OGAWA KICHITARď I

Stage name:

Ogawa Kichitar˘ I In Japanese

Guild: Sakaiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Eishi

Existence: 1737 ~ 19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1781 [1]

Connection:

Father: Ogawa Goroshir˘ (a disciple of Ogawa Zengor˘ I)

Disciples: Ogawa Kichitar˘ II, Ogawa Fusamatsu, Ogawa Otojir˘, Ogawa Sengiku, Ogawa Shoz˘

Career:

1737 ~ 1748: born in Kamigata as the son of Ogawa Goroshir˘, a disciple of Ogawa Zengor˘ I.

1748: Kichitar˘ performed at the Takeda no Shibai, a hama shibai venue.

11th lunar month of 1754: Kichitar˘ became wakashugata at the Naka no Shibai, performing in the kaomise drama "Amaterasu ďmikami Iwado no Akebono", which was produced by Arashi San'emon IV.

12th lunar month of 1758: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's ni-no-kawari drama "Sanjikkoku Yofune no Hajimari"; for the very first time in Kabuki history, a mawari-butai, invented by Namiki Sh˘z˘ I, was built and used on the stage of a theater [more details]; Kichitar˘ played the role of Hanamitsu Kenp˘'s kosh˘ Shiga Sakon.

11th lunar month of 1760: Kichitar˘ became tachiyaku.

Fall 1761: Kichitar˘ went to Ky˘to to perform at the Kitano no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1763: Kichitar˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Ariwara no Narihira in the kaomise drama "Sh˘chikubai ďshimadai", which was produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1764: Kichitar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)hankichi (superior - superior - (white) half excellent) [visual]. He shared the same ranking with Nakamura Jűz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1764: Kichitar˘ performed in Ky˘to in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Genpei Tsűrikimaru", which celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘.

1st lunar month of 1765: Kichitar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual]. He shared the same ranking with Fujimatsu Sanjűr˘ I and Onoe Montar˘.

11th lunar month of 1765: Kichitar˘ became zamoto and produced in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai the kaomise drama "Takara-Kita-Yama Kogane no Ishizue".

11th lunar month of 1766: Kichitar˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Komurasaki T˘ji, in reality Ibukiyama T˘jir˘, in the kaomise drama "Yuki no Asa Daimonjitsu Miyako no Fuku", which was produced by Yamashita Ky˘nosuke and Ichiyama Sukegor˘.

1st lunar month of 1767: Kichitar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual]. He shared the same ranking with Edosaka Ky˘emon.

11th lunar month of 1767: Kichitar˘ played in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Hanayama Iorinosuke in the kaomise drama "Shinchoku Fukki no Kanatoko", which was produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ III and celebrated the shűmei of Sakakiyama Koshir˘ IV and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1768: Kichitar˘ performed at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kaeribana Misao Taiheiki", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Noshio I, Nakamura Tsutaemon and Arashi Kasen; Kichitar˘'s stage partners were Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Nakamura Jűz˘ II, Onoe Shinshichi I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II, Kirishima Gizaemon I and Matsuya Shinjűr˘.

Fall 1769: Kichitar˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1769: Kichitar˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Tora no Itten Sanryaku no Maki", which was produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II; Kichitar˘'s stage partners were Nakayama Bunshichi I, Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I, Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II, Mimasu Daigor˘ I, Band˘ Iwagor˘, Yoshizawa Ayame III, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I and Hanagiri Toyomatsu III.

1st lunar month of 1770: Kichitar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual]. He shared the same ranking with Arashi Kichisabur˘ I and Fujimatsu Sanjűr˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1770: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's gidayű ky˘gen "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata". The play was staged in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Kichitar˘ played the roles of Minamoto no Yoriie, Miuranosuke and Bonta [casting].

9th lunar month of 1770: Kichitar˘ played in the same theater the role of Abe no Yasuna in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"; the role of Kuzu-no-Ha was played by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1770: Kichitar˘ became zamoto and produced in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Ma'ichimonjiya Sakigake Hy˘ban".

1st lunar month of 1771: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ Irifune Monogatari"; Kichitar˘ produced it and played the role of Takamaru Kamejir˘ [casting].

8th lunar month of 1771: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", in which he played the roles of Makura no Kiyoku and Fujiwara no Tankai.

11th lunar month of 1771: Kichitar˘ produced in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Ganjitsu Eiga no Toshikoshi".

12th lunar month of 1771: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Sanjikkoku Yofune no Hajimari", in which he played the roles of Nuinosuke and Yokur˘.

3rd lunar month of 1772: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna", in which he played the role of Date no Yosaku.

7th lunar month of 1772: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", in which he played the roles of Yoshitsune and Yasuke.

