|NAKAMURA SHIKAN III|
Nakamura Shikan III
Line number: SANDAIME (III)
Poetry name: Gangyoku
Existence: 1810 ~ 2nd day of the 11th lunar month of 1847
Grandfather: Nakamura T˘z˘ I
Father: Nakamura T˘z˘ II
Adoptive father: Nakamura Utaemon III
Father-in-law: Kagaya Hashinosuke I
Adopted brother: Nakamura Utaemon IV
Sons: Nakamura Tamashichi I, Nakamura Tsurusuke V
Disciple: Nakamura Tsurusuke IV
Summer 1815: he makes his first appearance on stage in Edo at the Nakamuraza, receiving the name of Nakamura Saiz˘ and playing the role of a monkey in the dance "Kotobuki Utsubo Zaru".
9th lunar month of 1818: Saiz˘ is adopted by his grandfather Nakamura Utaemon III and takes the name of Nakamura Komanosuke I at the Nakamuraza, playing in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".
Fall 1819: Komanosuke and Nakamura Utaemon III go back together to ďsaka.
11th lunar month of 1825: Nakamura Tsurusuke I and Nakamura Komanosuke I respectively take the names of Nakamura Shikan II and Nakamura Tsurusuke II.
1st lunar month of 1836: Nakamura Shikan II and Nakamura Tsurusuke II respectively take the names of Nakamura Utaemon IV and Nakamura Shikan III in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai. The new Shikan plays the roles of Yoshir˘ and Shizuma in the dramas "Keisei Haru no Tori" and "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku".
1st lunar month of 1840: Shikan's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].
6th lunar month of 1840: Shikan plays the role of Tanzaemon Motoyasu at the Sakai Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima". His stage partners are Fujikawa Kayű III (Chidori), Arashi Rikaku II (Naritsune), Ichikawa Danz˘ V (Shunkan) and Nakamura Rankur˘ (Senoo Tar˘).
11th lunar month of 1843: Shikan plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of the fox Genkur˘ in the "Yoshinoyama" and "Shi-no-Kiri"scenes of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Ichikawa Suketar˘. The roles of Shizuka Gozen and Yoshitsune are played by Arashi Rikaku II and Mimasu Tanin IV.
3rd lunar month of 1845: Shikan plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of Hayase Iori in the drama "Ehon Tengajaya-mura"; his stage partners are Nakamura Shibaz˘ I (Motoemon), Arashi Rikaku II (Yasuke), Sawamura Kit˘ (Somenoi) and Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (T˘ma Sabur˘emon).
10th lunar month of 1846: Shikan plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű"; The role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu is played by Sawamura Kijaku.
5th lunar month of 1847: Shikan plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the prestigious roles of Wat˘nai and Danshichi Kurobŕ in the dramas "Kokusen'ya Gassen" and "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami".
10th lunar month of 1847: Shikan appears on stage for the last time, at the ďnishi no Shibai, playing the roles of Yosaku, the yakko Ippei, Hachiz˘'s wife and the sum˘ wrestler Tetsugadake in the drama "T˘kaid˘ Koi no Sekifuda".
Nakamura Shikan III was a kaneru yakusha, who started in Edo but spent most of his career in the Kamigata theaters. he was popular and talented but unfortunately died too early at the age of 37.
It is said that, during the tough sumptuary laws of the last years of the Tenp˘ era, he was held up as a good example by the authorities because of his very modest way of life and his hard-working character.
Nakamura Shikan III in a print made by Utagawa Hirosada in 1841
Print made by Utagawa Sadamasu in 1837
The Nakamura Komanosuke line of actors
The Nakamura Tsurusuke line of actors
The Nakamura Shikan line of actors
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