FUJIKAWA HACHIZď I

Stage names:

Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I In Japanese
Fujikawa Hachitar˘ I In Japanese

Guild: ďzakaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Happo

Existence: 1730 ~ 29th day of the 12th lunar month of 1777 [1]

Connection:

Great-grandfather: Fujikawa Buzaemon I

Grandfather: Band˘ Matakur˘ II

Father: Fujikawa Heikur˘

Brothers: Fujikawa T˘kur˘, Fujikawa Kamenoi

Adopted son: Fujikawa Hachiz˘ II

Disciples: Fujikawa Tomokichi I, Fujikawa Tokiz˘, Fujikawa Otomatsu, Fujikawa Santoku, Fujikawa Kumaz˘

Career:

1730~1752: he started to do his training at an early age, performing in minor theaters under the name of Fujikawa Hachitar˘ I.

19th day of the 6th lunar month of 1734 [2]: his grandfather Band˘ Matakur˘ II died.

11th lunar month of 1752: he made his first appearance on ˘shibai stage, taking the name of Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I and performing as a katakiyaku at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Nagoya Ori Hinatsuru no Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

Fall 1757: Hachiz˘ went with his father to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1757: Hachiz˘ performed at the Kitagawa no Shibai in Sakurato Bunsaku's kaomise drama "Tsunomoji Keman no Yurai".

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which was simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]. It used its real title at the former theater but it was entitled "Keisei Niwatoriyama" at the latter theater; Hachiz˘ played in the latter theater the role of Matsunaga Daizen.

4th day of the 7th lunar month of 1761 [3]: his father Fujikawa Heikur˘ died.

6th lunar month of 1761: Hachiz˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Tsuribune Sabu were played by his father Fujikawa Heikur˘ and Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I. He had to replace his father, who fell ill.

4th day of the 7th lunar month of 1761 [3]: his father Fujikawa Heikur˘ died.

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai; Hachiz˘ played the roles of Genhachibŕ-j˘ Hirotsuna, Jijű Tar˘ Morikuni and Iso no T˘yata Yoshiharu [casting].

12th lunar month of 1762: Hachiz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the role of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ was played by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

7th lunar month of 1763: Hachiz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Sukune Tar˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I; his stage partners were Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsu˘maru, Terukuni), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Kakuju, Shihei), Arashi Hinasuke I (Haru), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Asao Tamejűr˘ I (Hy˘ei, Shund˘ Genba), Nakayama Raisuke I (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Shiratayű), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Sakuramaru), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kan Sh˘j˘).

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrated the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of the star Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. A similar play was staged one day later under a different title, "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Hachiz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the wakat˘ Sahŕ [casting].

12th lunar month of 1766: Hachiz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the boatman Matsuemon, in reality the warrior Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu, in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was produced by Arashi Hinasuke I; his stage partners were Arashi Hinasuke I (Umegae), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Gonshir˘), Arashi Koroku I (Enju), Yoshizawa Ayame III (Oyoshi, Tomoe Gozen), Nakayama Raisuke I (Shigetada) and Arashi Shichigor˘ II (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka).

7th lunar month of 1767: Hachiz˘ played the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was staged at the Kado no Shibai to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of Fujikawa Heikur˘ [casting]; the roles of Issun Tokubŕ and Tsuribune Sabu were played by Nakayama Raisuke I and Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II.

12th lunar month of 1768: Hachiz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the role of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ was played by Arashi Hinasuke I.

5th lunar month of 1770: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's gidayű ky˘gen "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", which was staged in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Hachiz˘ played the role of Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori [casting].

6th lunar month of 1770: Hachiz˘ achieved a great success at the Naka no Shibai by playing the role of the sum˘ wrestler Ikazuchi Tomiemon in the drama "Isagiyoshi Sum˘ Bangumi".

4th lunar month of 1773: Hachiz˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Issun Tokubŕ and Tsuribune Sabu were played by Arashi Kichisabur˘ I and Nakamura Utaemon I.

1st lunar month of 1774: Hachiz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

4th lunar month of 1775: premiere in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari"; Hachiz˘ played the role of Kujaku Sabur˘ [more details].

12th lunar month of 1775: Hachiz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the role of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ was played by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

2nd lunar month of 1776: Hachiz˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai, where he played in the drama "Gunjutsu Deguchi no Yanagi". He suddenly fell ill and had to retire, being replaced by his adopted son Fujikawa Ryűz˘.

29th day of the 12th lunar month of 1777 [1]: Hachiz˘ died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I was a popular tachiyaku actor, who made a successful career in ďsaka from the H˘reki to the An'ei eras. At ease in either sewamono or jidaimono, he excelled in otokodate or sum˘tori roles. His most notable role was the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

[1] The 29th day of the 12th lunar month of the 6th year of the An'ei era was the 27th of January 1778 in the western calendar.

[2] The 19th day of the 6th lunar month of the 19th year of the Ky˘h˘ era was the 19th of July 1734 in the western calendar.

[3] The 4th day of the 7th lunar month of the 11th year of the H˘reki era was the 4th of August 1761 in the western calendar.

The actors Yoshizawa Ayame III and Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I playing the roles of Ch˘jir˘'s wife and Shio no Ch˘jir˘ in the drama "ďsaka Nikki Shio no Ch˘jir˘", which was staged in the 8th lunar month of 1767 at the Kado no Shibai

Prints & Illustrations

The Fujikawa Happo line of actors

The Fujikawa Hachiz˘ line of actors

 
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