BANDď MITSUGORď I

Stage names:

Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I In Japanese
Takeda Minosuke In Japanese

Guild: Yamatoya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Zegy˘

Existence: 1745 ~ 10th day of the 4th lunar month of 1782 [1]

Connection:

Adoptive father: Band˘ Sanpachi I

Father-in-law: Morita Kan'ya VI

Sons: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, Band˘ Mitahachi

Disciples: Ogino Izabur˘ II (Band˘ Mitsugor˘ II), Band˘ Kijűr˘

Career:

1745 ~ 1766: born in ďsaka. He started his career at the Takeda no Shibai, a hama shibai theater, performing under the name of Takeda Minosuke. Band˘ Sanpachi I decided to adopt and to train him in 1766.

Fall 1766: Band˘ Sanpachi I and Minosuke went together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1766: he took the name of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I at the Moritaza, playing 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Tsuno Moji Izu no Irifune".

Fall 1767: Mitsugor˘ achieved a great success at the Moritaza by playing the role of the yakko Yokanbŕ in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1767: Mitsugor˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and played in the kaomise drama "Nue Shiged˘ Sakiwake Yűsha".

8th lunar month of 1768: Mitsugor˘ achieved a great success by playing at the Ichimuraza the role of Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Matsu˘maru and Genz˘'s wife Tonami were played by Ichimura Uzaemon IX, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II and Sanogawa Ichimatsu II.

11th lunar month of 1768: Mitsugor˘ moved to the Moritaza and played the role of Minamoto no Yoshiie in the kaomise drama "Mutsuchidori Meika no Yumitori".

2nd lunar month of 1769: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1767 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Edo at the Moritaza; Mitsugor˘ played the roles of the sum˘tori Iwagawa and Tsuda Ry˘suke [casting].

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1769: Mitsugor˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Okaru and Yuranosuke were played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Sakata Hangor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1769: Mitsugor˘ played at the Moritaza 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Na ni Takashi Kumoi no Yumihari".

11th day of the 1st lunar month of 1770 [2]: his adoptive father Band˘ Sanpachi I died.

1st lunar month of 1770: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kobayashi no Asahina in the new year sogamono drama "Kurikaesu Soga no Odamaki". He also played the role of Hanbŕ in a shinjűmono, which was staged as the second part (nibanme) of this program; the role of Hanbŕ's lover Ochiyo was played by Yamashita Kinsaku II.

6th lunar month of 1770: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ, Tsuribune Sabu and Otatsu were played by Kasaya Matakur˘ II, Sawamura Kijűr˘ I and Yamashita Kinsaku II.

9th lunar month of 1770: Chikamatsu Hanji's 1759 puppet theater drama "Hidakagawa Iriai Zakura" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza; Mitsugor˘ played the role of a bonze [casting]. He also played the role of Sh˘ji's wife in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1770: Mitsugor˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Osada no Tar˘ in the kaomise drama "Miyako Zome Gi˘ Katsugi", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the actor Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1771: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Suketsune in the drama "Eh˘ Soga Nennen Goyomi".

5th lunar month of 1771: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kokingo and Yasuke in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1771: Mitsugor˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Kashiwagi Emonnosuke in the kaomise drama "Fukikaete Tsuki no Yoshiwara"; his stage partners were Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Yamashita Kinsaku II, Nakamura Sukegor˘ II, ďtani Hiroemon III and Nakamura Jűz˘ II (who came from Kamigata).

8th lunar month of 1772: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Lord Ashikaga Yorikane in the Tokiwazu dance-drama "Sono Utsushie Matsu ni Kaide"; his stage partners in the roles of the courtesan Takao (and the ghost of Takao) and the ghost of Seigen were Nakamura Noshio I and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

11th lunar month of 1772: Mitsugor˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Izu Goyomi Shibai no Ganjitsu", which celebrated the shűmei of Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1773: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year sogamono drama "Iro Makie Soga no Sakazuki"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were played by Nakamura Noshio I and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

11th lunar month of 1773: Mitsugor˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Onna Aruji Hatsuyuki no Sekai".

