KAGAYA KASHICHI I

Stage names:

Kagaya Kashichi I In Japanese
Nakamura Utaemon I In Japanese
Nakamura Utanosuke I In Japanese

Others names:

Nakamura Kashichi I In Japanese
Nakamura Kashichi I In Japanese
ďseki Hidez˘ In Japanese

Guild: Kagaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Issen, Issen, Kashichi

Existence: 1714 ~ 29th day of the 10th lunar month of 1791 [1]

Connections:

Master: Nakamura Genjűr˘

Son: Nakamura Utaemon III

Adopted son: Nakamura Utanosuke II

Grandson: Kagaya Hashinosuke I

Great-grandson: Nakamura Shikan III

Great-great-grandsons: Nakamura Tamashichi I, Nakamura Tsurusuke V

Disciples: Nakamura Rik˘ I, Nakamura Utaemon II

Career:

1714: born in Kanazawa in the Kaga Province. His father ďseki Shun'an was a renowned physician. His real name was ďseki Hidez˘.

1730: he became disciple of Nakamura Genjűr˘ - the adopted son of the Kamigata actor Nakamura Genzaemon I, who was a disciple of Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I's disciple Nakamura Sen'ya I and later on became a playwright named Takagi Richű - who gave him the name of Nakamura Utanosuke I.

1741: he took the name of Nakamura Utaemon I in Ise.

1742: Utaemon achieved a great success in Ise at the Furuichi Shibai by performing in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

Fall 1742: Utaemon went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1742: Utaemon performed in the kaomise drama "ďmi Genji Taihei no Kachidoki", which was produced by Hanakawa Ichinoj˘ at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

1st lunar month of 1743: Utaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior) [visual]. Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the ni-no-kawari new year drama "Harukoma Ikioi Soga" [2]; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ I and Takenaka Heikichi.

3rd lunar month of 1743: Utaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)hankichi (superior - superior - (white) half excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1743: Utaemon played in Ky˘to the role of Manzei ďkura in the kaomise drama "Wakamidori Hatsumenbako", which was produced by Arashi Matsunoj˘ at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater.

12th lunar month of 1743: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Ishikawa Akuemon in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1744: no kaomise record in Ky˘to, ďsaka or Edo [3].

1st lunar month of 1745: no new year record in Ky˘to, ďsaka or Edo [3].

11th lunar month of 1745: Utaemon played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of the r˘nin Kasahara Tanpei (in reality Hideemon [4]) in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Manzairaku".

1st lunar month of 1746: Utaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior) [visual]. Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Fuwa Banzaemon in the ni-no-kawari new year drama "Keisei Senri-ga-Kane".

11th lunar month of 1746: Utaemon played the roles of ďwada Genba and Takaemon's kerai Kumahei in the kaomise drama "Tomi Yakata ďmu Kotoba", which was produced at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I; his stage partners were Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Sanogawa Jűkichi (final performance before his death), Nakamura Shingor˘ I (final performance before his death), Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Tamiya Jűzabur˘ I (final performance before his death), Yamatoyama Rinzaemon I (who celebrated his shűmei) and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1747: no kaomise record in Ky˘to, ďsaka or Edo [3].

1st lunar month of 1748: no new year record in Ky˘to, ďsaka or Edo [3].

8th lunar month of 1748: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; Utaemon played the roles of Igami no Gonta and Benkei [casting].

11th lunar month of 1748: Utaemon performed in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Fuyugomori Tsumagoi Ikusa", which was produced by Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I at the Naka no Shibai.

12th lunar month of 1748: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of the Yamagaya tedai Den'emon in the ni-no-kawari drama "Koi no Fuchi Chishio no Shiborizome".

1st lunar month of 1749: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was two black strokes above j˘-(shiro)j˘ (superior - (white) superior) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1749: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, katakiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-hankichi (superior - superior - half excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1749: Utaemon performed at the ďnishi no Shibai in Izumiya Sh˘z˘'s kaomise drama "Kotobuki Kogane no Kachi Ikusa", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I, welcomed back in ďsaka Iwai Hanshir˘ III and celebrated the shűmei of Murayama Heijűr˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1750: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was two black strokes above j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1750: Utaemon played at the Naka no Shibai the role of the yakko Kajibŕ in the kaomise drama "Yasa Heike Sakiwake Musha", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1750: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Fuwa Banzaemon in the drama "Keisei T˘yama Zakura" (similar to Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"), which was produced by the zamoto Nakamura Jűz˘ I for the nadai Shioya Kuroemon [casting].

