ICHIKAWA DANZď III

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danz˘ III In Japanese
Ichikawa Danzabur˘ II In Japanese
Ichikawa Jir˘za In Japanese
Band˘ Jirosabur˘ In Japanese

Other name: Matsutar˘

Guild: Mikawaya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry name: Shik˘

Existence: 1719 ~ 24th day of the 6th lunar month of 1772 [1]

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danz˘ I

Adopted sons: Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Ichikawa Marukame

Disciples: Ichikawa Onoe, Ichikawa Jinnosuke, Ichikawa Sh˘z˘, Ichikawa Shunz˘, Ichikawa Otokichi, Ichikawa Monz˘, Ichikawa Ryűz˘

Career:

1719: born in Edo. His father, Band˘ Matabŕ, was an employee of the Moritaza.

1730~1739: he became disciple of the playwright Band˘ Tasuke, who gave him the name of Band˘ Jirosabur˘. Later on, he joined Band˘ Matakur˘ II and left the Band˘ clan afterwhile to become a disciple of the actor Ichikawa Danz˘ I, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Jir˘za.

11th lunar month of 1739: Ichikawa Jir˘za was adopted by Ichikawa Danz˘ I and took the name of Ichikawa Danzabur˘ II.

5th day of the 4th lunar month of 1740 [2]: his adoptive father Ichikawa Danz˘ I died.

20th of the 10th lunar month of 1740 [3]: his adoptive father's son Ichikawa Danz˘ II died.

11th lunar month of 1740: Ichikawa Danzabur˘ II took the name of Ichikawa Danz˘ III at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Murayama Hikoshir˘ in the drama "Miya Bashira Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1741: Danz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Nabari no Hachir˘ in the kaomise program "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki", which welcomed in Edo the actors Sanogawa Mangiku, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1742: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year drama "Musume Soga Gaijin Yashima".

11th lunar month of 1742: Danz˘ moved to the Kawarasakiza and performed in the kaomise drama "Gaijin Taiheiki", which celebrated the return and the arrival in Edo of the actors Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1743: Danz˘ moved with Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II to the Nakamuraza and played the role of Murakami Hikoshir˘ in the kaomise drama "Funayosooi Mitsugi Taiheiki".

Fall 1744: Danz˘ and Tatsuoka Hisagiku went together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1744: Danz˘ played the role of Danzabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Azuma Soga Fujimi no Sato", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1745: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior) [visual].

9th lunar month of 1745: Danz˘ played the role of Sakon Tar˘ in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai; his stage partners were Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Abe no Yasuna), Nakamura Jűz˘ I (D˘man), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Yokanpei), Arashi Shichigor˘ I (Yakanpei, Sh˘gen) and Yoshizawa Ayame II (Kuzu-no-Ha).

11th lunar month of 1745: Danz˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the roles of the yakko Kunisuke and Yojűr˘ in the kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘", which was produced by Arashi San'emon IV.

11th lunar month of 1746: Danz˘ moved to the Naka no Shibai and played the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the kaomise drama "Genji Musha Hinode ďgi", which was produced by Danz˘'s disciple Ichikawa Ryűz˘.

11th lunar month of 1747: Danz˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Nejigane Kinbŕ in the kaomise drama "Kogane-bana Michinoku Jikki", which was produced by Ichikawa Ryűz˘ and celebrated the shűmei of Yamatoya Jinbŕ IV.

8th lunar month of 1748: the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" was performed for the first time in ďsaka, at the Naka no Shibai; Danz˘ played the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Kawatsura H˘gen [casting].

11th lunar month of 1748: Danz˘ moved to Ky˘to and played the roles of Kuramigawa Mansaku and Murakami Hikoshir˘ in the kaomise drama "Mitsu Uroko Asahi no Ume", which was produced at the nadai Miyako Handayű's theater by the zamoto Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I; his stage partners were Fujioka Daikichi, Iwata Somematsu I, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Mihogi Shichitar˘ and ďtani Hirohachi I.

1st lunar month of 1749: Danz˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1749: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Nanbu Tatewaki in the kaomise drama "Imosegura Kogane no Ishizue".

11th lunar month of 1750: Danz˘ went back to ďsaka and plays 3 roles in the kaomise drama "Tachibana Gojűyongun", which was produced at the Kado no Shibai by Iwata Somematsu I; his stage partners were Arashi Shichigor˘ I, Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II and Kirishima Gizaemon I.

2nd lunar month of 1751: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of the wicked priest Narukami and Kumedera Danj˘ in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of Princess Taema was played by Iwata Somematsu I.

