|ANEGAWA SHINSHIRď I|
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Master (and brother-in-law) : Somekawa Jűrobŕ
Brother: Nakayama Shinkur˘ I
Adopted sons: Anegawa Shinshir˘ II, Anegawa T˘jűr˘
Family map: the Anegawa Clan
11th lunar month of 1710: Toyoshima Katsusabur˘ took the name of Anegawa Shinshir˘ I in ďsaka, playing in the kaomise drama "Shinzome Hinagata Ch˘ja", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III for the nadai ďsaka Kuzaemon.
11th lunar month of 1717: Shinshir˘ played in ďsaka at the Higashi no Shibai the role of Katsuragawa Sagoemon in the kaomise drama "Meryű Oryű Kogane no Uroko", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III.
3rd lunar month of 1719: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's 1708 puppet theater drama "Keisei Hangonk˘" by Ky˘ya Yagoshir˘, which was produced by Arashi San'emon III in ďsaka at the Higashi no Shibai; Shinshir˘ played the role of Nagoya Sanza [casting].
1st lunar month of 1720: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which was produced by Takeshima K˘zaemon II in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Shinshir˘ played the role of Shunkan [casting].
11th lunar month of 1722: Shinshir˘ settled in Ky˘to and played the role of Tamagaki T˘z˘ in Sakakiyama Kansuke I's kaomise drama "Senbon Matsu Tokiwa Yakata", which was produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I for the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű. He also played the role of Kurofune Chűemon in the kawari ky˘gen drama "Otoko Moy˘ Nimai Hinagata". His performance was a great success and the turban (zukin) that Shinshir˘ used on stage in the role of Kurofune became the latest fashion in the city of Ky˘to; it was sold under the name "anegawa zukin".
1723: Shinshir˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Shund˘ Jir˘emon in the drama "Hinin no Adauchi".
11th lunar month of 1723: Shinshir˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Shikamazu ďkura [illustration] in Fukuoka Yagoshir˘'s kaomise drama "Teono Hajime Kogane no Ishizue", which was produced by Segawa Kikunoj˘ I. He also played the role of Kurofune Chűemon in the eponymous drama "Kurofune".
11th lunar month of 1726: Shinshir˘ played at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater (Ky˘to) the role of Todoroki K˘emon in the kaomise drama "Karanishiki Imose no Shitone", which was produced by Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.
Fall 1727: Shinshir˘ went back to ďsaka.
1st lunar month of 1733: Shinshir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He played at the Nakamuraza the role of Kurofune Chűemon in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato".
6th lunar month of 1733: Shinshir˘, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I and Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I played in the same theater the roles of Godai Sabur˘, ďtomo no Kuronushi and ďtomo Sanzen in the drama "Urawakami Iroha Komachi".
Fall 1734: Shinshir˘ went back to Kamigata.
11th lunar month of 1734: Shinshir˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Kanda Sagoemon in the kaomise drama "Asahi no Matsu Kogane no Shinbashira", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I. His two adopted sons, Anegawa Shinnosuke and Anegawa T˘jűr˘, work as zamoto; the former in ďsaka and the latter in Ky˘to.
1735: tour in Nagoya.
11th lunar month of 1737: Shinshir˘ performed in Ky˘to in the kaomise drama "Yamato Uta Kamiyo no Kagami", which was produced by Mizuki Tatsunosuke II (who celebrated his shűmei) at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; his stage partners were Segawa Kikunoj˘ I , Segawa Kikujir˘ I , Shinozuka Kazaemon, Matsumoto Tomojűr˘ I, Yashio Ikuemon, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Arashi Sanshir˘ III and Somenoi Utamatsu.
12th lunar month of 1739: Shinshir˘ played the role of Matahei in the drama "Kewai Musha ďmi Genji", which was produced at the ďnishi no Shibai by Yoshizawa Ayame II; his stage partners were Yoshizawa Ayame II (Okichi), Nakamura S˘jűr˘ (Sh˘gen), Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I (Nagoya Sanza), Arashi Shichigor˘ I (Fuwa Banzaemon) and Segawa Kikunoj˘ I (the courtesan T˘yama).
7th lunar month of 1742: Shinshir˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shunkan in the drama "Yuya Gozen Taira Monbi"; his stage partners were Arashi Koisa I (Chidori), Sakurayama Shirogor˘ (Tanzaemon) and Kamakura Heikur˘ I (Senoo Tar˘).
1st lunar month of 1743: Shinshir˘ produced at the Naka no Shibai the play "Kurofune Isse Ichidai Otoko" [casting] in which he played the roles of Kurofune Chűemon and Ageya Rokuroemon. The turban (zukin) and the wooden clogs (geta), which he used on stage, became the latest fashion in the city of ďsaka; they were sold under the names of "anegawa zukin" and "anegawa geta".
7th lunar month of 1744: Shinshir˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Otoko Date Gojitsu Kagami" in which he played the role of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘; his stage partners were Yoshizawa Ayame II, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II, Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II and Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I.
11th lunar month of 1745: Shinshir˘ went to Ky˘to and played at the Kitagawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Manzairaku", which was produced by Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I for the nadai Miyako Handayű.
1st lunar month of 1746: Shinshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Matahei in the drama "Matahei". His stage partners were Sanogawa Hanazuma II (Otoku), Anegawa Daikichi I (Nagoya Sanza), Nakamura Utaemon I (Fuwa Banzaemon) and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I (the courtesan T˘yama).
9th lunar month of 1746: first Kabuki adaptation of Takeda Izumo I, Miyoshi Sh˘raku, Namiki Senryű I and Takeda Koizumo puppet theater drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater (the Kitagawa no Shibai); Shinshir˘ played the role of Takebe Genz˘ [casting].
12th lunar month of 1748: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Shinshir˘ played the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Amakawaya Gihei [casting].
25th day of the 11th lunar month of 1749 : Shinshir˘ died in ďsaka. Later on, somebody found in a river a pair of wooden clogs and a turban similar to Shinshir˘'s ones. ďsaka people interpreted it as the proof that Shinshir˘ went to heaven.
Anegawa Shinshir˘ I was a talented tachiyaku actor, who achieved fame for himself in ďsaka and Ky˘to during the first half of the eighteenth century: "his favourite roles were otokodate. He knew the taste of his public. The otokodate spirit was rife among the populace, and a new feeling for their rights and privileges was uppermost among the people. Shinshir˘ lived long enough, however, to outgrow his popularity, for in his later years he was criticised as monotonous, his acting considered antiquated, and he failed to thrill his audience with novelties--the same cry for the new that was common to all the stages of the world at all times. There was another reason why Shinshir˘'s popularity began to wane, for the lack of originality within Kabuki was beginning to be felt, and the reason interest in him declined was due largely to the poverty of plays and the general condition of the country." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
 The 25th day of the 11th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Kan'en era was the 3rd of January 1750 in the western calendar.
The Anegawa Shinshir˘ line of actors
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