JITSUKAWA GAKUJ█Rď I

Stage names:

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I In Japanese
Asao Gakujűr˘ In Japanese
Asao Yűjir˘ I In Japanese
Nakamura Yaoz˘ In Japanese
Asao Yaoz˘ 0.1 [1] In Japanese

Guild: Izutsuya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Enjaku

Existence: 1782 ~ 4th day of the 11th lunar month of 1835 [2]

Connections:

Masters: Asao Kuzaemon I, Nakamura Nakaz˘ I

Adopted sons: Jitsukawa Yűjir˘ I, Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II

Disciples: Jitsukawa Yaoz˘, Asao Kuzaemon III

Family map: the Jitsukawa Clan

Career:

1795: he started his career in ďsaka as a disciple of Asao Kuzaemon I, who gave him the name of Asao Yaoz˘ [1].

1796: he became disciple of Nakamura Nakaz˘ I, a popular tachiyaku in hama shibai, and he received the name of Nakamura Yaoz˘.

1809: Yaoz˘ went back to his first master and he took the name of Asao Yűjir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1810: Yűjir˘ went to Edo and played at the Moritaza 2 roles in the drama "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘".

1st lunar month of 1816: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's new year sogamono drama "Nazoraete Fujigane Soga"; Yűjir˘ played the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1817: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘"; Yűjir˘ played the role of the yakko Gunsuke [casting].

1818: Yűjir˘ went back to Kamigata.

6th lunar month of 1821: Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", was revived for the first time, 11 years and 3 months after its premiere in Edo, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Yűjir˘ played the role of Tsugawa Mondo [casting].

1st lunar month of 1822: he received the patronage of the star Nakamura Utaemon III; Asao Yűjir˘ I took the name of Asao Gakujűr˘, playing in the drama "Keisei Somewake Tazuna", which was produced at the Naka no Shibai by the zamoto Asao Yosabur˘.

22nd day of the 8th lunar month of 1824 [3]: his first master Asao Kuzaemon I died in Ky˘to.

1st lunar month of 1827: Gakujűr˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

1st lunar month of 1830: Gakujűr˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent). He was also the kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

1st lunar month of 1833: Asao Gakujűr˘ and Asao Enzabur˘ respectively took the names of Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I and Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I. This was the foundation of the Jitsukawa clan. Gakujűr˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Yokoyama Tar˘, Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Yorozuya Ch˘bŕ and Hosokawa Masamoto in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futabae Z˘shi", which was produced by Arashi Takejir˘. Gakujűr˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1835: Gakujűr˘ achieved a great success by playing at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Takebe Genz˘ in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

7th lunar month of 1835: Gakujűr˘ played at the Kado no Shibai 4 roles in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

10th lunar month of 1835: Gakujűr˘ suddenly fell ill.

4th day of the 11th lunar month of 1835 [2]: Gakujűr˘ died in ďsaka [4].

Comments:

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I was a talented tachiyaku, who started his career in ďsaka minor theaters (hama shibai), spent 8 years in Edo and became one of the best zagashira in Kamigata. He excelled in wagotoshi, jitsugotoshi and bud˘goto roles. He was also able to play wakaonnagata roles.

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I was the founder of the Jitsukawa clan.

[1] Two actors held the name of Asao Yaoz˘, Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I and his disciple Jitsukawa Yaoz˘, but it did not constitute an official line of actors.

[2] The 4th day of the 11th lunar month of the 6th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 23rd of December 1835 in the western calendar.

[3] The 22nd day of the 8th lunar month of the 7th year of the Bunsei era was the 14th of September 1824 in the western calendar.

[4] Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I's tombstone was located in the cemetery of the Honsh˘ji Temple in the district of Tanimachi.

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I playing the role of Tsuji Y˘suke in the drama "Keisei Hanabusa Z˘shi", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1835 at the Naka no Shibai (print made by Hokuei)

Print made by Shunshosai Hokuch˘ in 1829

Print made by Utagawa Shigeharu in 1831

The Asao Yűjir˘ line of actors

The Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ line of actors

 
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