11th lunar month of 1751: Danz˘ moved to Ky˘to and played the roles of Hashidate Ikkaku and the kannushi Uky˘ in the kaomise drama "Ky˘ganoko Asahi no Nishiki", which was produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai by the zamoto Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II; his stage partners were Sawamura Kunitar˘ I, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II, Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I, Anegawa Daikichi I, Sasao Otojűr˘ II, Someyama S˘jűr˘, Takenaka Hy˘kichi, Yamamoto Koheiji, Hanakawa Ichinoj˘ and Arashi Ugenta.

9th lunar month of 1752: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners were Yamamoto Koheiji (Danshichi Kurobŕ), Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II (Tsuribune Sabu), Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I I (Mikawaya Giheiji, Sagaemon), Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II (Otatsu) and Arashi Ugenta (Okaji).

11th lunar month of 1752: the play "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" was staged for the first time in ďsaka, as a kaomise drama, at the Naka no Shibai; Danz˘ played the role of Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane [casting].

11th lunar month of 1753: Danz˘ moved to the Kado no Shibai and played the role of Ogata Umanoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Kashű Narihira Ishi".

1st lunar month of 1754: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1754: Danz˘ moved to the ďnishi no Shibai and played the role of Odagiri Jűnai in the kaomise drama "Uda Genji Asahi no Menbako", which was produced by Wakayama Bunshichi.

12th lunar month of 1754: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Kikuchi Higonosuke in the drama "Keisei Imagawaj˘".

11th lunar month of 1755: Danz˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Kamata Hy˘e in the kaomise drama "Genpei ďgi Awase", which was produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ II.

12th lunar month of 1755: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Kusunoki Masatsura in the drama "Kayou Kami Kuruwa Nikki".

8th lunar month of 1756: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of Princess Taema was played by Sanj˘ Namie I.

Fall 1756: Danz˘ moved to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1756: Danz˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Yamazumi Shinanosuke in the kaomise drama "Ukematsuri H˘rai Yakata", which was produced by Somematsu Matsujir˘.

1st lunar month of 1757: Danz˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1757: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of the wicked priest Narukami, the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ and Kumedera Danj˘ in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; his stage partners were Nakamura Kumetar˘ I (Princess Taema), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Kisakata Gozen), Arashi Sangor˘ II (the priest Kokuunb˘ [4], Bun'yanosuke) and Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I (Minbu).

1st lunar month of 1758: Danz˘ went back to ďsaka and played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of the warrior Taira no Kagekiyo in the new year drama "Genpei Chitose no Matsu", which was produced by Kirinoya Hidematsu.

11th lunar month of 1758: Danz˘ moved to the Naka no Shibai and played the role of Watanabe no Tsuna in the kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Chikara Kurabe", which was produced by Arashi Kichisabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1759: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, "Kurokichi Shitenn˘" section ("the big four with the excellent character written in black"), was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. The 3 others actors belonging to this "big four" section, were Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Yamashita Matatar˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1759: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of the yakko Ranpei in the drama "Yamatogana Ariwara Keizu".

12th lunar month of 1759: Danz˘ moved to Ky˘to and played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of the yakko Goippei in the drama "Bandai Fueki H˘rai Yakata", which was produced by Arashi Hinasuke I.

2nd lunar month of 1760: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kikuchi Samanosuke, the boatman Ginpei, Yoshimi Hikojiro and the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ in the drama "Keisei Sajiki-ga-Dake".

11th lunar month of 1760: Danz˘ performed in Ky˘to in the kaomise drama "Kiku Nagashi Kokka Taiheiki", which was produced by Nakamura Senz˘ and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Manbŕ.

Fall 1761: Danz˘ went back to Edo after 17 seasons spent in Kamigata. He travelled with the actors ďtani Hiroemon I and Nakamura Matsue I.

11th lunar month of 1761: Danz˘ achieved a great success at the Moritaza by playing the role of Aoto Saemon, the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene, in the kaomise drama "Mison˘ Banzei no Hachinoki"; his stage partners were Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘, Sanogawa Ichimatsu I, Sawamura Otoemon II, Sawamura Kijűr˘ I, Anegawa Daikichi I, ďtani Hirohachi I and Morita Kan'ya VI.

1st lunar month of 1762: Danz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune (in reality Kagekiyo) and Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year sogamono drama "Koi Zakura Umewaka Soga".

4th lunar month of 1762: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1762: Danz˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Kisoe Uta Sakae Komachi", which celebrated the shűmei of ďtani Hiroji III.

11th lunar month of 1763: Danz˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of the superhero in the "Shibaraku" scene of the kaomise drama "Shikai Nami Yawaragi Taiheiki".

