MATSUSHIMA CHďFU I

Pen names:

Matsushima Ch˘fu I In Japanese
Sakurada Jisuke II In Japanese
Tagawa Sh˘saku In Japanese
Matsushima Hanji I In Japanese
Matsushima Y˘suke I In Japanese
Shimizu Hanji In Japanese
Sakae Hanji In Japanese

Other name :

Gokai Yűjin In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Sak˘, Ch˘fu

Existence: 1768 ~ 14th day of the 4th lunar month of 1829 [1]

Connection:

Masters: Tsuruya Nanboku IV, Sakurada Jisuke I, Kasanui Sensuke I

Disciples: Sakurada Jisuke III, Matsushima Hanji II, Matsushima Hanji IV

Career:

1768: born in Edo. His first name was T˘jir˘. His father T˘suke managed a float of garbage boats.

1790s: he become a disciple of Kasanui Sensuke I. Then he joined Sakurada Jisuke I. His first pen names were Sakae Hanji, Shimizu Hanji, Matsushima Y˘suke I and Matsushima Hanji I.

1796: Hanji worked at the Kawarazakiza.

11th lunar month of 1797: Hanji worked at the Nakamuraza to assist his master Sakurada Jisuke I on the kaomise drama "Kaikei Koky˘ no Nishikigi", which celebrated the shűmei of Arashi Shichigor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1799: Hanji worked at the Ichimuraza, to assist Katsu Hy˘z˘ I, Chikamatsu Monky˘ and Matsui K˘z˘ I, on the kaomise drama "Utsukushiki Yuki no Sekai", which celebrated the shűmei of Ogino Izabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1802: Hanji worked at the Nakamuraza to assist his master Sakurada Jisuke I on the kaomise drama "Koshiji no Hana Oedo no Torideki".

11th lunar month of 1804: Hanji worked at the Nakamuraza to assist his master Sakurada Jisuke I, along with the sakusha Nagawa Shimesuke I and Fukumori Kyűsuke I, on the kaomise drama "Kiku Zum˘ Mikurai Sadame", which celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ V, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV and Nakayama Bunshichi III, and welcomed in Edo the actors Segawa Rok˘ III and his adopted son Segawa Kamesabur˘.

11th lunar month of 1805: Hanji worked at the Nakamuraza to assist Nagawa Shimesuke I and Tsuruya Nanboku IV on the kaomise drama "Seiwa Genji Nidai no Yumitori", which welcomed in Edo the actor ďtani Tomoemon II.

1807: he took the name of Tagawa Sh˘saku.

11th lunar month of 1808: he took the name of Sakurada Jisuke II and became tatesakusha at the Moritaza, working with Fukumori Kyűsuke I on the kaomise drama "Hana to Mitsu Yuki no Kusunoki". Premiere at the Moritaza of the 7-role hengemono "Yamato Gana Iro no Nana Moji"; all the lyrics were written by the new Jisuke and all the roles were performed by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III. The seven dances were "Kanjo" (the court lady), "Saru Mawashi" (le dresseur of singes), "Inaka Musume" (a country girl), "Sotoba Komachi", "Genta" [2], "Momotar˘" and "Sanbas˘".

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kokoro no Nazo Toketa Iroito"; Jisuke was one of the main collaborators in the sakusha team [casting].

5th lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Ehon Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; Jisuke was one of the main collaborators in the sakusha team [casting].

9th lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of a 3-role hengemono, which was entitled "Mata Atarashiku Mitsu no Sakazuki" [3]; the roles were all played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III and all the lyrics were written by Jisuke.

3rd lunar month of 1811: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Jisuke's 7-role Tokiwazu-based hengemono "Shichimai Tsuzuki Hana no Sugatae" [4], a dance program made up of seven dances with all the roles played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III: "Nyo San no Miya", "Kajiwara Genta", "Shiokumi" [4] (the salt-making girl), "Sarumawashi" (a monkey showman), "Gannin B˘zu" [4] (a bonze), "R˘jo" (an old woman) and "Kan U" (a Chinese warlord).

9th lunar month of 1812: the actor Nakamura Utaemon III, who was about to travel back to his native Kamigata after more than 4 years spent in Edo, performed his onagori ky˘gen at the Nakamuraza, which included the premiere of a sanbas˘, which was written by Jisuke and entitled "Mata Kuru Haru Suzuna no Tanemaki". The roles of Sanbas˘, Senzai and Okina were played by Nakamura Utaemon III, Nakamura Akashi IV and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ IV.

6th lunar month of 1813: premiere at the Moritaza of the 8-role hengemono "Mata Koko-ni Sugata Hakkei" [5]; the 8 roles were performed by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII. All the lyrics were written by Jisuke.

4th lunar month of 1818: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Jisuke's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Sono Sugata Hana no Utsushie", commonly called "Mitsu Ningy˘" (literally "The Three Puppets") [casting].

