BANDď SANPACHI I

Stage names:

Band˘ Sanpachi I In Japanese
Band˘ Matahachi I In Japanese

Other name: ďta Sanjűr˘

Guild: Yamatoya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Heikyű

Existence: ??? ~ 11th day of the 1st lunar month of 1770 [1]

Connections:

Father: Yamatoya Matahachi (Nakamura Koyata)

Master: Ichimura Uzaemon VIII

Adopted son: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I

Disciple: Band˘ Sanpachi II

Career:

??? ~ 1745: he was the son of Yamatoya Matahachi, who was a wakashugata playing under the name of Nakamura Koyata from 1703 to 1707. He started his career as a shamisen player performing at the Ichimuraza under the name of ďta Sanjűr˘.

1745: he decided to be an actor, became a disciple of Ichimura Uzaemon VIII and received the name of Band˘ Matahachi I.

1st lunar month of 1746: Matahachi appeared on stage for the first time, at the Ichimuraza, as a katakiyaku, playing the role of Miura no Yoichi in the new year sogamono drama "Kikeba Mukashi Soga Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1750: Matahachi achieved a great success at the Ichimuraza by playing the role of Kobayashi no Asahina in the new year sogamono drama "Kay˘kami Chidori Soga".

11th lunar month of 1750: Band˘ Matahachi I took the name of Band˘ Sanpachi I at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of the nyűd˘ Yuasa Magoroku in the kaomise drama "Gaijin Taiheiki".

2nd lunar month of 1751: Sanpachi became tachiyaku, achieving a great success by playing in the same theater the role of Yabo Daijin in the drama "Hatsuhana Sumidagawa".

11th lunar month of 1751: Sanpachi played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Taira no Munemori and Matano no Gor˘ in the kaomise drama "Kamimukae Nigiwai Genji", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II and welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Arashi Shichigor˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1752: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Tsuruwakamaru in the new year sogamono drama "Suzuriha Sugatami Soga".

7th lunar month of 1752: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Sasara Sanpachi in the drama "Hitokanade Taihei Nagoya".

11th lunar month of 1752: Sanpachi played at the Ichimuraza the role of Kanawa Gor˘ in the kaomise drama "Ume Sakura Ninin Semimaru".

1st lunar month of 1753: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Kobayashi no Asahina in the new year sogamono drama "Haru Fukami Iroha Soga".

7th lunar month of 1753: the play "Hirakana Seisuiki" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Sanpachi played the role of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka [casting].

11th lunar month of 1753: Sanpachi played at the Ichimuraza the role of ďe Iwato Saemon in the kaomise drama "Kamuri Kurabe Yatsushi Kuronushi", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the actor Kasaya Matakur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1754: Sanpachi played at the Ichimuraza the role of the Hayami Tetsud˘maru in the kaomise drama "Keisei Asakusa no Kane".

11th lunar month of 1755: Sanpachi performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Kashiwagat˘ge Kichirei Sum˘".

11th lunar month of 1756: Sanpachi moved to the Nakamuraza and played the role of Band˘ Tar˘ in the kaomise drama "Masakado Sh˘zoku no Enoki", which celebrated the arrival of Arashi Tominosuke I in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1757: Sanpachi played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Araoka Genta and Dekurobei in the kaomise drama "Onna Musha Kaijin Yashima".

11th lunar month of 1758: Sanpachi moved to the Moritaza and played the role of Shibuya no Konn˘maru in the kaomise drama "Akazawa Genjiyama".

11th lunar month of 1759: Sanpachi moved to the Ichimuraza and played the role of Sasara Sanpachi in the kaomise drama "Okunizome Shusse Butai".

11th lunar month of 1760: Sanpachi moved to the Nakamuraza but there was no kaomise drama this year.

3rd lunar month of 1761: Sanpachi played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Akogi no Heiji and Ise no Sabur˘ in the drama "Ai no Yama Onna Katakiuchi".

11th lunar month of 1761: Sanpachi moved to the Moritaza and performed in the kaomise drama "Mison˘ Banzei no Hachinoki".

4th lunar month of 1762: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Momonoi Wakasanosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

7th day of the 5th lunar month of 1762 [2]: his master Ichimura Uzaemon VIII died.

11th lunar month of 1762: Sanpachi played at the Moritaza the aragoto role of Toriumi Yasabur˘ in the kaomise drama "T˘zai T˘zai Wagakuni no Umeyashiki", which celebrated the shűmei of his disciple Band˘ Matahachi II.

2nd lunar month of 1763: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which was staged at the Moritaza; Sanpachi played the role of Bunji [casting|illustrations].

11th lunar month of 1763: Sanpachi performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Ume ya Suisen Izu no Irifune", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Sukegor˘ II and welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Kiriyama Monji I and Arashi Hinaji.

8th lunar month of 1764: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Taroku in the drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri".

Fallf 1764: Sanpachi went to to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1764: Sanpachi performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Tatsu no Miya Yunzei Kotobuki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1764: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Dankur˘ in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

5th lunar month of 1765: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Issun Tokubŕ were played by Mimasu Daigor˘ I and Arashi Kichisabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1765: Sanpachi played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of the yakko Mikanpei and Kuro no Gorobŕ (in reality Musashib˘ Benkei) in the kaomise drama "ďzatsuki Shuen no Kachidoki" [3], which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I and Nakamura Utaemon I.

5th lunar month of 1766: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Koshina Danj˘ in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

Fall 1766: Sanpachi and his adopted son Takeda Minosuke went together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1766: Sanpachi played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Arajishi Otokonosuke and Matahei in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi"; his adopted son Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I celebrated his shűmei at the Moritaza.

1st lunar month of 1767: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Yawata no Sabur˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1767: first Kabuki adaptation, at the Ichimuraza, of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku"; Sanpachi played the roles of Jiroemon and Amakawaya Gihei [casting].

11th lunar month of 1767: Sanpachi performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Nue Shiged˘ Sakiwake Yűsha".

8th lunar month of 1768: Sanpachi played in the same theater the role of Sukune Tar˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1768: Sanpachi performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe".

5th lunar month of 1769: Sanpachi played in the same theater the roles of Yoichibŕ and Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Okaru and Yuranosuke were played by Nakamura Matsue I and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1769: Sanpachi appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Ichimuraza, performing in the drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri".

11th day of the 1st lunar month of 1770 [1]: Sanpachi died.

Comments:

Band˘ Sanpachi I was a good tachiyaku and katakiyaku, who excelled in jitsugoto and yakko aragoto roles. He was the first actor in the Band˘ clan to use Yamatoya as a yag˘. He did not reach the j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) level in the Edo hy˘banki but his best rank was not far from this level of excellence.

[1] The 11th day of the 1st lunar month of the 7th year of the Meiwa era was the 6th of February 1770 in the western calendar.

[2] The 7th day of the 5th lunar month of the 12th year of the H˘reki era was the 28th of June 1762 in the western calendar.

[3] There were two zamoto at the Naka no Shibai, Mimasu Daigor˘ I and Nakamura Utaemon I, and there were two kaomise dramas produced in this theater. Nakamura Utaemon I produced the first drama and Mimasu Daigor˘ I produced the second drama. The two dramas had a different casting but used the same title "ďzatsuki Shuen no Kachidoki".

Band˘ Sanpachi I playing the role of Arajishi Otokonosuke in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1766 at the Ichimuraza (print made by Torii Kiyomitsu I)

The Band˘ Matahachi line of actors

The Band˘ Sanpachi line of actors

 
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