1st lunar month of 1751: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1751: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was one black stroke above j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1751: Utaemon performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Sode Nikki Futatsu Domoe", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1752: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was two black strokes above j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual]. Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Tashiro Magoemon and Fukakusa Gosaku in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Miyako no Fuji".

3rd lunar month of 1752: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was one black stroke above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1752: the play "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" was staged for the first time in ďsaka, as a kaomise drama, at the Naka no Shibai; Utaemon played the role of the yakko Tagohei [casting]. It was produced as a kaomise drama by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1752: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Nunobiki Zenjibŕ and the yakko Yogoji in the ni-no-kawari drama "Tsu-no-Kuni Jűs˘ no Watashi".

1st & 3rd lunar month of 1753: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was three black strokes above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1753: Utaemon played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Date no Tar˘ in the kaomise drama "Taihei Kiso Monogatari".

12th lunar month of 1753: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Akamatsu Shir˘ and Yamana S˘zen in the drama "Keisei Ama no Hagoromo".

1st lunar month of 1754: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was two black strokes above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1754: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1754: Utaemon played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Yuge Okuzaemon in the kaomise drama "Uda Genji Asahi no Menbako", which was produced by Wakayama Bunshichi; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danz˘ III, Wakayama Shinkur˘, Wakayama Bunshichi, Arashi Sangor˘ II, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II, Anegawa Daikichi I, ďtani Hirohachi I and Someyama S˘jűr˘.

12th lunar month of 1754: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Imagawa Kazusanosuke and the ah˘ kannushi Tarosaku in the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Imagawaj˘".

1st & 3rd lunar month of 1755: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1755: Utaemon performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Jidai Sewa Kogane no Hanazoroe", which was produced by Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I.

1st & 3rd lunar month of 1756: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1756: no kaomise record in Ky˘to, ďsaka or Edo [3].

1st lunar month of 1757: no new year record in Ky˘to, ďsaka or Edo [3].

3rd lunar month of 1757: Utaemon went to Edo and played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Shunkan and Osada no Tar˘ in the drama "Keisei Kikaigashimabara".

11th lunar month of 1757: Utaemon performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Matsuhata Suma no Wakezato", which starred Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Segawa Kikunoj˘ II, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II, Sanogawa Ichimatsu I, Nakamura Sukegor˘ I and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1758: Utaemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual]. Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Kameya Hachiemon in the new year sogamono drama "Kujűsanki ďyose Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1758: Utaemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1758: Utaemon played at the Nakamuraza the roles of ďwada Minbu Saemon (in reality Asahara Hachir˘) and the nyűd˘ Akaboshi Tar˘ in the kaomise drama "Kigoto no Hana Aioi Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Mizuki Tatsunosuke III.

1st lunar month of 1759: Utaemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He shared the same rank with Nakamura Sukegor˘ I. Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Tsurugizawa Danj˘zaemon and the otokodate Teppeki Buhŕ (in reality Mionoya Shir˘) in the new year drama "Hatsugai Wada no Sakamori".

3rd lunar month of 1759: Utaemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1759: Utaemon played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Suruga Zenji Hisamatsu and Yamana S˘zen in the kaomise drama "Okunizome Shusse Butai", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Anegawa Daikichi I and Hanakawa Ichinoj˘.

1st lunar month of 1760: Utaemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Taira no Kiyomori in the new year drama "Furiwakegami Suehiro Genji".

11th lunar month of 1760: Utaemon performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Miyo no Butoku Yunzei Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1761: Utaemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

2nd lunar month of 1761: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Otoko Kagami Yosooi Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Takejűr˘ and Morita Kan'ya VI.

