ARASHI RIKAKU II

Stage names:

Arashi Rikaku II In Japanese
Arashi Yoshisabur˘ II In Japanese
Arashi Ichitar˘ I In Japanese

Guild: Teshimaya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry names: Kak˘, Rikaku (2)

Existence: 1812 ~ 14th day of the 7th lunar month of 1864 [1]

Connections:

Masters : Arashi Rikan II (Kitsusabur˘ II), Arashi Kichisabur˘ II (Kitsusabur˘ I)

Adopted sons: Arashi Rikaku III (Ichikawa Gonjűr˘), Arashi Yoshisabur˘ III, Arashi Jűbŕ (father of Arashi Yoshisabur˘ IV)

Disciples: Arashi Rikaku IV, Arashi Rish˘ I

Career:

1812: born in ďsaka. He started his career as a disciple of Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, who gave him the name of Arashi Ichitar˘ I.

26th day of the 9th lunar month of 1821 [2]: his master Arashi Kitsusabur˘ I died. Ichitar˘ became disciple of Arashi Kitsusabur˘ II.

1823 ~ 1831: he took the name of Arashi Yoshisabur˘ II at an unknown date and spent most of his time in travelling troupes performing in the precincts of temples and shrines in the Ky˘to area (miyaji shibai).

11th lunar month of 1831: Arashi Yoshisabur˘ II took the name of Arashi Rikaku II in Ky˘to. Rikaku was Arashi Rikan II's haimy˘.

6th lunar month of 1836: tour in Miyajima with Arashi Rikan II, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Nakamura Karoku I and Asao Kuzaemon II.

13th day of the 6th lunar month of 1837 [3]: his master Arashi Rikan II died.

1st lunar month of 1839: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Keisei Hama no Masago"; Rikaku played the roles of Mashiba Hisaaki and Horio Tatewaki [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1839: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji" was staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; Rikaku played the role of the yakko Irihei [casting].

6th lunar month of 1840: Rikaku played the role of Fujiwara Naritsune at the Sakai Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; his stage partners were Fujikawa Kayű III (Chidori), Nakamura Shikan III (Tanzaemon Motoyasu) and Ichikawa Danz˘ V (Shunkan).

11th lunar month of 1843: Rikaku played the role of Shizuka Gozen in the michiyuki "Yoshinoyama" and the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced by Ichikawa Suketar˘ at the Chikugo no Shibai; the roles of the fox Genkur˘ and Yoshitsune were played by Nakamura Shikan III and Mimasu Tanin IV.

5th lunar month of 1844: Rikaku played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri was played by Fujikawa Kayű III. Rikaku also played the roles of Sat˘ Tadanobu, the fox Genkur˘ and Kajiwara Kagetoki in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

7th lunar month of 1844: Rikaku played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Sanza in the drama "Keisei Shina Sadame".

3rd lunar month of 1845: Rikaku played at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of Yasuke in the drama "Ehon Tengajaya-mura"; his stage partners were Nakamura Shibaz˘ I (Motoemon), Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (T˘ma Sabur˘emon), Sawamura Kit˘ II (Somenoi) and Nakamura Shikan III (Iori).

2nd lunar month of 1847: Rikaku played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shizuka Gozen in the michiyuki "Yoshinoyama" and the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Yoshitsune), Ichikawa Kodanji IV (Tadanobu) and Arashi Kichisabur˘ III (Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan).

5th lunar month of 1847: Rikaku played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Shizuka Gozen in Ky˘to in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced by Kameya Kumenoj˘ and and Hayagumo Ch˘dayű; his stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Yoshitsune) and Ichikawa Kodanji IV (Tadanobu).

1st lunar month of 1848: Rikaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1849: tour in Nagoya; he performed at the Tachibana no Shibai, playing the roles of Yasuke and Tadanobu in the "Sushiya" and "Yoshinoyama" scenes of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the roles of Osato and Shizuka Gozen were played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1850: Rikaku achieved a great success at the Chikugo no Shibai by playing 4 roles in the drama "Keisei Hana Ikada".

