OGINO SAWANOJď

Stage names:

Ogino Sawanoj˘ In Japanese
Ogino Samanoj˘ I In Japanese
Ogino Sawanoj˘ In Japanese
Ogino Samanoj˘ I In Japanese

Other name:

Hagino Samanoj˘ In Japanese

Real name: Inoue Hanzaemon

Nicknames: Sashichi, T˘jűr˘

Poetry name: Shűk˘

Existence: 1656 ~ 1st day of the 8th lunar month of 1704 [1]

Connections:

Master: Ogino Ch˘dayű I

Disciple: Ogino Samanoj˘ II

Career:

1656~1690: born in Ky˘to. He started his career in Ky˘to as a disciple of the actor Ogino Ch˘dayű I, performing under the name of Ogino Sawanoj˘.

1st lunar month of 1691: Samanoj˘ played in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Masaki Rokurozaemon's spouse in the drama "Yome Kagami", which was produced by Yamashita Hanzaemon I.

1692: Samanoj˘ settled in Edo. He had to change his first name, because it was very close to the first name of a Shogunate high-ranking dignitary. Ogino Samanoj˘ took the name of Ogino Sawanoj˘.

1694: Sawanoj˘ performed at the Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1695: Sawanoj˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Kaomise Jűnidan"; his main stage partner was Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I. This was the beginning of a great duo, the first goruden konbi in Kabuki history.

4th lunar month of 1696: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I and Sawanoj˘ achieved a great success in the same theater by playing the roles of the wicked priest Narukami and Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami Sh˘nin Sanses˘ Taema no Chűj˘ Hime" ("Narukami").

11th lunar month of 1696: Sawanoj˘ achieved a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the leading role of Onna Narukami ("the female Narukami") in the drama "Neko no Koneko".

1st lunar month of 1697: premiere of the bombastic "Shibaraku" scene (Kabuki Jűhachiban), at the Nakamuraza, staged within the drama "Daifukuch˘ Sankai Nagoya"; Sawanoj˘ played the role of the courtesan Katsuragi.

3rd lunar month of 1697: Sawanoj˘ and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I played in the same theater the roles of Tamakura and Yagor˘ in the drama "Kant˘ Koroku".

5th lunar month of 1697: Sawanoj˘ and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I played in the same theater the roles of Ninomiya and Deity Fud˘ in the drama "Tsuwamono Kongen Soga" [2].

6th lunar month of 1698: Sawanoj˘ and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I played in the same theater the roles of Asaka and Kamata Hy˘e in Mimasuya Hy˘go's drama "Ryűjo Sanjűnis˘"; the role of the villain Taira no Kiyomori was played by Yamanaka Heikur˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1698: Sawanoj˘ and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I played in the same theater the roles of Princess Taema and the wicked priest Narukami in Mimasuya Hy˘go's drama "Genpei Narukami Denki" (also called "Kumo no Taema Nagori no Tsuki"). This was Sawanoj˘'s last performance, who (temporarily) retired and opened an incent and perfume shop in Edo in the district of Iida-ch˘. As a merchant, he took the name of K˘guya T˘jűr˘ ("T˘jűr˘ the perfumer"). His best-selling perfume was called Ogino Shűk˘. He also started a new successful fashion with a woman hat called Sawanoj˘ B˘shi ('Sawanoj˘'s Hat').

11th lunar month of 1699: Sawanoj˘ was back on stage, at the Moritaza, where he played the role of Okuni, the legendary woman who created Kabuki, in Mimasuya Hy˘g˘'s drama "T˘sei Okuni Kabuki".

5th lunar month of 1700: Sawanoj˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Tora Gozen in the drama "Dainihon Tekkai Sennin".

1st lunar month of 1701: Sawanoj˘ went back to Kamigata; he took back the name of Ogino Samanoj˘ I and performed with Yoshizawa Ayame I and Mizuki Tatsunosuke I in the drama "Miyako no Waka Ebisu", which was staged in Ky˘to at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater.

11th lunar month of 1701: Samanoj˘ went to ďsaka, took back the name of Ogino Sawanoj˘ and performed in the kaomise program produced by Matsumoto Nazaemon III.

1703: last stay in Edo.

1st lunar month of 1704: Sawanoj˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Moritaza, performing in the hatsu ky˘gen drama "Arajishi Otokonosuke". He suddenly fell ill.

19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1704 [3]: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, the main stage partner of Sawanoj˘, was stabbed by the actor Ikushima Hanroku in his dressing room and died a violent death.

1st day of the 8th lunar month of 1704 [1]: Sawanoj˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Ogino Sawanoj˘ was an outstanding Genroku onnagata, who made a fame for himself in both Edo and Kamigata. He was one of the first actors in Kabuki history to breathe realism into his acting.

"The senior among the Genroku onnagata was Ogino Sawanoj˘, who died in 1704. He played heroines to Danjűr˘'s heroes, and was long associated with the first Ichikawa. He wore an obi of unusual width, and it became the fashion among the ladies of the capital. Tiring of the stage, he gave it up and opened an incense shop, but the attraction of the theatre was too great, and he returned. Always closely associated with Danjűr˘, he died the same year in which the founder of Japan's most famous line of actors was murdered in his dressing-room. "Amayo Sanbai Kigen", or Three Cups of Sake on a Rainy Night, a book of criticism, praises Ogino highly: "Even the gods and Buddha would be struck with the actions of this man. He is most realistic in pathetic scenes. As a lady of high rank, or a wife of the lower classes, he leaves nothing to be desired." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 1st day of the 8th lunar month of the 1st year of the H˘ei era was the 30th of August 1704 in the western calendar.

[2] It was considered as the first performance of "Fud˘", a drama belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban.

[3] The 19th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 17th year of the Genroku era was the 24th of March 1704 in the western calendar.

Ogino Sawanoj˘
Artist: Torii Kiyonobu I
Date: 1700-1704 (circa)
Copyright ę The Trustees of the British Museum

 
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