Fall 1761: Utaemon went back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1761: Utaemon played at the Naka no Shibai 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Miyo no Hana Yunzei Kagami", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1761: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Takeda Haruz˘'s ni-no-kawari drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi". It was the first drama in Kabuki history using gand˘-gaeshi on stage; Utaemon played the roles of Nippon Daemon and Tsukimoto Yűmei [casting].

1st lunar month of 1762: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was one black stroke above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1762: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was three black strokes above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai; Utaemon played the role of Benkei [casting].

5th lunar month of 1762: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of My˘sh˘ and An no Heibei in the drama "Otokodate Itsutsu Karigane"; his stage partners were Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Karigane Bunshichi), Yamashita Jirosa I (Hotei Ichiemon), Somekawa Konohŕ I (Gokuin Sen'emon, Gonzaemon) and Mimasu Daigor˘ I (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘, Anbaiyoshi Rokubŕ).

7th lunar month of 1762: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of the evil priest Seigen and ďtani Itt˘ in Takeda Haruz˘'s drama "Kiyomizu Seigen Rokud˘ Meguri".

9th lunar month of 1762: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Igami no Gonta and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1762: Utaemon played at the Naka no Shibai the role of the yakko Yakanpei, in reality Abe no Yasunori, in the kaomise drama "Uchide no Kozuchi Tezuma Urakata", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1763: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

7th lunar month of 1763: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Kakuju and Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1763: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Gokumon Sh˘bŕ and Kurofune Chűemon in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato".

11th lunar month of 1763: Utaemon performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Aun no Ishizue", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrated the shűmei of Sanogawa Hanazuma III.

1st lunar month of 1764: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrated the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of the star Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. A similar play was staged one day later under a different title, "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Utaemon played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Kamura Utaemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1764: Utaemon performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Tatsu no Miya Yunzei Kotobuki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1764: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Akizuki Daizen and Gorobŕ Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1765: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

5th lunar month of 1765: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Mikawaya Giheiji in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ was played by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1765: Utaemon became zamoto at the Naka no Shibai; he played the role of the bashi Sankichi, in reality Tametomo, in the kaomise drama "ďzatsuki Shuen no Kachidoki" [5], which was coproduced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I and Utaemon. He also performed in the kaomise drama "ďzatsuki Shuen no Kachidoki" [5], which was produced by Utaemon.

1st lunar month of 1766: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. Utaemon played in the same theater the role of the hinin Yaemon in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Shimabara Koch˘ Natane no Monbi", which was coproduced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I and Utaemon.

5th lunar month of 1766: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘", which was performed in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Utaemon played the role of Sekibŕ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1766: Utaemon produced at the Naka no Shibai Namiki Jűsuke's kaomise drama "Yamato Uta Hikime no Yaguruma".

1st lunar month of 1767: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. Utaemon produced in the same theater the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Mutsu no Tamagawa" [6], in which he played the roles of Saibara Kageyu, in reality Akechi Samagor˘, and the t˘fuya Gonbŕ.

5th lunar month of 1767: Utaemon produced in the same theater the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna", in which he played the role of the yakko Edohei.

8th lunar month of 1767: Utaemon produced in the same theater the drama "Kindai Onna Katakiuchi", in which he played the role of the hinin Kuwana no Jir˘.

Fall 1767: Utaemon went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1767: Utaemon performed at the Kitagawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Daikokuten", which was produced by Onoe Montar˘ and Onoe Kumesuke and celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Yasuke and Band˘ Sukesabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1768: Utaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

6th lunar month of 1768: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Matsuemon, in reality Higuchi Jir˘ Kanemitsu, in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

6th lunar month of 1768: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Sasaki Ganryű in the drama "Ganryűjima".

Fall 1768: Utaemon went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1768: Utaemon played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Anbaiyoshi no Ch˘shichi (in reality Kumasaka Ch˘han) and Taira no Kiyomori in the kaomise drama "Ima o Sakari Suehiro Genji", which celebrated the shűmei of Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

1st lunar month of 1769: Utaemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1769: Utaemon performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hanasakae Hachinoki".

1st lunar month of 1770: Utaemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

6th lunar month of 1770: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Hangaku Gozen in Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Katakiuchi Chűk˘ Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1770: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of An no Heibei in the drama "Otokodate Itsutsu Karigane". It was Utaemon's onagori ky˘gen.

