ICHIMURA UZAEMON IX

Stage names:

Ichimura Uzaemon IX In Japanese
Ichimura Kamez˘ I In Japanese
Ichimura Manz˘ In Japanese

Other name:

Ichimura Kakitsu I In Japanese

Guilds: Tachibanaya, Kikuya

Line number: KUDAIME (IX)

Poetry name: Kakitsu (1)

Existence: 1725 ~ 25th day of the 8th lunar month of 1785 [1]

Connections:

Father: Ichimura Uzaemon VIII

Brothers: Ichimura Zenz˘, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III

Son: Ichimura Uzaemon X

Disciples: Band˘ Matatar˘ IV, Ikushima Koisa

Career:

7th lunar month of 1731: he made his first appearance on stage, at the Ichimuraza, where he received the name of Ichimura Manz˘ a play and performed as a koyaku in the drama "ďzum˘ Fujito Genji".

2nd lunar month of 1745: he was forced to change his first name because it was close to the first name of the Sh˘gun's new son; Ichimura Manz˘ took the name of Ichimura Kamez˘ I at the Ichimuraza, performing in the drama "Sato Gayoi Fujimi Saigy˘".

3rd lunar month of 1747: premiere in Edo at the Ichimuraza of the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Kamez˘ played the role of Sakuramaru [casting].

7th lunar month of 1753: premiere in Edo at the Ichimuraza of the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; Kamez˘ played the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue [casting].

11th lunar month of 1760: Kamez˘ achieved a great success at the Ichimuraza by playing the role of Tachibanaya Hikomune in the kaomise drama "Ume Momiji Date no ďkido".

1761: short tour in Ise and in Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1761: Kamez˘ was back in Edo and achieved a great success at the Ichimuraza by performing in the kaomise drama "Wakamusha Koky˘ no Nishiki".

7th day of the 5th lunar month of 1762 [2]: his father Ichimura Uzaemon VIII died.

8th lunar month of 1762: Ichimura Kamez˘ I took the name of Ichimura Uzaemon IX and became the new zamoto of the Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1762: Uzaemon produced his first kaomise drama, which was entitled "Kisoe Uta Sakae Komachi" (in which he played the role of Narihira) and celebrated the shűmei of ďtani Hiroji III.

2nd lunar month of 1763: Uzaemon played in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the new year sogamono drama "Fűjibumi Sakae Soga"; the roles of the courtesans ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover) were played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1764: Uzaemon played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Minamoto Yoshitsune and Taira Tadanori in the kaomise drama "Wakaki no Hana Suma no Hatsuyuki".

11th lunar month of 1766: Uzaemon played at the Ichimuraza the role of Nagoya Sanza in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi".

1st lunar month of 1767: Uzaemon played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1767: first Kabuki adaptation, at the Ichimuraza, of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku"; Uzaemon played the role of Ishid˘ Nuinosuke [casting].

8th lunar month of 1768: Uzaemon played at the Ichimuraza the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1768: Uzaemon played at the Ichimuraza the role of Minamoto Yoshiie in the kaomise drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe". This was also the premiere of the dance "Oshiegusa Yoshiwara Suzume", the first version of "Yoshiwara Suzume" [more details].

11th lunar month of 1772: Uzaemon played at the Ichimuraza 4 roles, including Minamoto Yorimitsu, in the kaomise drama "Edo Katagi Hikeya Tsunazaka", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1777: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the Tomimoto-based dance-drama "Meotozake Kawaranu Nakanaka" (commonly called "Kurama Jishi"); Uzaemon played the role of the male fox [casting].

11th lunar month of 1777: Uzaemon financed the erection of a stone lantern decorated with the mon (the mandarin orange tree) of the Ichimuraza in the precincts of the Enoshima shrine.

11th lunar month of 1781: Uzaemon played at the Ichimuraza the role of the yakko Matahei in the kaomise drama "Mukashi Otoko Yuki no Hinagata".

1st lunar month of 1784: last program produced by Uzaemon at the Ichimuraza; the debt of the theater was huge (around 164,400 ry˘) and the Ichimuraza went bankrupt. Uzaemon gave his license for Kabuki performances to his hikae yagura, the Kiriza.

11th lunar month of 1784: Uzaemon moved to the Moritaza and played 4 roles in the kaomise drama "Sakura-ga-Mine Tennyo no Yomeiri".

2nd ~ 4th lunar months of 1785: Uzaemon appeared on stage for the last time, at the Nakamuraza, where he performed in the drama "Mitsu Ningy˘ Yayoi no Hinagata".

25th day of the 8th lunar month of 1785 [1]: Uzaemon died in Edo.

Comments:

Ichimura Uzaemon IX was a talented tachiyaku actor, excelling in hengemono and sogamono. He was also the zamoto of the Ichimuraza for 22 years. He inherited a huge debt from his father and did not hesitate to get deeper into debt in order to engage the best Edo actors. Crippled by this heavy burden, he suffered great hardship during his latter years and could not avoid to go bankrupt.

[1] The 25th day of the 8th lunar month of the 5th year of the Tenmei era was the 28th of September 1785 in the western calendar.

[2] The 7th day of the 5th lunar month of the 12th year of the H˘reki era was the 28th of June 1762 in the western calendar.

Ichimura Uzaemon playing the role of Hachiman Tar˘ Yoshiie in the drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1768 at the Ichimuraza (print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu in the 1750s

Print made by Torii Kiyomitsu in 1759

Print made by Torii Kiyotsune in 1761

Print made by Torii Kiyotsune in 1763

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1768

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1776

Caricature 1780

The Ichimura Kakitsu line of actors

The Ichimura Kamez˘ line of actors

The Ichimura Uzaemon line of actors and theater managers

 
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