SANOGAWA J█KICHI I

Stage names:

Sanogawa Jűkichi I In Japanese
Sanogawa Mangiku In Japanese

Existence: 1690 ~ 19th day of the 7th lunar month of 1747 [1]

Connections:

Master: Fujikawa Shigeemon

Younger brother: Sanogawa Jűz˘ (Nakamura Kichiemon I)

Disciples: Sanogawa Ichimatsu I, Sanogawa Senz˘, Sanogawa Jűkichi II, Sanogawa Wakamatsu, Sanogawa Fudenosuke, Sanogawa Mansaku, Sanogawa Hatsugiku

Career:

1690 ~ 1705: born in a samurai family in the city of Himeji (province of Harima). His father became a r˘nin at an unknown date and settled in ďsaka. He became disciple of the actor Fujikawa Shigeemon.

1705: he took the name of Sanogawa Mangiku and made his first stage appearence in ďsaka as a wakashugata.

11th lunar month of 1708: Mangiku played the role of Tawara Tomejir˘ in the kaomise drama "ďkamado Uke Matsuri", which was produced in ďsaka by Iwai Hanshir˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1713: Mangiku played the role of Komamaru in the drama "Keizu no Musume", which was produced in ďsaka by Shinozuka Sh˘matsu I.

11th lunar month of 1714: Mangiku played in ďsaka the role of Mikazuki Yaheiji in the kaomise drama "Daikoku Shinmai Dawara", which was produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1715: Mangiku became wakaonnagata and played in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai the role of Okura in the drama "Saiwai Mochimaru Ch˘ja", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1716: Mangiku played in ďsaka the role of Kinsh˘jo in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Kokusen'ya Gassen", which was produced by the zamoto Arashi Gosabur˘ for the nadai ďsaka Kuzaemon at the Higashi no Shibai. This was the first time this play was staged in ďsaka. Mangiku's stage partners were Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I (Wat˘nai), Takenaka T˘zabur˘ (Kanki), Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I (R˘ikkan) and Kirinami Takie (Wat˘nai's mother).

11th lunar month of 1717: Mangiku played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Genjűr˘'s ny˘b˘ Oshige in the kaomise drama "Inari Yashiki Daikoku Bashira", which was produced by the zamoto Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I (who played the role of Inamatsu Genjűr˘).

12th lunar month of 1717: Mangiku played in the same theater the role of the keisei Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ in the kiri ky˘gen "ďsaka Shinjű Hajimari" [2]; the role of Ichinoj˘'s lover Ch˘emon was played by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I.

Fall 1718: Mangiku went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1718: Mangiku played 2 r˘les at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Hirakana Yomeiri Izu Nikki".

Spring 1719: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's play "Sonezaki Shinjű" was performed for the first time at the Nakamuraza, starring Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II and Mangiku in the roles of Hiranoya Tokubŕ and the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu (Tokubŕ's lover).

8th lunar month of 1720: last performance of Mangiku in Edo; he performed at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Higashiyama Gin no Tsukimi".

Fall 1720: Mangiku went back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1720: Mangiku played the role of Azuma no Oraku [illustration] in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Nishiki no Kusazuri", which was produced in ďsaka by the zamoto Takeshima K˘zaemon II.

11th lunar month of 1721: Mangiku played at the Higashi no Shibai the role of Kurayama Daigaku's daughter Masaki in the kaomise drama "Tenryű Chiryű Kogane no Suzunari", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III; the role of Kurayama Daigaku was played by Osagawa Jűemon.

11th lunar month of 1722: Mangiku played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Tosa Jir˘'s ny˘b˘ Enju (later Hotoke Gozen) in the kaomise drama "Shingoten Aioi no Komatsu", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III.

11th lunar month of 1723: Mangiku played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of la courtesan Sonohara and Edo no Oshige in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hanagata", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III and celebrated the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo star ďtani Hiroji I.

1st lunar month of 1724: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of "Edoe Ukiyo Soga", an Edo-flavored new year drama welcoming in ďsaka the Edo actor ďtani Hiroji I; Mangiku played the roles of ďiso no Tora and Tenmaya Ohatsu [more details].

11th lunar month of 1724: Mangiku played in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri Miyako no Shimadai", which was produced in Ky˘to by the zamoto Ogino Umenosuke for the nadai Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ.

1st lunar month of 1725: Mangiku's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

Fall 1725: Mangiku played the role of Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which was produced by Ogino Umenosuke at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ was played by Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1725: Mangiku became zamoto, working in Ky˘to for the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű; he produced the drama "ďkamado Hatsumen Bako" in which he played the role of the courtesan Katsuyama.

1st lunar month of 1726: Mangiku produced the drama "Keisei Futagoyama" in which he played 3 roles.

