in the drama "Keisei Setsugekka".

8th lunar month of 1840: Gad˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Oguri hangan in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".

10th lunar month of 1840: Gad˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of En'ya Hangan, Yomoshichi, Teraoka Heiemon, Jűnai and Takakura Hayato in the drama "Hana Kaede Iroha Hy˘ban".

11th lunar month of 1840: Gad˘ performs in ďsaka at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai, playing in the dramas "Aburauri Kuruwa Monogatari", "Azuma Miyage Modori Kago" and "Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi".

1st lunar month of 1841: Gad˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Yodoya Tatsugor˘ and Hattori Kingor˘ in the drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura".

4th lunar month of 1841: Gad˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Sukune Tar˘ and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű". He also plays the role of An no Heibei in the drama "Otokodate Itsusu Karigane".

5th lunar month of 1841: Gad˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai several roles, including Fukuoka Mitsugi in the drama "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba". The roles of Okon and Kisuke are played by Nakayama Yoshio III and Nakamura Shikan III. The performance is a commercial failure and some actors move to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1841: Gad˘ performs in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai, playing in the dramas "Keisei Yamato Z˘shi", "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘" and "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi".

3rd lunar month of 1845: Gad˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Yoshitsune and Ono no T˘fű in the dramas "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" and "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri".

5th lunar month of 1845: Gad˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue and Danshichi in the dramas "Hirakana Seisuiki" and "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa".

5th lunar month of 1847: Gad˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the roles of Kanki, Issun Tokubei and the Tedai T˘bei in the dramas "Kokusen'ya Gassen", "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" and "Chirashigaki Koi no Tamazusa". His stage partner in the roles of Wat˘nai ("Kokusen'ya Gassen") and Danshichi Kurobei ("Natsu Matsuri") is Nakamura Shikan III.

6th lunar month of 1847: Gad˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai (Ky˘to) the roles of Toki Kurando Yorikazu, Sasaki Gennosuke and the Tedai T˘bei in the dramas "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi", "Nagara Ch˘ja Uguisu Zuka" and "Chirashigaki Koi no Tamazusa".

7th lunar month of 1847: Gad˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai in the dramas "Katakiuchi An'eiroku", "Suma no Miyako Gempei Tsutsuji" and "Koina Hanbei Sato no Iroage".

10th lunar month of 1847: Gad˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai in the dramas "T˘kaid˘ Koi no Sekifuda" and "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori" (in which he plays the role of the sum˘ wrestler Iwagawa Jirokichi). This is the last appearance on stage for his friend and stage partner Nakamura Shikan III.

11th lunar month of 1847: Gad˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai in the dramas "Katakiuchi Ura no Asagiri" and "Sarumawashi Kadode no Hitofushi" (in which he plays the role of the monkey trainer Yojir˘).

1st lunar month of 1848: Gad˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, Hanagata Sampukutsui section ("a trio of young stars"), is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). The two others actors in this trio are Arashi Rikan III and Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I. Gad˘ plays at the Chikugo no Shibai 4 roles in the drama "Ishikawazome"

3rd lunar month of 1848: Gad˘ plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Ashikaga Yorikane and the sum˘ wrestler Tetsunosuke in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

5th lunar month of 1848: Gad˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Fukuoka Mitsugi in the drama "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba". He falls ill at the end of the performance.

11th lunar month of 1848: Gad˘ performs at the Minamigawa no Shibai (Ky˘to) the roles of Gapp˘ and the monkey trainer Yojir˘ in the dramas "Chűk˘ Homare no Futamichi" and "Sarumawashi Kadode no Hitofushi".

5th lunar month of 1849: Gad˘ plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of K˘bei and Tokushima Gohei in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi".

8th lunar month of 1849: Gad˘ plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of T˘kichi in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki". The roles of Matsunaga Daizen and Princess Yuki are played by Asao Yoroku I and Sawamura Kit˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1849: Gad˘ plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Momoi Wakasanosuke, Hayano Kampei and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged to commemorate the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of late Kataoka Nizaemon VII. Gad˘'s stage partners are Mimasu Daigor˘ IV, Ichikawa Shik˘ III, Sawamura Kit˘ II and Nakamura Daikichi III.

11th lunar month of 1849: Gad˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai (Ky˘to) the roles of Hayano Kampei and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura". He also plays the role of the yakko Tsumahei and Shinshichi in the dramas "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari" and "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki".

1st lunar month of 1850: Gad˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai in the dramas "Keisei Hana Ikada" and "Tamamo-no-Mae Asahi no Tamoto".

