NAKAMURA NAKAZď
   
FIVE GENERATIONS
Nakamura Nakaz˘ I
  The founder of the line Nakamura Nakaz˘ I held this name from the 11th lunar month of 1761 to the 10th lunar month of 1785, then from the 11th lunar month of 1786 to the 4th lunar month of 1790.

The actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ I playing the role of Sekibŕ in the dance-drama "Seki no To" in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III (1862~1863)

Nakamura Nakaz˘ 1.2
Nakayama Kojűr˘ VII  In Japanese | Nakamura Mansaku  In Japanese | Nakamura Nakaz˘  In Japanese | Nakamura Mansaku  In Japanese | Yoshizawa Kichijűr˘ II  In Japanese | Yoshizawa Tsurumatsu  In Japanese
[Dancer name: Shigayama Mansaku IX In Japanese]
 

Born in 1768. He was the elder son of the actor Yoshizawa Ayame IV. He made his first stage appearance in the 1st lunar month of 1777, in Edo at the Ichimuraza, where he received the name of Yoshizawa Tsurumatsu and performed in the new year drama "Tsukisenu Haru Hagoromo Soga". He took the name of Yoshizawa Kichijűr˘ II in the 11th lunar month of 1782 at the Ichimuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Eika Goyomi". He achieved a great success the following year in the same theater by performing in the soga matsuri dance. He was adopted by Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and took the name of Nakamura Mansaku in the 11th lunar month of 1784 at the Kiriza, performing in the kaomise drama "Jűni Hitoe Komachi Zakura". Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and his adopted son respectively took in the 11th lunar month of 1785 the respective names of Nakayama Kojűr˘ VI and Nakamura Nakaz˘ at the Nakamuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Yuki Motsutake Furisode Genji". The new Nakaz˘ did not keep his new name more than a year: Nakayama Kojűr˘ VI and Nakamura Nakaz˘ took back their previous names, Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Nakamura Mansaku, in the 11th lunar month of 1786 at the Kiriza, performing in the kaomise drama "Mutsu no Hana Izu no Hataage". As a consequence of this failure, he was not acknowledged as a member of the Nakamura Nakaz˘ line of actors. He took the name of Nakayama Kojűr˘ VII in the 11th lunar month of 1788 at the Nakamuraza, performing in Sakurada Jisuke I's kaomise drama "T˘zum˘ Hana no Edokata". He gave up acting in 1791 and became choreographer at the Nakamuraza, teaching dance under the name of Shigayama Mansaku IX. He died the 29th day of the 9th lunar month of 1798 [1].

The actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ performing in the kaomise drama "Yuki Motsutake Furisode Genji", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1785 at the Nakamuraza

Nakamura Nakaz˘ II
  The actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ II held this name from the 11th lunar month of 1794 to the 11th lunar month of 1796.

The actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ II playing the role of Sadakur˘ in the fifth act of the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III (1862~1863)

Nakamura Nakaz˘ III
  The actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ III held this name from the 9th lunar month of 1865 to December 1886.

The actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ III playing the role of Naosuke Gonbŕ ("T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan") in a print made by Toyohara Kunichika

Nakamura Nakaz˘ IV
  The actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ IV held this name from April 1915 to January 1916.

Nakamura Nakaz˘ IV

Nakamura Nakaz˘ V
Nakamura Nakaz˘ V  In Japanese | Nakamura Kangor˘ XIII  In Japanese | Ichikawa Tar˘  In Japanese
 

Born the 30th November 1935. He was the great-grandson of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ III and the grandson of Ichikawa Dan'emon II. He started his career as heyago of the actor Ichikawa Sansh˘ V, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Tar˘. He made his first stage appearance in October 1951 in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, where he performed in the drama "Genji Monogatari". He became a disciple of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII and took the name of Nakamura Kangor˘ XIII in May 1970 at the Kabukiza, playing the role of Magohachi in the drama "Numazu". He finally took the prestigious name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ V in April 1989 at the Kabukiza, playing the role of Shund˘ Genba [2] and the bant˘ Tasuke in the dramas "Terakoya" and "Kamiyui Shinza" [3]. He unfortunately held this name only for two years and almost a half as he appeared on stage for the last in September 1991, in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, where he played the role of Sakata Kinzaemon in the drama "Yudono no Ch˘bŕ". He died the 8th of December 1992. He was a talented supporting tachiyaku actor.

Real name Yag˘
Nakamura Sh˘tar˘ Maizuruya

 
There was also another line of ďsaka actors, who also held the name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ (four generations):
Nakamura Nakaz˘ I (ďsaka)
Nakamura Nakaz˘ I  In Japanese | Arashi Nakaz˘ [4]  In Japanese | Sanogawa Mankichi  In Japanese
 

Date of birth unknown. Disciple of Sanogawa Jűkichi II, he started his career in ďsaka around 1759 in koshibai venues, performing under the name of Sanogawa Mankichi. He joined Arashi Kichisabur˘ I and received the name of Arashi Nakaz˘ [4] around 1775. The following year, he became a disciple of Nakamura Iwaz˘, who gave him the name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ I. He made almost all his career in hama shibai, from the Tenmei era to the Kansei era. He was a tachiyaku actor, specialized in jitsugotoshi and bud˘goto roles. He most likely died around 1815. He was the father of Nakamura Nakaz˘ II and the master of Nakamura Yaoz˘.

Haimy˘ Yag˘
Such˘ Himejiya

The name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ I in the 1776 Kamigata hy˘banki (the zone within the red box)

Nakamura Nakaz˘ II (ďsaka)
Nakamura Nakaz˘ II  In Japanese | Nakamura Ryűz˘  In Japanese
 

Dates of birth and death unknown. Son of Nakamura Nakaz˘ I, he started his career under the name of Nakamura Ryűz˘. He took the name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ II after the death of his father. He performed in hama shibai as a tachiyaku, jitsuaku or fukeyaku.

Haimy˘ Yag˘
Such˘ Himejiya, Izutsuya

Nakamura Nakaz˘ III (ďsaka)
Nakamura Nakaz˘ III  In Japanese | Onoe Tokujir˘ [5]  In Japanese
 

Dates of birth and death unknown. He started his career in ďsaka in koshibai venues, performing under the name of Onoe Tokujir˘ [5]. He was adopted by Nakamura Nakaz˘ II and took the name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ III during the Bunka era, after the death of his adoptive father. He never performed in ˘shibai.

Haimy˘ Yag˘
??? Himejiya

The name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ III in the 1836 Kamigata hy˘banki (the zone within the red box)

Nakamura Nakaz˘ IV (ďsaka)
 

The actor Nakamura Kashichi IV held the name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ IV from the 1st lunar month of 1848 to the 10th lunar month of 1853.

The name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ IV in the 1849 Kamigata hy˘banki (the zone within the red box)

 

Notes

[1] The 29th day of the 9th lunar month of the 10th year of the Kansei era was the 7th of November 1798 in the western calendar.

[2] The roles of Matsu˘maru, Takebe Genz˘, Chiyo and Tonami were played by Kataoka Takao, Nakamura Kichiemon II, Onoe Kikugor˘ VII and Sawamura T˘jűr˘ II.

[3] These dramas were staged within a special program commemorating the 1st anniversary (2nd memorial service) of the passing away of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII.

[4] Not recorded in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten". Recorded only in the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran".

[5] Onoe Tokusabur˘ in the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran". It was also recorded in this book that he was a disciple of Nakamura Nakaz˘ I during the Tenmei era and that his first stage name was Nakamura Ichiz˘.

 
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