NAKAMURA NAKAZď III

Stage names:

Nakamura Nakaz˘ III In Japanese
Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I In Japanese

Other name:

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIV In Japanese

Nickname: Waniguchi (the crocodile mouth)

Guilds: Maizuruya, Narijakuya, Sakaeya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry names: Jakushi, Shűjaku, Shűkaku, Maizuru

Existence: 1809 ~ 24 December 1886

Connections:

Father-in-law: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII

Master: Nakamura Utaemon IV

Disciples: Nakamura Nakaz˘ IV, Nakamura Tsuruz˘ II

Career:

1809: born in Edo in the district of Asakusa. His father, Murata Ichihei, who was originally a low-ranking samurai in the province of T˘yama, is bant˘ in an inn. His mother, Otone, is a dance master of the Shigayama School.

1814: he becomes disciple of Nakamura Denkur˘ V.

11th lunar month of 1818: he makes his first appearance on stage, at the Nakamuraza, where he receives the name of Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I and plays in the drama "Ise Heiji Hiiki no Kamikaze".

1829 ~ 1837: Tsuruz˘ settles in Kamigata and becomes disciple of Nakamura Shikan II.

Winter 1837~1838: Nakamura Shikan II, Tsuruz˘ and the actors Arashi San'emon IX, Nakamura Kan'emon, Nakamura Tsurugor˘, Nakamura Komasuke, Nakamura Kaei and Asao Okuyama go together to Edo.

12th lunar month of 1849: Nakamura Utaemon IV, Nakamura Fukusuke I and Tsuruz˘ go back together to ďsaka.

11th day of the 10th lunar month of 1851: his father-in-law Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII dies.

15th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1852: his master Nakamura Utaemon IV dies in ďsaka; Tsuruz˘ decides to go back to Edo.

3rd lunar month of 1853: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi" (commonly called "Kirare Yosa"); Tsuruz˘ plays the role of K˘mori Yasu [casting]. This performance is a huge success.

8th lunar month of 1861: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sakura S˘shi Gonichi no Bundan", a revised version of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Higashiyama Sakura S˘shi"; Tsuruz˘ plays the roles of the boatman Jinbei, Maboroshi no Ch˘kichi and Yamana S˘zen [casting].

10th lunar month of 1861: premiere at the Moritaza of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Z˘ho Futatsu Domoe"; Tsuruz˘ plays the role of Tatara Gy˘budayű [casting].

8th lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kanzen Ch˘aku Nozoki Garakuri"; Tsuruz˘ plays the role of Hayanori Sanji [casting].

9th lunar month of 1865: Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I takes the name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ III at the Nakamuraza, performing in the dances "Kadomatsu" [print], "Tsuri Gitsune", "Saruwaka" and "Shimbochi Taiko".

10th lunar month of 1865: Nakaz˘ celebrates his shűmei at the Ichimuraza, playing the roles of Iwakura Saemon and Kuniyuki in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami". His stage partners are Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI, Ichikawa Danz˘ VI and Ichimura Kakitsu IV.

5th lunar month of 1866: tour in the province of Niigata.

10th lunar month of 1872: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's zangirimono "Tsuki no En Masu no Igaguri"; Nakaz˘ plays the role of Tajimaya Tazaemon [casting].

June 1873: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Tsuyu Kosode Mukashi Hachij˘" (commonly called "Kamiyui Shinza"); Nakaz˘ plays the roles of Ch˘bŕ and Genshichi [casting].

1875: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII retires and entrusts the management of the Nakamuraza to Nakaz˘.

31 December 1876: a fire breaks out in Edo in Asakusa, which destroys the Nakamuraza.

Spring 1877: tour in K˘fu (Mitsuiza) and Nagoya (Tachibanaza) in the company of the stars Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII.

October 1878: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Nakaz˘ plays the roles of Naniwaya S˘emon and ďmu no Ryűz˘ (later the priest Ryűzen) [casting].

February 1879: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Ningen Banji Kane no Yo no Naka"; Nakaz˘ played the role of Henmi Seizaemon [casting].

16 July 1879: Nakaz˘ takes part in the gala night at the Shintomiza in the honor of the General Ulysses S. Grant [more details].

January 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Medeshi Yanagi Midori no Matsumae"; Nakaz˘ plays the role of ďkubo Hikozaemon [casting].

June 1886: Nakaz˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Nakamuraza. Then, he difinitively retires.

Comments:

Nakamura Nakaz˘ III was an outstanding supporting actor, excelling in katakiyaku and fukeyaku roles. He was also an excellent dancer. He transmitted his amazing knowledge of Kabuki to the rising stars Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX. His most notable role was K˘mori Yasu in Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi".

Nakamura Nakaz˘ III playing the role of Naosuke Gonbŕ in the drama "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan", which was staged in the 7th lunar month of 1872 at the Nakamuraza (print made by Toyohara Kunichika - the actor in the medallion is Nakamura Shikan IV in the role of Tamiya Iemon)

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1865

Print made by Sh˘sai Gink˘ in 1874

The Nakamura Tsuruz˘ line of actors

The Nakamura Nakaz˘ line of actors

 
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