Fall 1770: Utaemon went back to ďsaka after 2 seasons in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1770: Utaemon performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Ma'ichimonjiya Sakigake Hy˘ban", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1770: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ Irifune Monogatari"; Utaemon played the role of Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ [casting].

1st lunar month of 1771: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, zagashira misuji [7] section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1771: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of the evil priest Seigen in the drama "Kiyomizu Seigen Gy˘riki Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1771: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi and Soga no Iruka in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" [casting].

11th lunar month of 1771: Utaemon performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Temomutsumajiya Ryűgű no Shimadai", which was produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Otojűr˘, Arashi Bungor˘ I and Arashi Shichisabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1772: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

7th lunar month of 1772: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Shunkan and Kajiwara in the drama "Kachidoki Heike Monogatari" (similar to Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"); his stage partners were Ichiyama Tomisabur˘ (Chidori), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Tanzaemon) and Nakamura Shirogor˘ IV (Senoo Tar˘).

11th lunar month of 1772: Utaemon became zamoto and produced at the Naka no Shibai Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Onoe Kikugor˘ no Baranu Banashi".

12th lunar month of 1772: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Sonobe Hy˘e, Jiz˘ no Goheiji and Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1773: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

4th lunar month of 1773: Utaemon produced in the same theater the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" [8], in which he played the role of Tsuribune Sabu; the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Issun Tokubŕ were played by Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I and Arashi Kichisabur˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1773: Utaemon produced in the same theater the drama "Gokusaishiki Musume ďgi", in which he played the roles of Shimura Hayato and Asaina T˘bŕ.

11th lunar month of 1773: Utaemon performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Itari Yaitari Mukadeyama", which was produced by Arashi Matsujir˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1773: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke was played by Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

1st & 3rd lunar month of 1774: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

5th lunar month of 1774: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Shitobŕ and H˘j˘ Tokimasa in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

8th lunar month of 1774: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Nejigane Kichibŕ and Sasaki Ganryű in the drama "Katakiuchi Ganryűjima".

9th lunar month of 1774: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Kakuju and Shiratayű in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1774: Utaemon played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the kaomise drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi".

12th lunar month of 1774: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Nippon Daemon in the ni-no-kawari drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi".

1st lunar month of 1775: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Sumiyoshiya Chűemon the drama "Kumetono Aiaigasa".

4th lunar month of 1775: premiere in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari"; Utaemon played the roles of Ki no Aritsune and Natora's ghost [more details].

12th lunar month of 1775: Hikoshir˘ played at the Higashi no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Ono no Judayű, Ono no Sadakur˘ and ďta Ry˘chiku in the drama "Suki Utsushi Iroha Butai", whose plot and characters were similar to "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1776: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

11th lunar month of 1776: Utaemon performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Genji Saik˘ Uchide no Kozuchi", which was produced by Arashi Shichisabur˘ II.

12th lunar month of 1776: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa"; Utaemon played the roles of Sawai J˘gor˘ and Daihachi [casting].

1st lunar month of 1777: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi"; Utaemon played the role of Kajiwara Kagetoki [casting].

11th lunar month of 1777: Utaemon played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Dazaifuya Z˘hachi, in reality Hata no Mantake, in the kaomise drama "Daijizai Kaminari no Kodakara", which was produced by Ichiyama Tajir˘, celebrated the shűmei of Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV and welcomed back in ďsaka the star Arashi Sangor˘ II after 3 and 7 seasons spent in Ky˘to and Edo.

12th lunar month of 1777: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Amako Haruhisa in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Su˘ no Dairi".

1st lunar month of 1778: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

9th lunar month of 1778: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by the zamoto Ichiyama Tajir˘; his stage partners were Arashi Kichisabur˘ I (Shiratayű, Genz˘, Terukuni), Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV (Tatsuta, Haru), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Tonami, Kakuju, Yae), Arashi Shichisabur˘ II (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Iwagor˘ (Shihei, Shund˘ Genba), Mimasu Tokujir˘ I (Kan Sh˘j˘, Chiyo), Arashi Sangor˘ II (Sakuramaru) and Nakamura Jiroza II (Hy˘e, Mareyo).