5th lunar month of 1850: Gad˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the roles of Musashi and Danshichi in the dramas "Ganryűjima" and "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa".

8th lunar month of 1850: Gad˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the roles of Hayase Iori and K˘emon in the drama "Tengajaya-mura".

10th lunar month of 1850: Gad˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Ono no T˘fű in the the drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri". He also plays the role of Mohei in the drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi". The role of Mohei's lover Osan is played by Nakamura Daikichi III.

1st lunar month of 1851: Gad˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Oguri Hangan in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".

3rd lunar month of 1851: Gad˘ plays the role of Matahei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which is performed in ďsaka at the Wakadayű no Shibai. His stage partners are Nakamura Karoku I (Otoku) and Asao Yoroku I (Sh˘gen).

1st lunar month of 1852: Gad˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai (Ky˘to) the role of Fukuoka Mitsugi in the drama "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba". His stage partners in the role of Okon and Manno are Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II and Nakamura Jakuemon I.

Spring 1852: Gad˘ plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of the priest Seigen and T˘yama Jinzabur˘ in the drama "Keisei Iriai Zakura". He also plays the role of Kameya Chűbei in the shinjűmono "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai". The role of Chűbei's lover Umegawa is played by Arashi San'emon IX.

3rd lunar month of 1852: Gad˘ performs at the Naka no Shibai in the drama "Hana Kaede Ogura no Shikishi". He also plays the role of Omine in "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba". The performance is a commercial failure.

5th lunar month of 1852: Gad˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai (Ky˘to) the role of Gengor˘ in the drama "ďshimadai Oguri Hangan".

10th lunar month of 1852: Gad˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai 3 roles, including Ohatsu, in the drama "Kagamiyama Sugata no Utsushie". The roles of Onoe and Iwafuji are played by Nakayama Nanshi II and Mimasu Daigor˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1852: Gad˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai (Ky˘to) 2 roles, including Ohatsu, in the drama "Tsugiawase Koshiji no Ume", which belongs to the "Kagamiyama" world. The roles of Onoe and Iwafuji are, just like the previous month in ďsaka, played by Nakayama Nanshi II and Mimasu Daigor˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1853: Gad˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, Tokokazari Sampukutsui section ("A trio of perfect decorations for a Toko no Ma"), is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent). The two others actors in this trio are Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I and Arashi Rikaku II. Gad˘ plays the role of Shigetada in the drama "Kagekiyo", which is performed at the Kado no Shibai. His stage partners are Ichikawa Danz˘ VI (Akoya) and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Kagekiyo).

1854: Gad˘ settles in Edo.

3rd lunar month of 1854: Gad˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘". The role of the courtesan Yűgiri (Izaemon's lover) is played by Iwai Kumesabur˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1857: Kataoka Gad˘ II takes the name of Kataoka Nizaemon VIII.

3rd lunar month of 1859: Nizaemon plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Shibaroku, Daihanji no Kiyosumi and Fukashichi in the classic "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

1st lunar month of 1860: Nizaemon plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Hatsu Tayori Kuruwa Bunsh˘". The role of the courtesan Yűgiri (Izaemon's lover) is played by Onoe Kikugor˘ IV.

4th lunar month of 1860: Nizaemon plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke [print], K˘ no Moron˘ and Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The role of En'ya Hangan is played by Nakamura Fukusuke I.

12th lunar month of 1861: Nizaemon plays the role of Matahei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which is performed at the Nakamuraza. His stage partners are Ichikawa Dannosuke V (Otoku) and Seki Sanjűr˘ III (Sh˘gen).

10th lunar month of 1862: Nizaemon goes back to ďsaka, taking back the name of Kataoka Gad˘ II.

16th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1863: Gad˘ dies in ďsaka.

Comments:

Kataoka Nizaemon VIII was an outstanding nimaime, who also excelled in the jitsugotoshi, katakiyaku or oyajigata (in the last years of his career), roles. He was also able to perform occasionally onnagata roles. He gained fame in both the Kamigata and the city of Edo.

Kataoka Nizaemon VIII in the role of Kanawa Gor˘ Imakuni in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III in the 3rd lunar month of 1859

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Hirosada in 1848 (courtesy of V.)

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1854

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1854

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1858

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1860

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1860

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Yoshitsuya in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Hirokane in 1862

Print made by Utagawa Yoshiyuki in 1862

The Kataoka Gat˘ line of actors

The Kataoka Gad˘ line of actors

The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors

 
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