MIZUKI TATSUNOSUKE I

Stage names:

Yamatoya Uzaemon In Japanese
Mizuki Tatsunosuke I In Japanese | In Japanese
Tsurukawa Tatsunosuke II In Japanese
Tsuyugawa Ryűnosuke [1] In Japanese
Yamatoya Ushimatsu In Japanese

Others names: Jinkur˘, Seijűr˘

Guild: Yamatoya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1673 ~ 23rd day of the 9th lunar month of 1745 [2]

Connections:

Uncle: Yamatoya Jinbŕ II

Father: Sait˘ Shinpachi

Disciples: Mizuki Tatsunosuke II, Mizuki Takejűr˘, Mizuki Somenosuke I, Mizuki Somenosuke II, Miogi Naniwa, Yamatoya Jin'emon, Mizuki Tominosuke, Mizuki Sawanosuke

Career:

1673: born in ďsaka. He was the son of the hand˘gataki Sait˘ Shinpachi.

1681 ~ 1685: he started his career in ďsaka in a troupe of children-actors (kodomo shibai), performing under the name of Yamatoya Ushimatsu. Later on, he took the name of Tsuyugawa Ryűnosuke [1].

1685: he took the name of Tsurugawa Tatsunosuke II and became wakashugata.

1687: he took the name of Mizuki Tatsunosuke I.

1689: Tatsunosuke went with his uncle Yamatoya Jinbŕ II to Ky˘to.

1st lunar month of 1689: Tatsunosuke became wakaonnagata and performed at Miyako Mandayű's theater in the drama "Keisei Sode no Umi".

1690: Tatsunosuke played in the same theater the role of Ayame in the drama "Kanaoka-ga-Fude". Around that time, he changes the writing of his family name:

Old writing for Mizuki new writing for Mizuki
水木

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1st lunar month of 1691: Tatsunosuke achieved a great success in the same theater by playing the role of Arima no Ofuji in the drama "Musume Oya no Adauchi", which included a impressive yari odori.

3rd lunar month of 1691: Tatsunosuke went to Edo and performed at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Onna Katakiuchi". His stay in Edo was short and he quickly went back to Ky˘to to play the role of Okiku in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Sakaotoshi", which was staged at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

1692: The purple hat which he used on stage became the latest fashion in the city of Ky˘to and was called "Mizuki B˘shi" ("the Mizuki hat").

11th lunar month of 1693: Tatsunosuke performed in the drama "Hako Denju", which was produced in Ky˘to by Murayama Heiemon III; his main stage partner was the Edo star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, who was on tour in the Imperial Capital.

3rd lunar month of 1694: Tatsunosuke played in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami Yűjoron"; the role of the wicked priest Narukami was played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1694: Tatsunosuke played in the same theater the role of Tomoe-no-Mae in the drama "Kumagai Nagori no Sakazuki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I (Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane), Yamatoya Jinbŕ II (Taira no Tadanori), Murayama Heiemon III (Iga Heinai Saemon), Sakata T˘kur˘ (Taira no Michimori), Iwai Hananoj˘ (Michimori's wife), Onoe Taganoj˘ I (Taira no Atsumori), Tomizawa Samanosuke (Kumagai's wife) and Uemura Takenoj˘ (Kumagai's son).

1st lunar month of 1695: Tatsunosuke played at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Himematsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Ima Genji Rokujűj˘". He also performed the leading role of a beautiful and very successful dance about a maiden, who loves his brother but can't understand why such a love was forbidden and turns into a cat, frantically drifting among butterflies.

9th lunar month of 1695: Tatsunosuke played at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Arima no Ofuji in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Mizuki Tatsunosuke Tachiburu Mai".

Fall 1695: Tatsunosuke went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1695: Tatsunosuke played at the Ichimuraza in the drama "Shiki Gosho Zakura". He performed the leading role of a yari odori, achieving a great success. The "Mizuki B˘shi" ("the Mizuki hat") also became a new fashion in Edo and there was a shop in Asakusa, which used to sell jewel caskets named "Mizuki Miyage" (literally "Souvenir of Mizuki").

Fall 1697: Tatsunosuke went back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1697: Tatsunosuke achieved a great success at Miyako Mandayű's theater by performing all the roles of a 7-role hengemono, which was titles "Nana Bake". Because of this amazing performance, Tatsunosuke was considered by the Kabuki historians as the first pioneer in the creation of hengemono.

1st lunar month of 1698: Tatsunosuke's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

7th lunar month of 1698: Tatsunosuke played in Ky˘t˘ at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Otake in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Isshin Niga Byakud˘".

1st lunar month of 1704: Tatsunosuke went to ďsaka and appeared on stage for the last time, playing the role of Oishi in the drama "Sangoku Yome Iro Naoshi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ II. He retired and took the name of Yamatoya Uzaemon, which he kept up to his death.

23rd day of the 9th lunar month of 1745 [2]: Uzaemon died.

Comments:

Mizuki Tatsunosuke I was a great onnagata actor of the Genroku era and an outstanding dancer. He excelled in both yari odori and hengemono. He belonged to a group of four actors nicknamed "wakaonnagata no shitenn˘", literally "the big four wakaonnagata" (this expression comes from the four Deva kings in Buddhism). The three others were Ogino Sawanoj˘, Sodesaki Karyű and Yoshizawa Ayame I. He founded the Mizuki school of dance, which still exists nowadays.

"Contemporary with Ayame was Mizuki Tatsunosuke, a precocious actor who played with Sakata T˘jűr˘ when he was 16. He died at the age of 73, and the onnagata school he established endured long after his death, several of his pupils distinguishing themselves." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] This name was not reported in the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran" or in the Ritsumeikan University Actors Database. Only in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten".

[2] The 23rd day of the 9th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Enky˘ era was the 18th of October 1745 in the western calendar.

Mizuki Tatsunosuke I as depicted in an illustration from the book "Amayo no Sanbai Kigen" (1693)

Prints & Illustrations

The Mizuki Tatsunosuke line of actors

 
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