11th lunar month of 1818: Jisuke worked, along with Namiki Gohei II (who celebrated his shűmei), Tsuchii Hy˘shichi I, Tajima Konosuke I and Matsushima Hanji II (who celebrated his shűmei), on the kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Hiiki no Kamikaze".

9th lunar month of 1819: the actor Nakamura Shikan I, who was about to travel back to his native Kamigata, performed his onagori ky˘gen at the Nakamuraza, which included a spectacular 9-role hengemono which was written by Jisuke and entitled "Onagori Oshie no Mazebari" [6].

9th lunar month of 1820: premiere at the Nakamuraza of a 7-role hengemono, which was entitled "Setsugekka Nagori no Bundai" [7]; the roles were all played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III and all the lyrics were written by Jisuke. This was Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III's onagori ky˘gen, as he was about to depart from Edo to perform in ďsaka.

6th lunar month of 1826: premiere at the Ichimuraza of a 3-role Kiyomoto-based hengemono, which was entitled "Mata Koko-ni Kabuki no Hanadashi" [8] and starred Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III; all the lyrics were written by Jisuke. The 3 roles were Take-no-Uchi no Sukeneya (a legendary character famous for his extraordinary long life), a fisherman fighting a giant octopus and a tekomai festival dancer [8].

11th lunar month of 1826: Jisuke worked at the Ichimuraza to assist the tatesakusha Nakamura Jűsuke IV, along with Nagawa Motosuke and Mimasuya Nis˘ji, on the kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Sh˘ no Kaomise".

End of 1826 or beginning of 1827: he took the name of Matsushima Ch˘fu I.

11th lunar month of 1827: the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hana Genji no Kaomise", which was written by Ch˘fu, Mimasuya Nis˘ji and Kanai Sangy˘, was staged at the Ichimuraza; it starred Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, Ichimura Uzaemon XII, Band˘ Minosuke II, Ichikawa Ichiz˘ II, Iwai Kumesabur˘ II, Iwai Shijaku I, Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Nakayama Bungor˘ II, Sawamura Shabaku, Ogino Izabur˘ III, Naritaya S˘bŕ and Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1828: Ch˘fu worked at the Ichimuraza, along with Nakamura Jűsuke IV, Matsukawa H˘saku and Nagawa Motosuke, on the kaomise drama "Mitsugi no Yuki Genji Hiiki".

21st day of the 3rd lunar month of 1829: a fire broke out from the shop of Owariya Tokuemon, in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spread and destroyed the Edo theaters district; Ch˘fu was deeply wounded. He tried to recover at his disciple Matsushima Y˘suke III's home in the district of Ichigaya Motomura-ch˘ where he died the 14th day of the 4th lunar month of 1829 [1].

Comments:

Matsushima Ch˘fu I was an important Edo sakusha, who worked on more than 150 original dramas (including at least 30 dance-dramas). He wrote a lot for the Edo star (and outstanding dancer) Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III. Some of his dances are still in the current Kabuki repertoire: "Amiuchi", "Asazuma Bune", "Genta", "Kairaishi", "Makasho", "Omatsuri", "ďmi no Okane", "Shiokumi", "Shitadashi Sanbas˘", "Tama Usagi", "Tobae" and "Ukare B˘zu". He had two important masters, Sakurada Jisuke I and Tsuruya Nanboku IV. His shosagoto were influenced by the former and his dramas by the latter. At the beginning of his career, he was nicknamed Gomihan, han for Hanji and gomi which means garbage as he was the son of a businessman specialized in garbage collection.

[1] The 14th day of the 4th lunar month of the 12th year of the Bunsei era was the 16th of May 1829 in the western calendar.

[2] "Genta" is still in the current Kabuki repertoire.

[3] One of these roles, the street performer, is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire ("Kairaishi").

[4] The dances "Gannin B˘zu" and "Shiokumi" are still part of the current repertoire; the former was staged under the title "Ukare B˘zu".

[5] One of them, the one for the view "wild goose swooping down upon Katata in Autumn" ("Katata no Rakugan" in Japanese), has survived and became an independent popular dance item in the Kabuki repertoire, known under the titles of "ďmi no Okane", "Danjűr˘ Musume" (the Danjűr˘ Girl) or "Sarashima" (the Cloth-bleaching Girl).

[6] One of these roles was still in the current Kabuki repertoire ("Tobae").

[7] Three of these seven roles are still part of the current Kabuki repertoire: "Asazuma Bune", "Makasho" and "Tama Usagi".

[8] The fisherman and the dancer are nowadays independent dances, which are staged under the respective titles of "Amiuchi" and "Omatsuri". Band˘ Mitsugor˘ X revived the 3-role dance "Mata Koko-ni Kabuki no Hanadashi" in October 2003 at the Minamiza.

The name of Matsushima Ch˘fu I in a 1828 Edo hy˘banki (the zone within the red shape on the right side of the picture); all the names were the sakusha at the Ichimuraza (right) and Kawarazakiza (left)

The Matsushima Y˘suke line of playwrights

The Matsushima Hanji line of playwrights

 
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