11th lunar month of 1726: Mangiku produced at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the kaomise drama "Shinz˘ Kishi no Himematsu"; his stage partners were ďtani Hiroji I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Fujikawa Heikur˘, Tatsuoka Someemon, Band˘ Toyosabur˘, Fujita Taijir˘ and Kirinami Onoe.

2nd lunar month of 1727: Mangiku produced in the same theater the drama "Keisei Kamakura Yama".

11th lunar month of 1727: Mangiku produced at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘".

11th lunar month of 1728: Mangiku produced at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Kogane no Uroko".

7th lunar month of 1729: Mangiku produced in Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater Fukuoka Yagoshir˘'s drama "Keisei Iss˘shu". The dance "Miyako Odori" was staged at the end of the program.

Fall 1729: Mangiku went to Edo for the second time.

11th lunar month of 1729: Mangiku performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Ch˘seiden Shiraga Kintoki".

5th lunar month of 1730: Mangiku played the role of the courtesan Ohatsu in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which was produced at the Ichimuraza; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ was played by Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV.

7th lunar month of 1731: Mangiku performed at the Ichimuraza in the drama "ďzum˘ Fujito Genji".

Fall 1731: Mangiku went back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1731: Mangiku performed in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater in the kaomise drama "Hiragana Imagawaj˘"; his stage partners were Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Arashi San'emon III, Yashio Ikuemon, Somenoi Hanshir˘, Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I and Tomizawa Montar˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1732: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsuda Bunk˘d˘ and Hasegawa Senshi puppet theater drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki", which was produced in Ky˘to by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Mangiku played the role of Ofusa [casting].

4th lunar month of 1733: Mangiku played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of the courtesan Ohatsu for the last time, in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which was produced by the zamoto Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ was played by Asao Jűjir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1735: Mangiku played the role of Okatsu in the kaomise drama "Bankoku ďshimadai", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

Summer or Fall 1736: first (partial) Kabuki adaptation of the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru", which was produced at Miyako Mandayű's theater by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and was entitled "Hangaku Mon Yaburi" ('The Destruction of the Gate by Hangaku' in English); it starred Mangiku (Hangaku) and Sanogawa Ichimatsu I (Ichiwakamaru).

1st lunar month of 1739: Mangiku played in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the role of Oyura in the drama "Keisei Arashiyama", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1741: Mangiku performed in the drama "Onna Hinin Adauchi".

Fall 1741: Mangiku went to Edo for the third time.

11th lunar month of 1741: Mangiku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki".

1st lunar month of 1742: Mangiku played in the same theater the roles of Otaka and Mank˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Musume Soga Gaijin Yashima".

1st lunar month of 1743: Mangiku performed at the Nakamuraza in the new year sogamono drama "Kado Midori Tokiwa Soga".

Fall 1743: Mangiku went back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1743: Mangiku played in ďsaka at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Okatsu in Namiki S˘suke's kaomise drama "Futatsu Biki Nishiki no Manmaku", which was produced by the zamoto Nakamura Jűz˘ I; his stage partners were Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Iwai Hanshir˘ III, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II, Nakamura Shingor˘ I and Arashi Shichigor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1745: Sanogawa Mangiku took the name of Sanogawa Jűkichi I in Ky˘to, performing in the kaomise drama "Toragoyomi Hoteibukuro".

11th lunar month of 1746: Jűkichi appeared on stage for the last time, performing in the drama "Tomi Yakata ďmu Kotoba", which was produced in Ky˘to by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I; his stage partners were Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Nakamura Utaemon I, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I (final performance before his death), Tamiya Jűzabur˘ I (final performance before his death), Yamatoyama Rinzaemon I (who celebrated his shűmei) and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I.

19th day of the 7th lunar month of 1747 [1]: Jűkichi died in Edo.

Comments:

Sanogawa Jűkichi I was an outstanding wakaonnagata actor, excelling in bud˘goto roles. He was also able to perform sometimes as a yatsushigata.

Sanogawa Jűkichi I's mon was the paulownia.

There was no other actor to hold the name of Sanogawa Mangiku in Kabuki history but the great Japanese writer Mishima Yukio had the idea to use this name for a fictitious contemporary Kabuki actor in one of his best short stories called "Onnagata".

[1] The 19th day of the 7th lunar month of the 4th year of the Enky˘ era was the 24th of August 1747 in the western calendar.

[2] This drama was a shinjűmono based on the story of Ch˘emon and his lover Ichinoj˘. The 17th day of the 5th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenna era (the 11th of June 1683 in the western calendar), the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decided to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the same month the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history.

Kasaya Matakur˘ I (left) and Sanogawa Jűkichi I (right) performing in the kaomise drama "Toragoyomi Hoteibukuro", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1745 in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater

Prints & Illustrations

Sanogawa Mangiku's big illustration

Print made by Torii Kiyotada

The Sanogawa Jűkichi line of actors

 
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