9th lunar month of 1772: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Monogusa Tar˘", which celebrated the isse ichidai performance of Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1772: Kichitar˘ produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Hi-no-Moto Banzei no H˘rai", in which he played the roles of Wakiya Gisuke and Saheiji. From the 25th day of 11th lunar month, he produced the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", in which he played the role of Sakuramaru; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Sakuramaru's spouse Yae were played by Nakayama Raisuke I and Arashi Hinasuke I.

9th lunar month of 1773: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", in which he played the role of Shirojir˘.

11th lunar month of 1773: Kichitar˘ produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Medetai Uchimash˘".

12th lunar month of 1773: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", in which he played the roles of Yoshitsune and the fortune-teller ("Tsuji H˘in").

9th lunar month of 1774: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Kume no Sennin Yoshino Zakura", in which he played the role of Hata no Kanjir˘ and Atsumib˘; this was also the last stage performances of the star Yoshizawa Ayame III.

11th lunar month of 1774: Kichitar˘ produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Isagiyoshi Kusunoki Banashi".

12th lunar month of 1774: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku", in which he played the roles of Nuinosuke and Okumi.

8th lunar month of 1775: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori" was staged for the first time in ďsaka, produced at the Kado no Shibai by Kichitar˘; he played the role of Tsuruya Reizabur˘ [more details].

11th lunar month of 1775: Kichitar˘ produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Hachitanashi Hyaku Monogatari", which welcomed in ďsaka the onnagata Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III (coming back from Edo).

12th lunar month of 1775: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki", in which he played the role of Yamazaki Yogor˘.

3rd lunar month of 1776: Kichitar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He shared the same ranking with Arashi Hinasuke I.

4th lunar month of 1776: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", in which he played the role of Kan˘nosuke Naonobu.

7th lunar month of 1776: premiere of Iso Isosuke's drama "Yamato Kotoba Suikoden", which was produced at the Kado no Shibai by Kichitar˘; he played the role of S˘shichi [casting].

10th lunar month of 1776: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the play "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which was the onagori ky˘gen of Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III, who was about to go to Edo; Kichitar˘ played the role of Abe no Yasuna.

11th lunar month of 1776: Kichitar˘ produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Eh˘gura Sankai Meisho", which welcomed in ďsaka the star Onoe Kikugor˘ I (coming from Ky˘to).

12th lunar month of 1776: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari", in which he played the roles of Saemon and Rai Tar˘ Kunitoshi.

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", co-written with Nakamura Akei and Tatsuoka Mansaku and produced by Kichitar˘, which was staged at the Kado no Shibai; Kichitar˘ played the roles of Sukune Tar˘ and the toneri Takuramaru [casting].

9th lunar month of 1777: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", in which he played the roles of Kokingo and Yasuke.

11th lunar month of 1777: Kichitar˘ produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "ďiri Kabuki no Tsuitachi", in which he played the role of the Smallpox Deity H˘s˘shin, in reality Watari Shinroku.

4th lunar month of 1778: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's play "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri", which was produced by Kichitar˘; he played the role of Segawa Uneme [casting].

9th lunar month of 1778: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the play "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura", which was the onagori ky˘gen of the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I, who was about to go to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1778: Kichitar˘ produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Genpei Tatoezukushi", which welcomed in ďsaka the star Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I (coming back from Edo); Kichitar˘ played the role of Mann˘ Kyűhei.

1st lunar month of 1779: Kichitar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1779: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's play "Sode Nikki Banshű Meguri"; it was produced by Kichitar˘ and he played the roles of Momonoi Mutsujir˘ and Yumiya Tar˘ (in reality Tajimi Juntar˘) [casting].

7th lunar month of 1779: Kichitar˘ produced in the same theater the play "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", in which he played the role of Izuminosuke.

11th lunar month of 1779: Kichitar˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Urashima Tar˘ in the kaomise drama "Senshű Banzei Chibako no Tamamono", which was produced by Yoshizawa Iroha I and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Noshio II.

End of the 11th lunar month of 1779 ~ 1st lunar month of 1780: Kichitar˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ and ďboshi Yuranosuke were played by Yamamoto Giemon and Mihogi Gizaemon II.

11th lunar month of 1780: Kichitar˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Wakushichi, in reality T˘kur˘ Morinaga, in the kaomise drama "Ujigami Sairai Sukedono no Kachidoki".

1st lunar month of 1781: Kichitar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)˘-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1781 [1]: Kichitar˘ died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Ogawa Kichitar˘ I was an outstanding 18th century tachiyaku, who achieved in Ky˘to and ďsaka a reputation as an expert on wagoto. This amazing yatsushigata was compared by connoisseurs to the great actor Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I and was considered as his equal.

[1] The 19th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 10th year of the An'ei era was the 13th of March 1781 in the western calendar.

Ogawa Kichitar˘ I in an illustration from the book "Yakusha Mono Iwai" (1784)
Copyright ę The Trustees of the British Museum

The Ogawa Kichitar˘ line of actors

 
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