3rd lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ suddenly left the Ichimuraza and moved to the Nakamuraza. He was welcomed by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV. Both actors performed together for the first time, Danjűr˘ in the role of Kagekiyo and Danz˘ in the role of Kumagai Tar˘. The performance was a big success.

5th lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". The production was a big success and was extended up to the middle of the 6th lunar month.

6th lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Nagai Uma-no-Kami Nobuaki in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

8th lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Ohara no Manbŕ in the "Kenuki" scene, which was included in the "Heike Nyogo no Shima" drama, staged to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II. He also played the role of Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima".

11th lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Watanabe no Tsuna and Sakata Kintoki in the kaomise drama "Azuma no Hana S˘ma no Dairi".

5th lunar month of 1765: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1765: Danz˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1765: Danz˘ performed at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Asahi no ďgi", which was produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ II and Yamashita Ky˘nosuke.

1st lunar month of 1766: Danz˘ performed in the same theater in the new year drama "Keisei Shinonome Zakura".

7th lunar month of 1766: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Katagiri Tatewaki and Sarushima S˘ta in the drama "Keisei Sumidagawa".

Fall 1766: Danz˘ went back to Edo, travelling with the actors Kirishima Gizaemon I, Band˘ Sanpachi I and Takeda Minosuke.

11th lunar month of 1766: Danz˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Arajishi Iwaonosuke and Fuwa Banzaemon in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi"; the roles of Nagoya Sanza (Banzaemon's rival in love) and the courtesan Katsuragi were played by Ichimura Uzaemon IX and Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1767: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Oni˘ Shinzaemon, Sat˘ Shir˘ Tadanobu and the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ in the new year drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1767: first Kabuki adaptation, at the Ichimuraza, of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku"; Danz˘ played the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke [casting].

7th lunar month of 1767: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He also played the role of Kumedera Danj˘ in the bombastic drama "Kenuki".

11th lunar month of 1767: Danz˘ moved to the Moritaza and played the roles of Sanada Yoichi and Sanada Bunz˘ in the kaomise drama "Sanada no Yoichi Banjaku no Iezuto", which celebrated the shűmei of Sanogawa Ichimatsu II and welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Yamashita Ky˘nosuke.

4th lunar month of 1768: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Harunaga and Hisayoshi in the drama "Shusse Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1768: Danz˘, following the advices of the playwright Sakurada Jisuke I, moved to the Ichimuraza and played the roles of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa (the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene), Miura Heitayű and Ch˘ry˘ in the kaomise "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe".

1st lunar month of 1769: Danz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the kanjiku of the tachiyaku actors.

5th lunar month of 1769: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

7th lunar month of 1769: Danz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Watanabe no Tsuna and Urashima Rokur˘ in the drama "Ichi no Tomi Seiwa Nendaiki".

Fall 1769 ~ Fall 1770: Danz˘'s name did not appear on the Edo theaters banzuke. Was he sick or on tour?

11th lunar month of 1770: Danz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Hayata and Munekiyo in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato", which celebrated the shűmei of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Sh˘ch˘, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ III and Band˘ Sanpachi II.

1st lunar month of 1771: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year drama "Sakaich˘ Soga no Nendaiki".

4th lunar month of 1771: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

7th lunar month of 1771: Danz˘ played in the same theater the role of Yoemon in the drama "Tamura Maro Nanae Gasane".

11th lunar month of 1771: Danz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Han'ya Gor˘, a thief and Iwato Saemon in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji".

1st lunar month of 1772: Danz˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he played the role of Monban Shigoemon, in reality Yamada no Sabur˘, in Nakamura Jűsuke II's new year drama "Haru ha Soga Akebono Z˘shi".

24th day of the 6th lunar month of 1772 [1]: Danz˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Ichikawa Danz˘ III was an outstanding tachiyaku, who won fame for himself in both Edo and Kamigata, excelling in bud˘goto, aragotoshi or jitsugotoshi roles. He was also able to occasionally play katakiyaku roles and was equally at home in jidaimono or sewamono dramas. It was said that his acting skills and favourite roles (for example Narukami) were similar to the ones of late Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II.

[1] The 24th day of the 6th lunar month of the 9th year of the Meiwa era was the 24th of July 1772 in the western calendar.

[2] The 5th day of the 4th lunar month of the 5th year of the Genbun era was the 30th of April 1740 in the western calendar.

[3] The 20th of the 10th lunar month of the 5th year of the Genbun era was the 8th of December 1740 in the western calendar.

[4] Literally "black cloud priest".

Ichikawa Danz˘ III in a print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1769

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni (1862~1863)

The Ichikawa Danzabur˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danz˘ line of actors

 
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