11th lunar month of 1778: not recorded in any ďsaka kaomise program.

1st lunar month of 1779: Utaemon played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Hida no Sukune in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "T˘do Nippon ďgo no Zu", which was produced by Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV.

3rd lunar month of 1779: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

2nd~3rd lunar month of 1780: tour in Ise; he played at the Naka-no-Jiz˘ Shibai the roles of Sonobe Hy˘e, Jiz˘ no Goheiji and Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari" (2nd lunar month of 1780). He also played the roles of Nippon Daemon and Tsukimoto Yűmei in the drama "Nihon Saemon Kaisen Banashi" (3rd lunar month of 1780).

11th lunar month of 1780: Utaemon performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Ujigami Sairai Sukedono no Kachidoki", which was produced by Yoshizawa Iroha I.

1st lunar month of 1781: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku/katakiyaku section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the kanjiku for jitsuaku/katakiyaku actors.

3rd lunar month of 1781: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Sait˘ Tar˘zaemon Toshiyuki in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

5th lunar month of 1781: Utaemon played in the same theater the roles of Enju and Gonshir˘ in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

9th lunar month of 1781: Utaemon played in the same theater the role of Soga no Iruka in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

12th lunar month of 1781: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Tengajaya-mura" [casting]. A similar play was staged a few days later under a different title, "Renga Chaya Homare no Bundai", at the Naka no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters; Utaemon played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kakogawa Kyűbŕ and Kataoka Miki-no-Kami [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1782: Utaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku/jitsuaku section, was shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the s˘kanjiku for ďsaka actors.

11th lunar month of 1782: Nakamura Utaemon I and his disciple Nakamura T˘z˘ I respectively took the names of Kagaya Kashichi I and Nakamura Utaemon II; the former Utaemon celebrated his shűmei in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai and the latter in Ky˘to. Kashichi played the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the kaomise drama "Zu ni Notta Bankoku Tokai".

1st lunar month of 1783: Kashichi's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku/katakiyaku section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. Kashichi played in the same theater the role of Ono no Sadakur˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

4th lunar month of 1783: Kashichi played in the same theater the roles of Natora's ghost and Koyoshi in Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari".

5th lunar month of 1783: Kashichi played in the same theater the role of Torakichi in the drama "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki".

7th lunar month of 1783: Kashichi played in the same theater the role of Senoo Jűr˘ Kaneuji in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

9th lunar month of 1783: the play "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Kashichi played the roles of Sawai J˘gor˘, Heisaku and the doctor Takenaka Zeitaku [casting].

1st lunar month of 1784: Kashichi played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Iwanaga Saemon Munetsura in the kaomise drama "H˘raisan Gy˘kei no Kaomise", which was produced by Fujikawa Kikumatsu.

3rd lunar month of 1784: Kashichi's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the s˘kanjiku for ďsaka actors. Kashichi played in the same theater the roles of ďtomo S˘rin, a female daijin and Shibata Katsuie in the ni-no-kawari drama "Ono no Ozű Shichidan Keizu".

5th lunar month of 1784: premiŔre in ˘shibai, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai, of the gidayű ky˘gen "Yura no Minato Sengen Ch˘ja"; Kashichi played the role of the tayű Sansh˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1784: Kashichi performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Naka ni M˘keta Otogo Kaomise", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ II and welcomed the Edo stars Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1785: Kashichi's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku/katakiyaku section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

11th lunar month of 1785: Kashichi played in ďsaka at the Nishi no Shibai the role of H˘j˘ no Tokimasa in the kaomise drama "Nanshi no Hana o Eh˘ no Saiwai", which was produced by Nakamura Noshio II. The troupe moved to the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai to perfom from the 23rd day of the 11th lunar month in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato".

1st lunar month of 1786: Kashichi's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the s˘kanjiku for ďsaka actors.

2nd lunar month of 1786: Kashichi played in Ky˘to the role of Kurofune Chűemon in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato".

