|BANDď SH█KA I|
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry name: Shűka
Existence: 1813 ~ 6th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1855
Adoptive father: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III
Son: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI
Adopted son: Band˘ Minosuke IV
1813 ~ 1824: born in Edo. Second son of Tachibanaya Jisuke, an accounting manager at the Ichimuraza. He becomes a disciple of the star Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, who decides to adopt him and gives him the name of Band˘ Tamanosuke I.
11th lunar month of 1824: he appears on stage for the first time, taking the name of Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I at the Ichimuraza.
8th lunar month of 1829: tour in Nagoya with Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV. Tamasabur˘ achieves a great success by playing the roles of Okon and Yűgiri in the dramas "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba" and "Kuruwa Bunsh˘" in the precinct of the Seijuin Temple.
1st lunar month of 1830: Tamasabur˘ and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV settle in ďsaka. They perform together at the Naka no Shibai. Tamasabur˘ plays with success the role of Ohan in the drama "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami" (commonly called "Obiya"), which is produced by the zamoto Fujikawa Katsusabur˘.
11th lunar month of 1832: Tamasabur˘ goes back to Edo, playing the roles of Hanazono and Kosakura in the drama "Band˘ Musha Tsunagate Hajime", which is staged at the Ichimuraza.
11th lunar month of 1839: Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I takes the name of Band˘ Shűka I at the Ichimuraza, playing in the drama "Taiheiki Irifune Shinozuka". Shűka is in fact a haimy˘ which was used by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.
6th lunar month of 1841: tour in K˘fu; Shűka plays at the Kameyaza the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Okaru and Tonase in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".
1st lunar month of 1843: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari" (commonly called "Noriaibune"), which is staged within the new year drama "Kioi Uta Soga no Hanadashi"; Shűka is one of the seven dancers [more details].
1st lunar month of 1846: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Kagura Uta Kumoi no Kyokumari", which is commonly called "Dontsuku"; Shűka dances in it [more details].
2nd lunar month of 1851: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's Kiyomoto-based dance "Akegarasu Hana no Nureginu", commonly called "Urazato Tokijir˘"; Shűka plays the role of Yamanaya Urazato [casting].
11th lunar month of 1851: Shűka plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Osono in the drama "Hana Momiji K˘ra no Furugaki" (similar to the play "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"). The role of Rokusuke is played by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ V.
4th lunar month of 1853: Shűka plays at the Kawarazakiza the role of Shizuka Gozen in the "Yoshinoyama" and "Shi-no-Kiri" scenes of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the roles of Tadanobu and Yoshitsune are played by Arashi Rikaku II and Band˘ Takesabur˘ I.
5th lunar month of 1853: Shűka plays at the Kawarazakiza the role of the female thief Hanaoka, who holds 5 different names and disguises (Kaminari no Onaru, Gokuin Osen, Hotei no Oichi, Annozaka no Odaka and Karigane no Obun), in the drama "Karigane Gonin Onna". This parodic play is in fact the female version of the famous "Karigane Gonin Otoko", an ďsaka sewamono whose heroes are 5 thieves called Kaminari Sh˘kur˘, Gokuin Sen'emon, Hotei Ichiemon, An no Heibei and Karigane Bunshichi.
3rd lunar month of 1854: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Miyakodori Nagare no Shiranami"; Shűka plays the role of the keisei Hanako, in reality the thief Tengű Koz˘ Kiritar˘, in reality Yoshida Matsuwakamaru [casting].
6th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1855: Shűka dies in Edo.
Band˘ Shűka I was an outstanding onnagata, who developped excellent diction and personal acting techniques. His forte were courageous and wild-spirited female roles. His fame in Edo between 1840 and 1854 was as high as his tachiyaku stage partner Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII.
Band˘ Shűka I's best roles: Okaru ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Yae ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Agemaki ("Sukeroku"), Shizuka Gozen ("Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"), the ama Narukami ("Onna Narukami") and Ohan ("Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami").
Band˘ Shűka I received posthumously the name of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ V and his son, who was Band˘ Mitsugor˘ V, became Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI.
Band˘ Shűka I in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III
The Band˘ Tamanosuke line of actors
The Band˘ Tamasabur˘ line of actors
The Band˘ Shűka line of actors
The Band˘ Mitsugor˘ line of actors
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