ICHIKAWA SADANJI II

Stage names:

Ichikawa Sadanji II In Japanese
Ichikawa Ensh˘ II In Japanese
Ichikawa Koyone I In Japanese
Ichikawa Botan In Japanese

Real name: Takahashi Eijir˘

Nickname: Dait˘ry˘ (president)

Guild: Takashimaya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry names: Ky˘ka, Ensh˘, Sh˘en

Existence: 19 October 1880 ~ 23 February 1940

Connections:

Father: Ichikawa Sadanji I

Adopted son: Ichikawa Sh˘en

Disciples: Ichikawa Arajir˘ II, Ichikawa Sash˘ II, Ichikawa Kudanji III, Ichikawa Tsutanosuke II, Ichikawa Sabunji II, Ichikawa Sakiz˘, Ichikawa Sh˘haku, Ichikawa Tsutamaru

Career:

April 1884: first stage appearance; he received the name of Ichikawa Botan.

July 1890: premiere at the Shintomiza of "Kiyomasa Seichűroku", a revised version of Kawatake Shinshichi III's 1875 drama "Minori no Aki Seish˘ Denki". It was part of a special 2-day gala program starring Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX; Botan played the role of Toyotomi Hideyori [more details].

July 1896: Ichikawa Botan took the name of Ichikawa Koyone I.

September 1900: Ichikawa Koyone I took the name of Ichikawa Ensh˘ II.

7 August 1904: his father Ichikawa Sadanji I died.

September 1906: Ichikawa Ensh˘ II took the name of Ichikawa Sadanji II. He inherited from his father the management of the Meijiza ... and its heavy debt. He could not manage it well and quickly got rid of it to join the Sh˘chiku Company.

December 1906 ~ August 1907: Sadanji traveled in Europe to study theatre and dance abroad. He met in Paris the famous actresses Sarah Bernhardt and Gabrielle RÚjane and became student in London at the Theatre school run by Herbert Beerbohm Tree (his elocution teacher told him that he had absolutely no chance to become an actor!). He went back to Japan through the USA.

September 1909: revival at the Meijiza of the drama "Kenuki", a long-forgotten play belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sadanji played the role of Kumedera Danj˘ [casting].

November 1909: foundation with Osanai Kaoru of the Jiyű Gekij˘ study group (the "Free Theatre"). The first program, the premiere in Japan of Henrick Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman", was staged at the Yűrakuza.

May 1910: revival at the Meijiza of the drama "Narukami", a long-forgotten play belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sadanji played the role of the wicked priest Narukami [casting].

May 1911: premiere at the Meijiza of the Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Shuzenji Monogatari"; Sadanji played the role of the mask-carver Yasha˘ [casting].

October 1911: premiere at the Meijiza of the Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Minowa no Shinjű"; Sadanji played the role of Fujieda Geki [casting].

January 1912: revival at the Meijiza of the drama "Fud˘", which belonged to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sadanji played the role of Fud˘ My˘˘ [more details].

October 1913: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Z˘hiki", which belonged to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sadanji played the role of ďtomo Kachimaru [more details].

January 1914: revival at the Hong˘za of the drama "Gedatsu", a long-forgotten play belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sadanji played the role of Akushichiby˘e Kagekiyo [more details].

October 1914: premiere at the Shintomiza of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Sasaki Takatsuna"; Sadanji played the role of Sasaki Takatsuna.

October 1914: premiere at the Meijiza of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Soga Monogatari"; Sadanji played the role of Ky˘ no Kojir˘ [casting].

September 1915: premiere at the Hong˘za of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Toribeyama Shinjű"; Sadanji played the role of Kikuchi Hankur˘ [casting].

February 1916: premiere at the Hong˘za of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Banch˘ Sarayashiki"; Sadanji played the role of Lord Aoyama Harima [casting].

August 1917: the play "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was produced at the Kabukiza for the first time; Sadanji played the role of Issun Tokubŕ [casting].

September 1918: premiere at the Meijiza of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Onoe Idahachi"; Sadanji played the role of Harada Idahachi [casting].

September 1919: ninth and final program for the Jiyű Gekij˘, which was staged at the Imperial Theater. It was the premiere in Japan of EugŔne Brieux's "La Foi".