1st lunar month of 1774: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s new year sogamono drama "Kite Hajime Hatsugai Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Gor˘ Tokimune were played by Nakamura Jűz˘ II and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

4th lunar month of 1774: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the role of En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1774: Mitsugor˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi Tsuki no Kaomise", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Shingor˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1775: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Umezawa Yoshibei and Mionoya Shir˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Shida Yuzuriha H˘rai Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were played by Band˘ Matatar˘ IV and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

5th lunar month of 1775: Mitsugor˘ in the same theater the roles of Ume˘maru and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V (Kan Sh˘j˘), Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV (Matsu˘maru, Kakuju), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Sakuramaru, Genz˘'s wife Tonami, Ume˘maru's wife Haru).

11th lunar month of 1775: Mitsugor˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Kikujid˘ Shuen no Iwaya".

3rd lunar month of 1776: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue Kagetaka in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; the roles of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Chidori and Enju were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Yoshizawa Iroha I and Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV.

6th lunar month of 1776: tour in K˘fu; Mitsugor˘ played in the precinct of the Ky˘anji Temple the role of Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ, Tsuribune Sabu and Otatsu were played by Yamashina Shirojűr˘, Arashi Otohachi II and Yamashita Kinsaku II.

11th lunar month of 1776: Mitsugor˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Sakuya Kono Hana no Kaomise".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ("About actors prying") was published in Edo. It gives some private information on actors. Edo readers could read that Mitsugor˘ lived with his spouse and his young son in the district of Kobiki-Ch˘ and his annual salary was 650 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1777: Mitsugor˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Masakado Kanmuri no Hatsuyuki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III.

2nd lunar month of 1778: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Kaid˘ Iro Yawaragi Soga"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki"; Mitsugor˘ played the roles of Ashikaga Sakingo Yorikane, the Nanzenji t˘fu maker Saburobŕ, Imagawa Tar˘, Akaneya Hanshichi, Dote no D˘tetsu and Tosa no Matahei Mitsuoki [casting].

11th lunar month of 1778: Mitsugor˘ played at the Nakamuraza 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame IV and the first stage appearance of Mitsugor˘'s son Band˘ Mitahachi I.

1st lunar month of 1779: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Kobayashi no Asahina in the new year sogamono drama "Gohiiki Nennen Soga"; his stage partners in the roles of Jűr˘'s lover ďiso no Tora and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were Nakamura Rik˘ I and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1779: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Ume˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Sakuramaru were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Monnosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1779: Mitsugor˘ played at Nakamuraza the roles of Nitta Yoshisada and Oyamada Tar˘ in the kaomise drama "Kaeribana Eiyű Taiheiki", which celebrated the shűmei of Yamashita Mangiku I. The performance was a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1780: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Fuji Mibu in the new year sogamono drama "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

5th lunar month of 1780: tour in Sendai.

11th lunar month of 1780: Mitsugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Mure Takamatsu Yuki no Shirahata".

1st lunar month of 1781: Mitsugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was just one rank below j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

9th lunar month of 1781: Mitsugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the shinjűmono "Keisei Koi Bikyaku"; the role of Chűbŕ's lover Umegawa was played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1781: Mitsugor˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Sakikaese Yuki no Miyoshino", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata minor actors Arashi Konomatsu, Onoe Kokichi and Onoe Kosabur˘.

Spring 1782: Mitsugor˘ appeared on stage for the last time, at the Moritaza, playing the role of Soga Jűr˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Haru no Kotobuki Tokiwa Soga".

10th day of the 4th lunar month of 1782 [1]: Mitsugor˘ suddenly collapsed and died in the backstage of the Moritaza.

Comments:

Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I was a talented tachiyaku and dancer, who won fame for himself during the Meiwa and An'ei eras. nimaime roles, like Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the sogamono. He had excellent personal appearance and techniques but it was said that his diction was not very good because and he did not really get rid of the bad influence of the years spent in hama shibai. He occassionnally performed onnagata roles. Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I was also the manager of a cosmetics store in the district of Kobiki-ch˘.

[1] The 10th day of the 4th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Tenmei era was the 21st of May 1782 in the western calendar.

[2] The 11th day of the 1st lunar month of the 7th year of the Meiwa era was the 6th of February 1770 in the western calendar.

Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I as depicted in an illustration from the book "Santo Yakusha Omokage Zukushi" (1784)

Prints & Illustrations

Caricature 1780

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘

The Band˘ Mitsugor˘ line of actors

 
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