ICHIKAWA DANSHIRď II

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danshir˘ II
Ichikawa Ennosuke I
Matsuo Ennosuke
Yamazaki Ennosuke
Band˘ Utasaku
Ichimura Nagamatsu

Real name: Kinoshi Kamejir˘

Guild: Omodakaya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry names: Juen, Sh˘raku

Existence: 21st day of the 7th lunar month of 1855 ~ 6 February 1922

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX

Father: Band˘ Santar˘

Sons: Ichikawa En'˘ I, Ichikawa Chűsha VIII, Ichikawa Kodayű II, Ichikawa Juen I

Grandsons: Ichikawa Danshir˘ III, Ichikawa Miyosuke, Ichikawa K˘mori II

Great-grandsons: Ichikawa En'˘ II (Ichikawa Ennosuke III), Ichikawa Danshir˘ IV

Great-great-grandsons: Ichikawa Ennosuke IV, Ichikawa Chűsha IX

Disciples: Ichikawa Kimiz˘, Ichikawa Kosabur˘, Ichikawa Emisabur˘ I

Career:

1855: born in Edo in the district of Asakusa Umamichi. Son of the tateshi Band˘ Santar˘.

1860: he becomes disciple of Ichimura Uzaemon XIII, who gives him the name of Ichimura Nagamatsu.

1862: he becomes disciple de Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V, who gives him the name of Band˘ Utasaku.

1868: tour in Kamigata with his master.

1870: he becomes disciple of Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VII.

1872: he takes the name of Yamazaki Ennosuke.

1873: Ennosuke plays without his master's permission the prestigious role of Benkei at the Nakajimaza (T˘ky˘) in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘". This is a lese-majesty crime and the sentence is irrevocable: Ennosuke is expelled from the Kawarazaki clan. He has to give up the Yamazaki name and takes the name of Matsuo Ennosuke.

January 1884: he achieves a great success in ďsaka at the Nakaza, playing the forbidden role of Benkei in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘".

October 1890: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX forgives him and accepts to reintegrate Ennosuke in the Ichikawa clan; he takes the name of Ichikawa Ennosuke I.

March 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Buyű no Homare Shusse Kagekiyo", a revised revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's jidaimono "Shusse Kagekiyo"; Ennosuke plays the roles of the plasterer Kyűsaku and Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka [casting]. This is also the celebration of Ennosuke's success at the nadai exam.

November 1893: Ennosuke takes part in the opening ceremony of the Meijiza [more details].

January 1896: revival at the Harukiza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari", staged under the title "Noriaibune Eh˘ Manzai", with Ennosuke and Nakamura Kangor˘ XII performing the two comic dancers.

April 1897: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi Ochi's drama "Otokodate Harusame Gasa"; Ennosuke played the role of Henmi Ikkaku, later the r˘nin Henmi Tetsushinsai [more details].

July 1901: premiere at the T˘ky˘za of "Tsuri Onna", the Kabuki version of the ky˘gen "Tsuribari", originally written in 1883 by Kawatake Mokuami (lyrics) and Kishizawa Shikisa VI (music) and revised for the stage by Takeshiba Shinkichi. It stars Ennosuke and Nakamura Kangor˘ XII in the roles of Tar˘kaja and the ugly girl.

March 1906: Tsubouchi Sh˘y˘'s drama "Hototogisu Koj˘ no Rakugetsu" is produced for the first time in T˘ky˘, at the T˘ky˘za; Ennosuke plays the roles of Katagiri Katsumoto and Ujiie Naizen [casting].

November 1908: revival at the Kabukiza of the Kabuki Jűhachiban drama "Kagekiyo"; Ennosuke plays the role of Hase no Hachir˘ [casting].

April 1910: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Yuki no Yűbe Iriya no Azemichi", a few scenes taken from "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana" focusing on Kataoka Naojir˘ and his lover Michitose and staged independently from the rest of the play; Ennosuke plays the role of Kaneko Ichinoj˘ [casting].

October 1910: Ichikawa Ennosuke I and his son Ichikawa Danko I respectively take the names of Ichikawa Danshir˘ II and Ichikawa Ennosuke II at the Kabukiza. The two actors play together in the drama "Kiri Hitoha" and the long-forgotten bombastic drama "Kamahige". The name Danshir˘ was not held since 1695. The new Danshir˘ revives the yag˘ Omodakaya.

April 1912: premiere at the Kabukiza of the dance "Hashi Benkei"; Danshir˘ plays the role of Benkei [more details].

October 1913: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Z˘hiki", which belongs to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Danshir˘ plays the role of Mita no Genji Takeru [more details].

August 1917: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" is produced at the Kabukiza for the first time; Danshir˘ plays the role of Mikawaya Giheiji [casting].

September 1919: premiere at the Kabukiza of the Kiyomoto-based dance "Sumidagawa" (a adapted for Kabuki by Yamazaki Shik˘ with a musical accompaniment made by Kiyomoto Umekichi II); Danshir˘ plays the role of the boatman [casting].

November 1919: Danshir˘ plays at the Meijiza the role of Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima".

Comments:

Ichikawa Danshir˘ II was a talented actor, the founder of an original line of actors. He excelled in both dances and jidaimono dramas (especially the gidayű ky˘gen). He rebelled against the Kabuki feudal system and his expulsion from the Ichikawa clan led him to walk his own way in koshibai or on tour in provinces. He was finally reintegrated in ˘shibai and helped to fight the existing discrimination against koshibai actors.

Ichikawa Danshir˘ II playing the role of Henmei Tesshinai in a print made by Yamamura Toyonari in 1919

The Ichikawa Ennosuke line of actors

The Ichikawa Danshir˘ line of actors

 
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