3rd lunar month of 1786: Kashichi played in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai the role of ďe no Hiromoto in the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru".

8th lunar month of 1786: Kashichi played in the same theater the role of Soga no Iruka in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1786: Kashichi performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Neko Shakky˘ Fűki no Hanabusa", which was produced by Band˘ Iwagor˘ and celebrated the shűmei of Nakayama Bungor˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1786: Kashichi played in the same theater the role of Sawai J˘gor˘ in the dramz "Igagoe Norikake Gappa".

1st lunar month of 1787: Kashichi's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku/katakiyaku section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the kanjiku for jitsuaku actors, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the s˘kanjiku for ďsaka actors.

3rd lunar month of 1787: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", a play similar to "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; Kashichi played the role of Mokusokan [casting].

11th lunar month of 1787: Kashichi performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Masaru Medetaki Toshi no Kaomise", which was produced by Nakayama Fukuz˘.

1st lunar month of 1788: Kashichi's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the s˘kanjiku for ďsaka actors.

11th lunar month of 1788: Kashichi performed at the Naka no Shibai in Nagawa Shimesuke I's kaomise drama "Toshi-ni Kan˘ Tori-ga-Saik˘".

12th lunar month of 1788: Kashichi made his isse ichidai performance in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Akizuki Daizen and Gorobŕ Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari", which was produced by Ichiyama Tajir˘; his stage partners were Kan˘ Hinasuke I (Dankur˘), Seki Sanjűr˘ I (Tsumahei), Yamashita Kinsaku II (Magaki), Ichiyama Tajir˘ (Princess Usuyuki), Nakamura Kumenosuke (Saemon), Band˘ Iwagor˘ (Shibukawa T˘ma), Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Kunikur˘), Yamashita Yaoz˘ I (Oren) and Yamamura Giemon II (Rai Kuniyuki).

1st lunar month of 1789: Kashichi's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the s˘kanjiku for ďsaka actors.

Fall 1789: Kashichi appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater, where he played the role of Tatara Shind˘zaemon in the drama "Mannengusa Imose no Furisode".

29th day of the 10th lunar month of 1791 [1]: Kashichi died.

Comments:

Kagaya Kashichi I was a Kamigata stage giant, who was active from the 1730s to the end of the 1780s. He excelled in jitsuaku roles.

"This first Utaemon was the son of a physician, who had led a life of dissipation and finally took to the stage. He kept steadfastly to one specialty, that of katakiyaku, or villain r˘les. When he played in Edo he was well received, but on a visit to ďsaka, he said something on the stage which offended his audience, and they returned the compliment by giving him the cold shoulder for some time. The famous bad characters of the doll-dramas he made his own, particularly the heavy villain Iruka, the formidable tyrant in "Imoseyama", and the evil-doing but loyal Gonta of "Senbon Zakura", two characters that modern audiences are never tired of seeing portrayed." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 29th day of the 10th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Kansei era was the 24th of November 1791 in the western calendar.

[2] A sogamono as a ni-no-kawari was a rare treat in Kamigata!

[3] Was he on tour ? Was he sick ? Was he back to Kaga Province?

[4] Hideemon or Shűemon? Two possible readings.

[5] There were two zamoto at the Naka no Shibai, Mimasu Daigor˘ I and Utaemon, and there were two kaomise dramas produced in this theater. Utaemon produced the two dramas and Mimasu Daigor˘ I produced only the second drama. The two dramas had a different casting but used the same title "ďzatsuki Shuen no Kachidoki".

[6] This date s˘d˘ drama was the "ancestor" of "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

[7] Literally the 3 strings of zagashira. The three main actors in the hy˘banki. The two others were Nakamura Kumetar˘ I ((shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi) and Mimasu Daigor˘ I (j˘-j˘-kichi).

[8] This drama was staged to commemorate the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of the passing away of Fujikawa Heikur˘.

Kagaya Kashichi I in an illustration from the book "Yakusha Mono Iwai" (1784)
Copyright ę The Trustees of the British Museum

Prints & Illustrations

The Nakamura Kashichi line of actors

The Nakamura Utanosuke line of actors

The Nakamura Utaemon line of actors

 
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