11th lunar month of 1850: Rikaku played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Sukune Tar˘, Sakuramaru and Takebe Genz˘ ("Terakoya") in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

3rd lunar month of 1851: Rikaku played at the Sakai Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke, Hayano Kanpei and Kanzaki Yagor˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1851: Rikaku played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Abe no Munet˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which was produced by Kameya Kumenoj˘ and Hayagumo Ch˘dayű; his stage partners were Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II (Sodehagi), Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (Abe no Sadat˘) and Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I (Hachiman Tar˘).

8th lunar month of 1852: premiere at the Chikugo no Shibai of the dance "Ayatsuri Sanbas˘"; the role of Sanbas˘ was performed by Rikaku.

2nd lunar month of 1853: Rikaku settled in Edo; he achieved a great success at the Kawarasakiza by performing in the dance "Yanagi no Ito Hikuya Gohiiki", sharing the stage with Band˘ Shűka I and Band˘ Takesabur˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1853: Rikaku played in the same theater the roles of Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; his stage partners were Band˘ Shűka I (Shizuka Gozen), Band˘ Takesabur˘ I (Yoshitsune) and Arashi Rikan III (Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan).

11th lunar month of 1853: Rikaku achieved a great success in the same theater by playing the roles of Ushiwakamaru and Oniwakamaru in the classic "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki".

Spring 1854: Rikaku went back to ďsaka; he played at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Sukune Tar˘, Jűsaku and the spirit of a white fox in the drama "Tenmangű".

5th lunar month of 1854: Rikaku played in the same theater the role of Senoo Tar˘ in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; his stage partners were Nakamura Tamashichi I (Chidori) and Ichikawa Danz˘ VI (Shunkan).

11th lunar month of 1854: Rikaku played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of the thief Nippon Daemon in the drama "Koi no Shiranami".

2nd lunar month of 1855: Rikaku played the roles of Sat˘ Tadanobu, the fox Genkur˘, Kokingo and Kajiwara Kagetoki in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced by the zamoto Arashi Kitsunosuke at the Chikugo no Shibai; his stage partners were Arashi San'emon IX (Shizuka Gozen) and Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ IV (Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori, Igami no Gonta and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan).

1st lunar month of 1856: Rikaku played in the same theater the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Otoku was played by Arashi Rit˘.

1st lunar month of 1859: Rikaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent).

10th lunar month of 1859: Rikaku plays for the last time the role of Shizuka Gozen iin the michiyuki "Yoshinoyama" and the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced at the Kado no Shibai (ďsaka) by the zamoto Nakamura Takemaru; his stage partners were Mimasu Baisha I (Yoshitsune, Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan) and Onoe Tamiz˘ II (Tadanobu).

8th lunar month of 1860: Rikaku played at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Sat˘ Yomoshichi in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan".

1st lunar month of 1861: Rikaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent). He was also the kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

11th lunar month of 1861: Rikaku played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Jihiz˘, Katsuyori and Minosaku in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

14th day of the 7th lunar month of 1864: Rikaku died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Arashi Rikaku II was a talented Kamigata actor, able to play almost any kind of tachiyaku roles, either in jidaimono or sewamono dramas. He also performed occasionally onnagata roles and his best one was Shizuka Gozen in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He was an amazing dancer and excelled in hengemono dances. He popularized in Edo the dance "Ayatsuri Sanbas˘", which was still nowadays somehow associated to Kamigata.

[1] The 14th day of the 7th lunar month of the 1st year of the Genji era was the 15th of August 1864 in the western calendar.

[2] The 26th day of the 9th lunar month of the 4th year of the Bunsei era was the 21st of October 1821 in the western calendar.

[3] The 13th day of the 6th lunar month of the 8th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 15th of July 1837 in the western calendar.

Arashi Rikaku II playing the role of Yonekichi in the drama "Rangiku Makura Jid˘", which was staged in the 2nd lunar month of 1862 at the Kado no Shibai

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1853

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1853

Print made by Nakai Yoshitaki in 1861

The Arashi Yoshisabur˘ line of actors

The Arashi Rikaku line of actors

 
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