September 1922: revival at the Meijiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Nazo no Obi Chotto Tokubŕ"; Sadanji played the role of ďshima Danshichi [more details].

February 1925: Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", was revived at the Hong˘za, under the supervision of the writer Nagai Kafű; Sadanji played the role of Gonsuke [casting].

January 1926: Sadanji played at the Kabukiza the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami"; the role of Princess Taema was played by Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II.

July 1926: premiere at the Kabukiza of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Gonza to Sukejű"; Sadanji played the role of Sukejű [casting].

Summer 1928: Sadanji organized the first tour of a Kabuki troupe outside Japan. The destination was the USSR and the troupe performed in Moscow and Leningrad [more details].

November 1929: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kan U", which belonged to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Sadanji played the role of Akushichiby˘e Kagekiyo, later the Chinese general Kan U [casting].

April 1932: premiere at the Kabukiza of Mayama Seika's "Yoritomo no Shi"; Sadanji played the role of Minamoto no Yoriie [casting].

October 1933: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of Yoshida Genjir˘'s drama "Nij˘-j˘ no Kiyomasa"; Sadanji played the role of Tokugawa Ieyasu [more details].

February 1934: premiere at the Kabukiza of "ďishi Saigo no Ichinichi", the tenth and last play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sadanji played the role of ďishi Kuranosuke [casting].

January 1935: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of Uno Nobuo's drama "Fubuki T˘ge"; Sadanji played the role of Naokichi [casting]. Sadanji also produced "Edo-j˘ no Ninj˘" and "Daini no Shisha", the first and second plays of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura" at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘. He played the role of Asano Naganori in the former drama and the role of ďishi Kuranosuke in the latter drama [more details].

April 1935: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of "Saigo no Daihy˘j˘", the third play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sadanji played the role of ďishi Kuranosuke [casting].

1936: Sadanji planned to revive the Jiyű Gekij˘ but it did not materialize it.

April 1938: Sadanji produced at the Meijiza "Kira Yashiki Uramon" and the first act of "Sengoku Yashiki" [casting], the seventh and ninth plays of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sadanji played the role of Yoshida Chűzaemon in "Sengoku Yashiki".

November 1938: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Nanbuzaka no Yuki Wakare", the sixth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sadanji played the role of ďishi Kuranosuke [casting]. He also played the role of Togashi in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Yoshitsune were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

December 1938: Sadanji played at the Minamiza the role of Togashi in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Yoshitsune were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

February 1939: Sadanji produced at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ the second act of "Sengoku Yashiki", the ninth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; he played the role of ďishi Kuranosuke [casting].

April 1939: Sadanji produced at the Kabukiza "Fushimi Shumokumachi", the fourth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura".

January 1940: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of "Ohama Goten Tsunatoyo-ky˘", the fifth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sadanji played the role of Tokugawa Tsunatoyo [casting].

23 February 1940: Sadanji died.

Comments:

Ichikawa Sadanji II was one of the most popular actors in Japan in the first half of the twentieth century. He was an open-minded reformist, working hard to promote new plays, and an adept of revivals of long-forgotten classical dramas. His close collaborations with Okamoto Kid˘, Osanai Kaoru and Mayama Seika were very fruitful and many Shinkabuki dramas, which they created together, were still in the current Kabuki repertoire. Ichikawa Sadanji II gathered them in a special collection of ten plays called Ky˘ka Gikyoku Jűshu, which included "Toribeyama Shinjű", "Banch˘ Sarayashiki" and "Shuzenji Monogatari".

Ichikawa Sadanji II playing the role of the wicked priest Narukami of the eponymous drama "Narukami" (print made by Natori Shunsen)

Print made by Hanayama

Print made by Natori Shunsen

The Ichikawa Koyone line of actors

The Ichikawa Sadanji line of actors

 
Search this site powered by FreeFind
  Site map | Disclaimer
Contact | Main | Top | Updates | Actors | Plays | Playwrights | Programs | Links | FAQ | Glossary | Chronology | Illustrations | Prints | Characters | Derivatives | Theaters | Coming soon | News